• Title/Summary/Keyword: Manganese Phosphate coating

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Effect of Mechanical Polishing Pretreatment on Tribological Properties of Manganese Phosphate Coating of Carbon Steel (기계적 연마 전처리가 인산망간 피막의 윤활 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Ho-Young;Noh, Young-Tai;Jeon, Jun-Hyuck;Kang, Ho-Sang
    • Journal of the Korean institute of surface engineering
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    • v.52 no.6
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    • pp.350-356
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    • 2019
  • In this study, the effect of mechanical polishing of carbon steel on the tribological properties of manganese phosphate coating on carbon steel has investigated. The microstructure, surface morphology and chemical composition were analyzed by SEM, EDS, and XRD. The surface roughness test was carried out in order to calculate Rvk value by 3D laser microscopy. Also, the tribology property of manganese phosphate coating was tested by ball-on disk. In the results of EDS analysis, coating layer consists of elements such in Mn, P, Fe, and O. XRD showed that (Mn,Fe)5H2(PO4)4·4H2O in manganese phosphate coating layer was formed by the chemical reaction between manganese phosphate and elements in carbon steel. As the mechanical polishing degree increased, the friction coefficient was reduced. The rougher the mechanical polishing degree, the better corrosion resistance was obtained.

Characterization of Tribology for Automobile Part of Manganese Phosphate Solution with Addition agent (자동차 부품 Tribology용 인산-망간 화성처리에 있어서 첨가제에 따른 화성피막 특성)

  • Byoun, Young-Min;Park, Jong-Kyu;Seo, Sun-Kyo;Lee, Chi-Hwan
    • Journal of the Korean institute of surface engineering
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    • v.48 no.2
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    • pp.56-61
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    • 2015
  • In this study, the wear performance of manganese phosphate coating on SM45C with addition agent of Tartaric acid and Citric acid were investigated. The Surface morphology of manganese phosphate coating was examined by Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and Energy Dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). It is found that Mn, P, Fe, O and C. The crystal structure and thee composition was analysis and determined by using XRD. The XRD results indicated that manganese phosphate coatings are mainly composed of $(Mn,Fe)_5H_2(PO_4)_44H_2O$ and consists of a lot of close packed lump crystalline. Based on the time dependence of morphology and the weight of manganese phosphate coating, it shows that the phosphating process mainly includes three stages: corrosion of the substrate, creation and growth of phosphate crystal nucleus and thickening of manganese phosphate coating. The wear tests were performed in a ball on disc apparatus as per ASTM G-99 Standard. It was showed that the initial wear was quite high followed by low sludge.

Effects of Organic Addition agents on Manganese-Phosphate Coating (인산-망간 화성피막에서 유기첨가제에 따른 피막 특성 연구)

  • Seo, Seon-Gyo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Surface Engineering Conference
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    • 2015.11a
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    • pp.195-195
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    • 2015
  • 본 연구에서는 인산-망간 피막처리 공정 중에 생성되는 슬러지를 방지하기 위하여 인산-망간 화성처리액에 유기첨가제인 Tartaric acid를 첨가하여 내마모성 및 방청성 향상을 목적으로 슬러지를 방지하기 위한 인산-망간 화성피막의 특성을 연구하였다. Tartaric acid의 농도에 따른 표면 Morphology를 Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM)과 Energy Dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS)을 이용하여 분석하였으며, EDS 분석을 통해 Mn, P, Fe, O, C의 성분을 확인 할 수 있었으며, 인산-망간 화성피막의 상(phase)을 확인하기 위하여 X-ray diffraction (XRD)을 분석을 통하여 $(Mn,Fe)_5H_2(PO_4)_44H_2O$으로 구성된 인산-망간 화성피막을 확인할 수 있었다. 또한 Tartaric acid의 농도에 따른 인산-망간 피막의 내마모 시험(Ball on disc) 및 경도시험을 실시하여 기계적인 특성 및 슬러지의 양에 대하여 분석하였다.

