• Title/Summary/Keyword: 사이토카인

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EFFECTS OF LENTINUS EDODES LECTINS ON CYTOKINE GENE EXPRESSION FROM HUMAN PERIPHERAL BLOOD MONONUCLEAR CELLS (표고버섯 렉틴의 사이토카인 생성 양상 및 특성)

  • 이인경;김희선;전경희;김성광;정시련
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Applied Pharmacology
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    • 1995.04a
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    • pp.113-113
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    • 1995
  • 본 연구는 표고버섯에서 분리정제한 렉틴 성분(LEL)을 말초혈액 단핵세포(PBMC)에 반응시켜 사이토카인 유도능을 지질다당류(LPS)와 비교하여 역전사효소 중합반응법(RT-PCR)으로 측정하였다. 측정 대상 사이토카인은 IL-1, IL-2, IL-6, TNF$\alpha$ 및 IFN${\gamma}$의 다섯가지였으며 이들을 대상으로 PBMC에 렉틴을 적용하여 1, 8, 24, 48, 72, 96, 120분 등의 시간대에서 반응시켜 사이토카인의 유전자 발현 유도에 관한 다음의 결과를 얻었다. LEL의 사용 농도에 따른 편도선 림프구(tonsillar lymphocyte)의 TNF$\alpha$ 유전자 발현 양상은 반응 1시간의 경우 LEL의 일부 농도와 LPS 전농도에서 관찰되었으나 반응 40시간째에는 LEL 전농도와 LPS 전농도에서 TNF$\alpha$ 유전자 발현 양상을 관찰할 수 없었다. RT-PCR 결과 원액이나 회석액 재료로부터 관찰된 TNF$\alpha$유전자 band의 강 약 차이는 나타나지 않았다. LEL의 자극에 의한 반응 시간대 별 PBMC에 의한 사이토카인 유전자 발현 양상은 위에서 언급된 다섯가지 사이토카인을 유도, 생성할 수 있다는 것이 확인되었는데, IL-2, IL-6 및 IFN${\gamma}$는 120시간까지 장시간 지속되는 유전자 발현이 가능한 반면 TNF $\alpha$의 생성 양상은 이들 사이토카인의 생성 양상과는 판이하게 반응 1, 8 및 24 시간대까지만 TNF$\alpha$ 유전자 발현을 관찰할 수 있었고 IL-1은 72 시간까지 반응을 나타내는 등 특이적 양상을 보였다. 한편 LPS는 실험에 사용된 전 사이토카인의 유전자 발현을 120시간대까지 반응이 유지됨을 관찰하였기에 LPS가 PBMC의 강력한 사이토카인 유도체임을 입증할 수 있었으며 LEL과 다소 상이한 결과를 보였으나 LEL 또한 PBMC로부터 사이토카인을 생성 유지시킬 수 있는 유도체로 작용함을 확인할 수 있었다.

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Enhancing Effect of Pleurotus ostreatus Extracts on Mouse Spleen and Cytokine Cells Activation (느타리버섯 물 추출물 투여에 의한 마우스 비장세포 및 사이토카인 활성효과)

  • Ryu, Hye-Sook
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.603-608
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    • 2014
  • Pleurotus ostreatus have been used as a traditional remedy and food source. Its anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidation effects have been previously reported. The production of cytokines (IL-$2{\beta}$, IFN-${\gamma}$, and TNF-${\alpha}$) secreted by LPS- and non LPS-stimulated macrophages, were detected by ELISA assay using a cytokine kit. Mouse splenocytes proliferation increased with Pleurotus ostreatus water extracts supplement at 5, 10, 50, 100, 250, 500, $1,000{\mu}g/mL$ after a 48hr pre-treatment with the mitogen (ConA or LPS). The cytokine production (IL-$2{\beta}$, IFN-${\gamma}$, and TNF-${\alpha}$), measured by a cytokine ELISA kit, increased on water extracts supplementation. This in vitro study suggested that supplementation with Pleurotus ostreatus water extracts may enhance the immune function by regulating the splenocyte proliferation and enhancing cytokine production.

