• Title/Summary/Keyword: DNA 바코드

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First Record of Nipponopsyche fuscescens Yazaki, 1926 (Lepidoptera, Psychidae) from Korea with a Redescription of External Morphology (한국미기록종 잔디주머니나방(나비목: 주머니나방과) 보고 및 형태특징 재기재)

  • Roh, Seung Jin;Kim, Da-Som;Park, Bo-Sun;Choi, Subin;Byun, Bong-Kyu
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.58 no.1
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2019
  • The genus Nipponopsyche Yazaki is reported from Korea with the species, N. fuscescens Yazaki for the first time. Adult including genitalia, larva, and pupa of the species are redescribed, and DNA barcode for precise identification of the species is also provided.

Study on Molecular Phylogenetics of Korean Arisaema Species Based on Universal DNA Barcodes (범용성 DNA 바코드 분석 기반 한국산 천남성속(Arisaema) 식물의 분자계통학적 연구)

  • Noh, Pureum;Han, Kyeongsuk;Kim, Wook Jin;Yang, Sungyu;Choi, Goya;Ko, Sung Chul;Moon, Byeong Cheol
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.37-51
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    • 2018
  • Molecular phylogenetic analysis was conducted to evaluate the taxonomic relationships of genus Arisaema L. distributed in Korea and the molecular phylogenetic characteristics of three authentic Arisaema species for the herbal medicine Arisaematis Rhizoma (the rhizomes of A. amurense, A. heterophyllum, and A. erubescens). The sequences of three DNA barcodes (rDNA-ITS, matK, and rbcL) were analyzed using 50 samples of nine taxa consisted of eight Korean and one Chinese Arisaema with one outgroup (Dracunculus vulgaris). Both individual and combined phylogenetic analyses of three DNA barcode sequences revealed that the treated nine taxa are independently classified into six distinct clades (Clade I, A. amurense f. amurense and A. amurense f. serratum; Clade II, A. serratum and A. takesimense; Clade III, A. ringens; Clade IV, A. erubescens; Clade V, A. heterophyllum; Clade VI, A. thunbergii subsp. thunbergii and A. thunbergii subsp. geomundoense). These six clades were reasonably divided into three individual sections, Pedatisecta, Sinarisaema, and Tortuosa. Futhermore, the results of comparative DNA barcode sequences analyses provided a significant information for the taxonomic reconsideration of Arisaema L. at the specific and intraspecific level. However, we could not confirm the taxonomic characteristics or identity among the three authentic medicinal species through the molecular phylogenetic analyses of genus Arisaema L. for Arisaematis Rhizoma.

Phylogenetic analysis of 14 Korean Araliaceae species using chloroplast DNA barcode analysis (엽록체 DNA 바코드 분석을 통한 한국산 두릅나무과 식물 14종의 유연관계 분석)

  • Hwang, Hwan Su;Choi, Yong Eui
    • Journal of Plant Biotechnology
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    • v.43 no.1
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    • pp.82-90
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    • 2016
  • Most Araliaceae plant species distributed in Korea are economically important because of their high medicinal values. This study was conducted to develop barcode markers from sequence analysis of chloroplast DNA in 14 taxa of Araliaceae species grown in South Korea. Sequencing of seven chloroplast DNA regions was performed to establish the DNA barcode markers, as suggested by the Consortium for the Barcode of Life (CBOL). From the sequence analysis of chloroplast DNA, we identified specific sequences and nucleotides that allowed us to discriminate among each other 14 Korean Araliaceae species. The sequence in the region of psbA-trnH revealed the most frequent DNA indels and substitutions of all 7 regions studied. This psbA-trnH marker alone can discriminate among all 14 species. There are no differences between Korean and Chinese Panax ginseng in all seven sequenced chloroplast DNA regions. A phylogenetic tree constructed using the seven chloroplast DNA regions revealed that Tetrapanax papyriferus should be classified as an independent clade. The Aralia and Panax genera showed a close phylogenetic relationship. Five species in the Eleutherococcus genus were more closely related to Kalopanax septemlobus than to any Panax species.

