• 제목/요약/키워드: Species

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한강 상류수계(가평)의 저서성 대형무척추동물 군집분석 및 생물학적 수질평가 (Analysis of Benthic Macroinvertebrate Community and Biological Evaluation of Water Quality in the Gapyung Region of the Upper North Han River, Korea)

  • 배경석;유승성;원두희;김민영;신재영
    • 한국환경보건학회지
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    • 제28권2호
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    • pp.149-160
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    • 2002
  • Analysis of benthic macroinvertebrate community structure and biological estimation of water quality by the benthic macroinvertebrates from the Mt. Myungji(1267m), Mt. Kalbong(840m), Mt. Daegeum(704m) and Mt. Jubal(489m) region of Gapyung-gun, Kyunggi-do were investigated from April to November, 2001. Total taxa of benthic macroinvertebrates were 105 species, 38 families, 13 orders, 5 classes in 4 phyla. Aquatic insects were 33 species in ephemeroptera, 5 species in odonata, 13 species in plecoptera, 2 species in hemiptera, 1 species in megaloptera, 27 species in trichoptera, 3 species in coleoptera and 13 species in diptera, respectively. Non-insects were 1 species in platyhelminthes, 5 species in gastropoda, 1 species in oligochaeta, 1 species in crustacea, respectively. Ephemeroptera, trichoptera and plecoptera as indicators in clean water were very abundantly. Occurrence species at each survey area was 67 species at Mt. Myungji and 69 species at Mt. Kalbong, 48 species at Mt. Daege.um and 47 species at Mt. Jubal, respectively. Mean species diversity indices at Mt. Myungji, Mt. Kalbong, Mt. Daegeum and Mt. Jubal were 3.30, 3.33, 2.59 and 3.43, respectively. According to the saprobic system based on the species diversity indices of benthic macroinvertebrates, Mt. Myungji, Mt. Kalbong and Mt. Jubal are determined as Limnosaprobic area, respectively, but Mt. Daegeum is determined as $\beta$-mesosaprobic area.

대둔산 도립공원 일대의 저서동물 군집과 생물학적 수질평가 (Biological Water Quality Evaluation and Benthic Macroinvertebrate Community at Creeks and Streams in Provincial Park of Mt. Daedun and Its Nearby Region)

  • 배경석;김교붕;유승성;원두희;유병태;신재영
    • 환경위생공학
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    • 제16권3호
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    • pp.62-71
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    • 2001
  • The present study was performed to examine the community structure of benthic macroinvertebrates in the provincial park of Mt. Daedun and its nearby region. Sampling was conducted two times in May.June and October.November, 2000. Main two areas are Mt. Anpyong (470.0m) and Mt. Daedun (877.0m) area. Total taxa of benthic macroinvertebrates were 111 species, 47 families, 15 orders, 6 classes in 4 phyla. Aquatic insects were composed of 29 species in ephemeroptera, 10 species in odonata, 7 species in plecoptera, 2 species in hemiptera, 2 species in megaloptera, 23 species trichuptera, 6 species in coleoptera and 17 species in diptera. Other non-insects were composed of 1 species in platyhelminthes, 8 species in gastropoda, 2 species in oligochaeta, 3 species in hirudinea and 1 species in crustacea. Ephemeroptera, trichoptera and plecoptera as indicators in clean water were very abundantly. Occurrence species at each surrey area was 77 species at Mt. Anpyong area and 89 species at Mt. Daedun area, respectively. Mean values of species diversity indices were 3.04 and 2.69, respectively. According to the saprobic system based on the species diversity indices of benthic macroinvertebrates, Mt. Anpyong region are determined as polysaprobic area or ${\beta}-mesosaprobic$ area and Mt. Daedun region are determined as polysaprobic area, $\beta-mesosaprobic$ area or ${\alpha}-mesosaprobic$ area.

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Bioconversion of Straw into Improved Fodder: Fungal Flora Decomposing Rice Straw

  • Helal, G.A.
    • Mycobiology
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    • 제33권3호
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    • pp.150-157
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    • 2005
  • The fungal flora decomposing rice straw were investigated all over the soil of Sharkia Province, east of Nile Delta, Egypt, using the nylon net bag technique. Sixty-four straw-decomposing species belonging to 30 genera were isolated by the dilution plate method in ground rice straw-Czapek's agar medium at pH 6. The plates were incubated separately at $5^{\circ}C,\;25^{\circ}C\;and\;45^{\circ}C$, respectively. Twenty nine species belonging to 14 genera were isolated at $5^{\circ}C$. The most frequent genus was Penicillium (seven species), and the next frequent genera were Acremonium (three species), Fusarium (three species), Alternaria, Chaetomium, Cladosporium, Mucor, Stachybotrys (two species) and Rhizopus stolonifer. At $25^{\circ}C$, 47 species belonging to 24 genera were isolated. The most frequent genus was Aspergillus (nine species), and the next frequent genera were ranked by Penicillium (five species), Chaetomium (three species), Fusarium (three species). Each of Alternaria, Cladosporium, Mucor, Myrothecium and Trichoderma was represented by two species. At $45^{\circ}C$, 15 species belonging to seven genera were isolated. These were seven species of Aspergillus, two species of Chaetomium and two species of Emericella, while Humicola, Malbranchea, Rhizomucor and Talaromyces were represented by one species respectively. The total counts of fungi the genera, and species per gram of dry straw were significantly affected by incubation temperature and soil analysis (P < 0.05).