Analysis of the Correlations between the Serum Levels of Cytokines and Postoperative Outcomes in Valvular Heart Surgery with Cardiopulmonary Bypass (체외순환을 동반한 심장판막 수술 시 혈청 사이토카인 농도와 수술 후 결과와의 상관관계 분석)

  • Moon, Seong-Min;Ki, Chong-Rak;Kim, Yun-Tae;Choi, Seok-Cheol
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.18 no.11
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    • pp.1551-1560
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    • 2008
  • Cytokines play a pivotal role in systemic inflammatory response following cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). The purpose of this study was to investigate the perioperative changes in proinflammatory [tumor necrosis factor-$\alpha$ (TNF-$\alpha$) and interleukin-6 (IL-6)] and antiinflammatory cytokines [interleukin-10 (IL-10)], and each correlation between the cytokines and other variables in valvular heart surgery with CPB. Serum IL-6 and IL-10 levels and leukocyte counts significantly increased following CPB. CPB caused hepatic, renal and myocardial dysfunctions. IL-6 levels had positive correlations with IL-10 levels at postoperative periods. TNF-$\alpha$ levels had correlations with leukocyte counts and myocardial marker levels at postoperative 24 hr (PO-24 h). Furthermore, IL-6 or IL-10 levels had positive correlations with other variable such as hepatic, renal or myocardial marker at postoperative periods. These results showed that balance between proinflammatory and antiinflammatory cytokines is maintained during cardiac surgery with CPB, and that these cytokines exert postoperatively inflammatory and antiinflammatory reactions.

Effect of Celeriac Extract on the LPS-Induced Production of Pro-inflammatory Cytokines by RAW 264.7 cells (셀러리악 추출물의 LPS로 유도된 전 염증성 사이토카인 생성에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Jae-Hyeok;Jeong, Hyun-Ju;Park, Jeong-Sook
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.295-300
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    • 2021
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effect of Celeriac Extract on the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Inflammation is caused by pro-inflammatory cytokines TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β and mediators such as free radicals. We investigated the effect of Celeriac Extract (1ug/mL, 10ug/mL, 100ug/mL) on the production of proinflammatory cytokines such as TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β and NO by lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. These results demonstrated that Celeriac Extract inhibited the production of TNF-α, IL-6 and NO, without cytotoxicity significantly. Therefore, these findings suggest that Celeriac Extract may attenuate inflammatory responses via inhibition of production of pro-inflammatory cytokines and NO.

Effect of Tea Polyphenols on Anticancer Activity and Cytokines Production (차 폴리페놀화합물의 사이토카인 생성 및 항암능에 대한 영향)

  • Shon, Mi-Yae;Nam, Sang-Hae
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.17 no.10
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    • pp.1354-1360
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    • 2007
  • Theaflavins (TF) and thearubigins (TR) are constituents of tea pigments which are polyphenols derived from Korean fermentation tea. After TF, TR and [(-) epigallocatechin-3-gallate](EGCG) have been applied to macrophage cell line (RAW264.7) nitric oxide (NO) synthesis and cytokines production were estimated. Cytokines production by enzyme linked immune-sorbent assay (ELISA) determined. NO production was increased by about 1.5-folds at the dose of $80\;{\mu}g/ml$ compared to control and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation when TF, TR and EGCG were applied to a RAW264.7 cell. Interleukin-6 (IL-6), Tumor necrosis factor ($TNF-{\alpha}$) and granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) increased depended on concentrations of TF, TR and EGCG. The production of tumor necrosis $factor-{\alpha}$ increased highly in TR, TF and EGCG group with LPS. These results suggest that TF, TR and EGCG have immune-enhancement effect through the cytokine production. TF, TR and EGCG inhibited cancer cell viability, the anticancer effect of these polyphenols may explain the anti-tumor promotion action and antioxidant activity of these tea constituents.

Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Cytokine (염증성 장질환과 사이토카인)

  • Choi, Eun Young;Cho, Kwang Keun;Choi, In Soon
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.448-461
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    • 2013
  • Inflammatory bowel disease, known as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, is an unexplained disease characterized by chronic inflammation that repeats a cycle of relapse, improvement, and complications. The cause of inflammatory bowel disease is not clearly known, but it is predicted that a complex of various factors precipitate its occurrence. In particular, inflammatory mediators, such as cytokine, induce an increase in cell-mediated inflammatory responses. Focal tissue damage then occurs in the intestinal mucosa because of the weakening of the immune-modulating functions of cotton. Immune and inflammatory responses do not decrease appropriately but continue until they lead to chronic inflammation. Current research has focused on the cytokine genes, which have important roles in these inflammatory responses. Cytokine is a glycoprotein that is produced mostly in activated immune cells. It connects the activation, multiplication, and differentiation between immune cells, which causes focal tissue damage and inflammatory response. Moreover, butyrate, which originates in dietary fiber and plays an important role in the structure and function of the intestinal area, shows control functions in the intestinal immune system by decreasing the proinflammatory cytokine and increasing the anti-inflammatory cytokine. Therefore, this research investigated the molecular mechanism of the anti-inflammatory effects of butyrate to comprehend the cytokine controlling abilities of butyrate in the immune cells. Butyrate is expected to have potential in new treatment strategies for inflammatory bowel disease.

