• Title/Summary/Keyword: Physiological Activities

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The Effects of Job Stress on Workers' Physiological Somatic Complaints (직무스트레스가 근로자들의 신체적 불편감에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Jong-Eun;Jung, Hye-Sun;Lee, Bok-Im;Kim, Soon-Lae
    • Research in Community and Public Health Nursing
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.289-297
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to determine factors affecting workers' physiological somatic complain using the Job Stress Model proposed by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). Method: Data were collected from the 1st to the 30th of December 1999. The subjects were 2.123 workers employed at 155 work sites. Collected date were analyzed through SAS/PC program. Result: According to individual characteristics, younger and women groups showed significantly higher physiological somatic complaint than elder men groups. By work condition, groups with higher physiological somatic complaint included workers of irregular shift work. Dark lighting, improper temperature in winter, improper ventilation, inappropriate humidity, unpleasant work environment and crowded work place were significantly related with physiological somatic complaint. By work-related factor, physiological somatic complaint was high in those with higher variance in work load, quantitative work load, role conflict, job burden, role ambiguity and future ambiguity. On the other hand, physiological somatic complaint was low in those with little underutilization of ability. As for the relationships between physiological somatic complaint and non-work related factors, physiological somatic complaint was high in workers who had a side job, were bringing up infants alone, cleaned the house alone, cared for the elderly and disabled persons, were studying, were volunteering at another organization, and were spending 5-10 hours in religious activities per week. Physiological somatic complain was in significantly negative correlations with overall social support, supervisory support and family support, but in significantly positive correlations with co-worker support. Conclusion: The main predictors of physiological somatic complain were gender, shift work pattern, overtime work, ventilation, role ambiguity, role conflict, future ambiguity, job control, variance in work load, overall social support, worker with side job, worker who cleans the house alone, worker who is studying. These predictors explained 19.10% of the total variance of physiological somatic complain.

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Nitrogen Compounds of Korea Ginseng and their Physiological Significance

  • Park, Hoon;Cho, Byung-Goo;Lee, Mee-Kyoung
    • Proceedings of the Ginseng society Conference
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    • 1990.06a
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    • pp.175-189
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    • 1990
  • Nitrogen compounds of Panax ginseng and their biological activities in plant and animal were reviewed. Major nitrogen compounds found in P. ginseng are free amino acids. Water solilble proteins, indouble proteins and peptides. Minor nitrogen compounds are dencichine. Glycolyroteins, amines, alkaloides, methoxy or alkyl pyrazine derivatives, free nucleosides and nucleic acid bases. 4-methyl-i-thiazoltethanol and pyroglutamic acid the contents of total nitrogen and protein in root Increased until 13 years old which was the highest age tinder investigation. Soluble protein content increased with the root weight and was higher in xylem pith than cortex-epidermis indicating the close relation with root growth. Arginine, which covered 58% of total free amino acids, may serve as storage nitrogen. Arginine seems to be changed into proline in rhizome. threonine in stem and again threonine and arginine in leaf. The greater the root weight the higher the polyamine stimulated Polyamine stimlllated the growth of root callus. Physiological roles of other minor nitrogen compounds are unknown although content is relatively high ((1.if) 6.w). Biochemical and pharmacological activities of some nitrogen compounds for animal were more investigated than physiological role there plant itself. Radiation and U.V protective function (heat stable protein). insulin-like activity in lipogenesis and livolysis (adenosine and pyroglutamic acid), depression of blood sugar content (glycopevtide). htmostatic and nellrotoxic activity (dencichine) and, sedative and hypnotic activity (4-methyl-i-thiazoleethanol) are reported. Heat stable protein increased with root age. The traditional quality criteria appear to be well in accordance with biological activities of nitrogen compounds. Chemical studies of nitrogen compounds seem relatively rare, probably due to difficulty of isolation, subsequently the investigations of biological activities are little.

