• Title/Summary/Keyword: Security Risk

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A Cost-Optimization Scheme Using Security Vulnerability Measurement for Efficient Security Enhancement

  • Park, Jun-Young;Huh, Eui-Nam
    • Journal of Information Processing Systems
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.61-82
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    • 2020
  • The security risk management used by some service providers is not appropriate for effective security enhancement. The reason is that the security risk management methods did not take into account the opinions of security experts, types of service, and security vulnerability-based risk assessment. Moreover, the security risk assessment method, which has a great influence on the risk treatment method in an information security risk assessment model, should be security risk assessment for fine-grained risk assessment, considering security vulnerability rather than security threat. Therefore, we proposed an improved information security risk management model and methods that consider vulnerability-based risk assessment and mitigation to enhance security controls considering limited security budget. Moreover, we can evaluate the security cost allocation strategies based on security vulnerability measurement that consider the security weight.

A Practical Security Risk Analysis Process and Tool for Information System

  • Chung, Yoon-Jung;Kim, In-Jung;Lee, Do-Hoon
    • Journal of Information Processing Systems
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.95-100
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    • 2006
  • While conventional business administration-based information technology management methods are applied to the risk analysis of information systems, no security risk analysis techniques have been used in relation to information protection. In particular, given the rapid diffusion of information systems and the demand for information protection, it is vital to develop security risk analysis techniques. Therefore, this paper will suggest an ideal risk analysis process for information systems. To prove the usefulness of this security risk analysis process, this paper will show the results of managed, physical and technical security risk analysis that are derived from investigating and analyzing the conventional information protection items of an information system.

Developing the information security risk index using network gathering data (네트워크 수집정보를 이용한 정보보호 위험도 예측지수 개발)

  • Park, Jin Woo;Yun, Seokhoon;Kim, Jinheum;Jeong, Hyeong Chul
    • The Korean Journal of Applied Statistics
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    • v.29 no.7
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    • pp.1173-1183
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    • 2016
  • In this paper, we proposed an information security risk index to diagnose users' malware infection situations (such as computer virus and adware) by gathering data from KT network systems. To develop the information security risk index, we used the analytic hierarchy process methodology and estimated the risk weights of malware code types using the judgments of experts. The control chart could be used effectively to forecast the information security risk for the proposed information security risk index data.

A CYBER SECURITY RISK ASSESSMENT FOR THE DESIGN OF I&C SYSTEMS IN NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS

  • Song, Jae-Gu;Lee, Jung-Woon;Lee, Cheol-Kwon;Kwon, Kee-Choon;Lee, Dong-Young
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.44 no.8
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    • pp.919-928
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    • 2012
  • The applications of computers and communication system and network technologies in nuclear power plants have expanded recently. This application of digital technologies to the instrumentation and control systems of nuclear power plants brings with it the cyber security concerns similar to other critical infrastructures. Cyber security risk assessments for digital instrumentation and control systems have become more crucial in the development of new systems and in the operation of existing systems. Although the instrumentation and control systems of nuclear power plants are similar to industrial control systems, the former have specifications that differ from the latter in terms of architecture and function, in order to satisfy nuclear safety requirements, which need different methods for the application of cyber security risk assessment. In this paper, the characteristics of nuclear power plant instrumentation and control systems are described, and the considerations needed when conducting cyber security risk assessments in accordance with the lifecycle process of instrumentation and control systems are discussed. For cyber security risk assessments of instrumentation and control systems, the activities and considerations necessary for assessments during the system design phase or component design and equipment supply phase are presented in the following 6 steps: 1) System Identification and Cyber Security Modeling, 2) Asset and Impact Analysis, 3) Threat Analysis, 4) Vulnerability Analysis, 5) Security Control Design, and 6) Penetration test. The results from an application of the method to a digital reactor protection system are described.

A Study on the Impact of Security Risk on the Usage of Knowledge Management System : Focus on Parameter of Trust (보안위험 수준이 지식관리시스템의 성공에 미치는 영향 : '신뢰'를 매개변인으로)

  • Ahn, Joong-Ho;Choi, Kyu-Chul;Sung, Ki-Moon;Lee, Jae-Hong
    • The Journal of Society for e-Business Studies
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.143-163
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the user's perception of security risk and examine its impact on the usage of Knowledge Management Systems(KMS). The findings of this study are three-fold. First, the overall user's perception of security risk is not high. However, there is a considerably big difference in the perception of security risk among users. This finding means that user's perception of a security risk is not based on the actual security effects but one's individual perception. Another finding is that user's perception of a security risk has a negative impact on the usage of KMS through "trust", which is a mediating variable in our study. This finding corresponds with the existing theory that security risk is oneof the critical sources of trust, and trust is a critical factor of user's acceptance of KMS. Finally, the result of this study reveals that activities devoted to security do not decrease the effectiveness and productivity of KMS. Our long-held cognition that security activity hinders the effectiveness and productivity of an information system is not particularly applied to the KMS.

