• Title, Summary, Keyword: Russell

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THE REFLECTION EFFECT ON THE ECLIPSING BINARY BY THE WILSON AND DEVINNEY'S MODEL AND RUSSELL AND RUSSELL AND MERRILL'S MODEL (Wilson과 Devinney의 모델과 Russell과 Merrill의 모델에 의한 식쌍성의 반사 효과)

  • 최성희;강영운
    • Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.30-40
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    • 1992
  • The reflection effect on three types of eclipsing binaries has been analyzed based on the Wilson and Devinney's model and Russell and Merrill's model. The reflection effect was displayed on the theoretical light curves for the various conditions using the Wilson and Devinney's light curve program. Two models were compared after the rectifing the theoretical light curves including the reflection effect with the Russell and Merrill's method. The result shows that two models have an agreement on the reflection effect just in cases of the small difference in temperature adn albedo between two stars in the system.

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A Study of Emotional Dimension that takes into account the Characteristics of the Arousal axis (각성 축의 특성을 고려한 감정차원에 관한 연구)

  • Han, Eui-Hwan;Cha, Hyung-Tai
    • Science of Emotion and Sensibility
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.57-64
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    • 2014
  • In this paper, we verify the relation between elements (active and inactive) of Russell's emotional dimension ("A Circumplex Model") to propose a new representing method. Russell's emotional dimension expresses emotional words (happy, joy, sad, nervous, etc.) as a point on the two dimensions (Arousal and Valence). It is most commonly used in many filed such as Science of Emotion & Sensibility, Human-Computer Interaction (HCI), and Psychology etc. But other researchers have insisted that Russell's emotional dimension have to be modified because of its inherent problems. Such problems included the possibility of mixed feelings, the difference of emotion and sensibility, and the difference of Arousal axis and Valence axis. Therefore, we verify relationship of A Circumplex Model's elements (active and inactive) and find how to people express their Arousal feelings using survey. We finally propose new method to express emotion in Russell's emotional dimension. Using this method, we can solve Russell's problems and compensate other researches.

A Novel Method for Modeling Emotional Dimensions using Expansion of Russell's Model (러셀 모델의 확장을 통한 감정차원 모델링 방법 연구)

  • Han, Eui-Hwan;Cha, Hyung-Tai
    • Science of Emotion and Sensibility
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.75-82
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    • 2017
  • We propose a novel method for modeling emotional dimensions using expansion of Russell's (1980) emotional dimensions (Circumplex Model). The Circumplex Model represents emotional words in two axes (Arousal, Valence). However, other researchers have insisted that location of word in Russell's model which is expressed by single point could not represent exact position. Consequently, it is difficult to apply this model in engineering fields (such as Science of Emotion & Sensibility, Human-Computer-Interaction, Ergonomics, etc.). Therefore, we propose a new modeling method which expresses emotional word not as a single point but as a region. We conducted survey to obtain actual data and derived equations using ellipse formula to represent emotional region. Furthermore, we applied ANEW and IAPS which are commonly used in many studies to our emotional model using pattern recognition algorithm. Using our method, we could solve problems with Russell's model and our model is easily applicable to the field of engineering.

Chronic Renal Failure in Russell-Silver Syndrome (Russell-Silver 증후군에서의 만성 신부전)

  • Ahn, Yo-Han;Lee, Se-Eun;Kang, Hee-Gyung;Ha, Il-Soo;Cheong, Hae-Il;Choi, Yong
    • Childhood Kidney Diseases
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.256-260
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    • 2009
  • The Russell-Silver syndrome (RSS) is a disease characterized by intrauterine growth retardation with preserved head circumference, facial dysmorphism and short stature. Reported renal and urinary manifestations of RSS include horseshoe kidney, renal tubular acidosis, hydronephrosis, ureteropelvic obstruction and vesicoureteral reflux. Here we report a case of end-stage renal disease associated with RSS, which, to the best of our knowledge, has not been reported yet.

English Title - A Study of Emotional Dimension for Mixed Feelings (복합적 감정(mixed feelings)에 대한 감정차원 연구)

  • Han, Eui-Hwan;Cha, Hyung-Tai
    • Science of Emotion and Sensibility
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.469-480
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    • 2013
  • In this paper, we propose new method to reduce variance and express mixed feelings in Russell's emotional dimension(A Circumplex model). A Circumplex model shows mean and variance of emotions(joy, sad, happy, enjoy et. al.) in PAD(Pleasure, Arousal, Dominace, et. al.) dimension using self-diagnostic method(SAM: Self-Assessment-Manikin). But other researchers consistently insisted that Russell's model had two problems. First, data(emotional words) gathered by Russell's method have too big variance. So, it is difficult to separate valid value. Second, Russell's model can not properly represent mixed feelings because it has structural problem(It has a single Pleasure dimension). In order to solve these problems, we change survey methods, so that we reduce value of variance. And then we conduct survey(which can induce mixed feelings) to prove Positive/Negative(Pleasure) part in emotion and confirm that Russell's model can be used to express mixed feelings. Using this method, we can obtain high reliability and accuracy of data and Russell's model can be applied in many other fields such as bio-signal, mixed feelings, realistic broadcasting, et. al.

