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A Study on Satisfaction level with Herbal Public Health Services and its Improvement Plans (한방공중보건서비스 만족도와 개선방안)

  • Lee, Jae-Won;Koo, Jin-Suk;Seo, Bu-Il
    • Korean Journal of Oriental Medicine
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.65-89
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    • 2012
  • Objective : In order to investigate and improve public Korean medical health service satisfaction level, this study was designed. Method : A questionnaire has been conducted on 212 patients who received treatments at six public health centers in the northern part of Gyeongbuk during 15 days between Sep. 24 and Oct. 8, 2011. Result : 1. An Investigation on the usage of herbal clinics in public health centers reveals that 63.7% have received three times or more medical treatments previously and 61.8% have had their illness treated at other medical institutions. In regard to illness 32.1% have had arthritis or muscle aches. 50.9% have taken insurance medication after having had treatments at the public health centers. 66% have assessed acupuncture and moxa cautery the most satisfying. 2. To a question regarding whether herbal health treatment costs higher than that of physician's, the highest response at 31.6% is 'No'. And to a question regarding whether herbal medicines administered at public health centers have more side effects than that of physician's, the highest response at 39.6% is 'No'. 3. To a question regarding whether herbal treatment of public health centers has little effect against acute disease, 48.1% of responses are 'Fair'. To a question regarding whether herbal treatments, when compared with physician's treatments, boost better recovery of patients, 48.1% of responses are 'Fair'. To a question regarding whether herbal medicine is unscientific, when compared with that of western medicine, 38.2% of responses are 'Fair', To a question regarding whether herbal medicine has faster effect on disease than western medicine, 41.0% of responses are 'Fair'. To a question regarding whether herbal medicine is more effective on disease prevention and promotion of health than disease treatment, 38.2% of responses are 'Fair'. And to a question regarding whether the lack of various types of physical therapy devices in herbal medicine, when compared with western medicine causes inconvenience in herbal treatment, 42.0% of responses are 'Fair'. Those responses take up highest portion at each questionnaire. 4. A comparative study between herbal treatments and physician's treatments has also been conducted. To questions regarding which one of the two considering types of disease is the better, responses are the latter accounted for 43.9% against 'Cancer', the latter accounted for 45.3% against 'Endocrine disorders', the former accounted for 30.7% against 'Psychiatric disorders', the latter accounted for 38.2% gainst 'Otolaryngological(ENT) disease', the former accounted for 47.6% against 'Post traumatic stress disorder', and the former accounted for 52.4% against 'Muscle-skeletal disease'. 5. An investigation on frequency of patients' visits via (p<0.05) of subjects show a statistically significant difference. 6. First, an investigation on frequency of reasons of medical treatments reveal that age, occupation, monthly income, and insurance type (p<0.05) of subjects show a statistically significant difference. Secondly, an investigation on frequency of subjects taking insurance medicines after herbal health treatments reveal that monthly income (p<0.05) of subject shows a statistically significant difference. 7. First, an investigation on frequency of a claim that herbal treatments of public health center does not have great effect on acute disease reveals that age, education, and insurance type (p<0.05) of subjects show a statistically significant difference. Secondly, an investigation on frequency of analysis that herbal treatments has faster effect on disease compared with western treatments reveals that education level, religion, monthly income, and insurance type (p<0.05) of subjects show a statistically significant difference. 8. When herbal clinics of public health centers and general herbal medicine institutions are compared, a survey on additional treatments that herbal clinics need the most reveals that education level, monthly income, and insurance type (p<0.05) of subjects show a statistically significant difference. Secondly, an investigation on frequency of subjects who want various forms of herbal medicines reveals that occupation and insurance type (p<0.05) of subjects show a statistically significant difference. Conclusion : In order to improve efficiency of treatments and enhance patient's satisfaction level, this study suggests measures such as providing a differentiated acupuncture treatments as a whole, streamlining an reception procedure, adopting more elaborated computer system for a patient to get proper medical attention, standardizing a treatment duration in order for a maximum result, keeping regular office hours, and optimizing a consultation time for a patient.

Research on Subjective-type Grading System Using Syntactic-Semantic Tree Comparator (구문의미트리 비교기를 이용한 주관식 문항 채점 시스템에 대한 연구)

  • Kang, WonSeog
    • The Journal of Korean Association of Computer Education
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.83-92
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    • 2018
  • The subjective question is appropriate for evaluation of deep thinking, but it is not easy to score. Since, regardless of same scoring criterion, the graders are able to produce different scores, we need the objective automatic evaluation system. However, the system has the problem of Korean analysis and comparison. This paper suggests the Korean syntactic analysis and subjective grading system using the syntactic-semantic tree comparator. This system is the hybrid grading system of word based and syntactic-semantic tree based grading. This system grades the answers on the subjective question using the syntactic-semantic comparator. This proposed system has the good result. This system will be utilized in Korean syntactic-semantic analysis, subjective question grading, and document classification.

A Study on Mathematics Question Item Trend in Elementary School Teacher Selection Test (초등교사 임용 시험에서 수학 교과 문항의 출제 동향 분석)

  • Lee, Jong-hak
    • Journal of the Korean School Mathematics Society
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.431-448
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    • 2015
  • Elementary school teacher selection test has to be implemented for knowledge(MKT) to estimate and to be a step in the expansionary direction. For this, It has to be analyzed closely in terms of teacher's MKT first that questions set from selection tests until now. In this research, some standards were established by type of question, grade, contents field and subject from 84 mathematics questions set at examinations. And it was analyzed concretely by general tendency and produced the results of analysis related to elementary teacher's MKT in elementary school teacher selection test since year 2000. The results showed that descriptive and short answer type was mostly set(71.4%) in type of question and integrated grade type was mostly set(41.7%) in type of grade in elementary school teacher selection test. And in type of contents field, rated from highest to lowest, number and operations(31.0%), measurement(23.8%), figure(15.5%) were set. Textbook/manual(34.5%), solution of problem(26.2%), learning psychology(13.1%) in status of subject were followed in order, but there's no relationship with estimation. This research was based on a standard of precedent study and made an analysis of elementary mathematics questions of selection test since year 2000. Therefore, it has a meaning because of produced results from analysis related to elementary teacher's MKT.

