• 제목/요약/키워드: post-colonial history

검색결과 20건 처리시간 0.025초

역사극의 탈역사화 경향: 역사의 유희와 일상사적 역사 쓰기 (The Dehistoricization Trend in Historical Plays: Play with History and Everyday Life History Writing)

  • 김성희
    • 한국연극학
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    • 제48호
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    • pp.51-84
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    • 2012
  • In Korea, historical plays took an epoch-making turn from the previous historical plays in terms of approaches to topic and material and methods of rewriting history in the 1990s. Historical plays became dehistoricized with individual, everyday life, and faction emerging as major codes of historical plays according to mistrust in history and grand narrative as the original and disappearance of trust in the growth and totality of history. A new trend became dominant of presenting fictionality prominent instead of reproduction of history and freely playing with history outside the context. While modern historical plays were subject to the content of history, post-modern historical plays sought after new history writing to tell a new story on history within a framework of fiction. Focusing on some of the trends in post-modern historical plays since the 1990s, which include play with history, daily life-style history writing, and reproduction patterns of colonial modernity, this study examined the goals, representations, and text strategies of new history writing in three historical plays, Generation After Generation(2000) by Park Geunhyung, The Mercenaries(2000) by Park Sujin, and Chosun Detective Hong Yunshik(2007) by Sung Giwoong. In Generation After Generation, the author adopts a plot of starting with the present and tracing back to the past, breaking down the myth of racially homogeneous nation. At the same time, he discloses that the colonial history is not just by the oppressive force of Japan but also by the voluntary cooperation of Korean people. That is, we are also accountable for the colonial history of the nation. The Mercenaries contrasts the independence movement during the colonial period against the modern history developed after Liberation, thus highlighting the still continuing coloniality, namely post-colonial present. The past is presented as the "phantom of history" making its appearance according to the request of the present hoping for salvation. The author politicizes history and grants political wishes to history by summoning the history by personal memories such as fictional diaries and letters with Messiah-like images opposed to the present of collapse and catastrophe. In Chosun Detective Hong Yunshik, the author makes an attempt at the microscopic reproduction of daily life by approaching the 1930s as the modern period when capitalist daily life started to take root. The lists of signs comprising daily life in colonial Gyeongseong are divided between civilization and savagery and between modern and premodern. With the progress of narrative, however, they become mixed together and reversed in the representation system in which the latter overwhelms the former.

"This long heritage" : Byun Sang-hun (변상훈) and the Transformation of Korean Traditional Medicine (hanŭihak / 한의학), under the USAMGIK (United States Army Military Government in Korea (mikǔnjǒng / 미군정), 1945~1948

  • DiMoia, John
    • 한국의사학회지
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    • 제22권2호
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    • pp.67-98
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    • 2009
  • This paper initiates an effort to look at "South Korean" medicine as perhaps distinct from "Korean" medicine, focusing specifically on the possibility of offering a post-colonial history of medicine. As such, the paper looks at the formation of the NMC (National Medical Center) in Seoul in 1958 (1958-1963, 1963-1968, 1968-1971) by a consortium of European actors--Denmark, Sweden, and Norway--invested in developing new forms of international assistance after the Korean War. Rather than take a firm stance, the paper ultimately suggests that the role of these actors in formative South Korean institutions was constitutive, and perhaps requires much more examination in the future.

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서사적 디자인의 발현(I) - 레스토랑 양식을 통해 본 세계화 시대의 지역 디자인 - (Epic Design : Local Design in Globalization Era - based on Restaurant Style -)

  • 조현신
    • 디자인학연구
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    • 제19권1호
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    • pp.243-252
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    • 2006
  • This essay studies local design style in globalization era through investigation of the restaurants which are located at suburb of big cities in Korea. All regional memory and history is disappeared in 'The world time' and world design style in globalization era. Thus to study local design means to study the history of certain region and the memory of the people who lives in that area and how they represent their past and memory. Post colonial theory, everyday aesthetics and the way of using past and memory are preresearched for the theoretical background. Post colonial theory is discourse for the countries which have the experience of colonialism. History and memory are used for defining present political, social, economical and cultural situation. In this essay, the way using past and memory were classified in three dimension - by government, company, and individuals. The past which is represented by government is conceptual and defined as only sign without on going history. When it is represented by company, it is also uses as a sign and imitation without contextual meaning. However, when the past is used by individuals, it is alive in daily life. This essay argues that those restaurants which have the style of 'the Koreaness' symbolize the suppressed desire to represent the lost past and memory which are forced to be exduded during the colonial period and fast modern development. And the design style can be defined as epic design, for it has it's own main character, story, memory and plot too. This word 'epic' imply the main point of local design style. In conclusion, this essay will ask the role of design in the country which has colonial memory in globalization era.

