• 제목/요약/키워드: global-local numerical approach

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전역-국부 해석기법에 의한 LNG 운반선 화물창의 유탄성 해석에 관한 연구 (Study on Hydroelastic Analysis of LNGC Cargo by Global-Local Analysis Technique)

  • 박성우;조진래
    • 한국전산구조공학회논문집
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    • 제20권1호
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    • pp.83-92
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    • 2007
  • 대형의 유체-구조물 연계시스템(FSI) 해석을 위해 많은 수치기법들이 있지만, 유체의 슬로싱에 의해 발생되는 집중적이고 불규칙한 동수압의 영향 때문에, 신뢰할 수 있는 수치 결과와 수치안정성을 확보하기 위해 매우 조밀한 메쉬를 필요로 한다. 그 결과, 신뢰할 수 있는 장기적인 시간 응답을 구하기 위한 수치해석은 상당히 많은 CPU 시간을 요구한다. 본 논문의 목적은 국부 상세 모델을 이용하여 LNG운반선의 화물창 시스템의 유탄성적 거동을 해석하기 위한 전역-국부 해석기법을 제시하고자 한다. 본 논문에서 제시한 해석기법의 타당성을 증명하고 이 기법을 통해 LNG운반선 화물창 시스템의 국부응답을 효율적으로 예측한 결과를 제시하였다.

A LOCAL-GLOBAL STEPSIZE CONTROL FOR MULTISTEP METHODS APPLIED TO SEMI-EXPLICIT INDEX 1 DIFFERENTIAL-ALGEBRAIC EUATIONS

  • Kulikov, G.Yu;Shindin, S.K.
    • Journal of applied mathematics & informatics
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    • 제6권3호
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    • pp.697-726
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    • 1999
  • In this paper we develop a now procedure to control stepsize for linear multistep methods applied to semi-explicit index 1 differential-algebraic equations. in contrast to the standard approach the error control mechanism presented here is based on monitoring and contolling both the local and global errors of multistep formulas. As a result such methods with the local-global stepsize control solve differential-algebraic equation with any prescribed accuracy (up to round-off errors). For implicit multistep methods we give the minimum number of both full and modified Newton iterations allowing the iterative approxima-tions to be correctly used in the procedure of the local-global stepsize control. We also discuss validity of simple iterations for high accuracy solving differential-algebraic equations. Numerical tests support the the-oretical results of the paper.

전역 및 국소 최적화탐색을 위한 향상된 유전 알고리듬의 제안 (An Enhanced Genetic Algorithm for Global and Local Optimization Search)

  • 김영찬;양보석
    • 대한기계학회논문집A
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    • 제26권6호
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    • pp.1008-1015
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    • 2002
  • This paper proposes a combinatorial method to compute the global and local solutions of optimization problem. The present hybrid algorithm is the synthesis of a genetic algorithm and a local concentrate search algorithm (simplex method). The hybrid algorithm is not only faster than the standard genetic algorithm, but also gives a more accurate solution. In addition, this algorithm can find both the global and local optimum solutions. An optimization result is presented to demonstrate that the proposed approach successfully focuses on the advantages of global and local searches. Three numerical examples are also presented in this paper to compare with conventional methods.

다공매체를 통과하는 유동문제의 유한요소해석과 부분해석후 오차계산 (Finite Element Analysis and Local a Posteriori Error Estimates for Problems of Flow through Porous Media)

  • 이춘열
    • 대한기계학회논문집A
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    • 제21권5호
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    • pp.850-858
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    • 1997
  • A new a posteriori error estimator is introduced and applied to variational inequalities occurring in problems of flow through porous media. In order to construct element-wise a posteriori error estimates the global error is localized by a special mixed formulation in which continuity conditions at interfaces are treated as constraints. This approach leads to error indicators which provide rigorous upper bounds of the element errors. A discussion of a compatibility condition for the well-posedness of the local error analysis problem is given. Two numerical examples are solved to check the compatibility of the local problems and convergence of the effectivity index both in a local and a global sense with respect to local refinements.

Iterative global-local approach to consider the local effects in dynamic analysis of beams

  • Erkmen, R. Emre;Afnani, Ashkan
    • Coupled systems mechanics
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    • 제6권4호
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    • pp.501-522
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    • 2017
  • This paper introduces a numerical procedure to incorporate elasto-plastic local deformation effects in the dynamic analysis of beams. The appealing feature is that simple beam type finite elements can be used for the global model which needs not to be altered by the localized elasto-plastic deformations. An overlapping local sophisticated 2D membrane model replaces the internal forces of the beam elements in the predefined region where the localized deformations take place. An iterative coupling technique is used to perform this replacement. Comparisons with full membrane analysis are provided in order to illustrate the accuracy and efficiency of the method developed herein. In this study, the membrane formulation is able to capture the elasto-plastic material behaviour based on the von Misses yield criterion and the associated flow rule for plane stress. The Newmark time integration method is adopted for the step-by-step dynamic analysis.

