• Title, Summary, Keyword: authorization

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An Authorization Technique for an XML Document (XML 문서를 위한 권한 부여 기법)

  • Kang, Jung-Mo;Lee, Heon-Gil
    • Journal of Industrial Technology
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    • v.21 no.A
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    • pp.181-188
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    • 2001
  • An XML is an markup language which has been focused on the next generation Web programming language. It easily represents the complex structure of a document, and it is possible to provide the access control over each component of an XML document. An implicit authorization technique means that granting an authorization to a node has effect on granting the same implicit authorization to its all descendants. Therefore, it enhances the time for the authorization grant and reduces the memory required for the authorization information. An authorization technique using an intention type and a authorization replacement solves a redundancy problem and decides whether the access is possible or the authorization conflict occurs at the first attempt.

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Authorization Model with Provisions and Obligations in XML

  • Kim Suhee;Park Jongjin
    • Proceedings of the IEEK Conference
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    • pp.355-360
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    • 2004
  • With the growing acceptance of XML technologies, XML will be the most common tool for all data manipulation and data transmission. Meeting security requirements for privacy, confidentiality and integrity is essential in order to move business online and it is important for security to be integrated with XML solutions. Many policies require certain conditions to be satisfied and actions to be performed before or after a decision is made. Binary yes/no decision to an access request is not enough for many applications. These issues were addressed and formalized as provisions and obligations by Betti et Al. In this paper, we propose an authorization model with provisions and obligations in XML. We introduce a formal definition of authorization policy and the issues involving obligation discussed by Betti et Al. We use the formal model as a basis to develop an authorization model in XML. We develop DTDs in XML for main components such as authorization request, authorization policy and authorization decision. We plan to develop an authorization system using the model proposed.

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Content-Dependent Authorization Mechanism using Predicates (술어를 이용한 내용 의존적 권한부여 기법)

  • 홍성림;박창원;정진완
    • Journal of KIISE:Databases
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 2003
  • In this paper, we present a content-dependent authorization mechanism for object-oriented database systems. So far, several models of authorization for object-oriented databases have been proposed, but most of these models do not support the authorization based on the database content. This paper shows how the traditional content-independent authorization model can be extended to provide the content-dependent authorization using predicates on the values of attributes of a class. The proposed model makes it possible to group objects that satisfy the specified conditions on the values of the objects and to grant a single authorization on those objects. This model supports the negative authorization and provides the concept of the strong and weak authorization to resolve conflicts between positive and negative authorizations. In addition, we address and resolve some of the problems that arise when the predicates are associated with the authorization. In particular, since the authorization operations of the traditional content- independent model become inadequate for our mode, we redefine the semantics of the authorization operations.

A Study on Database Authentication System in Middleware (미들웨어상에서 데이터베이스 인증시스템에 관한 연구)

  • 최진탁
    • Journal of the Society of Korea Industrial and Systems Engineering
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    • v.24 no.66
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    • pp.27-35
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    • 2001
  • The Gateway Server Authorization System(GSAS) presented in this thesis is a database authorization system. GSAS is responsible for user\`s authorization, and privilege management, audit service. Only users that are filtered in GSAS can access the DBMS(Data Base Management System) through middleware. GSAS is located at the DBMS and already contains an authorization record for user accessing a specific DBMS. GSAS on consists of several components, namely an authorization manager, a privilege manager, and an audit manager. As an authorization manager and a privilege manager can only approve a pass at the same time, a user can get accessibility for DBMS.

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A Study on Utilization of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle for Automated Inspection for Building Occupancy Authorization (건축물 사용승인 제도의 현장조사 자동화를 위한 UAV활용방안 연구)

  • Lee, Seung Hyeon;Ryu, Jung Rim;Choo, Seung Yeon
    • Korean Journal of Computational Design and Engineering
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.44-58
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    • 2017
  • The inspection for building occupancy authorization has lacked objectivity due to manual measurement methods. This is why connivance of the illegal buildings has been rampant, which has led to so many incidents. Consequently, this law has lost its intent to protect people's lives and property. In this study, for the purpose of improvement of this law, the research was conducted by the utilization of unmanned aerial vehicle for automated inspection for building occupancy authorization. Theoretical considerations about building occupancy authorization and the trend of UAV technology were accomplished. Secondly, a series of reverse engineering was conducted including digital photography, network RTK-VRS surveying and post-processing data. Thirdly, the resultant spatial information was used for building occupancy inspection authorization in a BIM platform and the effectiveness and applicability of UAV-based inspection was analyzed. As a result, methodology for UAV-based automated building occupancy inspection authorization was derived. And it was found that eleven items would be possible to be automated among thirty total items for building occupancy authorization. Also it was found that UAV-based automated inspection could be valid in inspecting building occupancy authorization due to authentic accuracy, effectiveness and applicability with government policy.

