• Title/Summary/Keyword: Nerve conduction study

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Clinical Application of Electromyography and Nerve Conduction Study (근전도와 신경전도 검사의 임상적 응용)

  • Kim Ho-Bong;Park Young-Han;Bae Sung-Soo
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.199-212
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this article is to summary about the application of electromyography and nerve conduction study. Electrodiagnostic studies, which include nerve conduction studies, electromyography, repetitive nerve stimulation, single fiber EMG, late response tests and evoked potential tests are a critical component of the neuromuscular evaluation.

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Clinical Application of Electromyography and Nerve Conduction Study (근전도와 신경전도 검사의 임상적 응용)

  • Kim, Ho-Bong;Bae, Sung-Soo
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.603-616
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this article is to summary about the application of electromyography and nerve conduction study. Electrodiagnostic studies, which include nerve conduction studies, electromyography, repetitive nerve stimulation, single fiber EMG, late response tests and evoked potential tests are a critical component of the neuromuscular evaluation.

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A Study of the Peripheral Neuropathy among the Workers Exposed to Carbon Disulfide (이황화탄소에 폭로된 근로자들의 말초신경병증에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Dae-Seong;Kim, Soon-Duck;Cha, Chul-Whan
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.282-292
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    • 1993
  • Neurotoxicity in the workplace may occur with exposure to scores of chemicals. Although large acute outbreaks of the occupational neurological disease are rare, the incidence of occupational neurotoxicity in its subtler aspects is unknown. A working knowledge of both the major occupational neurotoxic solvents and the tools used by cliniical neurologists and neurotoxicologists to evaluate neurotoxicity in working populations is a necessity fur the occupational physician. To investigate the effects of carbon disulfide($CS_2$) on the peripheral nerve system using the nervous conduction study, 105 male workers working in the spinning room of a viscose rayon factory were examined and compared with a sex and age matched, unexposed 105 male controls using t-test analysis. 72.4% of $CS_2$-exposed workers complained of neurological symptoms, and the abnormal cases in nerve conduction study were 48.6%. The abnormal cases of nerve conduction study increased in number according as the age and duration of exposure increased. In this study, asymptomatic workers were confirmed to have subclinical neuropathy by nerve conduction study. Also as there were abnormal cases even in its duration of exposure below 4 years, nerve conduction study turned out to be ways of discovering of early peripheral neuropathy. In nerve conduction study, the amplitude, velocity, F-wave latency and H-reflex of the motor and sensory nerves in both upper and lower extremities were significant different between $CS_2$-exposed workers and the controls. From the pathological viewpoint, both segmental and axonal degenerations were assumed in this study.

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Segmental Sensory Nerve Conduction Study in Vibration Exposed Subjects

  • Kim Mi-Jung;Yoon Cheol-In;Choi Hyun-Ju
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.193-199
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    • 2005
  • The present study was performed to assess peripheral neural involvement by exposure to hand-arm vibration. Segmental sensory nerve conduction in the median and ulnar nerves were measured in shipyard workers exposed to vibration. The subjects were 47 male adults exposed to hand-arm vibration and 7 healthy male controls. The subjects underwent an extensive bilateral neurophysiological examination. Sensory compound nerve action potential (SNAP) of the median and ulnar nerves in palm-finger and wrist-palm segments were measured by antidromic method. And SNAP of the median and ulnar nerves in wrist-proximal finger and wrist-distal finger segments were measured by orthodromic method. Result of sensory nerve conduction study was abnormal in 31 patients $(66\%)$ and normal in 16 patients $(34\%)$ of subjects. The pathological pattern in the hand-arm vibration exposed group was 13 patients $(28\%)$ of carpal tunnel syndrome, 18 patients $(38\%)$ of distal sensory neuropathy, 7 patients $(15\%)$ of multifocal and 1 patient $(2\%)$ of Guyon syndrome. The present study indicates that vibration-induced nerve impairments exist both in the finger-palm and palm-wrist segment of median and ulnar sensory nerves. The results suggest that segmental sensory nerve conduction study would be useful as objective indication of peripheral nerve impairment induced by the hand-arm vibration.