Damage detection for beam structures based on local flexibility method and macro-strain measurement

  • Hsu, Ting Yu;Liao, Wen I;Hsiao, Shen Yau
    • Smart Structures and Systems
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    • 제19권4호
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    • pp.393-402
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    • 2017
  • Many vibration-based global damage detection methods attempt to extract modal parameters from vibration signals as the main structural features to detect damage. The local flexibility method is one promising method that requires only the first few fundamental modes to detect not only the location but also the extent of damage. Generally, the mode shapes in the lateral degree of freedom are extracted from lateral vibration signals and then used to detect damage for a beam structure. In this study, a new approach which employs the mode shapes in the rotary degree of freedom obtained from the macro-strain vibration signals to detect damage of a beam structure is proposed. In order to facilitate the application of mode shapes in the rotary degree of freedom for beam structures, the local flexibility method is modified and utilized. The proposed rotary approach is verified by numerical and experimental studies of simply supported beams. The results illustrate potential feasibility of the proposed new idea. Compared to the method that uses lateral measurements, the proposed rotary approach seems more robust to noise in the numerical cases considered. The sensor configuration could also be more flexible and customized for a beam structure. Primarily, the proposed approach seems more sensitive to damage when the damage is close to the supports of simply supported beams.

Fundamental theory of curved structures from a non-tensorial point of view

  • Paavola, Juha;Salonen, Eero-Matti
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • 제7권2호
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    • pp.159-180
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    • 1999
  • The present paper shows a new non-tensorial approach to derive basic equations for various structural analyses. It can be used directly in numerical computation procedures. The aim of the paper is, however, to show that the approach serves as an excellent tool for analytical purposes also, working as a link between analytical and numerical techniques. The paper gives a method to derive, at first, expressions for strains in general beam and shell analyses, and secondly, the governing equilibrium equations. The approach is based on the utilization of local fixed Cartesian coordinate systems. Applying these, all the definitions required are the simple basic ones, well-known from the analyses in common global coordinates. In addition, the familiar principle of virtual work has been adopted. The method will be, apparently, most powerful in teaching the theories of curved beam and shell structures for students not familiar with tensor analysis. The final results obtained have no novelty value in themselves, but the procedure developed opens through its systematic and graphic progress a new standpoint to theoretical considerations.

Trust-Tech based Parameter Estimation and its Application to Power System Load Modeling

  • Choi, Byoung-Kon;Chiang, Hsiao-Dong;Yu, David C.
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • 제3권4호
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    • pp.451-459
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    • 2008
  • Accurate load modeling is essential for power system static and dynamic analysis. By the nature of the problem of parameter estimation for power system load modeling using actual measurements, multiple local optimal solutions may exist and local methods can be trapped in a local optimal solution giving possibly poor performance. In this paper, Trust-Tech, a novel methodology for global optimization, is applied to tackle the multiple local optimal solutions issue in measurement-based power system load modeling. Multiple sets of parameter values of a composite load model are obtained using Trust-Tech in a deterministic manner. Numerical studies indicate that Trust-Tech along with conventional local methods can be successfully applied to power system load model parameter estimation in measurement-based approaches.

Damage identification of substructure for local health monitoring

  • Huang, Hongwei;Yang, Jann N.
    • Smart Structures and Systems
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    • 제4권6호
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    • pp.795-807
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    • 2008
  • A challenging problem in structural damage detection based on vibration data is the requirement of a large number of sensors and the numerical difficulty in obtaining reasonably accurate results when the system is large. To address this issue, the substructure identification approach may be used. Due to practical limitations, the response data are not available at all degrees of freedom of the structure and the external excitations may not be measured (or available). In this paper, an adaptive damage tracking technique, referred to as the sequential nonlinear least-square estimation with unknown inputs and unknown outputs (SNLSE-UI-UO) and the sub-structure approach are used to identify damages at critical locations (hot spots) of the complex structure. In our approach, only a limited number of response data are needed and the external excitations may not be measured, thus significantly reducing the number of sensors required and the corresponding computational efforts. The accuracy of the proposed approach is illustrated using a long-span truss with finite-element formulation and an 8-story nonlinear base-isolated building. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed approach is capable of tracking the local structural damages without the global information of the entire structure, and it is suitable for local structural health monitoring.

IMPACT ANALYSES AND TESTS OF CONCRETE OVERPACKS OF SPENT NUCLEAR FUEL STORAGE CASKS

  • Lee, Sanghoon;Cho, Sang-Soon;Jeon, Je-Eon;Kim, Ki-Young;Seo, Ki-Seog
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • 제46권1호
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    • pp.73-80
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    • 2014
  • A concrete cask is an option for spent nuclear fuel interim storage. A concrete cask usually consists of a metallic canister which confines the spent nuclear fuel assemblies and a concrete overpack. When the overpack undergoes a missile impact, which might be caused by a tornado or an aircraft crash, it should sustain an acceptable level of structural integrity so that its radiation shielding capability and the retrievability of the canister are maintained. A missile impact against a concrete overpack produces two damage modes, local damage and global damage. In conventional approaches [1], those two damage modes are decoupled and evaluated separately. The local damage of concrete is usually evaluated by empirical formulas, while the global damage is evaluated by finite element analysis. However, this decoupled approach may lead to a very conservative estimation of both damages. In this research, finite element analysis with material failure models and element erosion is applied to the evaluation of local and global damage of concrete overpacks under high speed missile impacts. Two types of concrete overpacks with different configurations are considered. The numerical simulation results are compared with test results, and it is shown that the finite element analysis predicts both local and global damage qualitatively well, but the quantitative accuracy of the results are highly dependent on the fine-tuning of material and failure parameters.