• Title/Summary/Keyword: helideck

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Parametric Study for Helideck Design using Finite Element Analysis (헬리데크 설계를 위한 유한요소해석 기반 매개변수연구)

  • Park, Doo-Hwan;Park, Yong-Jun;Park, Joo-Sin;Kim, Jeong-Hyeon;Kweon, Byoung-Cheol;Lee, Jae-Myung
    • Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.411-422
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    • 2014
  • A helideck is a very valuable offshore structure for the take-off and landing of a helicopter. In order to design a helideck, the design parameters and various loads defined by the regulations related to the design of a helideck should be applied. In this study, a risk analysis was performed based on the helicopter accidents for seven years, and the frequency and possible reasons for accidents involving helidecks were investigated. In addition, a finite element analysis of a steel helideck mounted on the upper deck of a ship (shuttle tanker) was performed with the load that should be considered when designing a helideck. Based on the results, a parametric study of helideck was carried out by applying a variety of design parameters, and an improved helideck design was presented. This improved helideck reduced the steel used by up to 24% compared to the initial helideck design, and the results of a finite element analysis were analyzed and compared with those of the initial analysis.

Fatigue analysis of helideck structures (헬리데크 구조물의 피로해석)

  • Jeon, Sangik;Oh, Simkwan;Roh, Jisun;Kim, Bongjae;Jang, Kibok
    • Special Issue of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea
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    • 2015.09a
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    • pp.63-68
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    • 2015
  • This paper presents fatigue analysis of helideck structures located in FPSO. After FPSO is moved to the target position where production of resource is performed, FPSO stays at the target position and performs production of resource, storage and off-loading during the design life. Helideck structure is located in FPSO essentially for the movement of personnel and life rescue at emergency situations by using helicopters. Because inertial load induced by FPSO motion and landing and taking-off load of helicopter occur at helideck structures cyclically, helideck structures should be designed to withstand fatigue loads. Therefore, The fatigue assessment of helideck structures should be performed with fatigue loads. Effect of stress concentration due to misalignment between welded plates is considered in fatigue assessment additionally.

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A numerical and experimental approach for optimal structural section design of offshore aluminium helidecks

  • Seo, Jung Kwan;Park, Dae Kyeom;Jo, Sung Woo;Park, Joo Shin;Koo, Jeong Bon;Ha, Yeong Su;Jang, Ki Bok
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.59 no.6
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    • pp.993-1017
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    • 2016
  • Helicopters are essential for supporting offshore oil and gas activities around the world. To ensure accessibility for helicopters, helideck structures must satisfy the safety requirements associated with various environmental and accidental loads. Recently, offshore helideck structures have used aluminium because of its light weight, low maintenance requirements, cost effectiveness and easy installation. However, section designs of aluminum pancakes tend to modify and/or change from the steel pancakes. Therefore, it is necessary to optimize section design and evaluate the safety requirements for aluminium helideck. In this study, a design procedure was developed based on section optimization techniques with experimental studies, industrial regulations and nonlinear finite element analyses. To validate and verify the procedure, a new aluminium section was developed and compared strength capacity with the existing helideck section profiles.

Parametric study for suggestion of the design procedure for offshore plant helideck subjected to impact load

  • Park, Doo-Hwan;Kim, Jeong-Hyeon;Park, Yong-Jun;Jeon, Jun-Hwan;Kim, Myung-Hyun;Lee, Jae-Myung
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.60 no.5
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    • pp.851-873
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    • 2016
  • Helidecks are vital structures that act as a last exit in an emergency. They transport people and goods to and from ships and offshore plants. When designing the structure of a helideck, it is necessary to comply with loading conditions and design parameters specified in existing professional design standards and regulations. In the present study, finite element analysis (FEA) was conducted with regard to a steel helideck mounted on the upper deck of a ship considering the emergency landing of the helicopter. The superstructure and substructure were designed, and the influence of various design parameters was analyzed on the basis of the FEA results.

A Study on Lightweight Design of Cantilever-type Helideck Using Topology Design Optimization (위상 최적설계를 활용한 캔틸레버식 헬리데크 경량화 연구)

  • Jung, Tae-Won;Kim, Byung-Mo;Ha, Seung-Hyun
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.453-460
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    • 2017
  • In the offshore industry, helicopters are mainly used for transportation of goods or operating personnel between offshore sites and onshore facilities. A helideck is a structure that is required for landing and take-off of helicopters on the offshore structure. There are several shapes of helidecks depending on the type of offshore structures or installation location. Among them, cantilever-type helidecks usually provide more space on the topside of offshore structures and it is safer against potential accidents like fire or explosion. In this paper, the cantilever-type helideck is selected for the research object and topology design optimization is applied for lightweight design of the helideck. A finite element model is then created from the optimal layout of truss structures of the helideck, and structural analysis is performed under various landing conditions and wind loads. Based on the analysis results, the detailed section dimensions of structural members are determined so that the maximum stress at each structure member does not exceed the allowable stress of the structural material. Also, the final optimal design shows significant decrease in the total weight of the helideck.