Development of molecular marker for species authentication of Dendranthema indicum (L.) Des Moul. and D. boreale (Makino) Ling ex Kitam. (감국(Dendranthema indicum (L.) Des Moul.) 및 산국(D. boreale (Makino) Ling ex Kitam.)의 종판별 분자마커 개발)

  • Byeon, Jihui
    • Proceedings of the Plant Resources Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.66-66
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    • 2018
  • 국화과(Compositae) 다년생 초본인 산국속(Dendranthema)은 국내 약 13여종이 자생하는 것으로 알려져 있으며, 이 중 감국(D. indicum (L.) Des Moul.)과 산국(D. boreale (Makino) Ling ex Kitam.), 구절초(D. zawadskii var. latilobum (Maxim.) Kitam.)가 주로 차 또는 한약재 등의 원료로 이용되고 있다. 차로 이용되는 꽃은 산국이 감국에 비해 상대적으로 작아서 구분이 가능하지만 시중에는 건조된 형태로 가공 유통되므로 육안으로 구분이 쉽지 않고, 산국 유래 제품들은 국내에서 감국 또는 국화로 혼용해서 표기되어 유통되고 있어 그 기원을 명확히 정립할 필요가 있다. 이에 본 연구는 감국과 산국의 분자유전학적 판별을 위해 DNA 바코드 후보 유전자를 활용하여 염기서열분석으로 확보된 SNP 및 InDel 정보를 바탕으로 CAPS 마커를 개발하고자 수행되었다. 감국과 산국 모두 trnL-trnF intergenic spacer 구간에서 약 1kb의 PCR 산물이 확인되었고, 이들 염기서열에서 분석한 2 SNP 및 3 InDel을 대상으로 CAPS 마커 개발을 위한 제한효소 사이트를 탐색하였다. Gap을 포함한 774bp (감국/산국=A/G) 위치의 SNP에서 BstUI(GC^GC)처리로 CAPS 마커로 전환 가능함이 확인되었고, 이에 감국과 산국의 PCR 산물에 제한효소를 처리한 결과, 제한효소 인식 사이트가 존재하는 산국에서 두 개의 DNA 단편이 확인되었다. 위 결과는 다양한 형태로 가공 유통되는 감국과 산국의 판별을 위한 마커로 활용될 수 있으며, 본 연구에 활용된 기술은 추후 건강기능식품 개발을 위한 원료표준화 확립 연구에 유용할 것으로 판단된다.

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DNA barcode and phylogenetic study of the tribe Desmodieae (Fabaceae) in Korea (한국산 도둑놈의갈고리족(콩과)의 DNA 바코드 및 계통학적 연구)

  • JIN, Dong-Pil;PARK, Jong-Won;PARK, Jong-Soo;CHOI, Byoung-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy
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    • v.49 no.3
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    • pp.224-239
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    • 2019
  • Species identification for the Korean tribe Desmodieae was conducted using the DNA barcoding genes rbcL, matK (from chloroplast DNA) and ITS (from nuclear ribosomal DNA). A total of 25 taxa (n = 75) in five genera were sequenced, and neighbor-joining trees were constructed using different combinations of DNA barcodes. When comparing these phylogenetic trees, a tree with all loci combined (rbcL + matK + ITS) showed the highest rate of identification success (72%). On this tree, two subtribes and five genera within the tribe were supported as monophyletic. In the Desmodiinae clade, Desmodium and Hylodesmum were more closely related to each other than to Ohwia. In the Hylodesmum clade, H. oldhamii was found to be a sister to H. podocarpum complex, and all taxa within the complex were identified successfully. Subsp. fallax, regarded as a variety of subsp. oxyphyllum, is closely clustered with subsp. podocarpum. Although var. mandshuricum has been regarded as a synonym of var. oxyphyllum, this taxon is supported as a distinct variety. For the Lespedezinae clade, all species of Kummerowia were monophyletic, while nine of 16 Lespedeza taxa were identified successfully. In particular, the resolution of Macrolespedeza (28.5%) was lower than that of Junceae (77.8%). Among the Lespedeza taxa, L. cuneata was distinguishable from L. lichiyuniae, despite morphological similarities. It has been suggested that both L. maritima and L. inschanica are hybrids. The former is thought to be an independent species. While it is difficult to determine whether the latter originated via hybridization, this study showed that it is closely related to L. juncea.

