• Title, Summary, Keyword: 함수의 개념

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Historical investigation in the concept of function as integrated concept (통합개념으로서 함수 개념에 대한 역사적 고찰)

  • Kang, Hyun-Young
    • Journal for History of Mathematics
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.153-174
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    • 2007
  • The concept of Function is not just a single concept but an integrated concept that includes various mathematic topics such as arithmetics, geometry and so on. Therefore, the concept of function is the basic principal underlying mathematics. Moreover, we should think of function as conceptual expedient for understanding the phenomena in the variously changing real world. Therefore in this article, I would like to consider the concept of an integrated function through historical investigation. Especially, from the middle ages to the 19th century, representation which related to the function has been evolved, and therefore, I will consider function as an integrated concept through changing the concept of function.

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A Study on the comparison of models for teaching the concept of function (함수개념 지도를 위한 모델 비교 연구)

  • Heo, Hae-Ja;Kim, Jong-Myung;Kim, Dong-Won
    • Journal for History of Mathematics
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.97-118
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    • 2011
  • This study aimed finding effective models for the teaching the concept of function. We selected two models. One is discrete model which focuses on the 'corresponding relation of the elements of the sets(domain and range). The other is continuous model which focuses on the dependent relationship of the two variables connected in variable phenomenon. A vending machine model was used as a discrete model, and a water bucket model was used as a continuous model in our study. We taught 2 times about the concept of function using two models to the 60 students (7th grade, 2 classes) living in Taebak city, and tested it twice, after class and about 3 months later. A vending machine model was helpful in understanding the definition of function in the 7th grade math textbook. Also, it was helpful to making concept image and to recalling it. On the other hand, students who used the water bucket model had a difficultly in understanding the all independent variables of the domain corresponding to the dependent variables. But they excelled in tasks making formula expression and understanding changing situations.

High School Textbook Definition and Students' Understanding of Continuity of Functions (연속함수에 대한 고등학교 교과서의 정의와 고등학생들의 이해)

  • Park, Dal-Won;Hong, Soon-Sang;Shin, Min-Young
    • Journal of the Korean School Mathematics Society
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.453-465
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    • 2012
  • In this paper, we first analysis definition of continuity of functions in high school textbooks, the mathematics high school curriculum and university mathematics textbooks. We surveyed what was causing the students to struggle in their concept image of continuity of functions. We arrived at that students' concept for errors in images of continuity of function were caused by definition of continuity of functions in high school textbooks.

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Teaching Strategies of the Concept of Programming function Using a Web_based JavaMAL Learning System (웹 기반 JavaMAL 환경을 활용한 프로그래밍의 함수 개념 지도 방안)

  • Jung, Myung-Young;Kim, Kap-Su
    • 한국정보교육학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.209-216
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    • 2007
  • 고도의 지식정보사회 속에서 논리적 사고력과 창의력, 문제해결력을 길러주는 프로그래밍 교육의 필요성은 더욱 강조되고 있다. 이에 본 연구에서는 초등학생들에게 적합한 교육용 프로그래밍 언어인 JavaMAL을 활용하여, 프로그래밍의 함수개념 형성을 위한 학습모형을 구안 적용하고 일반화 가능성을 탐색하고자 하였다. 먼저 기초적인 프로그래밍 요소 중 함수개념과 관련된 학습요소를 추출하여 차시별 지도계획을 수립하였다. 또한, 프로그래밍의 함수가 수학적 함수의 모방이라는 것에 착안하여 수학의 '규칙성과 함수'지도 단계를 LOGO의 문제해결력 수업모형인 안내된 발견식 교수법(guided discovery teaching method)에 강화한 후, 인터넷을 활용한 문제해결 수업모형을 구안하였다. 기본명령어와 변수개념을 이미 익힌 계발활동 부서 6학년 아동들을 지도 대상으로 한 달간 웹 기반 JavaMAL 환경에서 학습할 수 있도록 하였으며, 게시판 활동 및 활동지를 통해 함수개념 형성 여부를 측정하였다.

