• Title/Summary/Keyword: National comparison

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Relationship between Motivations and Performances on the Internet Use: A Multinational Comparative Study-University Students in Canada, the U.S., and S. Korea (인터넷 사용 동기와 성과의 관계 분석: 한국, 미국, 캐나다 3 개국 대학생 비교 연구)

  • John, Yong-Jean
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.69-76
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    • 2011
  • With a concentration on online university student behavior in highly-wired countries of Canada, the US, and South Korea, this study is aimed at identifying and comparing students' perception to the Internet use, willingness to use, and performance from its use. The cross-national comparison unveiled that students in each country did not have a compatible pattern of relationship among perception, intention, and performance. This study also examines the impact of levels of Internet use motivations on users' attitude, intentions to use, and performance. The results of the study help understand the factors affecting the Internet use in three countries and identify the differences in willingness to use and performance from cultural heterogeneity. Implications of the study, limitations, and further research directions are also discussed.

Cross-National Comparison of Twitter Use between South Korea and Japan: An Exploratory Study

  • Cho, Seong Eun;Park, Han Woo
    • International Journal of Contents
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.50-55
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    • 2012
  • This study compared cross-national Twitter use between Korea and Japan. The main exploratory variables were a) cultural traits and b) disclosure of geographic information. Twitter use was measured by the degree of reciprocity and the numbers of Tweets, followings, and followers. Data were collected using API-based software and analyzed with independent samples t-tests. Content analysis was conducted to validate the findings. The results indicate that Korean and Japanese users employ their own communication strategies reflecting their cultural orientation.

When 5004 is Said "Five Thousand Zero Hundred Remainder Four": The Influence of Language on Natural Number Transcoding: Cross-National Comparison

  • Nguyen, Hien Thi-Thu;Gregoire, Jacques
    • Research in Mathematical Education
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.149-170
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    • 2014
  • The Vietnamese language has a specific property related to the zero in the name-number system. This study was conducted to examine the impact of linguistic differences and of the zero's position in a number on a transcoding task (verbal number into Arabic number). Vietnamese children and French-speaking Belgian children, from grades 3 to 6, participated in the study. The success rate and the type of errors they made varied, depending on their grade and language. At Grade 4, Vietnamese children showed performances equivalent to Grade 6 Belgian children. Our results confirmed the support provided by language to the understanding and performances in a transcoding task. Results also showed that a syntactic zero is easier to manipulate than a lexical zero for Vietnamese children. The relative influence of language and the source of errors are discussed.

Analysis of fashion Curriculum in 4-year Colleges : Cross-national Comparison of Korea, USA, UK, Japan, & Hong Kong (4년제 대학의 패션관련학과 교과과정 비교분석: 한국, 미국, 영국, 일본, 홍콩를 중심으로)

  • 구양숙;김정원;박경애;박광희;추태귀
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.37 no.11
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    • pp.19-32
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    • 1999
  • This study analyzed the curricula of fashion related majors at 4-year colleges in the USA, UK, Japan and Hong Kong as well as in Korea and compared the characteristics of the Korean curriculum with those of the four countries. A total of 124 curricula from 103 colleges were collected. Courses were divided into eight categories (including industry and market information; materials; merchandise planning; design; production; distribution and selling; basics; and consumption) representing the production and distribution process of fashion business. There were differences in course offerings among the five countries. Overall, curricula in Korea emphasized design and production (construction) areas and showed not much differentiation among colleges. While industry and market information, merchandise planning, and production (management) areas were emphasized in the USA , differentiation/specialization by major was observed . UK and Hong Kong had well-specialized curricula by major Japan seemed to offer traditional and consumption oriented courses. Based on the findings, some propositions for the Korean fashion curriculum were discussed.

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Evaluating E-Business Models from Cross-Cultural (Korea vs. US) Perspective (e-비즈니스 모델의 국가간 비교 분석에 관한 연구 : 한국과 미국을 중심으로)

  • ;;Don Amoroso
    • Journal of Information Technology Applications and Management
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.83-100
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    • 2004
  • Understanding characteristics of Internet businesses from a cross-cultural perspective could offer valuable insights on developing business strategies and policies. This work is concerned with revealing divergence and convergence of Internet businesses in their financial performance, given organizational conditions and cultural context. For this, we studied the association between static organizational attributes (core activity, origination, firm age, and industry type) and a firms financial performance (gross revenue and net income). Relevant data was gathered from representative Internet firms in Korea and U.S. Data analysis indicated that, besides industry type, overall connection between selected organizational variables and financial performance was weak. Cross-national comparison showed that Korean firms financial performance was comparable to U.S firms during the period of economic turbulence. A noticeable difference was that Korean Internet firms and their business models were more service-oriented than U.S. counterparts.

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Family-Friendly Organizational Culture and National Effects on Employees' Job and Family Life Satisfaction in Korea, U.K., and Sweden (한국, 영국, 스웨덴의 근로자가 인식한 조직문화의 가족친화도와 일.가족생활에 대한 만족도 비교)

  • Yoo, Gye-Sook
    • Journal of Families and Better Life
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.13-23
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    • 2010
  • The main objective of this study was to examine the effects of national context and family-friendliness of organizational culture in the private sectors on employee self-reported job and family life satisfaction. The data came from 1,613 employees of IT and retail companies in Korea, U. K., and Sweden, whom were married(partnered) with children under 12. The major findings of this study were as follows: The Swedish workers had more family-friendly perceptions about their organizational culture and more satisfaction about their job and family life compared with workers in U. K. and Korea. The hierarchical multiple regression analyses revealed that perceptions of family-friendliness of organizational culture were positively related to employees' job and family life satisfaction. It was also found that perceived family-friendliness of organizational culture and national context significantly predicted employees' job-family life satisfaction. The implications of study results were discussed.