DNA barcoding of Raptor carcass collected in the Paju city, Korea (파주시에서 수집한 폐사체 맹금류의 DNA 바코드 연구)

  • Jin, Seon-Deok;Paik, In-Hwan;Lee, Soo-Young;Han, Gap-Soo;Yu, Jae-Pyoung;Paek, Woon-Kee
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.523-530
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    • 2014
  • One juvenile raptor which was not able to be identified due to its head damage was discovered on a roadside in Janggok-ri, Jori-eup, Paju on 28th June, 2011. The species was identified by DNA barcoding. After polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I gene (COI), we obtained 695 bp sequences. We analyzed the obtained COI sequence with similar sequences from the BOLD systems and BLAST of the NCBI Genbank, and discovered that its sequence showed 100 % similarity values with the one of the five gray-faced buzzards which were previously researched. In addition, it was confirmed to be a female through sex determination using DNA. Such results are important information as it confirms the breeding of the gray-faced buzzards for the first time in 43 years since its breeding was last recorded in 1968, in Paju. Wildlife rescue center needs to work with adjacent consigned registration and preservation institutions when carcass of wild animals is collected or DNA samples are obtained for more accurate both species and sex identification through a systematic management system in the future. Furthermore, the obtained DNA sample of the gray-faced buzzard and COI gene, DNA barcode, could be used as reference standards for similar researches in the future.

Monitoring of Raw Materials for Commercial Home Meal Replacement Products Using DNA Barcode Information (DNA 바코드를 이용한 가정간편식 제품의 원재료 모니터링 연구)

  • Yu, Yeon-Cheol;Hong, Yewon;Kim, Jung Ju;Lee, Dong Ho;Kim, Hyung Soo;Moon, Guiim;Park, Eun Mi
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.234-242
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    • 2020
  • In this study, we monitored the raw materials in home-meal replacement (HMR) products, which have shown more than 63% growth in market size for two years. A total of 89 HMR products were purchased and the DNA barcodes of 112 raw materials in the product samples were analyzed. In order to identify the raw material species, a primer set specific for the 16S ribosomal RNA region of each raw material species was amplified. The amplicon was purified and sequenced, and then used to perform a BLAST search provided by the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The species of the raw material was determined by comparing the nucleotide sequences of the species registered in GenBank with identity and match score. Twenty-four species and three genera were identified from 112 raw materials. Three genera were identified at the genus level because a large number of species belonging to the same genus exist within 98% of the identity criteria. The results of the determination were compared with the available raw materials suggested in the Korea Food Code to determine the Korean name and availability of the foods. Six non-listed species were determined to be edible according to information provided by influential domestic and foreign organizations.