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탈식민주의 관점에서 본 [괴물]의 영화적 모방과 번역의 의미 (A Post-Colonial Significance of the Mimicry and Translation in The Host)

  • 서인숙
    • 한국콘텐츠학회논문지
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    • 제11권2호
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    • pp.204-214
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    • 2011
  • 이 논문은 한국형 블록버스터로서 역대 최다 흥행 기록을 세운 영화, [괴물]을 탈식민주의 관점에서 분석해보고자 한다. [괴물]은 할리우드의 대표적 장르인 괴수 영화를 적극적으로 모방함으로서 한국 영화중에서도 할리우드 블록버스터와 유사한 면모를 많이 지닌 영화라 할 수 있다. 그러면서도 동시에 [괴물]은 미국 영향 아래 있는 현재의 한국적 식민 상황을 비판하고 조롱하는 저항 담론이 살아 있는 한국영화이기도 하다. [괴물]은 이전에 만들어진 한국형 블록버스터 영화들과는 차별화된 방식으로 모방을 식민주의에 대한 저항으로 확장시키는 탈식민적 문화번역에 성공한 영화이다. 따라서 이 논문은 영화 [괴물]이 할리우드 괴수 영화를 차용하면서도 이 차용이 단순한 흉내 내기에 머물지 않고 식민 지배를 전복시키는 탈식민적 의미작용으로 어떻게 확장되고 있는가에 역점을 둘 것이다.

탈영토적 시각에서 볼 수 있는 한국여성미술의 비평적 가능성 : 재일동포3세 여성화가의 '디아스포라'의 경험과 작품해석을 중심으로 (Rethinking Korean Women's Art from a Post-territorial Perspective: Focusing on Korean-Japanese third generation women artists' experience of diaspora and an interpretation of their work)

  • 서희정
    • 미술이론과 현장
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    • 제14호
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    • pp.125-158
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    • 2012
  • After liberation from Japanese colonial rule in 1945, there was the three-year period of United States Army Military Government in Korea. In 1948, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, and Republic of Korea were established in the north and south of the Korean Peninsula. The Republic of Korea is now a modern state set in the southern part of the Korean. We usually refer to Koreans as people who belong to the Republic of Korea. Can we say that is true exactly? Why make of this an obsolete question? The period from 1945 when Korea was emancipated from Japanese colonial rule to 1948 when the Republic of Korea was established has not been a focus of modern Korean history. This three years remains empty in Korean history and makes the concept of 'Korean' we usually consider ambiguous, and prompts careful attention to the silence of 'some Koreans' forced to live against their will in the blurred boundaries between nation and people. This dissertation regards 'Koreans' who came to live in the border of nations, especially 'Korean-Japanese third generation women artists'who are marginalized both Japan and Korea. It questions the category of 'Korean women's art' that has so far been considered, based on the concept of territory, and presents a new perspective for viewing 'Korean women's art'. Almost no study on Korean-Japanese women's art has been conducted, based on research on Korean diaspora, and no systematic historical records exist. Even data-collection is limited due to the political situation of South and North in confrontation. Representation of the Mother Country on the Artworks by First and Second-Generation Korean-Japanese(Zainich) Women Artists after Liberation since 1945 was published in 2011 is the only dissertation in which Korean-Japanese women artists, and early artistic activities. That research is based on press releases and interviews obtained through Japan. This thesis concentrates on the world of Korean-Japanese third generation women artists such as Kim Jung-sook, Kim Ae-soon, and Han Sung-nam, permanent residents in Japan who still have Korean nationality. The three Korean-Japanese third generation women artists whose art world is reviewed in this thesis would like to reveal their voices as minorities in Japan and Korea, resisting power and the universal concepts of nation, people and identity. Questioning the general notions of 'Korean women' and 'Korean women's art'considered within the Korean Peninsula, they explore their identity as Korean women outside the Korean territory from a post-territorial perspective and have a new understanding of the minority's diversity and difference through their eyes as marginal women living outside the mainstream of Korean and Japanese society. This is associated with recent post-colonial critical viewpoints reconsidering myths of universalism and transcendental aesthetic measures. In the 1980s and 1990s art museums and galleries in New York tried a critical shift in aesthetic discourse on contemporary art history, analyzed how power relationships among such elements as gender, sexuality, race, nationalism. Ghost of Ethnicity: Rethinking Art Discourses of the 1940s and 1980s by Lisa Bloom is an obvious presentation about the post-colonial discourse. Lisa Bloom rethinks the diversity of race, ethnicity, sexuality, and gender each artist and critic has, she began a new discussion on artists who were anti-establishment artists alienated by mainstream society. As migration rapidly increased through globalism lead by the United States the aspects of diaspora experience emerges as critical issues in interpreting contemporary culture. As a new concept of art with hybrid cultural backgrounds exists, each artist's cultural identity and specificity should be viewed and interpreted in a sociopolitical context. A criticism started considering the distinct characteristics of each individual's historical experience and cultural identity, and paying attention to experience of the third world artist, especially women artists, confronting the power of modernist discourses from a perspective of the white male subject. Considering recent international contemporary art, the Korean-Japanese third generation women artists who clarify their cultural identity as minority living in the border between Korea and Japan may present a new direction for contemporary Korean art. Their art world derives from their diaspora experience on colonial trauma historically. Their works made us to see that it is also associated with postcolonial critical perspective in the recent contemporary art stream. And it reminds us of rethinking the diversity of the minority living outside mainstream society. Thus, this should be considered as one of the features in the context of Korean women's art.