Pro-inflammatory Cytokine Production Inhibitory Effects of Frankincence in Murine Macrophage (마우스의 대식세포에서 프랑킨센스의 염증성 사이토카인 분비 억제작용)

  • Park, Jeong-Sook
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.239-243
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    • 2017
  • This study aims to demonstrate the inhibitory effect of proinflammatory cytokines by using Frankinsense. The present data was designed to determine the production of the frankincence on pro-inflammatory factors such as $TNF-{\alpha}$ and $IL-1{\beta}$ in lipopolysaccharide(LPS) stimulated RAW264.7 macrophages cell. The cell toxicity was identified by CellTiter 96 AQueous One solution cell proliferation assay. To evaluate of anti-inflammatory effect of frankincence, pro-inflammatory cytokines were measured by ELISA kit. As a result, the frankincence reduced NO and $TNF-{\alpha}$ production without cytotoxicity. As a result, Francincense was not cytotoxic at 10 ug / ml-1000 ug / ml and significantly inhibited the proinflammatory cytokines $TNF-{\alpha}$ and $IL-1{\beta}$. The secretion inhibition effect of proinflammatory cytokine is believed to be applicable to various physiological activity data and functional materials to demonstrate the anti - inflammatory properties of frankincense.

Studies on the Effect of Corilagin Isolated from Euphorbia helioscopia on Collagen-Induced Arthritis (II);CytokinesAnalysis of Collagen II Induced Arthritis Mice Model (택칠에서 분리한 Corilagin이 Collagen 유발 관절염에 미치는 영향 (II);Corilagin을 투여한 류마티스 관절염 유발 생쥐의 사이토카인 분석)

  • Shin, Sam-Kee;Chang, Jun-Pok;Doh, Eun-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.336-340
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    • 2008
  • Corilagin (CRN) isolated from Euphorbia helioscopia as rheumatoid arthritis drug. CRN was medicated to the abdominal cavity of collagen induced arthritis (CIA) mice that was an animal model for rheumatoid arthritis and its effects on incidence and arthritis index were studied. The results were as folllows; It was exhibited that medicating corilagin inhibited the infiltration of activated T lymphocytes into an inflammatory joint. The production of IgG and IgM that were RF (rheumatoid factor) and inflammatory cytokine, IL-6 and $TNF-{\alpha}$were reduced. After measuring $IFN-{\gamma}$and IL-4, it was found that it was shifted into Th2 immune response as increasing in IL-4. After liver function test, studies on liver poisoning of AST/ALT should be continued.

Suppressive Effect of Der p 2 on Constitutive Neutrophil Apoptosis by Cytokine Secretion of Normal and Allergic Lymphocytes (정상인과 알레르기 환자의 림프구에서 Der p 2에 의한 사이토카인 분비가 호중구의 세포고사 억제에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, In Sik;Lee, Na Rae;Lee, Ji-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science
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    • v.48 no.2
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    • pp.102-108
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    • 2016
  • Der p 2 is the major allergen of the house dust mite (HDM) associated with the development of allergic diseases. The pathogenic mechanism of the allergy is related to cytokine release of lymphocytes and constitutive apoptosis of neutrophils. In the present study, we examined whether Der p 2 induces cytokine release of lymphocytes, which is involved in regulation of neutrophil apoptosis. In normal and allergic subjects, Der p 2 enhanced the secretion of IL-6, IL-8, MCP-1, and GM-CSF in a time-dependent manner. Although Der p 2 was weakly effective against neutrophil apoptosis, conditioned media collected from normal and allergic lymphocytes after Der p 2 treatment inhibited the apoptosis of normal and allergic neutrophils. Der p 2 showed stronger inhibition of apoptosis of allergic neutrophils cocultured with allergic lymphocytes than normal neutrophils cocultured with normal lymphocytes. These findings improve our understanding of the role of Der p 2 in regulation of lymphocytes and neutrophils and will enable elucidation of allergy pathogenesis.