• Title/Summary/Keyword: 성적계수

Search Result 107, Processing Time 0.212 seconds

Prediction on Maximum Performance of Cascade Refrigeration System Using R717 and R744 (R718-R744용 캐스케이드 냉동시스템의 최대 성능 예측)

  • Roh, Geun-Sang;Son, Chang-Hyo
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
    • /
    • v.10 no.10
    • /
    • pp.2565-2571
    • /
    • 2009
  • In this paper, cycle performance analysis of cascade refrigeration system using $NH_3-CO_2$(R717-R744) is presented to offer the basic design data for the operating parameters of the system. The operating parameters considered in this study include subcooling and superheating degree and condensing and evaporating temperature in the ammonia(R717) high temperature cycle and the carbon dioxide low temperature cycle. The COP of cascade refrigeration system increases with the increasing superheating degree, but decreases with the increasing subcooling degree. The COP of cascade refrigeration system increases with the increasing condensing temperature, but decreases with the increasing evaporating temperature. Therefore, superheating and subcoolng degree, evaporating and condensing temperature of cascade refrigeration system using $NH_3-CO_2$ have an effect on the COP of this system. A multilinear regression analysis was employed in terms of subcooling, superheating, evaporating, condensing, and cascade heat exchanger temperature difference in order to develop mathematical expressions for maximum COP and an optimum evaporating temperature.

Performance Analysis of R744(Carbon Dioxide) for Transcritical Refrigeration System (R744용 초임계 냉동사이클의 성능 분석)

  • Roh, Geun-Sang;Son, Chang-Hyo
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
    • /
    • v.10 no.1
    • /
    • pp.32-38
    • /
    • 2009
  • In this paper, cycle performance analysis for cooling capacity, compression work and COP of R744($CO_2$) transcritical vapor compression refrigeration system is presented to offer the basic design data for the operating parameters of the system. The operating parameters considered in this study include superheating degree, outlet temperature of gas cooler and evaporating temperature in the R744 vapor compression cycle. The main results were summarized as follows : The cooling capacity of R744 increases with superheating degree, but decreases with the increasing evaporating temperature and outlet temperature of gas cooler. The compression work increases with superheating degree and cooling pressure of R744, but decreases with the increasing evaporating temperature. And, The COP increases with outlet temperature and evaporating temperature of R744 gas cooler, but decreases with the increasing superheating degree. Therefore, superheating degree, outlet temperature and evaporating temperature of R744 vapor compression refrigeration system have an effect on the cooling capacity, compression work and COP of this system. With a thorough grasp of these effect, it is necessary to design the compression refrigeration cycle using R744.

Simulation of a Double Effect Double Stage Absorption Heat Pump for Usage of a Low Temperature Waste Heat (저온 폐열 활용을 위한 2중 효용 2단 흡수식 히트펌프 시뮬레이션)

  • Kim, Nae-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
    • /
    • v.16 no.11
    • /
    • pp.7736-7744
    • /
    • 2015
  • Considering the significant waste of industrial energy, effective use of low temperature waste heat is extremely important. In this study, a heat pump cycle with double effect and double stage was realized, which escalates the hot water temperature from $50^{\circ}C$ to $70^{\circ}C$ using $160^{\circ}C$ high temperature heat source and $17^{\circ}C$ low temperature heat source. The steam generated in the first generator condenses in the first condenser generating steam in the second generator. The steam condenses in the second condenser and is provided to the second evaporator. Part of the water out of the second evaporator is supplied to the first evaporator, which evaporates using low temperature waste heat. The evaporated steam enters the first absorber and the second evaporator. The steam out of the second evaporator is absorbed into the solution at the second absorber. The hot water temperature is raised in the second condenser and in the second absorber. Proper flow rates and UA values, which satisfied temperature lift $20^{\circ}C$ and COP 1.6, were deduced through trior and error. The COP increases as the temperature of the high temperature water increases, hot water temperature decreases and flow rate increases, waste water temperature and flow rate increases, solution circulation rate decreases. On the other hand, the temperature rise of the hot water increases as the temperature of the high temperature water increases, hot water temperature increases and flow rate decreases, waste water temperature and flow rate increases, solution circulation rate increases. In addition, the COP and hot water temperature rise increase as UAs of the heat exchangers increase.

에너지절감량측정 및 검증방안과 예제(I)

  • 조성환
    • The Magazine for Energy Service Companies
    • /
    • /
    • pp.52-59
    • /
    • 2003
  • 에너지절약 성과배분 계약의 핵심적인 요소인 에너지절감량의 예측 및 측정방안에 대하여 일반적인 ESCO사업현장에서 빈번히 사용되는 고효율 조명기기교체, 고효율 전동기교체, 고효율 보일러교체, 냉동기 성적계수 개선 및 인버터제어 설치의 예제를 2회에 걸쳐 제시한다. 제시된 에너지절감량 측정 및 검증방안은 일반적으로 사용되는 방안이므로 현장특성이 고려되지는 않았지만 ESCO사업을 진행함에 있어서 에너지사용자와 ESCO가 최소한 공감해야 하는 에너지절감량에 대한 이해를 높이고자 작성되었다.

  • PDF

물 - 물熱펌프의 산業體 廢熱利용에 관한 시스템 設計와 經濟性

  • 조명제
    • Journal of the KSME
    • /
    • v.22 no.6
    • /
    • pp.471-476
    • /
    • 1982
  • 1.열펌프 시스템의 성능은 최적설계를 하므로서 이론적, Rankine C.O.P에 접근시킬 수 있다. 2.. 산업체 중저온 폐열회수이용에는 열펌프가 매우 유망하며 냉온수를 동시에 이용하는 경우는 더욱 유리하다. 3. 우리나라 산업계에서 보통 투자회수기간을 3년으로 본다면 전력시설용량을 500kw 이상의 산업용 소동력, 대동력의 경우 열펌프의 성적계수는 약 3.5 정도가 하한으로 볼 수 있다. 4. 공기 또는 물 열원의 가정용 열펌프는 전력비가 비싸므로 아직은 실용성이 없다.

  • PDF