A Study on Anonymous Authorization based on Short Group Signatures (짧은 그룹 서명 기법 기반의 익명 인가에 대한 연구)

  • Shin, Soo-Yeon;Kwon, Tae-Kyoung
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information Security & Cryptology
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.11-26
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    • 2011
  • The existing anonymous authentication schemes based on group signatures for protecting privacy do not provide anonymous authorization which is required in the practical environments. In this paper, we propose an anonymous authentication and authorization scheme that enables a service provider both to authenticate anonymously its users and to provide different service according to their authorization. In the proposed scheme, a user's real identity, anonymity and authorization are managed distinctly through the separation of group manager's capabilities and an authorization authority. It is also possible for the proposed scheme to apply various access control models.

Design of a effective Authorization Mechanism based on Kerberos (커버로스 기반의 효율적인 허가 메커니즘 설계)

  • Kim, Eun-Hwan;Jun, Moon-Seog
    • The KIPS Transactions:PartC
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    • v.10C no.3
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    • pp.287-294
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    • 2003
  • Authentication and authorization are essential functions for the security of distributed network environment. Authorization is determining and to decide whether a user or process is permitted to perform a particular operation. In this paper, we design an authorization mechanism to make a system more effective with Kerberos for authentication mechanism. In the authorization mechanism, Kerberos server operates proxy privilege server. Proxy privilege server manages and permits right of users, servers and services with using proposed algorithm. Also, privilege attribute certificate issued by proxy privilege server is used in delegation. We designed secure kerberos with proposed functions for effective authorization at the same time authentication of Kerberos mechanism.

Vulnerability Analysis of Insider Attack on TPM Command Authorization Protocol and Its Countermeasure (TPM 명령어 인가 프로토콜에 대한 내부자 공격 취약점 분석 및 대응책)

  • Oh, Doo-Hwan;Choi, Doo-Sik;Kim, Ki-Hyun;Oh, Soo-Hyun;Ha, Jae-Cheol
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.1356-1366
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    • 2011
  • The TPM(Trusted Platform Module) is a hardware chip to support a trusted computing environment. A rightful user needs a command authorization process in order to use principal TPM commands. To get command authorization from TPM chip, the user should perform the OIAP(Object-Independent Authorization Protocol) or OSAP(Object-Specific Authorization Protocol). Recently, Chen and Ryan alerted the vulnerability of insider attack on TPM command authorization protocol in multi-user environment and presented a countermeasure protocol SKAP(Session Key Authorization Protocol). In this paper, we simulated the possibility of insider attack on OSAP authorization protocol in real PC environment adopted a TPM chip. Furthermore, we proposed a novel countermeasure to defeat this insider attack and improve SKAP's disadvantages such as change of command suructures and need of symmetric key encryption algorithm. Our proposed protocol can prevent from insider attack by modifying of only OSAP command structure and adding of RSA encryption on user and decryption on TPM.

A Study on User Authorization for Grid Resources

  • Lee, Seoung-Hyeon;Lee, Won-Goo;Lee, Jae-Kwang
    • Journal of information and communication convergence engineering
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.128-131
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    • 2004
  • We suggest resource authorization system based on RBAC admitting someone to access resources. In existing grid environment, The authorization mechanism on user's resource is to give users an authority on the basis of DN(Distinguished Name) of proxy certificate and map file mapped in local system ID by one-to-one. In this case, it is difficulty in resource management such as each accounting management, memory resource, and disk resource, if the number of users, who want to use them is increased. To solve this problem, we specify the role of user's task in extension fields of his proxy certificate instead of the authorization mechanism of user's ID and propose resource authorization system being able to access his resource.

An User Authorization Mechanism using an Attribute Certificate in the IPSec-VPN System (IPSec-VPN 시스템에서의 속성 인증서를 이용한 사용자 접근 제어 방안)

  • 강명희;유황빈
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information Security & Cryptology
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.11-21
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    • 2004
  • To authorize IPSec-VPN Client in Client-to-Gateway type of the IPSec-VPN system, it can be normally used with ID/Password verification method or the implicit authorization method that regards implicitly IPSec-VPN gateway as authorized one in case that the IPSec-VPN client is authenticated. However, it is necessary for the Client-to-Gateway type of the IPSec-VPN system to have a more effective user authorization mechanism because the ID/Password verification method is not easy to transfer the ID/Password information and the implicit authorization method has the vulnerability of security. This paper proposes an effective user authorization mechanism using an attribute certificate and designs a user authorization engine. In addition, it is implemented in this study. The user authorization mechanism for the IPSec-VPN system proposed in this study is easy to implement the existing IPSec-VPN system. Moreover, it has merit to guarantee the interoperability with other IPSec-VPN systems. Furthermore, the user authorization engine designed and implemented in this paper will provide not only DAC(Discretional Access Control) and RBAC(Role-Based Access Control) using an attribute certificate, but also the function of SSO(Single-Sign-On).