• Title/Summary/Keyword: access to education

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Access to Education for the Children of Sex Workers in Bangladesh: Opportunities and Challenges

  • Shohel, M. Mahruf C.
    • Child Studies in Asia-Pacific Contexts
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.13-31
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    • 2013
  • The children of sex workers in Bangladesh are denied even the most basic human rights. This article is based on recent research focused on the children of sex workers in the context of their everyday lives. The study focused on access to education and how education could be a vehicle for them to break the vicious cycle of exploitation. This was a mixed method interpretative study which employed qualitative and quantitative approaches, but in this paper only qualitative data which was generated through in-depth interviews and focus group discussions is used. Data was collected from sex workers, their children, teachers and NGO workers who participated in the study. Information has been collected for analysing the expectation of the children of sex workers and hope for the future, and the opportunities available to them during their schooling. Thematic analysis technique was used to understand the challenges and barriers faced by the children of sex workers in fulfilling their educational aspirations. The lives of the children of sex workers are marginalised by the mainstream society. Though it is very difficult to break the vicious cycle of exploitation, this research finds that education may be a stepping stone for them to create a better future. However, it is argued that the children of sex workers need income generating vocational and technical education to enable them to earn and support their family. Policy recommendations have been made in order to achieve Education For All targets and Millennium Development Goals, and to provide a second chance for these vulnerable young people to have a better life.

Nurse-perceived Patient Adverse Events and Nursing Practice Environment

  • Kang, Jeong-Hee;Kim, Chul-Woung;Lee, Sang-Yi
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.47 no.5
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    • pp.273-280
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    • 2014
  • Objectives: To evaluate the occurrence of patient adverse events in Korean hospitals as perceived by nurses and examine the correlation between patient adverse events with the nurse practice environment at nurse and hospital level. Methods: In total, 3096 nurses working in 60 general inpatient hospital units were included. A two-level logistic regression analysis was performed. Results: At the hospital level, patient adverse events included patient falls (60.5%), nosocomial infections (51.7%), pressure sores (42.6%) and medication errors (33.3%). Among the hospital-level explanatory variables associated with the nursing practice environment, 'physician-nurse relationship' correlated with medication errors while 'education for improving quality of care' affected patient falls. Conclusions: The doctor-nurse relationship and access to education that can improve the quality of care at the hospital level may help decrease the occurrence of patient adverse events.

Slum Areas in Battambang and Climate Resilience

  • Samnang, Rem;Chanthol, Hay
    • Asian Journal for Public Opinion Research
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.104-126
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    • 2018
  • As the second most populous province in Cambodia, Battambang also exhibits an increasing number of urban poor areas. This research focuses on the economic situation of slum areas in Battambang and how people in slum areas are affected by climate change. This research report describes socioeconomics of people living in slum areas in 4 villages in Battambang City. An investigation will be made on motivation of moving to slum areas, access to water, access to sanitation, access to electricity, transport and delivery, access to health care, access to education, security of tenure, cost of living in slum, literacy, and access to finance. We also explore the policy of the public sector toward climate change in Cambodia.

A Study on AR-based mobile applications for preschoolers (미취학 아동을 대상으로 한 AR 기반 모바일 애플리케이션 연구)

  • Sin, Yeong-Hyeop;Kim, Yeo-min;Seo, Hye-Jin;Kim, Si-Hyun
    • Proceedings of the Korea Information Processing Society Conference
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    • 2020.11a
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    • pp.490-493
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    • 2020
  • Using AR technology, which has recently emerged as an innovative technology, AR mobile application for infants was planned. In the form of combining play and education, children's interest is aroused and access to education to various fields is increased. Unity 3D Engine and Vuforia SDK were mainly used to design Android-based mobile applications.

Factors Affecting the Extent of Economic Empowerment of Women in Farm Households: Experiences from Rural Bangladesh

  • Parveen, Shahnaj;Leonhauser, Ingrid-Ute
    • International Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.117-126
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    • 2008
  • The study identifies gender stereotypes, examines the level of women's economic empowerment at the household level and explores the influence of factors on it. Data were collected from 159 randomly selected farm women using both qualitative and quantitative survey methods between January and March 2007 from three villages of the Mymensingh District of Bangladesh. Four key informants (2 local leaders and 2 development personnel) were questioned to elicit views in the light of boosting women's empowerment. Five constructs of empowerment covering 30 indicators were aggregated together to develop a cumulative economic empowerment index (CEEI) to obtain multidimensional views of women's empowerment. The findings show that there were some prejudices against women in allocating divisions of labour and access to education, food, property, decision-making and institutions. The distribution of the CEEI demonstrates that the majority of the respondents (86%) had a low to moderate level of empowerment. A multiple regression analysis showed positive significant effects of education, training, media contact and freedom of mobility on women's CEEI, while domestic abuse restrained it. It is concluded that interventions by development agencies in co-ordination with the local community was necessary to attain women's self-reliance in the study area. Development actors can undertake some core strategies to enhance women's level of awarencess, knowledge, skills, and productive resources through providing training, loans, and information. To change traditional beliefs, it is important to create awareness of various gender issues amongst rural people through different methods and media.

