• Title/Summary/Keyword: 교과서 분석

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Analysis of Elementary Mathematics Textbooks Based on the Perspective of Constructivism Knowledge -with Focus on the Number and Operation Contents in 1st and 2nd Grades (구성주의 지식관이란 관점에서 초등학교 수학교과서 분석 -1학년과 2학년 수와 연산 영역을 중심으로-)

  • Lee, Boo-Da;Kim, Jin-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean School Mathematics Society
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.415-442
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    • 2010
  • If the philosophy of the curriculum is changed when the curriculum is revised, discussion about knowledge viewpoints in the changed philosophy is needed. The purpose of this thesis is to analyze elementary mathematics textbooks(EMT) based on the perspective of constructivism knowledge as basic philosophy of the 7th curriculum and the 2007 revised curriculum and to present aim of textbooks development through the results. According to the results, the number and operation units of 1st and 2nd grades of EMT compiled according to the 7th curriculum and the 2007 revised curriculum didn't reflect the perspective of constructivism knowledge as the philosophy of the curriculum. From the analysis, EMT were not composed so as to agree the perspective of constructivism knowledge that emphasize concepts, conceptua1 principles, variety, integration.

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Analysis of UK Computing textbooks for Middle School Informatics Education (중학교 정보 교육을 위한 영국 교과서 분석)

  • Choi, Jeong-Won;Lee, Young-Jun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Computer Information Conference
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    • pp.129-131
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    • 2015
  • 정보 사회는 컴퓨터 과학이 실생활 뿐 아니라 모든 학문 분야의 기반이 되는 사회이다. 자원이 부족한 우리나라는 핵심 학문 분야의 인재 양성이 국가 경쟁력을 강화할 수 있는 원동력이 되기 때문에 컴퓨터 과학 분야의 인재를 양성하기 위한 정보 교육의 중요성이 더욱 커지고 있다. 이러한 일환으로 2015 개정 교육과정에서는 정보 교육을 필수화하였고 어떻게 가르칠 것인가에 대한 많은 연구가 진행되고 있다. 교과서는 학습자의 가장 기본적인 학습 도구가 되는 것으로 어떤 지식을 어떻게 가르칠 것인가를 포함하고 있기 때문에 그 구성은 매우 중요하다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 컴퓨터 과학을 인력 양성을 위한 중요한 학문으로 인식하고 정보 교육의 활성화를 추진하여 실천하고 있는 영국의 교과서를 분석하고 우리나라에 주는 시사점을 제시하였다.

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Review Report for Middle School Mathematics Textbooks Based on 2015 Revision of National Curriculum (2015 개정 교육과정에 따른 중학교 수학 교과서 검토)

  • Lee, In-Sok
    • Communications of Mathematical Education
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.69-117
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    • 2020
  • This article is a review report on the middle school mathematics textbooks, based on "2015 Revision of National Curriculum". Considering future textbooks, this report is to keep a record of the review. In this report, I mainly discuss the mathematical aspects (but not educational or pedagogical aspects) of the textbooks. I sincerely hope that the content of this article is to be discussed and examined further by the society of mathematics education and the society of mathematics.

Research on Teaching Method for the Properties of Arithmetic Based on Analysis of Elementary School Mathematics Textbooks (교과서 분석에 기초한 연산법칙의 지도 방안 탐색)

  • Chang, Hyewon
    • Journal of Elementary Mathematics Education in Korea
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.1-22
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    • 2017
  • The properties of arithmetic are considered as essential to understand the principles of calculation and develop effective strategies for calculation in the elementary school level, thanks to agreement on early algebra. Therefore elementary students' misunderstanding of the properties of arithmetic might cause learning difficulties as well as misconcepts in their following learning processes. This study aims to provide elementary teachers a part of pedagogical content knowledge about the properties of arithmetic and to induce some didactical implications for teaching the properties of arithmetic in the elementary school level. To do this, elementary school mathematics textbooks since the period of the first curriculum were analyzed. These results from analysis show which properties of arithmetic have been taught, when they were taught, and how they were taught. Based on them, some didactical implications were suggested for desirable teaching of the properties of arithmetic.