The Relationship among Product Risk, Perceived Satisfaction and Purchase Intentions for Online Shopping

  • TRAN, Van Dat
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
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    • v.7 no.6
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    • pp.221-231
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    • 2020
  • This research investigates the relationship among product risk, financial risk, security risk, privacy risk, perceived satisfaction, and purchase intention. Validated measurements were identified from a literature review. The measurement model and the conceptual model depicting hypothesized relationships were evaluated based on responses from 306 customers using confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modeling. The results showed that product risk, financial risk, security risk, and privacy risk impacted on perceived satisfaction. Besides, product risk, privacy risk, and perceived satisfaction influenced purchase intentions. Thus, this study focused on the influences of product risk, financial risk, security risk, and privacy risk on their cognitive attitudes toward websites. That means the more consumer perceive security, the more they avoid shopping online. The study is important to show how perceived risk affects online shopping behaviors, and it invites marketers to make necessary adjustments to prevent perceived risks to increase and online shopping to decrease. The findings of this study suggest the creation of a framework on the effect of perceived risk types on online shopping. Managers need to take perceived risks into account when designing their electronic marketing channels. In addition, shopping websites should strengthen their transaction security by appropriately using various available resources and new information technologies.

A Research on Information Security Risk-based Antecedents Influencing Electronic Commerce User's Trust (전자상거래 사용자의 신뢰에 영향을 미치는 정보보안위험 기반의 선행요인 연구)

  • Kim, Jong-Ki;Lee, Dong-Ho
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.65-96
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    • 2005
  • It is generally believed that, compared to traditional commerce, Electronic Commerce(EC) is more difficult to gain and sustain customers. One of the major reasons that customers do not use EC is lack of trust. Previous researches on the EC user's trust suggested that risk is an antecedent of trust and the concept of trust is highly related to risk. This study proposed a combined model in which includes the factors based on generic information security risk analysis methodology and trust factors in EC. The objectives of this study are follows; first, investigating the relationship between trust and risk that are antecedent factors of purchase intention, and second, examining the validity of information security risk analysis approach in EC environment. Based on the survey results of 143 MBA students statistical analysis showed that factors like threats and controls were significantly related to risk, but assets did not have statistically significant relationship with risk. Controls and knowledge of EC had meaningful effect on user's trust. This study found that risk analysis methodology which is generally used at organizational level is practically useful at user level on EC environment. In conclusion, the results of this study would be applied to generic situation of information security for analyzing and managing the risk. Besides, this study emphasized that EC vendors need to pay more attention to the information security risk to gain customer's trust.

The Evaluation-based CBR Model for Security Risk Analysis (보안위험분석을 위한 평가기반 CBR모델)

  • Bang, Young-Hwan;Lee, Gang-Soo
    • Journal of KIISE:Computer Systems and Theory
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    • v.34 no.7
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    • pp.282-287
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    • 2007
  • Information society is dramatically developing in the various areas of finance, trade, medical service, energy, and education using information system. Evaluation for risk analysis should be done before security management for information system and security risk analysis is the best method to safely prevent it from occurrence, solving weaknesses of information security service. In this paper, Modeling it did the evaluation-base CBD function it will be able to establish the evaluation plan of optimum. Evaluation-based CBD(case-based reasoning) functions manages a security risk analysis evaluation at project unit. it evaluate the evaluation instance for beginning of history degree of existing. It seeks the evaluation instance which is similar and Result security risk analysis evaluation of optimum about under using planning.

The Effect of Security Risk, Convenience and Social Influence on Internet Banking Use (보안위험, 편리성, 사회적 영향이 인터넷 뱅킹 사용에 미치는 효과 - 계좌이체와 잔액조회 서비스의 비교)

  • Lee Woong-Kyu
    • The Journal of Information Systems
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.1-23
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    • 2005
  • Theoretically, both of fund transfer and balance inquiry which are typical Internet banking services are influenced by the beliefs on the use of Internet banking such as perceived risk and convenience, which have been shown as in the other studies. However, the use of fund transfer can be more sensitive than that of balance inquiry by the beliefs on Internet banking use since the former is not only more risk involved but also more complicated in using than the latter. The objective of this study is to analyze the relationship between the use of two Internet banking services-fund transfer and balance inquiry-and the beliefs on Internet banking use-security risk, convenience and social Influence. For this purpose, we provide the research model for explaining the difference between balance inquiry and fund transfer in the degree of influencing by security risk, convenience and social influence and test it empirically by collecting data from surveying for 206 internet banking users. In result, we show validity of the suggested model by Partial Least Square(PLS) approach.

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A Study on Risk Analysis Methode Using Case-Based Reasoning (사례기반 추론을 이용한 위험분석방법 연구)

  • Lee, Hyeak-Ro;Ahn, Seong-Jin
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information Security & Cryptology
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.135-141
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    • 2008
  • The risk enlargement of cyber infringement and hacking is one of the latest hot issues. To solve the problem, the research for Security Risk Analysis, one of Information Security Technique, has been activating. However, the evaluation for Security Risk Analysis has many burdens; evaluation cost, long period of the performing time, participants’ working delay, countermeasure cost, Security Management cost, etc. In addition, pre-existing methods have only treated Analyzing Standard and Analyzing Method, even though their scale is so large that seems like a project. the Analyzing Method have no option but to include assessors’ projective opinion due to the mixture using that both qualitative and quantitative method are used for. Consequently, in this paper, we propose the Security Risk Analysis Methodology which manage the quantitative evaluation as a project and use Case-Based Reasoning Algorithm for define the period of the performing time and for select participants.