• Title/Summary/Keyword: 20C

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The Characteristics on Western Men's Underclothes in the Second Half of the 20C (20세기 후기에 나타난 서양 남성 속옷의 특성)

  • 김주애
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.51 no.7
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    • pp.111-121
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the historical changes, and analyze functions and characteristics of western men's underclothes in the second half of the 20C. This study will examine how the social backgrounds influenced on the changes of the functions of men's underclothes and how the changes of outer garments were reflected on underclothes in the second half of the 20C. In the early, the second half of the 20C, underwears of functions was continued to cleanliness and comforts. In the later of the 20C, underwears came to be seen as expressing male sexual power when it became body-conscious. By the changes of outer garments. underclothes changed the same size of proportion. In the late 1960's, the turtleneck type of shirts were copied by outer garments, and we understand that underwear can influence on outer garments. The ruffles of the 18th century reappeared in the 1960's. This reactionism of the late 20C tells us about the relation between social environments and underwear. So the social backgrounds influenced on the formativeness of men's underclothes. We understand that underwear can influence on outer garments and outer garments can influence on underwear, too. The important characteristics of the second half of the 20C were the remarkable resemblance of some styles to those of the Past and the occasional blurring of the distinction between underwear and outerwear.

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A Study on Futuristic Image of Fashion - Futuristic Image in 20C Fashion - (미래적 이미지 패션의 연구)

  • Ryu, Hyun-Jung
    • Journal of the Korea Fashion and Costume Design Association
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.11-21
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study is to understand of future image in fashion for 20C, to suggest a guideline's role in the development on fashion designs study. The methods of this study are used academic literatures as well as practical study. Futuristic image in fashion is to introduce about the future period, as fashion goes ahead times. Trends and formative characteristics of future image in 20C fashion are summarized as follows. First, futuristic images in fashion for 20C had emerged strongly futurism, space look, kinetic look, glitter look, techno look, cyber look. Second, perspectives on response for future society's changes are summarized as follows. Attitude of futuristic images of fashion, futurism, space look, kinetic look and glitter look, had been favorable about future society's changes until 1980. In 1990, techno look had been defensive and cyber look had been aggressive about future society's changes. Third, formative characteristics of future image in 20C fashion are studied shape, material, color, pattern. Shape was preferred linear and geometric form in the first half of the 20C, but body conscious type had appeared often in the second half of 20C. Material maintained the luster or the metal touch. Color was based image of colorless and preferred the gold, silver or color feels like metal. Pattern was preferred clarity with geometric type in the first half of the 20C. On the other hand in the second half of 20C pattern of future image was dominated by vague and abstract chaotic type.

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A Study on the Organic Expression Principles of the 20C. Architecture. (20세기 건축의 유기적 표현원리에 관한 연구)

  • 김주연;우경덕
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • no.18
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    • pp.51-58
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    • 1999
  • The aim of this study is to discover the organic expression principles of the 20C. Architecture. As a result, first, the organic expression principles was organised in six categories, a. naturalism b. neo-naturalism, c. realism, d. abstractionism, e. regionalism, f. functionalism. Second, among the organic expression principles, the naturalism, the neo-naturalism and the abstractionism were the most dominant organic expression principles of the 20C. Architecture. Third, from 1960, the functionalism have become one of the most dominant organic expression of the 20C. Architecture.

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Effect of Paclobutrazol on Growth, and High Temperature and Drought Stress in Perennial Ryegrass (Paclobutrazol 처리가 Perennial Ryegrass의 생육 및 고온과 건조 Stress에 미치는 영향)

  • 김태일;구자형;원동찬
    • Asian Journal of Turfgrass Science
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.24-33
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    • 1989
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effect of paclobutrazol [(2 RS , 3 RS )1-(4- chlor-ophenyl )-4, 4- dimethyl -2- (1, 2, 4- triazol -1- yl )- pentan -3-01] on the tolerance of hi-gh temperature and drought stress as related to growth retardation , iranspiration rate , soil water content , nitrogen level and photosynthetic rate in perennial ryegrass ( Loliurn perenne L . ' Omega H , ). Plants were given a 30 ml soil drench of paclohutrazol at the concentrations of 0, 0.01, 0.1, 1.0, 10.. 0, mg / 6 .5cm- diameter pot . The rcsults were as follows : 1. Increasing concentrations of paclohutrazul reduced plant height , leaf area , fresh weight and dry weight , hut increased chlorophyll content per unit area . The number of tillers and leaf width were not affected hy the paclobutrazol concentrations . 2. The proper concentration of paclohatrazol on growth retardation in perennial ryegrass was about I mq /pot , hut leaf deformity and severe growth retardation were shown at high concentration of 10 mq / pot . 3. Perennial ryegrasses grown at 30˚C were shown significantly short plant height and low leaf nitrogen level compared with those grown at 20˚C. Increasing concentrations of paclohutrazol at 20˚C increased nitrogen level hut it could not increase nitrogen level at 30˚C . 4. During the drought stress , increasing temperatures significantly promoted transpiration rate and wilting time . It took about 5 days at 20˚C and 3 days at 30˚C to reach wilting time of leaves from water stress treatment . Soil water contents at wilting time of non-treated controls were averaged 6. 871% at 20˚C and 6. 17% at 30˚C 5. Paclohutrazol reduced transpiration rate at high temperature and drought stress . Wilting appeared at the lower water content of soil according to increasing concentrations of paclobutrazol at 30˚C hut there were no differences among concentrations of at 20˚C. 6.Paclohutrazol treatment at 1 rag /pot reduced injury rate of leaves from 67.1 % and 100 % in control plants to 15.7% and 80% at 20˚C and 3010, respectively. 7. Photosynthetic rate per unit area was significantly reduced at high temperature . Paclohutrazol stimulated photosynthetic rate with increase of concentrations at 20˚C but there was no increasing effect at 30˚C.