Quantifiers in Questions

  • Krifka, Manfred
    • Korean Journal of English Language and Linguistics
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    • v.3 no.4
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    • pp.499-526
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    • 2003
  • This paper, based on Krifka (2001), is about the interpretation of quantifiers in questions. I have argued that quantification into question acts is possible for universal quantifiers, as these quantifiers are based on conjunction, an operation that is defined for speech acts. This explains the restriction to universal quantifiers, which are generalized conjunctions. I have developed a type system in which quantification into question acts can be described. I have argued that expressions that scope out of speech acts must be topic, which explains a number of additional observations. I have also discussed embedded questions, which, depending on the embedding verb, may allow for quantification into questions.

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Question Analysis and Expansion based on Semantics (의미 기반의 질의 분석 및 확장)

  • Shin, Seung-Eun;Park, Hee-Guen;Seo, Young-Hoon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.7 no.7
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    • pp.50-59
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    • 2007
  • This paper describes a question analysis and expansion based on semantics for on efficient information retrieval. Results of all information retrieval systems include many non-relevant documents because the index cannot naturally reflect the contents of documents and because queries used in information retrieval systems cannot represent enough information in user's question. To solve this problem, we analyze user's question semantically, determine the answer type, and extract semantic features. And then we expand user's question using them and syntactic structures which are used to represent the answer. Our similarity is to rank documents which include expanded queries in high position. Especially, we found that an efficient document retrieval is possible by a question analysis and expansion based on semantics on natural language questions which are comparatively short but fully expressing the information demand of users.

NON-CANCELABLE BETTI NUMBERS AND TYPE VECTORS

  • Shin, Yong-Su
    • Journal of applied mathematics & informatics
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    • v.15 no.1_2
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    • pp.201-210
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    • 2004
  • We examine a k-configuration X in P$^2$ or P$^3$ whose minimal free resolution has a non-cancelable Betti number in the last free module. We also find partial answers to the question: which Artinian O-sequences are level or not?

A Comparison of Questioning Styles in Middle School Environmeotology Textbook (중학교 환경 교과서의 질문방략)

  • Hur, Man-Kyu;Huh, Hong-Wook;Oh, Kwang-Joong
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.107-112
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    • 1997
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the questioning styles in middle school environmentology textbook In terms of frequency, type, and placement of questions. It was also to analyse and to compare the kinds of scientific inquiry processes elicited by the questions in the topics of textbooks. The instrument was the Textbook Questing Strategies Assessment Instrument (TQSAI) developed the Cooperative Teacher Preparation Project, University of California. The average number of Questions per topic was only 1.09 and the ratio of questions to sentences was 2.5%. Most of questions were in explanatory place(75%). Nearly 90% of experienced questions types were reasoning or application. The frequencies of non-experiential question were higher than those of experiential question. In action, there were much kinds of question-styles.

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A Study on the Jeans Wearing Conditions for Men in Their Twenties to Slim Type Jeans Pattern Making (슬림핏 청바지 패턴 설계를 위한 20대 남성의 청바지 착용 실태 조사)

  • Kim, Ji-Young;Choi, Hei-Sun;Kim, Eun-Kyong
    • Journal of the Korea Fashion and Costume Design Association
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.195-209
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    • 2014
  • This study aimed to identify the preferred jeans design and needed improvements through survey research aimed at men aged 20~29. In order to identify the current wearing trends and problems of jeans, the study carried out survey research aimed at men in their twenties who had purchased and worn jeans. As a result of survey research aimed at consumers, it was discovered that fit was deemed most important during the purchase of jeans. As to the question which type of slacks was worn most frequently, the answer was slim type jeans. Regarding body parts that became the selection standard during the purchase of jeans, the answer was thigh and waist. The body parts that showed the lowest assessment result appeared to be thigh circumference, waist measurement, slacks length, and slacks bottom. To a question asking about things to be repaired and to be improved, they replied that there were problems in measurement fit, dissatisfaction with materials, and washing and management.

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Type of Thinking and Generating Processes of Causal Questions Appeared in Preservice Elementary Teachers' Observation Activity (초등예비교사들의 관찰활동에서 나타난 인과적 의문의 사고 유형과 생성 과정)

  • Lee Hea-Jung;Park Kuk-Tae;Kwon Yong-Ju
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.249-258
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the type of thinking and generating processes of causal questions which were generated in preservice elementary teachers' observing activities. To find the generating processes of causal questions, 4 observing tasks, the task of grapes in soda, the candlelight, the celery, and the rock tasks, were administered to 7 preservice elementary teachers majoring in science education. The results of this study were as follows: The types of thinking in generating explicans exploration questions were classified as 8 types and explicans verification questions were classified as 9 types. The generating processes of explicans exploration questions were classified as 6 steps and explicans verification questions were classified as 5 steps. The results of this study may be used as a teaching strategy for guiding the direction and the method of scientific questions and developing the teaching-teaming programs that help student to generate scientifc questions.

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