Flow Measurement in Xylem Vessels of a Bamboo Leaf Using Synchrotron X-ray Micro Imaging

Synchrotron X-ray 미세영상기법을 이용한 식물 목질부 내부 수액 유동의 계측

  • 김양민 (포항공과대학교 기계공학과 대학원) ;
  • 이상준 (포항공과대학교 기계공학과)
  • Published : 2003.11.01


Synchrotron X-ray micro imaging technique was employed to non-invasively monitor the water flow inside xylem vessels in a bamboo leaf. The phase contrast X-ray images clearly visualized plant anatomy and the rise of a water front inside the vessels. Consecutive X-ray images taken for 60 seconds revealed water rise kinetics against gravity in the xylem of a cut dry leaf taken from a bamboo tree. For the first time, traces of water rise, variation of contact angle between water and xylem wall as well as the internal structure of xylem were obtained. In xylem vessels, a repeating flow pattern has a typical flow velocity of $30.7{\mu}m/s$ and faster flow is established intermittently. It is concluded that the transmission type of X-ray micro imaging can be used as a powerful tool to investigate the ascent of sap in the xylem vessels at a resolution higher than that of MRI.