• 제목/요약/키워드: Physiological Activities

검색결과 1,635건 처리시간 0.037초

녹차, 오룡차 및 홍차 추출물의 생리활성과 항산화 효과 (Physiological and Antioxidant Activities of Green, Oolong and Black Tea Extracts)

  • 강근옥
    • 동아시아식생활학회지
    • /
    • 제21권2호
    • /
    • pp.243-249
    • /
    • 2011
  • This study investigated the physiological and antioxidant activities of green, oolong, and black tea extracts. The crude catechin extract yields of green, oolong, and black tea were 4.9%, 3.4%, and 2.5%, respectively. Total phenol contents of green, oolong, and black tea were 40.9%, 43.0%, and 38.5%, respectively. The order of the electron donating abilities of green, oolong and black tea were green tea>oolong tea>black tea extracts. The SOD-like activities of green, oolong and black tea extracts at 5,000 ppm were 21.2%, 17.5% and 13.9%, respectively. The nitrite-scavenging abilities of green, oolong and black tea extracts were higher than that of ascorbic acid (p<0.05). Antioxidant activities in soybean oil substrates at 500 ppm were in the order of green tea>oolong tea>black tea${\geq}$BHT (200 ppm). Therefore these results showed that the physiological and antioxidant activities of green tea were better than those of oolong and black tea.

Physiological Activities of Policosanol Extracted from Sugarcane Wax

  • Jang, Yeon-su;Kim, Dae-eun;Han, Eunyoung;Jung, Joohee
    • Natural Product Sciences
    • /
    • 제25권4호
    • /
    • pp.293-297
    • /
    • 2019
  • Policosanol extracted from sugarcane wax is a generic term used for total fatty alcohols obtained from esterification of fatty acids. It has been approved as a health functional food by the Ministry of Food and Drug Safety of Korea in 2006. Policosanol is well-known to aid in lowering blood cholesterol level. Recently, several studies have reported the physiological activities of policosanol, such as anti-inflammatory effects, antioxidant effects, and lowering of the incidence of ageing-related diseases, for example, hypertension, stroke, among others. This review describes the physiological activities of policosanol and its applications in the field of health functional foods.

민들레의 서식지와 부위별 항산화 및 항균 활성 연구 (Antioxidative and Antimicrobial Qualities of Different Pare of the Dandelion Plant (Taraxacum officinale) from Different Habitats)

  • 이성현;박홍주;허은영;조용식;조수묵
    • 한국지역사회생활과학회지
    • /
    • 제15권1호
    • /
    • pp.85-90
    • /
    • 2004
  • To classify the physiological activity by habitat and part of Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale), antioxidative and antimicrobial activities were investigated from methanol extracts of Dandelion. Dandelion was taken from Uiryeong (in Kyungnam province) and from Seoul, and antioxidative and antimicrobial activities were measured for three different parts of the dandelion: the flower, leaf and root. Antioxidative activities of methanol extracts from Dandelion were examined by a DPPH test, and antimicrobial activities were examined against 5 microorganisms: Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus cereus as G(+) microorganisms, and Salmonella typhimurium, Staphylococcus aureus and Eschrichia coli as G(-) microorganisms. No significant differences were found in terms of antioxidative and antimicrobial activities between the dandelions in Uiryeong and the dandelions in Seoul. Antioxidative activity, however, was higher in the flower of the dandelion, irrespective of habitat. Further research with other physiological factors (besides antioxidative and antimicrobial activities) is necessary to shed light on dandelion physiological function and to enhance the utilization of dandelion.

  • PDF

발효된 물김치인 동치미에서 분리한 혼합 젖산균의 생리활성 증진에 대한 연구 (Studies on the Enhanced Physiological Activities of Mixed Lactic Acid Bacteria Isolated from Fermented Watery Kimchi, Dongchimi)

  • 최문섭;김동민;오계헌
    • KSBB Journal
    • /
    • 제30권5호
    • /
    • pp.245-252
    • /
    • 2015
  • The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of enhanced physiological activities in cultures isolated from Korean fermented watery Kimchi, Dongchimi, of single lactic acid bacteria (LAB), and when these three are mixed LAB as probiotics. Using the BIOLOG system and 16S rRNA sequencing, the isolates were characterized, and identified and assigned to Leuconostoc mesenteroides DK-3, Leuconostoc dextranicum DK-6, and Lactobacillus curvatus DK-13, respectively. Growth rate and pH changes, production of organic acids as metabolites, and physiological activities of the single and mixed LAB cultures, were monitored and compared. In mixed LAB cultures after 72 h of incubation, the maximum concentrations of lactic acid and acetic acid were approximately 340.5 mM and 191.9 mM, respectively, and pH changed from 7.00 to 3.62. Mixed LAB cultures were able to eliminate 96.3% of nitrite. Activities of antioxidant and ${\beta}$-galactosidase were 60.3% and 16.8 units/mg, respectively. Significant antibacterial activity of the concentrated supernatants was demonstrated against several food-poisoning bacteria. Physiological activities obtained from the mixed LAB cultures have been shown to be considerably higher than those of single LAB cultures. In conclusion, these studies demonstrate that compared to the single cultures, all physiological activities in mixed LAB cultures are significantly enhanced.