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Synthesis of Manganese Hydrogen Phosphate Hydrate by Controlled Double-jet Precipitation (더블제트 침전법에 의한 제이인산망간염 수화물의 새로운 합성 방법)

  • Kim, Won-Seok;Kang, Yong;Kim, Yeong-Cheol
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.66-72
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    • 2008
  • Manganese hydrogen phosphate hydrate, $MnHPO_4{\cdot}2.25H_2O$, is a major constituent of the pre-conditioning compositions for the manganese phosphate coating treatment over carbon steel substrate. This compound is conventionally produced by the synthesis in the aqueous solution process followed by the filtration and drying processes and a series of size reduction and classification processes in dry state. However, it is evident that the conventional process is neither environment-friendly nor cost-effective. In this work, a new process principle was examined based on the controlled double-jet precipitation technology to produce the manganese chemical product of fairly uniform particle size distribution in an aqueous solution media. The effects of stabilizing agents were comparatively studied by the scanning electron microscope analysis in a uniformity point of view of the resulting particle size. Polyvinylpyrrolidone and Gum Arabic were excellent in controlling the crystal growth step, resulting in fairly uniform size distributions of the particles from the controlled double-jet process.

The Study on Characteristics of Manganese Phosphate Coating by Particle Size of Surface Treatment Agent (표면조정제 입자 사이즈에 따른 인산망간 피막 특성에 관한 연구)

  • No, Yeong-Tae;Kim, Ho-Yeong;Byeon, Yeong-Min;Lee, Ji-Hwan;Hyeon, Seung-Gyun;Park, Jong-Gyu;Seo, Seon-Gyo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Surface Engineering Conference
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    • 2017.05a
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    • pp.122-122
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    • 2017
  • 인산-망간 화성피막의 경우 양질의 피막층을 형성하기 위하여 표면조정제를 사용하고 있으며, 화성피막 직전에 표면 조정제 처리를 하여 피막 결정의 미세, 치밀, 균일하게 하는 동시에 피막의 화성시간을 단축하고 있다. 본 연구는 표면조정제의 입자 사이즈에 따른 화성피막 입자 사이즈 변화 및 물리적인 특성 향상을 확인하였다. 하지금속 소재로는 기계구조용 탄소강재(SM45C)을 $50{\times}50{\times}3mm$로 제작하였고, 전처리 공정으로는 탈지 ${\rightarrow}$ 에칭 ${\rightarrow}$ 디스머트 후 표면조정제 입자 사이즈별로 표면조정 후, 화성피막 처리를 하였으며 각 조건에 따른 피막 층의 미세조직은 SEM을 사용하여 관찰하였고, 윤활성은 내마모시험기(Ball on disc)를 사용하여 마찰계수 측정을 통해 확인하였으며, 내식성은 5% NaCl 염수분무를 실시하여 적청 발생 면적으로 측정하였다. 표면조정제의 입자 사이즈는 4종류로 세분화하여 표면조정 후 화성피막 처리하였으며, 표면조정제의 입자 사이즈를 미세화함에 따라 화성피막의 입자 사이즈가 미세, 균일해지고 피막의 치밀도가 향상됨을 확인할 수 있었다. 표면조정제의 미분화는 소재 표면에 작고 치밀한 결정(활성점)을 만들며, 표면조정제의 입자 사이즈가 작아질수록 이러한 활성점의 크기가 미세해지고 화성피막의 입자 사이즈 또한 미세화 시키는 역할을 하는 것을 확인 할 수 있었다. 이처럼 표면 조정제의 입자 사이즈에 따른 화성피막 입자 사이즈 및 물성변화는 SEM, 내마모시험 및 내식성 시험을 통하여 확인할 수 있었다. 즉, 표면조정제의 입자 사이즈가 미세해질수록, 화성피막의 입자사이즈가 미세화되었고, 윤활성 및 내식성이 향상되는 것을 확인 할 수 있었다.

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