A Cross-National Comparison of Uncertainty Profile and Software Project Performance (불확실성과 소프트웨어 프로젝트 성과에 대한 국가간 비교연구)

  • Kim, Ki-Yoon;Na, Kwan-Sik;Choi, Kwang-Don
    • 한국IT서비스학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.279-285
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    • 2002
  • 다양한 소프트웨어개발 위험관리 분야의 연구들 중, 미국의 소프트웨어 회사들을 대상으로 한 Nidumolu의 논문에서는 표준화와 요구사항 불확실성이 잔여성과위험이라는 매개 변수를 통해서, 소프트웨어 개발프로세스와 제품 성과에 영향을 미친다는 결과를 발표하였다. 본 연구에서는 먼저, 개발도상국인 우리나라에서도 이러한 모형이 적용될 수 있는 지를 검정하였는데, 결론적으로 잔여성과 위험이라는 매개변수는 모형에서 의미가 없는 것으로 나타났다. 이는 우리나라 소프트웨어 업체의 경우 성숙도가 상대적으로 낮아서, 프로젝트 관리자와 같은 개인의 능력에 성과가 영향을 받는 때문인 것으로 보인다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 이러한 차이의 원인에 대해서 논의하고, 나아가서 우리나라의 기업 환경에 적합한 새로운 모형을 제시하고자 한다.

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Cross-National Comparison of Public Awareness Campaigns for Suicide Prevention: Analysis of Campaign Strsategies and Contents of New Zealand, USA, Ireland, Scotland, Australia, and Korea (자살예방을 위한 인식개선 캠페인의 국가 간 비교: 뉴질랜드·미국·아일랜드·스코틀랜드·호주 및 대한민국의 캠페인 전략 및 내용 분석)

  • Song, In Han;Kwon, Se Won;Kim, Jung-Soo;You, Jung-Won;Park, Jang Ho;Kim, Lija;Kim, Woosik;Kim, Hyunjee;Kim, Jeniffer Hyunjin;Kim, Ji Eun;An, Sangmin
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.14 no.7
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    • pp.253-270
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    • 2014
  • Public awareness campaign is the core factor of the national suicide prevention strategies. Korea's current campaign needs to be more systematically developed. This study analyzed the national-level campaigns for suicide prevention of New Zealand, USA, Ireland, Scotland, and Australia whose campaigns were known to be successful, and compared them with those of Korea. With the analysis framework based on the 'Guideline for Effective Health Communication Campaigns' by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, we examined the campaigns from the dimensions of (1) clarity of goals, (2) appropriacy of targeting strategies, (3) suitability of messaging strategies, and (4) efficiency of performance. The results show that effective campaigns for suicide prevention have the following common factors: (1) campaign appellations which include clear goals, (2) targeting at risk groups considering social contexts, (3) slogans which contains specific action guidelines, and (4) close relationships between public and private sectors. On this basis, future directions for more effective suicide prevention media campaigns in Korea are discussed.

Effects of Fashion Involvement and Hedonic Consumption on Impulse Buying -Comparison of Korean and American Young Consumers- (패션관여, 쾌락적 소비가 충동구매에 미치는 영향 -한국과 미국 소비자의 비교-)

  • Park, Eun-Joo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.30 no.9_10
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    • pp.1413-1422
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    • 2006
  • Technologies such as television shopping channels and the internet expand consumers' impulse purchasing opportunities. The interest in national differences of consumer behavior was growing and highlighted the importance of understanding the national context of consumer behavior in an increasing globalized marketplace. The purposes of this study were to examine the effects of fashion involvement and hedonic consumption on impulse buying for Korean and American young consumers, and to compare the differences between two groups. A questionnaire was developed from literatures reviewed. Data were obtained from students attending universities in Korea(N=413) and the U.S.(N=290). Using structural equation modeling, the results indicated that the proposed model of this study was appropriate to explain the effects of fashion involvement and hedonic consumption on impulse buying for Korean and American young consumers. The model showed that fashion involvement and hedonic consumption played important roles in triggering impulse buying for two groups. In addition, American consumers were more likely to influence fashion involvement and hedonic consumption on impulse buying than Korean consumers. The results provided some insights into globalized retail marketing theory supporting the national aspects of impulse buying. Future research and managerial implications are addressed.

A Comparison of the Benefits for Online Clothing Purchase between Korean and U.S. Consumers (한국과 미국 소비자의 온라인 의복구매시 추구혜택비교)

  • Kim, Eun-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.33 no.7
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    • pp.1074-1085
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    • 2009
  • This study compares the benefits for online clothing purchases between Korean and U.S. consumers. A total of 464 usable questionnaires were obtained from respondents who resided in Korea (n=253) and the United States (n=21l). Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, factor analysis, and MANOVA. For online clothing purchases, the benefit consisted of five factors: product attribute, transaction services, security, country of origin, and brand symbolism. Results showed that the main effect of nationality and gender on the benefit factors were significant; there was an effect of nationality on product attributes, transaction services, and country of origin. Compared with Korean consumer, U.S. consumers were more likely to consider the benefits of product attributes, transaction services, and country of origin for clothing in online purchases. In addition, there was a gender difference in benefit factors of product attributes, transaction services, country of origin, and brand symbolism. Females were more likely than males to consider the benefits for clothing in online purchases. An interaction effect of nationality and gender was not significant in online purchases for clothing. The managerial implications are discussed for global fashion marketing across the countries.