풍자 잡지 「펀치」를 통해 본 19세기 영국 사회의 수학에 대한 인식 변화 : 수학 시험의 확대와 수학 교육의 수요 변화를 중심으로

Changes in England society's perception of mathematics in the 19th century through the satirical magazine Punch: Focusing on the expansion of mathematics tests and changes in demand for mathematics education

  • Cho, Sunam (Faculty of Liberal Edu., Seoul National Univ.)
  • 투고 : 2022.02.17
  • 심사 : 2022.02.26
  • 발행 : 2022.02.28


This paper aims to examine how the public perception of mathematics changed in England in the 19th century. As rapid industrial and social developments took place in the 19th century, the educational environment underwent great changes, and the value and public perception of mathematics also changed. Mathematics took a new position in the terrain of educational reform in the late 19th century. In this study, I analyzed the actual condition of mathematics education in elementary and secondary schools, popular educational institutions, and universities in England in the first half, middle, and second half of the 19th century, and compared what values and usefulness of mathematics education were justified in each institution. I also examined how satirical magazine Punch satirized the public understanding or view on mathematics at each period. It is to be hoped that this study will have significant implications for raising the public's positive perception of mathematics in modern society.



This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea(NRF) grant funded by the Korea government(MSIT) (NRF-2018S1A5A8030212)


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