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Corrosion-Resistant High Strength S20C Element Riveted Al5052-SPFC980Y Steel Joints by Resistance Element Spot Welding (S20C 리벳된 Al5052와 SPFC980Y 강철 resistance-element 점용접 접합부의 미세조직 발달 및 고강도-부식 저항 특성)

  • Baek, Seung-Yeop;Song, Jong-Ho;Park, Seung-Youn;Song, Il-Jong;Lee, Hyun-Chul
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.794-801
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    • 2021
  • This study examined the mechanical strength and corrosion resistance of a dissimilar joint with an aluminum alloy and steel by resistance element spot welding. SPFC980 steels and Al5052 alloys were applied as the base materials. S20C steels were assembled on Al5052 for the riveting element before the electric resistance welding process. The SPFC980-S20C riveted Al5052 was welded at a 6.5 kA current and 250 kgf/㎠. As a result, the engraved S20C elements formed unstable nuggets after the spot welding processes. In contrast, in the embossed S20C elements, exceptional mechanical properties, such as robust corrosion resistance and fatigue resistance, were obtained by structurally sound joints. The correlation between the microstructure and mechanical properties were examined by microstructural investigations and FEM simulations. The corrosion reliability of element spot-welded SPFC980-Al5052 dissimilar joints was investigated systematically.

A study on optimum of cutting ability with change of tool rake angles (바이트 인선각의 변화에 따른 절삭성의 최적화 방안에 관한 연구)

  • 염성하;오재응;현청남
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.1043-1054
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    • 1988
  • The optimum cutting condition of rake angle in turning was investigated in SM45C and SM20C. Results of experiments in SM45C and SM20C are as follow. Specific cutting resistance became higher as the depth of cutting, feed or cutting velocity decreases at same rake angle and resistance became low value at 20.deg.(SM45C), 10.deg.(SM20C). The optimum cutting condition for SM45C is depth of cutting 0.7mm, rake angle 30.deg., cutting velocity 200mm/min, feed 0.1mm/rev, and for SM20C is depth of cut 0.5mm, rake angle 10.deg., cutting velocity 150mm/min, feed 0.1mm/rev.The rake angle for good roughness is 15.deg for SM45C, and that for SM20C is 25.deg. The roughness is influenced by feed and it has the lowest value at 0.1mm/rev and the cutting condition is closely related with the change of cutting velocity and feed.

Physical Properties of High-Solid Coatings with Acrylic Resins Containing Acetoacetoxy Group and Allophanate-Trimer (Acetoacetoxy기 함유 아크릴수지와 Allophanate-Trimer에 의한 하이솔리드 도료의 도막물성)

  • Jo Hye-Jin;Shim Il-Woo;Park Hong-Soo;Kim Seung-Jin;Kim Seong-Kil
    • Polymer(Korea)
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.230-237
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    • 2006
  • Copolymers(HSA-98-20, HSA-98-0, HSA-98+20) which we acrylic resin containing 80% solid content were synthesized by the reaction of monomers, including methyl methacrylate, n-butyl acrylate, and 2-hydroxyethyl acrylate with a functional monomer, acetoacetoxyethyl methacrylate (AAEM), which nay give improvements in cross-linking density and physical properties of films. The physical properties of prepared acrylic resins, containing AAEM, are as follows viscosities, $1420\sim5760cps$ ; number average molecular weight, $2080\sim2300g/mol$; polydispersity index, $2.07\sim2.19$ ; and conversions, $88\sim93%$. In the next step, high-solid coatings (HSA-98-20C, HSA-98-0C, HSA-98+20C) were prepared by the curing reaction between acrylic resins containing 80% solid content and isocyanate at room temperature. Various properties were examined on the film coated with the prepared high-solid coatings. The introduction of AAEM to the coatings enhanced the abrasion resistance and solvent resistance, which indicated the possible use of high- solid coatings for top-coating materials of automobile. Since the curing by viscoelastic measurement occurred in sequence of HSA-98+20C > HSA-98-0C > HSA-98-20C, it was concluded that the curing rates became faster with incresing $T_g$ values.

Observation of Chip Shape and Tool Damage with Interrupted Cutting of Carbon Steel for Machine Structures(SM20C) (기계구조용 탄소강(SM20C)의 단속절삭시 칩의 형상 및 공구손상관찰)

  • Bae, Myung-Il
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Manufacturing Process Engineers
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.103-108
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    • 2018
  • In interrupted cutting, the workpiece has a groove that impacts both the cutting tool and the workpiece. Therefore, cutting tool damage occurs rapidly. In this study, I performed interrupted cutting of carbon steel for machine structures (SM20C) using an uncoated carbide tool (SNMG120404, P20), and observed tool damage, cutting chip shape, and the workpiece surface. Results: Under the specific cutting conditions of feed rate = 0.066 mm/rev, cutting speed = 120 m/min, and depth of cut = 0.1 mm; and feed rate = 0.105 mm/rev, cutting speed = 120 m/min, and depth of cut = 0.2 mm, the observed tool damage was small. Similar chip shape was observed (Expt. No. 1, 3, 7). Workpiece damage was observed (Expt. No. 3, 5, 7, 9).