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A Historical Study on the Continuity of Function - Focusing on Aristotle's Concept of Continuity and the Arithmetization of Analysis - (함수의 연속성에 대한 역사적 고찰 - 아리스토텔레스의 연속 개념과 해석학의 산술화 과정을 중심으로 -)

  • Baek, Seung Ju;Choi, Younggi
    • Journal of Educational Research in Mathematics
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.727-745
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    • 2017
  • This study investigated the Aristotle's continuity and the historical development of continuity of function to explore the differences between the concepts of mathematics and students' thinking about continuity of functions. Aristotle, who sought the essence of continuity, characterized continuity as an 'indivisible unit as a whole.' Before the nineteenth century, mathematicians considered the continuity of functions based on space, and after the arithmetization of nineteenth century modern ${\epsilon}-{\delta}$ definition appeared. Some scholars thought the process was revolutionary. Students tended to think of the continuity of functions similar to that of Aristotle and mathematicians before the arithmetization, and it is inappropriate to regard students' conceptions simply as errors. This study on the continuity of functions examined that some conceptions which have been perceived as misconceptions of students could be viewed as paradigmatic thoughts rather than as errors.

Analysis of the Error-Remedial Effect and Change of the Students' Misconception on the Learning of Linear Function (교수학적 처방에 따른 중학생들의 일차함수 오개념의 변화와 그 효과 분석)

  • 이종희;김부미
    • School Mathematics
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.115-133
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    • 2003
  • Investigation of the students' mathematical misconceptions is very important for improvement in the school mathematics teach]ng and basis of curriculum. In this study, we categorize second-grade middle school students' misconceptions on the learning of linear function and make a comparative study of the error-remedial effect of students' collaborative learning vs explanatory leaching. We also investigate how to change and advance students' self-diagnosis and treatment of the milton ceptions through the collaborative learning about linear function. The result of the study shows that there are three main kinds of students' misconceptions in algebraic setting like this: (1) linear function misconception in relation with number concept, (2) misconception of the variables, (3) tenacity of specific perspective. Types of misconception in graphical setting are classified into misconception of graph Interpretation and prediction and that of variables as the objects of function. Two different remedies have a distinctive effect on treatment of the students' misconception under the each category. We also find that a misconception can develop into a correct conception as a result of interaction with other students.

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Phenomenology of the concept of functions (함수 개념의 현상학)

  • Yoo, Yoon-Jae
    • Journal for History of Mathematics
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.75-90
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    • 2010
  • In this paper function concept is classified in the phenomenological aspect. According to the study, function concept is classified as causality, designation, operation, change, figure, morhism, variables, functional, and operator. This classifications are categorized as pre-level function, basic level function, and upper level function.

Drawing the outlines of shapes by using the graphs of functions (함수의 그래프를 이용한 형상의 윤곽 그리기)

  • Ha, Junhong
    • The Journal of Korean Institute for Practical Engineering Education
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.49-54
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    • 2010
  • The functions and their graphs are very important parts in mathematical educations. But there seems be a lot of students studying the functions and their graphs without grasping the meaning of them and without interest with them. We present a learning method of how to match functions and their graphs with outlines of various shapes. That is, outlines of the shapes are assumed to be the graphs of the functions and the graphs will be plotted on the screen of a computer with help of the computer algebra system.

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A Study on the Understanding of Limit and Continuous Concepts of Function of Freshmen in Science and Engineering College (이공계열 대학 신입생들의 함수의 극한과 연속 개념 이해에 관한 연구)

  • Seo, Jong Jin;Park, Jin Han;Yoon, Min;Kang, Jm Ran
    • Journal of the Korean School Mathematics Society
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.523-556
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    • 2020
  • In this paper, we investigated and analyzed how freshmen in science and engineering colleges understand the limit and the continuous concept of function. The survey found that there were more college students who did not do so than those who understood each concept by linking the concepts together. Therefore, in order to teach college general mathematics, It is necessary to analyze how college students are connecting mathematical concepts. And it is necessary to apply teaching-learning methods suitable for individuals.

The Function Concept in Korean Engineering Freshmen and Some Suggestions on the Curriculum in the Function Area (공과대학 신입생들의 함수개념 연구와 함수 영역의 교육과정에 대한 제안)

  • Kim, Yeon-Mi
    • Communications of Mathematical Education
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.417-444
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    • 2008
  • Many research papers on the college students' functional concept show they have poor understanding on this topic. To compare the results with that of Korean students, four interrelated topics are chosen: How do they understand the concept of function?; what are their misconceptions including epistemological obstacles?; How do the function concepts develop and are acquired? For this a survey has been conducted to 95 engineering students just before they start Calculus course. We have done research on other major areas including psychology, economics and statistics to see how function is defined in these areas. Function definitions from US math text books are also introduced. Based on the these and the survey, some suggestions are made on the new curriculum which treat function as a correspondence relation. Vertical line test should be added to the Algebra II/Pre calculus course to check the univalent property.

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