• Title, Summary, Keyword: 개념습득이론

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A Case Study on Information Education for Pre-Service Teacher using Unplugged Computing (언플러그드 컴퓨팅을 이용한 예비교사의 정보교육 사례 연구)

  • Han, Hee-Seop;Han, Seon-Kwan
    • Journal of The Korean Association of Information Education
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.23-30
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    • 2009
  • In this study, we proposed a pre-service teacher training program that assists efficiently the conceptual comprehension and teaching skill development of computer science education. The program is integrated with Protype Theory and Example Theory based on cognitive psychology. And also the real teaching activities based on Unplugged Learning are provided for conceptual comprehension of computer science education as well as for learning computer science. This program was applied to 31 pre-service teachers for one semester. The results show that this program is very effective for pre-service teacher training of computer science education.

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Preconceptions of Middle School Students Related to (화학 변화 개념에 대한 중학교 2학년 학생들의 선개념 조사 및 선개념 갈등상황 제시를 통한 개념변화 학습이론의 효과 분석)

  • Paik, Seoung Hye;Kang, Dae Hun;Kim, Hye Kyong;Chae, Woo Ki;Kwon, Kyoon
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.43 no.2
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    • pp.213-224
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    • 1999
  • Preconceptions of middle school students related to chemical change the students are surveyed. The students are divided into experimental group that are learned by concept change theory teaching model, and control group that are learned by traditional teaching method based on science textbooks. After the planned classes, the tendencies of concept change of the two groups according to students learning motivations are analyzed. New teaching methods, which based on concept change learning model and students learning motivations, developed by this research. And the effects of the new teaching method are testified. As a result, it is proved that most of the students have a lot of preconceptions, and persist the wrong conceptions after the classes. This tendency is same in the control group and in the experimental group.

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Cause' and the Acquisition and Processing of Object Ellipsis by Young Korean-speaking Children (원인'(cause)과 아동의 공목적어 정보처리)

  • Ryu, Jung;Cho, Sook-Whan
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Cognitive Science Conference
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    • pp.72-75
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    • 2002
  • 본 연구는 '원인'의 개념과 타동사성에 대한 아동의 민감성이 공대명사 처리에 어떻게 반영되는지에 대해 검토하였다. 한국어뿐만 아니라 여러 언어에서 관찰되었듯이, '원인'은 서술부 중심의 어휘정보 이론에서 이용되는 핵심적인 개념으로서, 타동사와 목적어 사이에 잠재적으로 함유된 '원인'의 정도에 따라 목적어의 생략이 허용된다. 본 연구는 세명의 한국 아동 (0;10-3;7)의 발화자료를 토대로 한국어의 공대명사화 구조를 검토하여 다음과 같은 관찰을 하였다. 한국아동은 습득 초기에는 주로 옛정보, 새정보 등의 담화화용적 제약에 따른 발화를 하지만, 3세경부터는 동사의 습득양상이 점차적으로 다양해지는데, 이때부터는 논항의 생략과 동사의 타동사성과 상호관계를 보인다.

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Design and Implementation of a RPG Edugame for Learning of science class in Elementary school (초등학교 과학교과학습을 위한 RPG 에듀게임의 설계 및 구현)

  • Choe, Young-Sang;Hong, Ki-Cheon
    • 한국정보교육학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.137-144
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    • 2005
  • 교수-학습 현장에서 일반제시형, 전달형의 자료는 컴퓨터 환경에 익숙한 학생들에게 더 이상의 효과를 주기 어렵다. 따라서 학습자 주도적인 학습자료가 필요하다. 이러한 개념에 바탕을 두어 과학 에듀게임을 설계 및 구현하여 제시하고자 한다. 게임의 주인공이 과학의 4영역인 에너지, 물질, 생명, 지구 각각의 영역을 하나의 무대로 사용하여 활동하고 과학수수께끼를 해결하면서 과학의 이론과 개념에 접근하고 미션을 완수하면서 상위개념을 획득하며 피드백을 통해 습득된 이론을 종합하고 경험의 폭을 넓히는 과정으로 설계하였다. 학습자의 흥미와 집중을 유도하기 위해 실시간 전투 RPG의 형식을 도입하였으며 향후 연구에서 스토리 보강과 각 단원의 세부 맵 보강이 요구된다.