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Nitrogen Compounds of Korea ginseng and Their Physiological Significance (고려인삼의 함질소 화합물과 생리학적 중요성)

  • Park, Hoon;Cho, Byung-Goo;Lee, Mee-Kyoung
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.317-331
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    • 1990
  • Nitrogen compounds of Panax ginseng and their biological activities in plant and animal were reviewed. Major nitrogen combounds found in P. ginseng are free amino acids, Water soluble teins, insoluble proteins and peptides. Minor nitrogen compounds are dencichine. glycol)roteins. amines, alkaloides, methoxy or alkyl pyrazine derivatives. free nucleosides and nllrleir arid bases. 4-me- thymi-5-thiazoleethanol and pyroglutamic acid. The contents of total nitrogen and protein in root increased until 13 years old rvhich was the highest age tinder investigation. Soluble protein content increased With the root weight and was higher in xylem pith than cortex-epidermis indicating the rlosc relation with root growth. Arginine which covered 58% of total free amino aroids may serve as a storage nitrogen. Arginine seems to be changed into proline in rhizome, threonine in stem and again threoning and arginine in leaf. The greater the root weight the higher the polyaminc content. Polyamine stimulated the growth of root callus. Physiological roles of other minor nitrogen compounds are unknown although dencichine content is relatively high (0.5% d.w.). biochemical and pharmatological activities of some nitrogen compounds for animal were more investigated than physiological roll iota plant itself. Radiation and U.V. protective function (heat stable protein), insulin-like activity in lipogenesis and lipolysis (adenosine and pyroglutamic acid), depression of blood sugar content (glycopeptide). hemostatir and nellrotoxic activity (denrichine) and. sedative and hypnotic activity (4-methyl-5-thiazoleethilnol) are reported. Heat stable protein increased with root age. The traditional quality critsria appear to be well in accordance with biological activities of nitrogen compounds. Chemical stlldies of nitrogen compounds seem relatively rare, probably dole to difficulty of isolation, subsequently the investigations of biological activities are little.

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Physiological Activities of Cudrania tricuspidata Extracts (Part I) (꾸지뽕나무 추출물의 생리 활성(제1보))

  • Choi, Hak Joo;Kim, Cheong Taek;Do, Min Yeon;Rang, Moon Jeong
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.14 no.8
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    • pp.3907-3915
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    • 2013
  • Cudrania tricuspidata has been used for a long time as a traditional herb medicine in Korea nad China. This paper has shown the experimental results about the physiological activities of water-, ethanol-, ethyl acetate-soluble fractions from ethanolic extracts of leaves, stems and roots of Cudrania tricuspidata. The effects of these fractions on the growth of various cells have exhibited that the ethyl acetate fractions from leaves, stems and roots inhibited significantly the growths of macrophage(RAW 264.7 cell), melanoma cell(B16-F10 cell), fibroblast cell(CCD-986sk cell), and lung carcinoma cell(A549 cell). The water and ethanol fractions of leaves and ethanol fraction of stems demonstrated better antioxidant activities scavenging radicals than other fractions when compared with the concentrations of different fractions for scavenging free radical DPPH (di(phenyl)-(2,4,6-trinitrophenyl) iminoazanium).

Physiological Activities of Citrus Peel Extracts by Different Extraction Methods and Gamma Irradiation (추출방법과 감마선 조사에 따른 귤피 추출물 생리활성의 변화)

