• Title/Summary/Keyword: Collagen Synthesis

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Effect of lipoaspirate cell autograft on proliferation and collagen synthesis of diabetic fibroblasts in vitro (지방기질세포 치료가 당뇨섬유아세포의 증식과 교원질합성에 미치는 영향)

  • Song, Sun Ho;Han, Seung Kyu;Chun, Kyung Wook;Kim, Woo Kyung
    • Archives of Plastic Surgery
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    • v.36 no.6
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    • pp.679-684
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: Human lipoaspirate cells are relatively easy to obtain in large quantities without cell culture. The aim of this in vitro pilot study was to determine the effect of cell therapy using uncultured lipoaspirate cells on cell proliferation and collagen synthesis of diabetic fibroblasts, which are the major contributing factors in wound healing. Methods: In order to get diabetic fibroblasts, dermis tissues were obtained from foot skin of diabetic patients who underwent debridements or toe amputations(n = 4). In order to isolate lipoaspirate cells, the same diabetic patients' abdominal adipose tissues were obtained by liposuction. The diabetic fibroblasts were co - cultured with or without autogenous lipoaspirate cells using porous culture plate insert. Initial numbers of the lipoaspirate cells and diabetic fibroblasts seeded were 15,000 cells/well, respectively. For cell proliferation assay, two treatment groups were included. In group I, diabetic fibroblasts were cultured with the insert having no cells, which serves as a control. In group II, the lipoaspirate cells were added in the culture plate insert. For collagen synthesis assay, one additional group(group III), in which diabetic fibroblasts were not seeded in the well and only lipoaspirate cells inside the insert were incubated without diabetic fibroblasts, was included for a reference. Results: One hundred to one hundred sixty thousand lipoaspirate cells were isolated per ml of aspirated adipose tissue. After 3 - day incubation, the mean cell numbers in group I and II were 17,294/well and 22,163/well. The mean collagen level in group I, II, and III were 29, 41, and 2 ng/ml, respectively. These results imply that both cell proliferation and collagen synthesis in the lipoaspirate cell treatment group were 28 and 44 percents higher than in the control group, respectively(p < 0.05). Conclusion: Uncultured lipoaspirate cell autografts may stimulate the wound healing activity of diabetic fibroblasts.

DEVELOPMENT OF POLYETHOXYLATED RETINAMIDE AS AN ANTl-AGINC AGENT

  • Song, Young-Sook;Chung, Bong-Yul;Chang, Min-Youl;Park, Mun-Eok;Lee, Sung-Jun;Cho, Wan-Goo;Kang, Seh-Hoon
    • Proceedings of the SCSK Conference
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    • 1999.10a
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    • pp.145-154
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    • 1999
  • A novel retinol derivative, polyethoxylated retinamide (Medimin A) was synthesized, as an anti-aging agent. Collagen synthesis, skin permeation, stability, and toxicity of Medimin A were evaluated and compared with those of retinol and retinyl palmitate. In vitro collagen synthesis was evaluated by quantitative assay of [$^3H$]-proline incorporation into collagenase sensitive protein in fibroblast cultures. For in vitro skin permeation experiments, Franz diffusion cells (effective diffusion area: $1, 766{\;}\textrm{cm}^2$) and the excised skin of female hairless mouse aged 8 weeks were used The stabilities of retlnoids were evaluated at two different temperature ($25{\;}^{\circ}C$ and $40{\;}^{\circ}C$) and under UV in solubilized state and in OW emulsion. To estimate the safety, acute oral toxicity, acute dermal toxicity, primary skin irritation, acute eye irritation and human patch test were performed The effect of Medimin A on collagen synthesis was similar to that of retinol. The skin permeability of Medimin A was higher than those of retinol and retinyl palmitate. The Medimin A was more stable than retinol and retinyl palmitate. Medimin A was nontoxic in various toxicological tests. These results suggest that Medimin A would be a good anti-aging agent for enhancing bioavailability and stability.

