• Title/Summary/Keyword: 수학적 창의성

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A Study on the Qualitative Differences Analysis between Multiple Solutions in Terms of Mathematical Creativity (수학적 창의성 관점에서 다중해법 간의 질적 차이 분석)

  • Baek, Dong-Hyeon;Lee, Kyeong-Hwa
    • School Mathematics
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.481-494
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    • 2017
  • Tasks of multiple solutions have been said to be suitable for the cultivation of mathematical creativity. However, studies on the fact that multiple solutions presented by students are useful or meaningful, and students' thoughts while finding multiple solutions are very short. In this study, we set goals to confirm the qualitative differences among the multiple solutions presented by the students and, if present, from the viewpoint of mathematical creativity. For this reason, after presenting the set of tasks of the two versions to eight mathematically gifted students of the second-grade middle school, we analyzed qualitative differences that appeared among the solutions. In the study, there was a difference among the solution presented first and the solutions presented later, and qualitatively substantial differences in terms of flexibility and creativity. In this regard, it was concluded that the need to account for such qualitative differences in designing and applying multiple solutions should be considered.

Mathematical Task Types to Enhance Creativity (창의성 신장을 위한 초등수학 과제의 유형)

  • Park, Man-Goo
    • Education of Primary School Mathematics
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.117-134
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this research was to analyze mathematical task types to enhance creativity. Creativity is increasingly important in every field of disciplines and industries. To be excel in the 21st century, students need to have habits to think creatively in mathematics learning. The method of the research was to collect the previous research and papers concerning creativity and mathematics. To search the materials, the researcher used the search engines such as the GIL and the KISTI. The mathematical task types to enhance creativity were categorized 16 different types according to their forms and characteristics. The types of tasks include (1) requiring various strategies, (2) requiring preferences on strategies, (3) making word problems, (4) making parallel problems, (5) requiring transforming problems, (6) finding patterns and making generalization, (7) using open-ended problems, (8) asking intuition for final answers, (9) asking patterns and generalization (10) requiring role plays, (11) using literature, (12) using mathematical puzzles and games, (13) using various materials, (14) breaking patterned thinking, (15) integrating among disciplines, and (16) encouraging to change our lives. To enhance students' creativity in mathematics teaching and learning, the researcher recommended the followings: reshaping perspectives toward teaching and learning, developing and providing creativity-rich tasks, applying every day life, using open-ended tasks, using various types of tasks, having assessment ability, changing assessment system, and showing and doing creative thinking and behaviors of teachers and parents.

The Direction to Assessment of School Mathematics in Accordance with 2009 Reformed Curriculum (2009 개정 교육과정에 따른 수학과 평가가 나아가야 할 방향)

  • Kang, Myung-Won;Kim, Sung-Ho;Park, Ji-Hun;Lee, Sun-Joon;Cha, Yong-Woo;ChoiKoh, Sang-Sook
    • Communications of Mathematical Education
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.301-323
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    • 2010
  • This study was to find the direction to assessment of school mathematics in accordance with 2009 reformed curriculum. As new trends in the latest reformed 2009 curriculum, creativity, multicultural education, and mathematics disposition were focused. In creativity, more items should be developed for enhancing students' ability in areas of fluency, elaborateness, and originality, besides flexibility which was mostly dealt in the formal assessments that have been done previously in school. In multicultural education. purposeful bilingual programs should be developed in mathematics education to improve not only students' language skill, but also mathematical ability. In mathematical disposition, various questionnaires including checklists along with clinical interview should be provided to evaluate students' on-going process of mathematical learning.

