This paper presents the hydraulic analysis of the oxygen transfer through the air entrainment and the relationships between the efficiency of the oxygen transfer and the hydraulic parameters in the riparian riffles. Field survey on the pool-riffle formation of the river reach and the measurements of the oxygen transfer in the riffles were performed. Air entrainment occurred more frequently in the edged gravels rather than in the round and edgeless ones, and it was formed mainly from behind the trailing edges of the gravels. Oxygen transfer was found to be proportional to the flow velocity, the flow discharge, and the Froude number, but to be not closely related to the particle diameter. Average value of oxygen transfer in the riffles of study area was about 0.085, which shows good efficiency compared with results of smooth chute. Variation of the water level, which increases in proportion to the flow velocity and the flow discharge, seems to make the air entrainment more active, but has not been verified quantitatively. Relationships between the air entrainment and the variation of the water level must be considered in the further study.