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Effect of Transplantation of Bone Marrow Stromal Cells and Dermal Fibroblasts on Collagen Synthesis (골수기질세포와 진피섬유모세포의 이식이 교원질 합성에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Won Il;Han, Seung-Kyu;Lee, Byung Il;Kim, Woo Kyung
    • Archives of Plastic Surgery
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.156-162
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: In the previous in vitro studies the bone marrow stromal cells(BSCs) have shown the superior effect for wound healing activity than fibroblasts, which includes cell proliferation, type I collagen synthesis, and the production of bFGF, VEGF and TGF-${\beta}$ in chronic wound healing. The aim of this study is to compare the effects of BSCs and fibroblasts on wound healing activity in vivo, especially on collagen synthesis. Methods: The fibroblasts and BSCs were harvested from patients and cultured. The cultured cells were infiltrated into the pores of polyethylene discs. These discs were divided into three groups according to the mixed cells. In groups I, II and III the discs were loaded with no cells, fibroblasts and BSCs, respectively. Twelve discs per group(total 36 discs) were made for this study. After creating 6 pockets in the back of each rats, each discs was implanted into each pockets. At three time intervals from 1 to 3 weeks, the implanted discs were harvested for the histological and quantitative analysis. The amount of collagen produced was evaluated using ELISA. Statistical comparisons were made using the Mann-Whitney U-test. Results: There was great difference in the collagen synthesis among the three groups by the 1st and 2nd weeks. The BSC group showed highest collagen level, followed by fibroblast group and no cell group(p<0.05). The 3rd week specimens also showed greater collagen amount in BSC and fibroblast groups compared to those of no cell group(p<0.05). However, there was little difference between BSC and fibroblast groups. Conclusion: This result demonstrates that BSC has superior effect on stimulating wound healing than fibroblast, which is currently used for wound healing.

Anti-wrinkling effects of "L-Skin Care" and molecular mechanisms on hairless mouse skin caused by chronic ultraviolet B irradiation.

  • Cho, Ho-Song
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Applied Pharmacology
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    • 2007.11a
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    • pp.153-158
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    • 2007
  • Background: Naturally occurring antioxidants were used to regulate the skin damage caused by ultraviolet (UV) radiation because several antioxidants have demonstrated that they can inhibit wrinkle formation through prevention of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and/or increase of collagen synthesis. We examined the effect of oral administration of the antioxidant mixture ("L-Skin Care") on UVB-induced wrinkle formation. In addition, we investigated the possible molecular mechanisms of photoprotection against UVB through inhibition of collagen-degrading MMP activity or through enhancing of pro collagen synthesis in mouse dorsal skin. Methods: Female SKH-l hairless mice were orally administrated "L-Skin Care" (test group) or vehicle (control group) for 10 weeks with UVB irradiation by three times a week. The intensity of irradiation was gradually increased from 30 to $180mJ/cm^2$. Microtopographic and histological assessments of the dorsal skins were carried out at the end of 10 weeks to evaluate wrinkle formation. Western blot analysis and EMSA were also carried out to investigate the changes in the balance of collagen synthesis and collagen degradation. Results: Our "L-Skin Care" significantly reduced UVB-induced wrinkle formation, accompanied by significant reduction of epidermal thickness, and UVB-induced hyperplasia, acanthosis and hyperkeratosis. Oral administration of "L-Skin Care" significantly prevented UVB-induced expressions of MMPs, mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases and activation of activator protein (AP)-1 transcriptional factor in addition to enhanced type I procollagen and transforming growth factor-$\beta$ (TGF-$\beta$) expression. Conclusion: Oral administration of "L-Skin Care" significantly inhibited wrinkle formation caused by chronic UVB irradiation through significant inhibition of UVB-induced MMP activity accompanied with enhancement of collagen synthesis.

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Anti-wrinkle Effect of Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius) Seed Extract (I) (홍화씨추출물의 피부 주름개선 효과(I))

  • 윤경섭;김미진;김자영;최상원;홍진태
    • Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.15-22
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    • 2004
  • Anti-wrinkle Effect of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) seed extract (CTSE) was evaluated by determination of the anti-oxidation, collagen synthesis and elastase inhibition in normal human fibroblast. CTSE showed anti-oxidation and collagen synthesis ability as much as or greater than other phytoestrogenic compounds such as genistein or resveratrol. Consistent with collagen synthesis promotion, CTSE also showed inhibitory effect on elastase activity. In the human skin irritation test, 0.2% CTSE did not show any adverse effect. These results demonstrate that CTSE can be useful as an anti-wrinkle cosmetic ingredient.