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Educational Meaning of the Nine Chapters (구장산술의 방정식론의 교육학적 의미)

  • Koh, Young-Mee;Ree, Sang-Wook
    • Journal for History of Mathematics
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.25-40
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    • 2010
  • We first seek a principle of cognitive development processes by reviewing and summarizing Piaget's cognitive development theory, constructivism and Dubinsky's APOS theory, and also the epistemology on logics of 墨子 and 荀子. We investigate Chapter 8 方程 on the theory of systems of linear equations, of the Nine Chapters, one of the oldest ancient Asian mathematical books, from the viewpoint of our principle of cognitive development processes. We conclude the educational value of the chapter and the value of the research on Asian ancient mathematical works and heritages.

The Theoretical Review of the Feature and Application of Science Teaching Models (과학 교수 모형의 특징과 적용에 대한 이론적 고찰)

  • Cho, Hee-Hyung;Kim, Hee-Kyung;Yoon, Hee-Sook;Lee, Ki-Young
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.557-575
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of the study was to suggest the characteristics and goals of the science teaching model for use as criteria in selecting the appropriate teaching model for science in secondary schools. These characteristics and the goals have been organized based on the analyses of the literature on the teaching and/or instructional model. The teaching models have been classified into four areas, and the characteristics and goals of each area have been summarized as follows: $\cdot$ Traditional models: teaching of scientific knowledge through lectures, acquisition of scientific knowledge through discovery, acquisition of inquiry process skills through inquiry-based teaching/learning $\cdot$ Transitional models: demonstration and discovery as teaching strategies, acquisition of inquiry process skills through inquiry approach, acquisition and change of scientific knowledge $\cdot$ Modernistic model - conceptual change models: differentiation of scientific knowledge, exchange of misconceptions for scientific concepts - learning cycle models: conceptual differentiation, exchange of misconceptions, acquisition of science process skills Also described in this paper are the model's characteristics and goals that can be used as the criteria for selecting the appropriate teaching model for the subject that will be taught.

A Plateau and Spurt Pattern of Neurological Maturation, Scientific Reasoning Development and Conceptual Change in Korean Secondary School Students (중등학교 학생들의 신경기능 성숙, 과학적 사고 발달 그리고 개념 변화에서 밝혀진 비선형적 발달의 정체와 급등 현상)

  • Kwon, Yong-Ju;Lawson, Anton E.
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.589-600
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    • 1998
  • The present study tested the hypothesis that adolescent's prefrontal lobe growth plateau and spurt exists and that this plateau and spurt influence students' ability to reason scientifically and to learn theoretical science concepts. In theory, maturation of the prefrontal lobes during early adolescence allows for improvements in students' abilities to inhibit task-irrelevant information and coordinate task-relevant information, which along with both physical and social experience, influences scientific reasoning ability and the ability to reject scientific misconceptions and accept scientific conceptions. Two hundred six students ages 13 to 16 years enrolled in four Korean secondary schools were administered tests of prefrontal lobe functions, scientific reasoning, and theoretical concepts derived from kinetic-molecular theory. A series of 14 lessons designed to teach the concepts were then taught. The concepts test was then re-administered following instruction. As predicted among the 14-year-olds, performance on the measures of prefrontal lobe functions, scientific reasoning, and conceptual change remained similar or regressed. Performance then improved considerably among the 15 and 16-year-olds. Because so few of the present students were able to undergo this apparently necessary conceptual change, the value of introducing theoretical concepts to early adolescent is questioned.