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Analysis of Description of Diffusion Phenomena in the 7th Grade Textbook and Diagnosis of Science Teachers' Understanding of the Diffusion Concepts (7학년 교과서의 확산현상 기술에 대한 분석과 과학교사들의 확산개념에 대한 이해도 조사)

  • Koo, Sun-Ah;Chae, Hee-K.
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.383-394
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    • 2008
  • We analyzed the description of diffusion phenomena in a 7th-grade textbook, and investigated teachers' understanding and teaching methods on diffusion concepts. The data were collected from textbook analysis and questionnaires from 46 science teachers and interviews with 5 teachers. Based on texts' analysis by definition, example, and representation of the diffusion, we found that most of the representations were macroscopically explained by observing the movement of ink in water and smelling the fragrance of perfume in the air. The analysis of questionnaire and interviews also revealed that the definition and the explanation of the diffusion were too abstract for teachers to understand and teach the concept without further information about the microscopic concept of collision of the matter with the medium. Such examples and models lead science teachers to form indistinctive concepts such as dissolution, effusion, and evaporation. Furthermore, the analytical data showed that teachers' understanding of the diffusion concept has been heavily dependent upon the textbook and the level of the understanding was very similar with that of textual description.

Analysis of Textbooks on Statistical Problem-Solving Process and Statistical Literacy (통계적 문제해결과정 및 통계적 소양에 관한 <확률과 통계> 교과서 분석)

  • Lee, Jiyeon;Rim, Haemee
    • Journal of the Korean School Mathematics Society
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.191-216
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    • 2021
  • This study analyzes how statistical literacy is implemented along with the statistical problem-solving process as described in the Statistical Estimation Unit of the textbook by the 2015 revised mathematics curriculum. The analytical framework was developed from the literature, and consists of 'context', 'variability', 'mathematical and statistical knowledge', 'using of technological instruments', 'critical attitude', and 'communication'. From the perspective of the statistical problem-solving process, the analysis revealed that many tasks equivalent to 'Analyzing Data' but lacked tasks related to 'Interpreting Results' and 'Formulating Questions'. As a result of analyzing the reflection of each element of statistical literacy, 'mathematical and statistical knowledge' was the most common task, but 'critical attitude' and 'using of technological instruments' were rarely dealt with. Based on the results of this textbook analysis, it was intended to provide implications for improving the curriculum and the development of textbooks for the growth of statistical literacy.

Analysis on Connection of Curriculum and Textbooks in Elementary School Mathematics : Focused on 5~6 Grades (초등학교 수학과 교육과정과 교과서의 연계 분석 - 2009 개정 교육과정 초등학교 5~6학년군을 중심으로 -)

  • Chang, Hyewon;Kang, Teaseok;Lim, Miin
    • Journal of Educational Research in Mathematics
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.121-141
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    • 2016
  • In Korea where there is the national curriculum and teachers depend highly on textbooks, the school mathematics is based on curriculum and textbooks. Especially considering responsibility that textbooks should reflect the curriculum properly, it is necessary to analyze the connection of mathematics curriculum and textbooks in order to review and improve the quality of our mathematics education. This research analyzes the connection of curriculum and textbooks for 5~6 grades and aims to have some implications for revision of the textbooks when application of elementary mathematics textbooks based on the 2009 revised national curriculum is completed to all grades. Following the preceding research for 1~2 and 3~4 grades, this research sets 5~6 grades as a subject of analysis and has four contents of analysis; analysis of textbooks based on restructured achievement criteria, analysis of connections between unit objectives of textbooks and the reconstructed achievement criteria, analysis of textbooks related to mathematical terms and symbols, and analysis of textbooks related to mathematical process. The result of analysis has some implications to develop textbooks based on the 2015 revised national curriculum.

Elementary Science Textbook Analysis of Korea and the United States (한국과 미국의 초등학교 과학 교과서 분석)

  • Kim, Hyo-Nam;Park, Do-Yong
    • Journal of Science Education
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.258-270
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    • 2009
  • Science textbook is the most frequently used teaching material in elementary schools of the United States and Korea. Elementary science textbooks of the United States and Korea are analyzed to find out the educational objectives and characteristics of contents shown in textbooks. About 100 pages each in the first grade and fourth grade science textbooks each nations are selected randomly for educational objective analysis. Life science contents of 1st to 6th grade are analyzed from elementary science textbooks of the United States and Korea. The analyzed textbooks in Korea are 'Wise life,' an integrated subject with social studies and science, and 'science.' The analyzed elementary science textbooks of the United States are Harcourt Science, which is one of the frequently used textbooks. The educational objective framework used includes science knowledge, scientific inquiry, scientific attitude, STS, and philosophy and history of science. The results show science textbooks of the United States emphasize scientific knowledge more than scientific inquiry. Korean science textbooks emphasize scientific inquiry more than scientific knowledge. Elementary science textbooks of the United States present some life science topics redundantly and expose more difficult topics than Korean.

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