DEVELOPMENT OF POLYETHOXYLATED RETINAMIDE AS AN ANTI-AGING AGENT

  • Song, Young-Sook;Chung, Bong-Yul;Chang, Min-Youl;Park, Mun-Eok;Lee, Sung-Jun;Cho, Wan-Goo;Kang, Seh-Hoon
    • Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea
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    • v.25 no.4 s.34
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    • pp.145-154
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    • 1999
  • A novel retinol derivative, polyethoxylated retinamide(Medimin A) was synthesized, as an anti-aging agent. Collagen synthesis, skin permeation, stability, and toxicity of Medimin A were evaluated and compared with those of retinol and retinyl palmitate. In vitro collagen synthesis was evaluated by quantitative assay of $[^3H]-proline$ incorporation into collagenase sensitive protein in fibroblast cultures. For in vitro skin permeation experiments, Franz diffusion cells(effective diffusion area: 1,766 $cm^2$) and the excised skin of female hairless mouse aged 8 weeks were used, The stabilities of retinoids were evaluated at two different temperature($25^{\circ}C\;and\;40^{\circ}C$) and under UV in solubilized state and in O/W emulsion. To estimate the safety, acute oral toxicity, acute dermal toxicity, primary skin irritation, acute eye irritation and human patch test were performed. The effect of Medimin A on collagen synthesis was similar to that of retinol. The skin permeability of Medimin A was higher than those of retinol and retinyl palmitate. The Medimin A was more stable than retinol and retinyl palmitate. Medimin A was nontoxic in various toxicological tests. These results suggest that Medimin A would be a good anti-aging agent for enhancing bioavailability and stability.

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Biological Differences between Hanwoo longissimus dorsi and semimembranosus Muscles in Collagen Synthesis of Fibroblasts

  • Subramaniyan, Sivakumar Allur;Hwang, Inho
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.392-401
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    • 2017
  • Variations in physical toughness between muscles and animals are a function of growth rate and extend of collagen type I and III. The current study was designed to investigate the ability of growth rate, collagen concentration, collagen synthesizing and degrading genes on two different fibroblast cells derived from Hanwoo m. longissimus dorsi (LD) and semimembranosus (SM) muscles. Fibroblast cell survival time was determined for understanding about the characteristics of proliferation rate between the two fibroblasts. We examined the collagen concentration and protein expression of collagen type I and III between the two fibroblasts. The mRNA expression of collagen synthesis and collagen degrading genes to elucidate the molecular mechanisms on toughness and tenderness through collagen production between the two fibroblast cells. From our results the growth rate, collagen content and protein expression of collagen type I and III were significantly higher in SM than LD muscle fibroblast. The mRNA expressions of collagen synthesized genes were increased whereas the collagen degrading genes were decreased in SM than LD muscle. Results from confocal microscopical investigation showed increased fluorescence of collagen type I and III appearing stronger in SM than LD muscle fibroblast. These results implied that the locomotion muscle had higher fibroblast growth rate, leads to produce more collagen, and cause tougher than positional muscle. This in vitro study mirrored that background toughness of various muscles in live animal is likely associated with fibroblast growth pattern, collagen synthesis and its gene expression.