Investigation on mathematical instruction involving creative factor in High School (고등학교 수업 실재를 통한 창의 중심의 수학 수업 내실화 가능성 탐구)

  • Hwang, Hye-Jeang;Ko, Ho-Kyoung;Han, Se-Ho
    • Communications of Mathematical Education
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.745-776
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    • 2010
  • In this research, cases of classes for enhancing mathematical creativity are examined in order to explore how to improve methods of math instructions. The objective of the research is to design a creative, efficient math class of superior quality, supplementing the current educational curricula. To this end, features and elements of creative math class are classified into three categories: assignment characteristics, teacher's role, and teaching environment. Based on these, two high school teachers were selected for case study of creative instructions. By observing and analyzing their classes, the research identified main elements of creative classes and their characteristics according to the three categories. The research also explored how to revitalize creative math class by eliciting opinions of researchers and educational experts.

Development of TPACK and mathematical communication of pre-service teachers in math classes using apps for group creativity (집단창의성 발현을 위한 앱 활용 수학 수업을 위한 예비교사의 TPACK과 의사소통 능력 신장 방안)

  • Kim, Bumi
    • Journal of the Korean School Mathematics Society
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.195-224
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    • 2022
  • In this study, pre-service mathematics teachers cultivated technology content teaching knowledge (TPACK) in the regular curriculum of the College of Education. The course was designed to enhance pre-service teachers' mathematical communication skills by using an application, which is a mobile mathematics learning content for the development of group creativity of high school students. The educational program to improve mathematics teaching expertise using the application for group creativity expression consists of pre-education, goal setting, planning, teaching at school, and evaluation. In this process, pre-service teachers evaluated technology tools. They also wrote a task dialogue, lesson play, reflective journal, and lesson plan to guide high school students to develop group creativity in both app activities. As a result of the educational program, pre-service mathematics teachers cultivated TPACK and enhanced their mathematical communication skills with high school students to develop group creativity.

The Relationship between Mathematically Gifted Elementary Students' Math Creative Problem Solving Ability and Metacognition (초등수학영재의 수학 창의적 문제해결력과 메타인지와의 관계)

  • Shin, Seung Yoon;Ryu, Sung Rim
    • Education of Primary School Mathematics
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.95-111
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship between metacognition and math creative problem solving ability. Specific research questions set up according to the purpose of this study are as follows. First, what relation does metacognition has with creative math problem-solving ability of mathematically gifted elementary students? Second, how does each component of metacognition (i.e. metacognitive knowledge, metacognitive regulation, metacognitive experiences) influences the math creative problem solving ability of mathematically gifted elementary students? The present study was conducted with a total of 80 fifth grade mathematically gifted elementary students. For assessment tools, the study used the Math Creative Problem Solving Ability Test and the Metacognition Test. Analyses of collected data involved descriptive statistics, computation of Pearson's product moment correlation coefficient, and multiple regression analysis by using the SPSS Statistics 20. The findings from the study were as follows. First, a great deal of variability between individuals was found in math creative problem solving ability and metacognition even within the group of mathematically gifted elementary students. Second, significant correlation was found between math creative problem solving ability and metacognition. Third, according to multiple regression analysis of math creative problem solving ability by component of metacognition, it was found that metacognitive knowledge is the metacognitive component that relatively has the greatest effect on overall math creative problem-solving ability. Fourth, results indicated that metacognitive knowledge has the greatest effect on fluency and originality among subelements of math creative problem solving ability, while metacognitive regulation has the greatest effect on flexibility. It was found that metacognitive experiences relatively has little effect on math creative problem solving ability. This findings suggests the possibility of metacognitive approach in math gifted curricula and programs for cultivating mathematically gifted students' math creative problem-solving ability.

