• Title, Summary, Keyword: Realism

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A Study on the Methods to Embody Spectacle Realism in the Aerial Battle Scenes of Movie (영화의 공중전 장면에서 스펙타클 리얼리즘의 형상화 방식 연구)

  • Lee, JongHoon
    • Journal of Korea Multimedia Society
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    • v.22 no.6
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    • pp.716-728
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    • 2019
  • This study explores the concept of spectacular realism. and finds out how spectacular realism is made in movies. The Movies's spectacle is a realistic spectacle that does not miss the reality. so audiences can immerse themselves in it. Nowadays the spectrum of visual realism is becoming very diverse. "Perceptual realism" means to feel more like real than to reproduce reality as it is. "Synthetic realism" is a realism that CGI makes. And "Spectacular realism" makes the spectators concentrate to images than narrative or character. It means the dominance of the visual. The films and showed "Spectacular realism" especially in the aerial battle scenes. The films use 'Presentation of a new spatial sensation using unusual angles', 'Editing that constitutes transcendental time' and 'Intense contrast' as methods to embody spectacular realism. And the harmonious arrangement of transcendental images and very realistic screens effectively embodies Spectacular Realism. This discussion, which began in the air battle scene, could contribute to a broader and more diverse exploration of the implementation of spectacular realism images in the future.

Acceptance and development of Chinese realism - Focusing on the realism of France Russia (중국신문학의 리얼리즘의 수용과 전개 -프랑스 러시아의 리얼리즘을 중심으로)

  • Kim, Kyung Seog
    • Cross-Cultural Studies
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    • v.34
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    • pp.237-257
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    • 2014
  • Paragraph of the early 20th century, China has begun to blow hot air creative realism. Chinese intellectuals at the time of national crisis, China is facing a national transformed into a modern nation must be performed in order to challenge literary realism to recognize the most suitable literary thoughts. But realism is screwed literary thoughts introduced from the West. Shen Yan Bing in 1922 revolves around a discussion of realism and naturalism in France started to spread all over Europe for historical realism and creative learning originates from the well came from the intended operating suggesting. In addition, writers of Wenxueyanjiuhui is influenced by the Russian realism directly. In this paper, the realism of the French and Russian for the study and development of Chinese accept.

Characteristic of magical realism expressed in Tarsem Singh's movie [Mirror, Mirror] (타셈 싱(Tarsem Singh) 영화 '백설공주' 의상에 표현된 매직리얼리즘 특성)

  • Yang, Soo Hyun;Lee, Younhee
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.375-390
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    • 2017
  • The aims of this research were to characterize magic realism by analyzing existing magical reality literature reviews and research and to identify material that may inspire ideas for stage and film costume design by analyzing and drawing design characteristics and magic realism of costumes from Director Tarsem Singh's movie, 'Mirror, Mirror'. For the methodology, characteristics of magic realism in literature and, movies were analyzed, with a theoretical consideration of these materials on magical realism. Data on costume design and magical realism characteristics for use in the analysis were collected from the main characters of 'Mirror, Mirror' as well as from other characters. The result of this analysis was the emergence of five common characteristics of the magic realism Historicity, the most remarkable characteristic seen in Tarsem Singh films, was expressed through the symbolic meaning and decorative patterns shown by the traditional-style costumes, colors. Symbolization was expressed through the symbolic meaning, decorative elements, and traditional clothes, as shown by the colors and forms of the costumes. Fantasy was expressed through the colors, decorative elements, forms of traditional clothing, and forms with symbolic meaning. Reproducibility was expressed through the method of decorative element, symbolic meaning, traditional forms and de-structural clothes. Ambiguity, which can be associated with the combined characteristics of historicity and fantasy, was expressed in the clothes worn in the scenes that confounded time and space within the film.

A Study on the Tendency of Realism in Modern Fashion -Focusing on Realism Formativeness expressed in the World of Honore Daumier리s Art- (현대패션에 표현된 리얼리즘 경향에 관한 연구 - 도미에(Honore Daumier리s)의 회화에 나타난 조형성을 중심으로 -)