The Effect of Schizonepeta tenuifolia on Osteoblast (형개(荊芥)가 조골세포(造骨細胞)에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Lee, Joo-Yup;Hwang, Gwi-Seo
    • Journal of Society of Preventive Korean Medicine
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.127-138
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    • 2009
  • Objectives : The author aimed to evaluate the effect of BuOH fraction(ST) from Schizonepeta tenuifolia on osteoblast proliferation in murine calvarial cells. Methods : The osteoblast separated from murine calvariae was cultivated for 10 days and evaluated the cell function. After the addition of ST on the culture medium, we determined the effect of ST on the cell proliferation, protein synthesis, alkaline phosphatase activity, collagen synthesis, and apoptosis of the osteoblast. Results : 1. ST increased the proliferation of osteoblast, and restored the decreased cell number in glucocorticoid (GC)-treated osteoblast. 2. ST increased protein synthesis of osteoblast, and restored the decreased protein synthesis in GC-treated osteoblast. 3. ST increased ALP activity of osteoblast, and restored the decreased enzyme activity in GC-treated osteoblast. 4. ST increased collagen synthesis of osteoblast, and restored the decreased collagen synthesis in GC-treated osteoblast. 5. ST did not change the survival rate of osteoblast, but increased the survival rate in GC-treated osteoblast. Conclusions : It is concluded that ST might reduce the osteoporosis resulted from augumentation of osteoblast proliferation.

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Adenine, new anti-wrinkle agent.

  • Kim, Y. J.;Kim, Y. S.;S.Y. Eom;Kim, J. H.
    • Proceedings of the SCSK Conference
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    • 2003.09a
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    • pp.804-819
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    • 2003
  • It has been known that adenine is a very important material in living cells. Because, adenine is a member of nucleotide base, so it takes part in DNA, RNA and ATP synthesis. There are many reports that adenine participated in ingredients, especially DNA, RNA, NADH and ATP, affect on the cell. As well adenosine, conjugated adenine to glycoside, was known to anti-wrinkle compound. But there is no report whether adenine shows a good effect on the skin, especially anti-wrinkle. So, in this study, we tested whether adenine affects cell proliferation, collagen synthesis, collagenase synthesis inhibition in human dermal fibroblasts. In addition, we performed clinical study with adenine cream. Cell proliferation effect was tested by MTT assay. Collagen and collagenase synthesis were measured by Immunoassay with ELISA kit. Clinical study was performed by IECK according to KFDA Functional Cosmetic method. The results of cell proliferation show that 10$^{-6}$ ~10$^{-8}$ % of adenine increases cell proliferation about 50 % compare with non-treated control. At 10$^{-7}$ ~10$^{-10}$ %, adenine increases type I collagen synthesis about 50%, decreases type I collagenase about 22% compare with non-treated control. The results of clinical study show that 0.05% adenine treated group reduces wrinkle significantly compare with placebo treated group. Therefore adenine may be a new anti-wrinkle candidate, through increases cell proliferation and collagen synthesis dramatically. And it decreases collagenase synthesis. So adenine could be used as a new anti-wrinkle agent.

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DA-3711:A POTENT TISSUE-ENGINEERED ACTIVE INGREDIENTS FOR ANTI-AGING

  • Kim, B. M.;Lee, M.;Lee, J. H.;I. S. Doo;M. K. Son;S. H. Kang;Kim, W. B.;J. W. Kwon
    • Proceedings of the SCSK Conference
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    • 2003.09a
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    • pp.659-659
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    • 2003
  • In this study, we have investigated the potent anti-aging effect of DA-3711, a cosmetic ingredient derived from artificial skin culture. The artificial skin was originally developed as a skin replacement for the treatment of chronic skin wounds. To produce DA-3711, neonatal human fibroblasts were seeded into biocompatible collagen/chitosan/glycosaminoglycan (GAG) scaffolds and cultured in Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium (DMEM) supplemented with fetal bovine serum and nonessential amino acids. Analysis of the culture broth (DA-3711) showed that growth factors such as VEGF, TGF-$\beta$, KGF were present at significantly higher levels that in the culture broth of fibroblasts cultured in monolayer. The biological activity of DA-3711 was assessed by measuring in vitro cell proliferation and collagen synthesis of normal human fibroblasts. Fibroblasts treated with 10% DA-3711 showed a 2-fold higher proliferation and 2 to 4-fold higher collagen synthesis than untreated cells. DA-3711 also exhibited anti-oxidative effects, since cells under peroxide-induced oxidative stress showed a 30% higher viability in DA-3711-containing medium than in medium without DA-3711 addition. The results suggest that DA-3711 may have anti-aging effects by stimulating skin regeneration and protecting against oxidative stress.

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