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1920년~1945년까지의 동아일보 광고를 통해 본 여성의 건강과 질병 (A Study of Women's Health and Disease through Advertisements in Dong-a Newspaper between 1920 and 1945)

  • 박규리;백규환;정지훈;이상재
    • 한국의사학회지
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    • 제28권2호
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    • pp.87-96
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    • 2015
  • In this study, we investigated advertisements in Dong-a newspaper about gynecological drugs between 1920 and 1945 and analyzed the awareness of women's health and disease during the Japanese Colonial Rule. The advertisements included leukorrhea, oligomenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, feeling of cold, sterility, hysteria, and sexually transmitted infection and identified inattentive menstruation, improper intercourse, poor pre- and post-natal care as the cause for illness. This study includes the following limitations; it only analysed advertisements from Dong-a newspaper, and most of the drugs were manufactured in Japan and might not accurately reflect the health and disease of Korean women. Suggested future studies may include analysis of institute magazine and Japanese news advertisements during this period.

1965년 한일기본조약 : 국교정상화 요인에 대한 새로운 해석 (The 1965 Korea-Japan Treaty on Basic Relations: A New Perspective on the Normalization Process)

  • ;오현승
    • 한국국방경영분석학회지
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    • 제33권1호
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    • pp.43-58
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    • 2007
  • 해마다 반복되는 일본수상의 야수꾸니신사 참배는 한국정부의 심리를 자극하기에 더없이 적합한 외교소식이다. 아시아의 정상이라고 할 수 있는 두 나라 사이의 적대감은 단순히 60년이 지난 식민지시대의 역사로만 보기는 힘들다. 두 나라의 관계는 한국은 물론 일본의 경제성장을 위하여 고의적으로 소외시킨 식민지시대 후 외교수립의 영향을 보여주고 있다. 이 논문의 목적은 빈번히 무시되지만 명백하게 두 나라의 관계를 구체화한 한일기본조약의 역사를 밝히기 위해서이다.

호주 원주민 공동체 아카이브와 '평행출처주의'의 현재적 의미 (Aboriginal Community Archives in Australia and Current Meaning of "Parallel Provenance")

  • 이경래
    • 기록학연구
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    • 제40호
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    • pp.29-60
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    • 2014
  • 본 논문은 호주의 원주민 공동체 아카이브 사례를 중심으로 발전한 '평행 출처주의'의 형성 과정을 추적하고, 이것이 국내 과거사 아카이브의 기록화 과정에 어떤 함의를 가질 수 있는지를 고찰했다. 이 글은 호주 원주민 공동체 아카이브의 역사적 발전을 중심에 놓고, 그 시기를 크게 식민주의 아카이브, 후기식민주의 아카이브, 그리고 동시대 아카이브로 구분했다. 각 국면 분석을 통해 본 연구는 호주원주민 공동체 아카이브의 관리 및 구축 방법에 있어서 고유한 특성들과 원주민 아카이브의 진화 과정을 살폈다. 즉 식민주의 아카이브에서는 백인 관료들이 생산한 현용 행정기록 중심의 아카이브 전통과 그로 인한 다중 출처주의의 발전에 주목했다. 후기 식민주의 아카이브에서는 기록화 범주로서 호주원주민의 등장과 이들에 대한 인명 색인 작업에 대해 비판적으로 검토하였다. 마지막으로 동시대 아카이브에서는 호주 원주민의 타자화를 극복하기 위한 호주 기록학계의 최근의 움직임을 '평행 출처주의' 개념을 통해 살펴보았다. 결론에서는 이 개념의 현재적 의의를 통해 그동안 역사에서 재현되지 못한 피해당사자들이 주체가 되는 국내 과거사아카이브의 민주적인 동시대적 재구성을 위한 함의를 도출하고자 했다.