  • Row Young;Im Nam-Young
    • Journal of the Korea Fashion and Costume Design Association
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.185-199
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    • 2004
  • This study is intended to examine Honore Daurnier's realism formativeness, review it in connection with socio-cultural conditions, analyze costume designs by a style of realism formativeness, in order to find the value. For the study, the procedure included the review of Daurnier's works and world, together with realism formativeness. Then, Daurnier's realism formativeness applied to costume designs were categorized and found the features of each style. Finally, it sought the implication of realism formativeness in costume designs. Honore Daumier, a realist of France in the 19th century, has been reputed that he pursues plain reality with a satire, uses all the conditions of humans as his object, and observes the vanity, desire, and foolishness of humans to represent his own expression techniques as cold as a stone. Realism formativeness is characterized by adherence to observing reality and engagement in reality, an effort to represent the world as it is as what we sense it without diluting or omitting it, nor any deception. The following terms can be used to describe the three styles of intentional recreation, satire on reality, and real existence; For intentional recreation in costume may be featured by the avant-garde, the pursuit of autonomy, reconstruction, rediscovery, recombination, reinterpretation, neutralized representation (reality + the abstract), transformation, distortion, shock, and unexpectedness, etc. For satire on reality in costume, satirical criticism and mockery in a coexistence of time and space, dualism due to the combination of the exterior and the interior, reality reflecting the actual reality, and irony are those words. Real existence in costume may be described with objectivity, ordinariness, correctness of representing a theme, impersonality excluding subjectivity, clearness, certainness, and preciseness, etc.

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Quest for Films of Chang-dong Lee: Focused On <Green Fish>, <Peppermint Candy>, <Oasis> (이창동 영화 탐구:<초록물고기>, <박하사탕>, <오아시스>를 중심으로)

  • Seo, In-Sook
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.13 no.9
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    • pp.58-71
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    • 2013
  • This paper will study on the films of Chang-dong Lee, focused on , , .These films concentrate on the internal mind of hero and heroine who react actively to social reality around their environment. Also these films share another common thing which retain to strong emotional tie with spectator, based on the sympathy through the identification of hero. , < Peppermint Candy> represent to the mixture of realism and de-realism.. Specially shows the mixture of the realism and fantasy. This Quest for the films of Chang-dong Lee will include discussion of a critical attitude from realism, discussion of de-realism factors, and study of screen fantasy from the respective of psychoanalysis.

Magical Realism and Antonio Negri's Theory of Art: In Light of Claire Denis' Film Vendredi Soir (마술적 리얼리즘과 네그리의 예술론: 끌레어 드니의 영화 <금요일 밤>에 비추어)

  • CHOI, Soo Im
    • Cross-Cultural Studies
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    • v.34
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    • pp.7-41
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    • 2014
  • This article examines magical realism in contemporary european film, which is considered to be one of the most popular styles in the present culture, with regards to Antonio Negri's theory of art. Magical realism is "alternative approach to reality" (Maggie Ann Bowers, Magic(al) Realism) and defined as "a fictional technique that combines fantasy with raw physical reality or social reality in a search for truth beyond that available from the surface of everyday life" (Joan Mellen, Magic Realism). The term of Magic Realism was coined in 1923 by Franz Roh, German art historian, as the concept for the post-expressionist painting in Germany. It has flourished in the Latin-American literature during the 1950s to 1980s and spread worldwide. Since 1980s magical realism is considered to be a universal artistic mode. Since 1990s magical realism is to find in the various novels, and since 2000 one encounters magical realism in the cinema very often. Antonio Negri writes about the relationship between life, imagination, art and the political in his book Art et Multitude. According to Negri, the hard life of people in the present society liberates the imagination and this creates the art as "the excess of the existence". In this process the aesthetic becomes to the political. Negri calls this space of art as "magical time and space". Claire Denis' film Vendredi Soir is analyzed as a contemporary magic realist text, which realizes Negri's concept of art: vendredi soir (friday night) in Vendredi Soir is the magical time, when the impossible becomes the possible, and paris in the public transportation strike is the magical space, where the individuals meet the other in a new situation. The film analysis associates itself with Negri's theory of art: in Vendredi Soir, it is to see, that the excess of the existence liberates imagination and creates the magic reality both in the movements of things and the human relationship. The phenomenon of magical realism in contemporary culture can be understood as the symptom of the emotional and existential pains of contemporary people in the current world. The contemporaneity of the magical realism can be read in the film as "the metaphor for contemporary thought" (Alain Badiou, Cinema). As Antonio Negri writes, art can become "the aesthetic redemption" (Negri, Art et Multitude) for us. At the same time "(t)his is where aesthetics can be transformed into the political." (Lee, "Communism and the Void")

The characteristics of critical realism in Alexander McQueen's fashion collection (알렉산더 맥퀸 패션 컬렉션에 나타난 비판적 리얼리즘 특성)