Structural Design Optimization of Lightweight Offshore Helidecks Using a Genetic Algorithm and AISC Standard Sections (유전 알고리듬 및 AISC 표준 단면을 사용한 경량화 헬리데크 구조 최적설계)

  • Sim, Kichan;Kim, Byungmo;Kim, Chanyeong;Ha, Seung-Hyun
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.32 no.6
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    • pp.383-390
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    • 2019
  • A helideck is one of the essential structures in offshore platforms for the transportation of goods and operating personnel between land and offshore sites. As such, it should be carefully designed and installed for the safety of the offshore platform. In this study, a structural design optimization method for a lightweight offshore helideck is developed based on a genetic algorithm and an attainable design set concept. A helideck consists of several types of structural members such as plates, girders, stiffeners, trusses, and support elements, and the dimensions of these members are typically pre-defined by manufacturers. Therefore, design sets are defined by collecting the standard section data for these members from the American Institute of Steel Construction (AISC), and integer section labels are assigned as design variables in the genetic algorithm. The objective is to minimize the total weight of the offshore helideck while satisfying the maximum allowable stress criterion under various loading conditions including self-weight, wind direction, landing position, and landing condition. In addition, the unity check process is also utilized for additional verification of structural safety against buckling failure of the helideck.

Simulation-Based Damage Estimation of Helideck Using Artificial Neural Network (인공 신경망을 사용한 시뮬레이션 기반 헬리데크 손상 추정)

  • Kim, Chanyeong;Ha, Seung-Hyun
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.33 no.6
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    • pp.359-366
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    • 2020
  • In this study, a simulation-based damage estimation method for helidecks is proposed using an artificial neural network. The structural members that share a connecting node in the helideck are regarded as a damage group, and a total of 37,400 damage scenarios are numerically generated by applying randomly assigned damage to up to three damage groups. Modal analysis is then performed for all the damage scenarios, which are selectively used as either training or validation or verification sets based on the purpose of use. An artificial neural network with three hidden layers is constructed using a PyTorch program to recognize the patterns of the modal responses of the helideck model under both damaged and undamaged states, and the network is successively trained to minimize the loss function. Finally, the estimated damage rate from the proposed artificial neural network is compared to the actual assigned damage rate using 400 verification scenarios to show that the neural network is able to estimate the location and amount of structural damage precisely.

A Study of Winterization Design for Helideck Using the Heating Cable on Ships and Offshore Platforms (열선을 이용한 해양플랜트 헬리데크의 방한설계에 관한 연구)

  • Bae, So Young;Kang, Gyu-Hong
    • Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea
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    • v.54 no.1
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    • pp.43-48
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    • 2017
  • In recent years, the demand for ships and offshore platforms that can navigate and operate through the Arctic Ocean has been rapidly increasing due to global warming and large reservoirs of oil and natural gas in the area. Winterization design is one of the key issues to consider in the robust structural safety design and building of ships that operate in the Arctic and Sub-Arctic regions. However, international regulations for winterization design in Arctic condition regulated that only those ships and offshore platforms with a Polar Class designation and/or an alternative standard. In order to cope with the rising demand for operating in the Arctic region, existing and new Arctic vessels with a Polar Class designation are lacking to cover for adequate winterization design with HSE philosophy. Existing ships and offshore platform was not designed based on reliable data based on numerical and experiment studies. There are only designed as a performance and functional purposes. It is very important to obtain of reliable data and provide of design guidance of the anti-icing structures by taking the effects of low temperature into consideration. Therefore, the main objective of this paper reconsiders anti-icing design of aluminum helideck using the heating cable. To evaluate of reliable data and recommend of anti-icing design method, various types of analysis and methods can be applied in general. In the present study, finite element method carried out the thermal analysis with cold chamber testing for performance and capacity of heating cables.

A study on fire design accidental loads for aluminum safety helidecks

  • Kim, Sang Jin;Lee, Jin;Paik, Jeom Kee;Seo, Jung Kwan;Shin, Won Heaop;Park, Joo Shin
    • International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering
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    • v.8 no.6
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    • pp.519-529
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    • 2016
  • The helideck structure must satisfy the safety requirements associated with various environmental and accidental loads. Especially, there have been a number of fire accidents offshore due to helicopter collision (take-off and/or landing) in recent decades. To prevent further accidents, a substantial amount of effort has been directed toward the management of fire in the safety design of offshore helidecks. The aims of this study are to introduce and apply a procedure for quantitative risk assessment and management of fires by defining the fire loads with an applied example. The frequency of helicopter accidents are considered, and design accidental levels are applied. The proposed procedures for determining design fire loads can be efficiently applied in offshore helideck development projects.