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QUAL2E 모형

  • 오경두;구자용
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.401-493
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    • 1993
  • 하천 수질관리 실무에 가장 널리 사용되고 있는 QUAL2-E 모형에 대한 이론적 배경과 입력 자료의 준비, 결과의 분석 및 활용에 이르는 모형 적용상의 제반 과정에 대한 강의와 토론 후에 실습을 통하여 모형의 사용방법을 습득하도록 한다. 1. 수질오염 예측을 위한 이론적 기본틀 2. 우리나라 실무에서 사용중인 수질 관련 모형과 문제점 3. QUAL2-E 모형의 이론적 배경 3.1 모형의 구성 개념 3.2 하천 수리학적 특성 3.3 지형-기상학적 특성 3.4 수질 관련 인자 간의 기능적 상호관계 4. QUAL2-E 모형의 적용 절차 4.1 적용 가능한 수체 4.2 대상 오염물질(15종류) 4.3 수질예측과정 Flow Chart 4.4 입력자료의 구성 4.5 출력자료의 구성 5. QUAL2-E 모형의 실습

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Relationship between Music Cognitive Skills and Academic Skills (음악의 인지기술과 학습 기술과의 관계)

  • Chong, Hyun Ju
    • Journal of Music and Human Behavior
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.63-76
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    • 2006
  • Melody is defined as adding spatial dimension to the rhythm which is temporal concept. Being able to understand melodic pattern and to reproduce the pattern also requires cognitive skills. Since 1980, there has been much research on the relationship between academic skills and music cognitive skills, and how to transfer the skills learned in music work to the academic learning. The study purported to examine various research outcomes dealing with the correlational and causal relationships between musical and academic skills. The two dominating theories explaining the connection between two skills ares are "neural theory" and "near transfer theory." The theories focus mainly on the transference of spatial and temporal reasoning which are reinforced in the musical learning. The study reviewed the existing meta-analysis studies, which provided evidence for positive correlation between academic and musical skills, and significance of musical learning in academic skills. The study further examined specific skills area that musical learning is correlated, such as mathematics and reading. The research stated that among many mathematical concepts, proportional topics have the strongest correlation with musical skills. Also with reading, temporal processing also has strong relationship with auditory skills and motor skills, and further affect language and literacy ability. The study suggest that skills learned in the musical work can be transferred to other areas of learning and structured music activities may be every efficient for children for facilitating academic concepts.

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Analyzing Writer's Storytelling Task and Designing a Support System (작가의 스토리텔링 집필 직무 분석 및 지원 시스템 설계)

  • Ahn, Kyung-Jin;Yoon, Wan-Chul;Jun, Bong-Guan
    • 한국HCI학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.670-675
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    • 2006
  • 이야기는 그 자체만으로 전달될 수 없기 때문에, 이야기만큼이나 중요한 것은 가공되지 않은 상태의 이야기를 구성지게 전달하는 텔링의 방식이다. 디지털 매체가 발전하고 보다 다양한 전달 방식이 등장하면서 텔링이 더욱 강조되고 이야기보다는 스토리텔링이라는 개념이 주목 받게 되었다. 이 연구는 스토리와 텔링을 구분하는 관점에서, 스토리텔링을 개발하는 작가들의 작업을 분석하고 그들을 도와주는 지원 시스템을 설계했다. 작가의 태스크를 분석하기 위해 본 연구에서는 집필 프로세스에 대해 현업 작가를 인터뷰하고 기존의 writing tool의 기능과 이야기 구조 이론을 참고하여 검토했다. 또한 본 연구에서는 이야기가 흘러감에 따라 변화하는 정보-인물 간 관계, 사실 정보-들을 고려하였다. 작가는 이야기가 흘러가는 매 순간 모든 이야기 속의 사실을 알고 있지만, 독자와 이야기 속의 등장 인물들은 이야기가 흘러감에 따라 작가가 의도하는 순서와 방식으로 사실 정보들을 하나씩 습득하게 된다. 이러한 데이터를 수집/관리하고, 다시 변형하고, 또 유지/보수하는 것이 작가에게 가장 큰 인지적인 부담이기 때문에 이를 지원하도록 노력했다.

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