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Controversies on the Usefulness of Nerve Conduction Study in the Early Diagnosis of Diabetic Polyneuropathy (당뇨병성 다발신경병증의 조기 진단에서 신경전도검사의 유용성에 관한 논란)

  • Joo, In-Soo
    • Annals of Clinical Neurophysiology
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.25-28
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    • 2008
  • Diabetic polyneuropathy (DPN) is the most frequently encountered form of neuropathy in diabetic patients, and it either relentlessly progresses or remains relatively stable for many years, not showing any trend towards improvement. From this point of view, early detection of DPN is very important to prevent the irreversible change of the peripheral nerve from diabetic insults. Although a number of clinical symptoms and/or deficit scales have been developed for clinical or research purposes, nerve conduction study (NCS) has been known one of the most objective and sensitive tools to detect peripheral nerve dysfunctions in diabetic patients. NCS, however, also have several shortcomings. The next two consecutive articles will focus on debates about diagnostic usefulness of NCS and on recent updates of other diagnostic tests including quantitative sensory testings and skin biopsy in the field of diabetic polyneuropathy.

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Evaluation of Nerve Conduction Study Result in Carpal Tunnel Syndrome before and after operation in eastern area of Jeonnam (전남 동부지역에서 손목터널증후군의 수술 전 후 신경전도검사 결과의 평가)

  • Seo, Choong-Won;Kim, Chul-Seung
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.13 no.11
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    • pp.5305-5310
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    • 2012
  • This study is Carpal tunnel syndrome(CTS) disorder of median nerve at wrist. It is usually diagnosed through clinical manifestation and Nerve Conduction Study(NCS). NCS of the median nerve before and after operation were compared in twenty four patient's with CTS, in order to seventeen patient's evaluate the prognostic value of that findings. Analysis result symptom profile of CTS in total number of patient's 17 (Female:17, Male:0), 21 hands (Rt:9, Lt:4, Both:4), Ages(31~60), Mean duration of symptom months($46.6{\pm}36.1$), Mean interval between 1st and 2nd NCS months($20.5{\pm}7.1$), Sensory symptoms(Tingling:21, Numbness:19, Noctunal paresthesia:17), Motor symptoms(Thenar atrophy:20, Trigger finger:2, Morning stiffness:3), Post-operative symptoms(Free:38.1%, >50% improve:52.4%, <50% improve:9.5%). NCS was normal range after operation than before in Sensory nerve conduction study 4 patients's and Motor nerve conduction study 5 patients. Surgery before and after Sensory nerve action potential (SNAP) responses showed improvement over the previous results. Forward by the patient's occupation and occupation patterns of CTS, other treatment methods and surgical treatment of CTS by comparing the degree of improvement to identify and correct nerve conduction study to judge whether the patient's operation.

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome : Correlation between Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Nerve Conduction Study (수근관증후군 : 자기공명영상과신경전도검사의 상관 관계)

  • Park, Seong-Ho;Nam, Hyunwoo;Choi, Won-Joon;Yang, Hee Jin;Chung, Hye Won;Kim, Sam Soo;Lee, Sang Hyung;Lee, Yong-Seok;Song, Chi Sung;Chung, Young Seob;Lee, Kwang-Woo
    • Annals of Clinical Neurophysiology
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.89-94
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    • 2000
  • Purpose : Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a disorder of median nerve at wrist. It is usually diagnosed through clinical manifestation and nerve conduction study (NCS). However, sometimes, NCS does not provide a reliable evidence to reach the diagnosis. Thus, authors performed this study to determine whether NCS was correlated with specific parameters measured on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) which might become a potential complemental diagnostic tool. Methods : We performed MRI in 34 wrists of 18 patients with clinical manifestations of CTS and pathologic nerve conduction values and analyzed them at levels of the distal radioulnar joint, pisiform and hook of hamate, Results : Increase in the cross-sectional area of the median nerve at the pisiform level and flattening, increased signal intensity, and contrast enhancement of the median nerve at levels of the pisiform and hook of hamate were statistically significant. Change in cross sectional areas between the distal radioulnar joint and hamate and the signal intensities at levels of pisiform and hamate were well correlated with the median nerve conduction velocity. Conclusions : Characteristic MRI findings in CTS reported previously were well demonstrated and some of MRI parameters are well correlated with nerve conduction study. MRI, despite cost, may help in evaluating CTS.