  • 강호진;조철훈;김덕진;서재수;변명우
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.388-393
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    • 2003
  • Citrus peel extract was prepared using 70% ethanol solution by two extraction conditions (20$^{\circ}C$ for 72 hours and 85$^{\circ}C$ for 3 hours). The effect of gamma-irradiation on the changes of physiological activity also investigated at 0, 5, 10 and 20 kGy of absorbed doses. Color characteristics, DPPH radical scavenging, tyrosinase inhibition and nitrite scavenging activities of the extracts were measured at 41$^{\circ}C$ for 30 days. Color values were different by extraction methods at the initial stage, which heat-extracted sample had lower L$\^$*/ - but higher a$\^$*/ - and b$\^$*/ -values than those extracted at room temperature. Irradiation changed color of the extract lighter by increasing Hunter color L$\^$*/ - and a$\^$*/ -values. DPPH radical scavenging, tyrosinase inhibition and nitrite scavenging activities were not affected by either extraction methods or irradiation but significantly reduced by storage time. Therefore, when the cost-effective extraction methods is selected, the citrus peel extracts, which is a major byproduct in citrus processing, could be used as a functional material in various applications.

The Physiological Activity of Crude Polysaccharide Solvent Extracted from Herbal Medicine Mixture (생약복합물 용매추출물과 조다당획분의 생리활성)

  • Shin, Hyun-Young;Kim, Hoon;Shin, Ji-Young;Lee, Sue Jung;Yu, Kwang-Won
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.36-46
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    • 2021
  • After ethanol (BM-E and RW-E) and hot-water (BM-HW and RW-HW) extracts were fractionated from two herbal mixtures (BM and RW), their physiological activities were investigated. All extracts consisted of more than 50% of neutral sugar, with their total polyphenol levels higher than flavonoid levels. Radical scavenging activities of EtOH extracts remained significantly higher compared to that of hot-water extracts, and in particular, RW-E showed consistently higher antioxidant activity than BM-E. When anti-inflammatory activities of the extracts were evaluated by LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells at 10~500 μg/mL non-cytotoxicity doses, BM-E showed significantly higher levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, and nitric oxide inhibitory activity than those of hot-water extracts and RW-E. Murine peritoneal macrophage cells were shown to be enhanced in crude polysaccharides (BM-CP and RW-CP fractionated from BM-HW and RW-HW) compared to hot-water extracts and polysaccharide K (PSK, positive control). Especially, RW-CP exhibited higher activity than BM-CP, and component sugar analysis showed that BM-CP mainly contained galacturonic acid, glucose, arabinose, galactose, and xylose (34.5%, 33.9%, 16.1%, 7.1%, and 6.3%, respectively), whereas RW-CP showed different measurements (29.5%, 59.2%, 5.0%, 4.5%, and 0.2%). In conclusion, two herbal mixtures could contain varying sets of physiological activities dependent on different extraction and fractionation methods.

Antioxidant and Physiological Activities of Different Solvent Extracts of Cnidium japonicum (갯사상자(Cnidium japonicum) 추출물의 항산화성 및 생리활성)

  • Kim, Ji-Youn;Lee, Yeon-Ji;Kim, Won-Suk;Moon, Soo-Kyung;Kim, Yong-Tae
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.55 no.3
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    • pp.310-318
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    • 2022
  • Cnidium japonicum a biennial plant belonging to the family Umbelliferae, is a halophyte that grows in high-salinity areas of coastal sand dunes and sandy shores. This study was conducted to investigate the constituents, antioxidant activities, and physiological activities of C. japonicum. Mineral analyses revealed that potassium, sodium, calcium, and magnesium were the most prevalent minerals in C. japonicum. We used 80% ethanol, 80% methanol, and distilled water as solvents to prepare extracts from C. japonicum tissues, and the obtained extraction yields ranged between approximately 26% and 32%. Among the three extracts, the ethanol and methanol extracts had higher total polyphenol and flavonoid levels than the water extracts did. The antioxidant activities of methanol extracts were the highest among the various solvent extracts of C. japonicum as was the elastase/collagenase inhibitory activity. In contrast, the ethanol extract exhibited the highest tyrosinase inhibitory activity. Furthermore, the methanol extract possessed over 80% BACE1 (β-secretase) inhibitory activity at a final concentration of 20 ㎍/mL. Therefore, these results indicate that methanol and ethanol extracts of C. japonicum may be useful as antioxidant and functional substances in food and pharmaceutical material.