하남시 토지이용현황에 따른 겨울철 야생조류 서식유형 분석 연구 (Habitat Types of Wintering Season Wildbirds Depending on Land Use, Hanam)

  • 김정호
    • 한국환경과학회지
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    • 제15권11호
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    • pp.1077-1086
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    • 2006
  • This study aims at analyzing relationships between land use and habitat types of winter wildbirds to provide basic understanding of ecosystem for preservation and restoration of urban ecosystem in the future. The research area is Hanam City. Researches on land use types showed Hanam City had 79.1% of greenspace and openspace, but intensive urban development has been taking place in greenspace that is adjacent to urban districts. This has brought the problems of lack of greenspace in urban districts and damages to cultivated areas and grassland. A total of 61 and 8,642 populations of winter wildbird species were observed in research areas. Paradoxornis webbiann(16.91), Passer montanus(11.93), Pica pica(6.88) were dominant species. When they were divided according to habitat types, 20 species of interior species, 8 species of interior-edge generalist species, 12 species of edge species and 3 species of urban species were observed. When which land use type was mostly served as wildbirds habitats was examined, urban species(3 species and 290 populations) was a dominant species in urban districts while in greenspace and openspaece, water species(19species and 3,075 populations) including winter migratory birds was. Among greenspace and openspaece, edge species was dominant in forest while urban species was a dominant species in cultivated areas. This shows there is a need to improve diversity of wildbirds through restoration of cultivated areas in the central part of Hanam City.

북한 생물정보 DB 구축에 의한 남북한 동·식물명 비교 연구 (A Comparative Study on Zoology & Botany Name of South and North Korea Building Bio-information Database of North Korea)

  • 김남신;김석주;김영화;정성희
    • 한국환경복원기술학회지
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    • 제22권6호
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    • pp.27-39
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    • 2019
  • The object of this research is to compare zoology and botany name caused by language and science differences of South and North Korea since division. Biological data are collected North Korea biological information (flora and fauna, an illustrated flora and fauna book of North Korea, Etc.) and compared both side data based on national species list of korea, National Institute of Biological Resources. We could built 3,903 species of flora and 1,487 species flora on biological database. The criteria for comparative method is 5 types (korean name difference, scientific name difference, same species, similar species, North Korea endemic species). As a results, plants were identified korean name difference (911 species), scientific name difference (614 species), same species (880 species), North Korea endemic species (1,037 species) of 3,903 species, and animals were korean name difference (685 species), scientific name difference (104 species), same species (199 species), North Korea endemic species (226 species) of the 1,492 species. This results are expected to be in application with cooperation study for recovering bioinformatics differences of South and North Korea.

울릉도의 거미상 (The Spider Fauna of lsl. Ulreng-do (Dagelt), Korea)

  • 남궁준;백남극;윤경일
    • 한국응용곤충학회지
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    • 제20권1호
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    • pp.51-58
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    • 1981
  • Hitherto 44 species belonging to 19 families of spiders have been reported at Ulreung-do on the East Sea. Korea. The authors have investigated spider fauna, through out the Ulreung-do, during July 25, August 3. 1975 and July 30, August 7, 1980. The foundings were as followings. 1) In this report, 132 species of 74 genera, including 3 undetermined species, belonging to 25 families of spiders are tabulated by the aid of published data and collections of the authors. Eighty six species are added to the fauna, of which 2 species are new to Korea. as follows; Porrhomma montanum Jackson. 1918, Clubiona neglecta O.P. Cambridge, 1862. The spider fauna of Ulreung-do includes 18 nothern species $(14.0\%)$, 8 southern species $(6.2\%)$. 7 cosmopolitan species $(5.4\%)$ and 84 Palaearctic temperate species $(65.1\%)$. The predominant species are Araneids. Thridiids, especially Cyclosa japonica Boes. et Str. are found in large numbers all over this island. Linyphiids and Lycosids are relatively few in number. 3) The common species to comparative area and foreign countries are as follows; Ulreung-do/Jookbyeon...76 species$(43.3\%)$ Ulreung-do/Jeju-do...95 species$(40.6\%)$ Ulreung-do/Heuksan do...61 species$(35.7\%)$ Ulreung-do/Deogjeog-do...51 species$(31.7\%)$ Ulreung-do/Tsushima Isl....71 species$(30.3\%)$ Ulreung-do/Japan...112 species$(11.3\%)$ Ulreung-do/main China...59 species $(6.5\%)$ 4) The ecological distribution are as follows; The seashore region...81 species$(62.8\%)$ The evergreens region...73 species$(56.6\%)$ The highiands region...64 species$(49.6\%)$ The valleys region...49 species$(38.0\%)$ The basin region...23 species$(17.8\%)$ 5) The noticeable one of geographical distribution in this island, are as follows; Nesticus quelpartensis Paik et Namkung, 1969, Conoculus simboggulensis Paik, 1971.