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Nerve Conduction Study of Lateral Dorsal Cutaneous Branch of Sural Nerve (비복신경 외측분지의 신경전도검사)

  • Kim, Sung-Je;Lee, Dong-Kuck
    • Annals of Clinical Neurophysiology
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.192-196
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    • 2003
  • The Lateral dorsal cutaneous branch of sural nerve (LDCB) is a terminal sensory branch of lower extremities. It can be injured frequently in peripheral nerves. However, the normal data of each component of nerve conduction study (NCS) of were not studied at this time. The Nerve Conduction Study of LDCB adults were assessed for amplitude, area, duration and nerve conduction velocity (NCV) in normal fifty. We also evaluated how age, sex and dexterity affect the various components of NCS. The Mean amplitude of LDCB was $9.45{\pm}1.93{\mu}V$, area was $4.05{\pm}0.55{\mu}V/s$, duration was $1.50{\pm}0.13s$, and NCV was $37.9{\pm}3.09m/s$, respectively. The amplitude of right was $10.1{\mu}V$ in men, $8.65{\mu}V$ in women. The area of right was $3.83{\mu}V/s$ in less than 40 years and $4.24{\mu}V/s$ in older than 40 years. The areas of left was $3.86{\mu}V/s$ in less than 40 years and $4.30{\mu}V/s$ in older than 40 years. The NCV was 39.0 m/s in less than 40 years and 36.7 m/s in older than 40 years. All of above differences were statistically significant. There were no statistically significant differences between right and left NCS. Normal data of LDCB could be applicable in peripheral neuropathy or nerve injury.

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The Importance of Age as a Factor of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome management (수근관 증후군 치료결정의 한 요인으로 연령의 중요성)

  • Kim, Ja-Young;Park, Hae-Yoon;Kang, Sung-Soo
    • Annals of Clinical Neurophysiology
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.15-20
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    • 2001
  • Background : Carpal tunnel syndrome(CTS) is the most common entrapment neuropathy that refers to a group of signs and symptoms resulting from compression of the median nerve at the wrist. The course of CTS in older patients is different from the younger patients. This difference may be the result of different underlying mechanisms. The different nerve conduction studies of CTS may signify different approaches in management. This study was done to assess the differences in nerve conduction study of CTS in younger and older patients. Methods : This study involved 224 patients who visited Gachon Medical School, Gil Medical Center and was diagnosed by nerve conduction study from October 1997 to October 1999. We compared the results of nerve conduction study to age, especially in between those under 60 years and those 60 years or over CTS patients. Nerve conduction study consists of motor studies of both median nerves(terminal latency, compound action potential) and sensory studies(nerve conduction velocity, nerve action potential). And we also evaluated the variables between younger and older patients group. Those variables include sex, symptom period, laterality, abnormal physical findings and radiculopathy. Results : We found that a significant increase of terminal latency(p<0.1), but a decrease in compound motor action potential(p<0.05) in older patient's group. There was no significant differences in sensory nerve conduction velocity and action potential between those under 60 years and those 60 years or even patients. And also there was no significant difference in sex, symptom period, laterality, abnormal physical findings, radiculopathy between older and younger patients. Conclusions : This study showed a significant increase in the terminal latency and a decrease in compound action potential in older patients. The different nerve conduction studies of CTS by age effect may need different approaches in management.

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Clinical Study on Five Cases of Carpal tunnel syndrome (수근관 증후군(carpal tunnel syndrome) 5례에 대한 증례 보고)

  • Kim, Il-Hwan
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.39-45
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    • 2001
  • Objective: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of treating the carpal tunnel syndrome by using both the Herbal Acupuncture and herbal medicine therapy on five cases. Methods: For the Herbal Acupuncture, Jungseonguhhyul No. 1 and Hwanglyunhaedoktang were used. For the herbal medicine, Dangguihwalhyul-tang was used. The patients were treated once in every two days; the result was evaluated after ten treatments. Patients' conditions were monitored through their testimony, phalen's test, nerve conduction study and electromyography. Results: In all five cases, the patients showed improvement; in four cases, the patients no longer had most of the clinical symptoms. Based on the result of the nerve conduction study, for the four cases in which the patients no longer displayed most of the clinical symptoms, their nerve conduction rate improved; for the remaining one case, the patient's nerve conduction rate deteriorated. Conclusions: The results of this study demonstrate that combining the Herbal Acupuncture and herbal medicine therapy can have noticeable effects in treating the carpal tunnel syndrome; developing more variety of the herbal acupuncture would lead to even better treatment results.