  • Lee, Youmin;Lee, Younhee
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.153-166
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    • 2021
  • In this study, the artistic background and formative nature of representative 19th century realist artists Gustave Courbet and Honoré Daumier were analyzed and applied in a fashion context. By displaying representational desires (necessary adhesions of man and society) in their work, they became characteristic matrixes of critical realism and to perceive critical realism. The purpose of the study was to apply the characteristics of critical realism to the contemporary fashion collections of Alexander McQueen. Research was conducted to analyze the characteristics that appear in the field of fashion and to review methods of expression and internal aesthetics displayed through various aspects of fashion design. Characteristics of critical realism were analyzed by researching the formativeness and periodical background of the paintings of Courbet and Daumier. Based on these characteristics, analysis was conducted to identify critical realism in the fashion collections of Alexander McQueen. Data and scope included fashion information sites, internet photo data, and video material. Critical realist characteristics were categorized into five types as follows: 'The proper borrowing of extremely realistic subjects signifies', 'satirical reconstruction and narrative composition', 'antipathetic distortions and abject representations', 'critical reproductions based on technology', and 'the maximization of ambivalent sexuality'. It was concluded that the characteristics of critical realism (recognized by the common formation of Courbet and Daumier) also appeared in Alexander McQueen's fashion collection but were inherited in a form that transcended pictorial expression due to the overall difference in use of visual arts.

The Characteristics of Magic Realism Expressed in the Costume of Tarsem Singh Movies - Focusing on "The Cell" and "The Fall" - (타셈 싱(Tarsem Singh) 영화의상에 표현된 매직리얼리즘의 표현특성 - 더 셀(The Cell)과 더 폴(The Fall) 영화를 중심으로 -)

  • Yang, Soohyun;Lee, Younhee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.65 no.1
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 2015
  • Magic realism, which originated in the culture of Central and South America, creates a fantastic fictional word by linking unrelated incidents using magical. The purpose of this study was to analyze Tarsem Singh's design characteristics that are based on magic realism in his movies, "The Cell" and "The Fall", and to highlight the artistic values appearing in the films. The research was conducted by observing the characteristics and concept of magic realism based on literature and preceding research, and discovering how Singh expressed these creatively and experimentally within the costumes in his films. The results of the study were as follows: Firstly, magical, legendary and symbolic characteristics appear within the fantasy of magical realism, and common techniques within film costuming include repetition of similar objects, solid silhouettes within scenes, and various decorative materials used for fantastic expression. Secondly, regarding ideality, the destruction of previous ideas and recreation of the present were found with materials and details used in film costuming to destroy previous ideas. Expressions of character through external decoration and depiction of living things as not living were also found. Thirdly, reiteration showed the coexistence of history and legend, reality and fantastic elements, and arrangement of opposing elements.

Investigating 'Model-Dependent Realism' from the Viewpoint of the Traditional Medical Theories Research (한의학 이론 연구의 관점에서 살펴 본 '모형 의존적 실재론')

  • Lee, Choong-Yeol
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.353-360
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    • 2015
  • In a essay that was published on 'Science' in December 2014 as a part of the supplement "The Art and Science of Traditional Medicine," the eastern and western medical theories are discussed with reference to the model-dependent realism suggested by Stephen Hawking and Leonard Mlodinow. This paper examines what the model-dependent realism is, and how it affects the future direction of researches in traditional Korean medical theories. The model-dependent realism holds a meaning in that it puts traditional medical theories in a perspective of models, and allows for application of recent studies in scientific philosophy for researches in traditional medical theories. Especially, the model studies by R. Giere et al. will help elaborate the traditional medical theories from a model perspective. From a model perspective, the 'visceral manifestation', 'meridian and collateral', 'qi-blood', 'eight principles' and 'constitution' theories of traditional medicine have the potentials to develop into valid models, and the traditional medical theory's phenomenological and holistic perspective distinguishes it from western medicine, giving it a competitive edge. In addition, the epistemological pluralism of model-dependent realism can serve as an alternative to relativism or rationalism perspective which put eastern and western medicine in opposition until now.

The Fantastic Realism (Magic Realism) representation on film Visualization research: The boundaries of Fantasy and reproducibility of Images (영화에 표현된 환상적 사실주의 (Magic Realism) 시각화 연구: 이미지의 재현성과 환상성의 경계)

  • Nah, So-Mi
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.12
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    • pp.495-501
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    • 2016
  • The film has always reflected the culture of the era based on reality and imagination. The visual effect in the film has mainly played a role of expressing the reality more realistically or recognizing the virtual as reality. This study examines the meaning and the effect of fantasy realism through Oasis of Lee Chang-dong. Fantastic realism has separated the reality from the imaginary space by using a dual meaning tool that affects the time and space in the film and reflects the human desire and desire to see. It was also reproduced in the real world through the medium of pigeons. In addition, it separates visualized space from non-visualized space in film narrative structure, separation of real and unreal space, segregation of consciousness and unconscious space, and separation of reality and reality space into power structure. With the development of technology, the image of the yellow image comes closer to us like reality, which will express the space of unconsciousness that we could not think of.