민들레의 품종과 부위별 항산화 및 항균 활성 비교 (Comparison of the Antioxidative and Antimicrobial Activity of different Varieties and Parts of Dandelions)

  • 이성현;박홍주;김영인;이승교
    • 한국지역사회생활과학회지
    • /
    • 제15권2호
    • /
    • pp.101-107
    • /
    • 2004
  • Many studies have presented results about the antioxidative and antimicrobial activities of Dandelions(Taraxacum officinale). There has yet to be a study which makes comparisons based on the variety or parts of the Dandelion. To compare the physiological activity, antioxidative and antimicrobial activities were measured by using methanol extracts of Korean and Western Dandelions. The Dandelions were taken from Uiryeong in Kyungnam province, and antioxidative and antimicrobial activities of the flower, leaf and root were measured. Antioxidative activities of the methanol extracts were examined with a DPPH test. Antimicrobial activities were examined against 5 microorganisms. Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus cereus served as G(+) microorganisms, while Salmonella typhimurium, Staphylococcus aureus, and Eschrichia coli served as G(-) microorganisms. There was no significant difference in the antioxidative activity of the methanol extracts from leaves and roots between varieties. The antioxidative activity of the flower extracts was higher in the Korean than in the Western samples but the highest level of antioxidant was lower than 70%. No significant difference in antimicrobial activities between the varieties was observed. More research using physiological factors other than antioxidative and antimicrobial activities is needed to identify physiological functions and enhance the utilization of Dandelions.

  • PDF

청열소독음(淸熱消毒飮)과 구성약재의 암세포 독성, 항균 및 항산화 효과 (Cytotoxicity, Antibacterial and Antioxidant Activities of the Prescription Cheongyeolsodokum and Its Constituent Herbs)

  • 이진태;이창언;손준호;이진영;박태순;이인철;송미애;천순주;지선영;안봉전
    • 대한본초학회지
    • /
    • 제20권4호
    • /
    • pp.41-51
    • /
    • 2005
  • Objectives : The purpose of this research was physiological activities, cytotoxicity, and antibacterial activities of the Cheongyeolsodokum and its constituent herbs. Methods : Physiological activities, cytotoxicity, and antibacterial activities were examined through the Cheongyeolsodokum and its constituent herbs. Results : In the physiological activities, the electron donating ability(EDA) of the water and ethanol extracts from the Cheongyeolsodokum were over 60% and 80% at 100 ppm, respectively. The EDA of the water and ethanol extract from the Cheongyeolsodokum ingredients were gradually increased as well. Water and ethanol extracts from the Cheongyeolsodokum and its constituent herbs inhibited xanthine oxidase activity, they showed superoxide dismutase(SOD)-like activity. The Cheongyeolsodokum and its constituent herbs inhibited cancer cell growth in a dose-dependant manner. Also, the clear zones against Staphylococcus aureus and S. epidermidis were clear shown at 2.5 and 5 mg/disc. Its constituent herbs showed the clear zone against various bacteria such as Candida albicans, S. aureus, S. epidermidis, and S. mutans were shown at 0.5 and 1mg/disc. Conclusions : We observed physiological activities, cytotoxicity, and antibacterial activities of the Cheongyeolsodokum and its constituent herbs. The results also indicated that water extract and ethanol extract of Cheongyeolsodokum and its constituent herbs can be used as a natural ingredient in food or cosmetic industry.

  • PDF

포도 과피에서 분리한 효모 Pichia manshurica와 Pichia terricola의 생리활성 증진효과 (Enhanced physiological activities of wine yeasts Pichia manshurica and Pichia terricola isolated from grapes pericarp)

  • 박상국;김동민;오계헌
    • 미생물학회지
    • /
    • 제53권4호
    • /
    • pp.235-241
    • /
    • 2017
  • 본 연구는 포도의 과피에서 분리한 효모 Pichia의 생리활성 증진효과를 연구하기 위한 것이다. 두 균주는 18S rRNA 염기서열분석에 근거하여 Pichia manshurica GU-3와 Pichia terricola GU-4로 각각 동정되었다. 주사전자현미경 분석을 통해 YPD 배지에서 배양한 두 분리세균은 세포표면에 출아와 출아흔적을 가지고 있었으며 전형적인 타원형을 보여주었다. 단일 및 혼합 Pichia 배양의 생리활성을 비교 관찰한 결과, 72시간 배양한 후, 혼합배양에서 tyrosinase억제, ACE 억제, 항산화 최대활성은 각각 81.7%, 45.9%, 42.7%로 나타났다. Superoxide dismutase-유사활성은 혼합배양에서 약 30%로 측정되었다. 이 연구를 통해서 혼합배양된 Pichia 종들은 생리활성을 증진시켰으며, 생리활성을 가지는 산물 개발의 가능성을 가지는 것으로 입증되었다.