Professional development of an experienced teacher through research community activities: focusing on task modification and implementation to facilitate mathematical creativity (연구공동체 활동을 통한 한 경력교사의 전문성 신장 : 수학적 창의성 촉진을 위한 대푯값 과제의 변형과 실행을 중심으로)

  • Moon, SungJae;Noh, JeongWon;Ro, YeSol;Lee, KyeongHwa
    • The Mathematical Education
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    • v.58 no.4
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    • pp.545-566
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to show that research community activities can contribute to the professional development in respect of average concepts and mathematical creativity. In the community, activities were undertaken to transform the existing task into the task that contributes to the manifestation of creativity. In this process, researchers tried to connect the theory with the practice of the class, and the teacher acted as an active learner. The findings show that the teacher who had difficulty in teaching average could overcome difficulties, and also derived the way of task modification and strategies necessary for teaching average. The modified task induced improvements in students' achievement levels, which led to change in teachers' perspective on the relationship between mathematical creativity and learning. Research community activities have been shown to have contributed to improvements with regard to both teaching the average and promoting mathematical creativity.

A Study on the Characteristics of Creativity Factors Found in Elementary and Middle School Creative Gifted Student Selection Test (초.중학생 창의성 영재 선발 검사에 나타난 창의성 요인별 특성 연구)

  • Son, Chung-Ki;Kim, Myeong-Cheol
    • Journal of Gifted/Talented Education
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.307-337
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study is to verify the validity of a creativity measurement tool and to discover the creativity characteristics of creative gifted students by assessing the difference in the creativity characteristics of creative gifted students, who were selected from gifted students in elementary and middle schools through the Torrance Test of Creative Thinking(TTCT), according to school level and the type of the students (gifted student in mathematics, gifted student in science). To this research purpose, creative gifted students were selected by the Torrance Test of Creative Thinking(TTCT) on 594 students, who had applied for super gifted education, from 17 gifted students institutes under the jurisdiction of Jeollabukdo office of education, Then, t-tests and multiple regression analysis were performed to analyze the creativity factors between elementary students and middle school students and between mathematics-gifted students and science-gifted students. From the research, the following results were obtained. Although TTCT is effective in distinguishing gifted students with and without creativity, correlation coefficient values between creativity factors(the correlation coefficients between 'fluency' and 'originality' and between 'fluency' and 'elaboration' were .78 and .50 respectively) suggested the possibility of low uniqueness of creativity factors. In addition, compared with elementary students, middle school students showed significantly lower fluency (circles), elaboration(picture construction, picture completion), and the abstractness of titles(picture structure). In the meantime, science-gifted students displayed significantly higher originality(picture construction), and elaboration(picture construction, picture completion, circles) than mathematics-gifted students. Therefore, continuous study is required to enhance the validity of the test for the selection of creativity gifted students. Besides, efforts should be made to find ways to enhance the creativity of gifted students and to resolve the problem of decreasing creativity with student academic level increasing.

STEAM on the Viewpoint of Didactics of Mathematics (수학교육학적 관점에서 바라본 STEAM 교육)

  • Seo, Dong Yeop
    • Journal of Educational Research in Mathematics
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.429-442
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    • 2014
  • In this study we reviewed the backgrounds, main claims, and teaching and learning of STEAM education, and analysed STEAM education on the viewpoint of didactics of mathematics. The core competences of STEAM are creativity, communication, convergence, and caring. We found that the theoretical background of caring among these competences is relatively very weak, and the main principles for teaching and learing are mainly included the theories of didactics of mathematics and of creativity. We need to approach very carefully and progressively to creativity education through STEAM, and also need to study on the background of the mathematical creativity.

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창의성 신장을 위한 수학 게임 자료 개발 연구

  • Lee, Gyeong-Eon
    • Communications of Mathematical Education
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    • v.12
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    • pp.201-210
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    • 2001
  • 게임은 그 자체로 매우 흥미가 있을 뿐만 아니라, 많은 규칙을 포함하며, 이런 규칙들을 찾아내는 활동은 학생들의 창의적 사고력 향상에 큰 도움을 줄 것이다. 본 연구에서는 다양한 게임들 중에서 수학적 개념이나 수학 문제해결의 아이디어와 관련된 수학 게임을 중심으로, 게임의 규칙과 승리 전략을 탐구하고 이를 수학적으로 표현하는 할 수 있는 기회를 제공하는 몇몇 게임들을 개발하여 소개할 것이다.

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