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Twelve unrecorded UV-resistant bacterial species isolated in 2020

  • Kim, Ju-Young;Maeng, Soohyun;Park, Yuna;Lee, Sang Eun;Han, Joo Hyun;Cha, In-Tae;Lee, Ki-eun;Kim, Myung Kyum
    • Journal of Species Research
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    • 제10권4호
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    • pp.321-335
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    • 2021
  • In 2020, a total of 12 bacterial strains were isolated from soil after a comprehensive investigation of indigenous prokaryotic species in Korea. It was determined that each strain belonged to independent and predefined bacterial species, with high 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity (>98.7%) and formation of a robust phylogenetic clade with the closest species. This study identified four families in the phylum Actinobacteria, two families in the phylum Proteobacteria, one family in the phylum Bacteroidetes one family in the phylum Firmicutes; and four species in the family Nocardiaceae, two species in the family Nocardioidaceae, one species in the family Cellulomonadaceae, one species in the family Hymenobacter, one species in the family Methylobacteriaceae, one species in the family Microbacteriaceae, one species in the family Bacillaceae and one species in the family Sphingomonadaceae. There is no official report of these 12 species in Korea, so they are described as unreported bacterial species in Korea in this study. Gram reaction, basic biochemical characteristics, colony, and cell morphology are included in the species description section.

한국산 거미 총목록 추보(1) (A Supplemental List of Korean Spiders)

  • 남궁 준
    • 한국응용곤충학회지
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    • 제15권2호
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    • pp.83-87
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    • 1976
  • In this paper the author added 25 unrecorded and 82 known species up to the end of 1975. The number of species present in Korea have increased from 239 to 346. These are belonging to 143 genera and 37 families. In view of zoogeography Korean spiders may be grouped as follows: 60 northern species $(17.3\%)$ 15 southern species $(4.4\%)$ 11 cosmopolitan species$(3.2\%)$ 260 basic species$(75.1\%)$ 47 endemic species $(13.6\%)$ Species common with China mainland, 100 species $(28.6\%)$ and Japanese, 290 species $(83.8\%)$.

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한국에서 자생하는 갈조식물문에 관한 본초학적 연구 (A Herbological Study on the Phaeophyta Growing in the Korean Coastal Waters)

  • 전의상;정종길
    • 대한본초학회지
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    • 제36권4호
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    • pp.9-22
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    • 2021
  • Objective : The purpose of this dissertation is to make a list of the phaeophyta growing naturally in the Korean coastal waters, and to carry out a survey on the current distribution status to investigate the phaeophyta which can be used as medicinal herbs. Methods : References and research papers about herbology published at home and abroad were examined. Results : The results of this study were as follows : A total of 63 genera and 145 species of phaeophyta was found in the Korean coastal waters among which 11 genera and 15 species(approximately 11%) were medicinal plants. Out of the 145 species of phaeophyta 27 species belonged to Sargassum, and out of the 15 species of medicinal plants 4 species belonged to Sargassum. Among the medicinal parts 11 species belonged to algae. Sixteen species had cold property, and 16 species had salty flavors. Thirteen species had the efficacy of liver meridian, and 15 species had the potency of YEONKYUN, which helps to remove hard clots generated in human body. No toxic drugs were detected. Conclusion : There were totaled to 63 genera and 145 species in Phaeophyta in Korea and among them medicinal plants are 11 genera, 15 species, some 11% in total. Thirteen species had the efficacy of liver meridian, and 15 species had the potency of YEONKYUN, which helps to remove hard clots generated in human body. No toxic drugs were detected.

A report of 18 unrecorded prokaryotic species isolated from the feces of an Oriental stork (Ciconia boyciana), and from the intestinal tracts of a cobitid fish (Kichulchoia multifasciata) and a Korean splendid dace (Coreoleuciscus splendidus)

  • Lee, So-Yeon;Han, Jeong Eun;Kim, Pil Soo;Bae, Jin-Woo
    • Journal of Species Research
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    • 제9권4호
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    • pp.325-338
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    • 2020
  • The animal gut is filled with highly diverse microbes associated with host metabolism, physiology, and pathology. However, numerous animal gut microbes have not been cultured or reported. We isolated various bacterial species using culture-dependent approaches during a comprehensive investigation of endangered endemic vertebrate species in the Republic of Korea. A total of 18 unrecorded bacterial species were isolated from the feces of an Oriental stork (Ciconia boyciana), and from the intestinal tracts of a cobitid fish (Kichulchoia multifasciata) and a Korean splendid dace (Coreoleuciscus splendidus). Based on a phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences, we discovered species belonging to the phyla Actinobacteria (eight species), Firmicutes (seven species), Proteobacteria (two species), and Bacteroidetes (one species). Based on their high 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities (>98.7%) and formation of monophyletic clades with type species, each species was classified into an independent and predefined bacterial species. Gram-stain reaction, colony and cell morphology, basic biochemical characteristics, isolation source, and NIBR IDs for each species are described in the species description section.