목포지역의 응회암 건축에서 보이는 지역성과 시대성 고찰 -응회암 건축의 생성과 이후 손양동 석공의 활동을 중심으로- (A Study on the Regionalism and Temporality of Tuff Architecture in Mokpo -Focusing on the Emergence of Tuff Architecture and the Later Activities of Stonemason Son Yang-dong-)

  • 김순웅;서동천
    • 건축역사연구
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    • 제32권6호
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    • pp.77-88
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    • 2023
  • This research focused on the regional and temporal attributes of tuff architecture in Mokpo, spanning the Japanese colonial period and the post-liberation era. It aimed to uncover the distinct regional and temporal features of tuff architecture by integrating concepts from vernacular architecture and regionalism, framed through a lens of critical regionalism. The study traced the historical progression of tuff architecture in Mokpo within this context. A significant part of the research was an in-depth analysis of four constructions by Son Yang-dong, a renowned technician in post-liberation Mokpo, to closely examine the contemporary relevance and regional significance of his work. Tuff, as an indigenous material, distinctly articulates the local architectural character. In line with regional properties of tuff, the material has adeptly responded to contemporary construction needs. This has laid a foundation for the development of innovative building designs and techniques. Tuff architecture is particularly noted for its exhibition of raw material textures, offering a unique aesthetic that diverges from classical Western architectural styles. Importantly, through the examination of Son Yang-dong's contributions, the study highlights the role of Korean builders in an industry dominated by Japanese influences during the colonial period, underscoring a strong regional identity. As a representation of Mokpo, tuff architecture not only upholds and protects regional identity within the broader scope of Western modernization and Japanese impacts but also plays a role in its progressive enhancement.

제국의 식민지·점령지 지배와 '전후보상' 기록의 재인식 조선의 식민지지배·보상처리 결재구조와 원본출처를 중심으로 (Rethinking the Records of the Japan's Korean Colonial Rule and the Post-War Compensation : Focusing on the Dual Decision Making System and the Sources of the Documents)

  • 김경남
    • 기록학연구
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    • 제39호
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    • pp.281-318
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    • 2014
  • 본고는 일본 제국의 식민지 지배와 '전후보상'처리와 관련하여, 일본 제국주의와 조선 식민지, GHQ와 점령지 일본에서 이루어진 결재 과정과 이 과정에서 생산된 기록 원본의 출처를 밝히는 것을 목적으로 한다. 1910년부터 1952년까지를 대상으로 역사학과 기록학의 관점에서 분석하였다. 이 연구에서는 식민지 지배와 그 처리문제를 시공간적으로 연속선상에서 파악함으로써 제국과 식민지 점령지 기록에 대한 인식의 지평을 확대할 수 있는 기반을 마련하고자 하였다. 1910년부터 1945년까지 일제의 식민지 조선에 대한 강점지배에 대한 기록과 1945년부터 1952년까지 GHQ 점령기의 '전후보상'처리에 대한 결재원본은 한국, 일본, 미국 등에 분산 보존되어 있다. 가장 큰 원인은 일본제국정부와 조선총독부, GHQ와 일본종속정부의 결재구조에 있다. 즉, 중요정책, 인사, 예산에 대한 결재는 제국 본국에서 처리되고, 그 시행에 관한 결재는 식민지 및 종속국에서 처리되는, 상명하달식 이중결재구조 때문이다. 이에 따라 결재 원본도 일국에 완결적으로 보존되는 게 아니라 제국과 식민지 종속국가에 각각 분산 보존되어 상호 보완적 관계를 갖고 있다. 특히 최근 한일간 외교문제로 부각되고 있는 강제 동원된 조선인 미불금 문제는 GHQ의 정책결정과 일본정부의 정령 시행으로 공탁처리되어, '채무'에서 '경제협력'으로 둔갑해 버렸다. GHQ-일본의 상명하달식 결재시스템에 의해, '전후보상'을 위한 기본적인 원본기록 역시 미국과 일본에 각각 분산 보존 되게 되었다. 그러므로 1910년부터 1952년까지, 일제에 의한 식민지지배와 '전후보상'을 둘러싼 문제는 의사결정 프로세스와 기록의 출처 분석 등을 통해 시간적 공간적 측면에서 구조적 종합적으로 재인식될 필요성이 있다.