The Relationship Between Urbanization, Education, and GDP Per Capita in Indonesia

  • HARYANTO, Tri;ERLANDO, Angga;UTOMO, Yoga
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
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    • v.8 no.5
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    • pp.561-572
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    • 2021
  • This study aims to analyze the causality between GDP per capita, urbanization, and education. This also aims to determine the long-term and short-term relationships between economic urbanization, education, and GDP per capita by applying Vector Error Correction Model (VECM). Data was obtained from the World Bank and UNDP from 1990 to 2018. The estimation results showed that economic growth and education on urbanization have the strongest causality in VECM. Therefore, they are pull factors with a significant effect in the long and the short term. Some suggestions concerning policy implications were stated, and they include: forming area-based urbanization, where cities within one area are integrated, to get the impact of an agglomeration economy. Also, the government needs to accelerate the distribution of infrastructure and public facilities in various regions to avoid population density in one area due to urbanization, and government needs to pay attention to easier access to education and more equitable ones in various regions. On the contrary, after education is evenly distributed in all regions, the government needs to pay attention to transportation access and infrastructure.

The Design and Implementation of Single Sign-On Service for Education-related Information Service Platform (교육정보 통합 플랫폼 구현을 위한 통합 사용자 인증 서비스의 설계 및 구현)

  • Park, Jung-Ho
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.100-109
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    • 2011
  • The study concluded that in order to achieve a single sign-on through the federation ID management method must be used among many other methods so to establish a combined approval service that gives access to education related information provided by the 16 city and provincial offices of education and the KERIS(Korea Education & Research Information Service). The federation ID management method allows the usage of authentication policy and enables transfer of ID information to other institutions through standardized processing. Therefore by establishing single sign-on through the federation ID management method allows individual city and provincial office of education to maintain the already existing approval services while combining user identification database.

Correlation between death attitude and life ethics, according to the perception of life stress among paramedic department students (응급구조학과 학생의 생활스트레스에 따른 죽음인식태도와 생명윤리의식과의 상관관계에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Seung-Hee;Kim, Jung Sun;Lee, Hyo-Cheol;Ko, Dae-Sik;Lee, Mi-Lim;Kang, Kwang-Soon;Kim, Chul-Tae
    • The Korean Journal of Emergency Medical Services
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.103-115
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: This descriptive study investigated the relationship between death awareness and life ethics awareness, according to life stress, among students in the department of paramedics. Methods: General characteristics were identified using means and frequency, and the differences between the two military models were analyzed using the χ2-test and t-test by dividing them into lower and higher groups based on the mean life stress score (99.76 points). Results: Those with high life stress had higher death awareness than those with low life stress at 114.11 points. In contrast, those with low life ethics experienced more severe life stress with a score of 145.61 points (t=-2.609, p=.010)(t=-2.953, p=.003). The death recognition attitude and bioethics according to the degree of living stress-showed a significant correlation between the low and high groups (r=.188, p=.043) (r=.201, p=.042). Conclusion: Paramedic students require education on how to cope with life stress. However, access to education is limited to people living in modern times. As a potential solution to this problem, observing videos on the Internet is recommended. Moreover, we suggest accessing Internet and smart phone applications for advertising/educational purposes.

A Remote Teacher's Training Cyber System Operated on the Web (웹상에서 운영되는 원격교원연수 시스템)

  • Seo, Jong-Hwa;Kim, Jin-Soo;Kim, Chi-Su
    • The KIPS Transactions:PartA
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    • v.9A no.1
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    • pp.121-128
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    • 2002
  • Web-based teaching-learning systems through the internet has continuously pursued the learner-centered educational environment by promoting the interaction between leachers and students. As a result, learners haute become free of the limit of time and space and have more ways to have access to education information more easily. Consequently, the development of the internet has resulted in the changes of the educational environment. Web-based distance education through the internet is now expected to be applied widely in various fields of education. In fact, distance education through the internet has taken place in a new education paradigm. The purpose of this paper is to promote the economical and educational efficiency of all the procedures from developing the system to operating in a remote training cyber system. Therefore in developing the system, we designed it to raise the efficiency by making main modulo into components and by reducing the terms and cost by reuse. Also lute meant to raise the efficiency of education by applying constructivism as an educational basic.

Development of e-learning Education Programs for Social Workers in Hospice and Palliative Care (호스피스완화의료 사회복지사 e-learning 교육과정 개발)

  • Shim, Hye-Young;Chang, Yoon-Jung
    • Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.9-15
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    • 2015
  • Education is essential for specialists in charge terminal care of cancer patients. In the second 10-year plan to conquer cancer under the Cancer Control Act, the Korean government announced a plan to train more hospice and palliative care (HPC) specialists based on quantitative HPC expansion. Specifically, the government aims to develop e-learning programs to foster social workers in HPC, following those offered to doctors and nurses. In HPC, social workers have served a vital role in helping patients overcome psychological and social issues. As professionals, they have carried out their responsibilities and played their part in the field to help HPC to take root and be institutionalized in Korea. To date, it has been difficult to obtain practical knowledge and skills for social workers due to the lack of systematic training program. Development of an e-learning program for social workers, as proposed in this study, should strengthen social workers in charge of terminally-ill cancer patients in terms of their identity, expertise, and practical skills in clinical setting and improve their access to education. We also hope the program to be further developed by the government by introducing an education system that offers refresher courses to guarantee social workers' continued expertise through.