Taxonomy of introduced commercial insect, Zophobas atratus (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) and a comparison of DNA barcoding with similar tenebrionids, Promethis valgipes and Tenebrio molitor in Korea (도입된 상업용 거저리(Zophobas atratus)의 분류 및 형태유사종 갈색거저리 (Tenebrio molitor)와 대왕거저리(Promethis valgipes)와의 DNA 바코드 특성 분석)

  • Park, Hae Chul;Jung, Boo Hee;Han, Taeman;Lee, Young Bo;Kim, Seong-Hyun;Kim, Nam Jeong
    • Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science
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    • v.51 no.2
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    • pp.185-190
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    • 2013
  • The superworm, as known the larva of Zophobas morio, has been officially imported from 2011 and bred commercially in Korea. But it is named as the corrected scientific name, Zophobas atratus by junior synonym throughout traditional taxonomy in this study and newly designated Korean name as 'a-me-ri-ca-wang-geo-jeo-ri' in terms of resource management. Z. atratus was compared with wild native tenebrionids, Promethis valgipes and a commercial reared Tenebrio molitor on the basis of DNA barcode analysis. As the results, the average genetic divergence was 21.4% between Z. atratus and P. valgipes, and 20.9% between Z. atratus and T. molitor. These large divergences imply these tenebrionids species can be easily identified by DNA barcodes. The results of genetic divergences within species also suggest that Korean populations of Z. atratus, having the same haplotype, might be introduced from the same area of foreign country. On the other hand, a population of T. molitor was separated into two distinct intra-specific groups with DNA barcoding gaps ranged from 1.17- 2.19%. We suppose that domestic breeding entities of T. molitor might be introduced and mixed from two different local groups. Through this study, we expect that classification for two tenebrionid introduced from foreign countries can be used for the management of insect resources in Korea.

Monitoring of Commercial Cephalopod Products Sold on the South Korea Market using DNA Barcode Information (DNA 바코드를 이용한 국내 유통 두족류 제품의 원재료 모니터링 연구)

  • Yu, Yeon-Cheol;Hong, Yewon;Kim, Jung Ju;Kim, Hyung Soo;Kang, Tae Sun
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.502-507
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    • 2019
  • Cephalopods are one of the most important fishery resources in the world because of their desirable taste and nutritional value. In south Korea, one of the countries in which a large amount of seafood is consumed, cephalopods (e.g., octopus, squid, and cuttlefish) have an annual consumption rate of over 400,000 metric tons. In this study, octopus and squid products (n=28) sold on the market were monitored by analyzing sequences of DNA barcode markers (cytochrome c oxidase subunit I and 16S ribosomal RNA genes). For species identification, the NCBI BLAST database was screened with the sequences and analyzed as a query. In this BLAST search, twelve squid products showed 99-100% sequence identity to Dosidicus gigas (n=3) and Todarodes pacificus (n=9). In the case of the other 16 products that were declared using octopus as raw materials on the labels, six products were identified as Cistopus taiwanicus (n=1), Amphioctopus marginatus (n=1), Scaeurgus unicirrhus (n=1), and Dosidicus gigas (n=3). Monitoring results indicated that a significant percentage (37.5%) of mislabeling was present in octopus products sold on the South Korean market.

Discrimination of Echinochloa colona (L.) Link from other Echinochloa Species using DNA Barcode (국내에 유입되는 열대피(Echinochloa colona) 동정: DNA 바코드 중심)

  • Lee, Jeongran;Kim, Chang-Seok;Lee, In-Yong
    • Weed & Turfgrass Science
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.225-229
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    • 2015
  • Echinochloa colona is one of the most problematic weeds in the paddy fields of the world. In recent years, this species is likely to be introduced in Korea due to global warming, the expansion of international trade including agricultural products, and increasing tourists. We tried to identify the species from Korean Echinochloa crus-galli and E. oryzicola in order to establish the control measures in case of the initial influx. For this study, Echinochloa colona collected from the National Plant Germplasm System, USA were examined and E. crus-galli and E. oryzicola were collected in Korea. It is, however, very difficult to identify for Echinochloa species using morphological characters because of numerous interspecific and intraspecific types found in nature. Thus, we barcoded the species using rbcL, matK, and ITS. All three markers identified E. colona very well from the others. ITS alone may be enough as a DNA barcode for E. colona identification, when considering cost and effectiveness. The barcode sequences were deposited to the National Center for Biotechnology Information database for public use.