간호중재분류(Nursing Intervention Classification)에 기반한 가정간호에서의 주요간호중재와 연계된 간호활동 분석 (Perceived Importance and Performance Frequency of Nursing Interventions and Nursing Activities in the Physiological Domains of Nursing Intervention Classification(NIC) in Home Health Care Nursing)

  • 송희영;서미혜;허혜경
    • 성인간호학회지
    • /
    • 제17권2호
    • /
    • pp.188-199
    • /
    • 2005
  • Purpose: To identify perceived importance and performance frequency of nursing interventions with nursing activities of 5 nursing interventions from the physiological domains of NIC used in the home health care nursing. Method: Five nursing interventions in the physiological domain of NIC were selected based on the previous finding. Data were collected from 85 nurses working in 54 home health care centers between August and October, 2004 using mailing survey(return rates : 41.5%). The questionnaire consisted of 96 nursing activities in 5 interventions with definitions, asking perceived importance and performance frequency of them. Result: Skin surveillance was perceived as the most important($3.52{\pm}0.36$) intervention and also performed most frequently($4.43{\pm}0.45$). All the nursing activities in skin surveillance appeared to be used frequently, which was rated over 4 out of 5 point Likert, while only 4 nursing activities in exercise therapy: joint mobility did. Correlations between perceived importance and performance frequency of 5 interventions were all significant (r=0.591-0.718, p=0.000). Conclusion: Identifying the use of particular interventions and nursing activities will help nurses simplify documentations and to deliver better care to the patients in home health care nursing.

  • PDF

호부추와 실부추 추출물의 생리활성 효과 (Physiological Activities of Leek Extracts from Allium tuberosum and Allium senescens)

  • 임태수;오현인;도정룡;김현구
    • 한국식품영양과학회지
    • /
    • 제35권3호
    • /
    • pp.301-306
    • /
    • 2006
  • 호부추(Allium tuberosum)와 실부추(Allium senescens)를 열수, 50% 에탄올 및 100% 에탄올 등의 추출용매를 사용하여 건물 중량의 10배에 해당되는 부피(w/v)일 때, 추출물의 생리활성을 탐색하였다. 전자공여작용의 경우 호부추의 50% 에탄올추출물에서 41.68%의 높은 전자공여능을 나타내었으며, SOD 유사활성을 측정한 결과 호부추의 열수추출물이 36.33%로 다른 추출물에 비해 높은 활성을 보여주었다. Tyrosinase 저해활성의 경우 두 종류 모두 열수추출물에서 높은 저해활성을 보여주었으며, 호부추가 실부추보다 다소 높은 활성을 나타내었다. 특히 비교물질인 0.01% L-ascorbate와 유사한 활성을 보여주었다. 총 폴리페놀 함량의 경우 두 종류 모두 열수추출물보다 50%, 100% 에탄올추출물에서 높은 함량을 나타내었다. 아질산염 소거작용을 측정한 결과 pH 1.2일 때 호부추와 실부추 모두 소거능이 높게 나타났다. 이와 같은 결과는 부추의 생리활성을 밝혀 기능성 소재로써 이용도가 크게 증가할 것으로 판단된다.

에르고미터 운동 시 근활성도와 생리학적 피로도 비교 분석 (Comparative Aanalysis of Fatigue on Muscle Activities and Physiological Variables during Ergometer Test)

  • 윤창진;채원식;강년주
    • 한국운동역학회지
    • /
    • 제20권3호
    • /
    • pp.303-310
    • /
    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was (a)to compare electromyographic (EMG) activities and physiological variables on the development of fatigue induced by ergometer test, (b)to determine investigate the differences in the stage of fatigue between the electromyographic characteristics and physiological variables. Nine male university students who have no musculoskeletal disorder were recruited as the subjects. The electromyographic characteristics(peak IEMG, average IEMG, median frequency, mean edge frequency) and physiological variables(HR, RPE, blood lactate) were determined for each stage(15, 30, 45, 60 minutes, all out). For each dependent variable, one-way analysis of variance(ANOVA) with repeated measures and correlation analysis were performed to test if significant difference existed(p<.05). The results showed that peak IEMG, average IEMG from low extremity and physiological variables were significantly increased during the all-out stage. EMG parameters in VL, VM show significantly correlation with physiological variables during whole stages. This indicated that IEMG values may be proper parameters to determine muscle fatigue rather than physiological variables.