Wittgenstein on the Axiom of Reducibility (비트겐슈타인과 환원 가능성 공리)

  • Park, Jeong-il
    • Korean Journal of Logic
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.69-96
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    • 2017
  • Wittgenstein criticizes explicitly Russell's theory of types and, in particular, his axiom of reducibility in the Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus. What, then, is the point of Wittgenstein's criticisms of Russell's theory of types? As a preliminary study to answer this question, I will examine how Wittgenstein criticized Russell's axiom of reducibility. Wittgenstein declares that Russell's axiom of reducibility is not a logical proposition, that if it is true it will be so mere by a happy chance and that "we can imagine a world in which the axiom of reducibility is not valid." What, then, is the ground for that? I will endeavor to show that by explicating the ideas of Wittgenstein's 1913 letter to Russell, those ideas decisively influenced on Ramsey's and Waismann's model which intended to show that the axiom of reducibility is not valid.

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The Early Wittgenstein on the Theory of Types (전기 비트겐슈타인과 유형 이론)

  • Park, Jeong-il
    • Korean Journal of Logic
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.1-37
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    • 2018
  • As is well known, Wittgenstein criticizes Russell's theory of types explicitly in the Tractatus. What, then, is the point of Wittgenstein's criticism of Russell's theory of types? In order to answer this question I will consider the theory of types on its philosophical aspect and its logical aspect. Roughly speaking, in the Tractatus Wittgenstein's logical syntax is the alternative of Russell's theory of types. Logical syntax is the sign rules, in particular, formation rules of notation of the Tractatus. Wittgenstein's distinction of saying-showing is the most fundamental ground of logical syntax. Wittgenstein makes a step forward with his criticism of Russell's theory of types to the view that logical grammar is arbitrary and a priori. His criticism of Russell's theory of types is after all the challenge against Frege-Russell's conception of logic. Logic is not concerned with general truth or features of the world. Tautologies which consist of logic say nothing.

The Early Wittgenstein on Russell's Paradox (전기 비트겐슈타인과 러셀의 역설)

  • Park, Jeong-il
    • Korean Journal of Logic
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.163-196
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    • 2017
  • Wittgenstein declares in the Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus that he resolved Russell's Paradox. According to him, a function cannot be its own argument. If we assume that a function F(fx) can be its own argument, a proposition "F(F(fx))" will be given, where the outer function F has a meaning different from the inner function F. In consequence, "F(F(fx))" will not be able to have a definite sense. Why, however, does Wittgenstein call into question a function F(fx) and "F(F(fx))"? To answer this question, we must examine closely Russell's own resolution of Russell's Paradox. Only when we can understand Russell's resolution can we do Wittgenstein's resolution. In particular, I will endeavor to show that the idea in Wittgenstein's 1913 letter to Russell provides a decisive clue for this problem.

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Hado and Russell's Paradox (하도(河圖)와 러셀 역설)

  • Kim, Byoung-Soo
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.583-590
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    • 2007
  • The significance of Han medicine (韓醫學), the Korean traditional medicine, that has lasted throughout the past couple millenniums relies upon Han Philosophy distinguished by its uniqueness. In brief, the specificity of Han medicine is characterized by unity of spirit and body, part and whole. According to this theory, when curing a frozen shoulder, it is usually cured by acupuncturing the area around the part that aches, but also doing so on the area that is totally different from the aching part such as the opposite part of the body. In fact, this can be pursued only through aspects that enable one to realize the unity of part and whole, and a ground for this possibility bases upon the crux of Eastern Philosophy, I-ching(역), such as theory of Five Elements (음양오행) and Three Pillars(삼재). In Western set theory, the issues of Class(부류) and elements(요원), whole and part were independently discussed in the area of mereology, and the question of part and whole was encountered with aporia and paradox since Greek ancient philosophy. At the turn of this century, many philosophers endeavored to pursue academic inquiry to resolve this paradox, especially by Russell and Whitehead through ${\ll}$Principia Mathematica${\gg}$ at the beginning of this century. in the process, there came out a phrase 'Russell's Paradox'. Russell himself proposed a typological resolution as an answer to the inquiry. However, 'Russell's Paradox' still remains as an aporia even till present days. During medieval period, this inquiry was even considered as 'insolubia'. Throughout this paper, 1 attempt to provide an analytic aspect on 'Russell's Paradox' from an unique thinking method and perspective of Han medicine that embodies the concept of 'unity of part and whole'. To do so, 1 suggest a physiological model in the first place depicted by diagrams of Circle 원, Quadrangle 방, Triangle 각(CQT) that portray the logic of Hado or Hotu 하도 which is 'the pattern from the river Ho'. That is to suggest that CQT원방각 of Hado can De a logical foundation that explains the notions of spirit (정신,뇌), internal organs(장부), and meridian system which functions as a solution to the question of 'Russell's Paradox'. There are precedent academic works examining the issue from philosophical aspect such as Sangil Kim's ${\ulcorner}$Han medicine과 러셀역설 해의${\lrcorner}$ Han Medicine and Resolution of Russell's Paradox(2005), and this analysis will further attempt to critically examine such works from a perspective of Han medicine.

Prosthetic management of a growing patient with Russell-Silver syndrome: a clinical report

  • Kim, Kanghyun;Noh, Kwantae;Paek, Janghyun;Kwon, Kung-Rock;Pae, Ahran
    • The Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
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    • v.7 no.5
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    • pp.406-410
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    • 2015
  • Russell-Silver syndrome (RSS) is a congenital disease characterized by short stature due to growth hormone deficiency, physical asymmetry, inverted triangular face, micrognathia, prominent forehead, and hypodontia. This case report presents a prosthetic management of a 6-year-old patient with Russell-Silver syndrome treated with overdentures on the maxilla and the mandible using the remaining primary teeth. Subsequent and comprehensive dental management considering the growth and development of a young patient will be necessary.