• Title/Summary/Keyword: Exercise training program

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Effects of Purposeful Exercise Training Program on Symmetrical Posture in Persons with Hemiplegia (목적있는 운동훈련이 편마비 환자의 좌우 대칭적 서기자세에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Myoung-Jin
    • Physical Therapy Korea
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.63-69
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    • 1997
  • Asymmetrical posture during static stance has been identified as a common problem in persons with hemiplegia. This study examined the effect of a purposeful exercise training program on symmetrical weight bearing in three adult persons with hemiplegia. Multiple baseline design was used. The intervention program, including ball throwing and catching, rolling ball catching and throwing, and Swiss ball pulling and stopping was introduced for 15 minutes each day during each intervention phase. Quantitative measurement of the weight distribution was taken with the Limloader. Visual inspection and mean of data revealed a significant improvement in symmetrical weight distribution. This result suggests that a purposeful exercise training program can be effective in helping persons with hemiplegia achieve symmetric stances.

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The Effects of the Self Efficacy Promotion and Exercise Training Program on Anxiety, Depression and Quality of Life of Kidney Transplant Recipients (자기효능증진 운동훈련 프로그램이 신장이식 환자의 불안, 우울 및 삶의 질에 미치는 효과)

  • Ahn, Jae-Hyun
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.223-232
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study is to develop and evaluate the Self Efficacy Promotion and Exercise Training Program to decrease anxiety and depression and to increase the quality of life for kidney transplant recipients. The subjects were selected randomly among the patients who underwent renal transplant at three major transplantation hospitals in Seoul, Korea. The observed subjects in this study consisted of 56 patients who had renal transplantations between one to twelve months prior to this study. The patients did not take any regular physical exercise. This study was carried out between November, 1999 and March, 2000. The study groups were divided into 3 groups; exercise training group (n=16), self efficacy group (n=18) and control group (n=22). The exercise training group received self efficacy promotion and exercise training program for 12 weeks. The self efficacy group received self efficacy promotion education, but no exercise training was given. The control group was not offered any education. The anxiety, depression and quality of life were evaluated 3 times, before the experiment, after 8 weeks and after 12 weeks. The data were analyzed with mean, standard deviation, Chi-square test, ANOVA and $Scheff\acute{e}$ test. The results were as follows: 1. After the experiment, anxiety and depression scores of the exercise training group and self efficacy group were more significantly decreased than those of the control group (p=.05). 2. After the experiment, the quality of life score of the exercise training group and self efficacy group were more significantly increased than those of the control group (p=.05). This study showed that the Self Efficacy and Exercise Training Programs were effective. Therefore, it is expected that the Self Efficacy Promotion and Exercise Training Program could be widely applied as an effective independent nursing intervention to decrease anxiety and depression and to increase quality of life for kidney transplant recipients.

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Effects of a 12-week Combined Exercise Training Program on the Body Composition, Physical Fitness Levels, and Metabolic Syndrome Profiles of Obese Women (12주간의 복합운동이 비만여성의 신체조성, 체력 및 대사증후군에 미치는 영향)

  • Ha, Chang-Ho;Ha, Sung;So, Wi-Young
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.417-427
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a 12-week combined exercise training program on the body composition, physical fitness levels, and metabolic syndrome profiles of obese women. Methods: Twelve obese women were assigned to the combined exercise training program group. The women underwent training for 70-90 min/d, three times per week for a period of 12 weeks. Paired samples t-tests were performed using SPSS ver. 17.0 for analysis of the results. Results: The results of this study showed that body-composition parameters such as weight, fat-free mass, body fat mass, body-mass index, body fat, waist-hip ratio, basal metabolic rate, and intra-abdominal fat, physical fitness parameters such as muscle strength, muscle endurance, flexibility, and cardiac endurance, and metabolic syndrome biomarkers such as triglyceride levels, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels, glucose levels, systolic blood pressure, and waist circumference before participation the training program differed significantly from those after participation in the training program (p<0.05). However, diastolic blood pressure before participation in the training program did not differ significantly from that after participation in the training program (p>0.05). Conclusion: We concluded that a 12-week combined exercise training program could be a good exercise program for improvement of the body composition, physical fitness levels, and metabolic syndrome profiles of obese women.

The Effect of the Self Efficacy Promotion and Exercise Training Program of Kidney Transplant Recipients (신장이식 환자의 수술 후 자기효능증진과 운동훈련 프로그램 효과)

  • An, Jae-Hyeon
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.1181-1194
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    • 2000
  • This study was attempted to evaluate how the self efficacy promotion and exercise training program effect on the postoperative general conditions of transplant recipients after kidney transplantations. The subjects were selected randomly among the patients who underwent renal trans- plantations at three major transplantation hospitals in Seoul, Korea. This study was carried out between November 1999 and March 2000. The observed subjects in this study consisted of 56 patients. The exercise training group(n=16) received the self efficacy promotion and exercise training program for 12 weeks which contained general knowledge for compliance instruction, exercise training and self efficacy promotion education. The self efficacy group(n=18) received general knowledge for compliance instruction and self efficacy promotion education but no exercise training was given. The control group(n=22) were not offered any education. The knowledge for compliance, self efficacy, physical conditions(weight, muscle strength, muscle endurance, flexibility), lab studies (hemoglobin, creatinine, cholesterol), activities of daily living and quality of life were evaluated 3 times, before the experiment, at 8 weeks and at 12 weeks. The data were analyzed with mean, standard deviation, Chi-square test, ANOVA and Scheff test. The results were as follows: 1. The knowledge and self efficacy score of the exercise training group and self efficacy group were significantly increased than those of the control group(p=.0001). 2. The weight of the exercise training group was significantly decreased compared to those of the self efficacy group and the control group(p=.0001). Muscle strength (grip strength, back lift strength), and flexibility of all 3 groups were significantly changed(p=.0001). However, muscle endurance in all 3 groups showed no significant differences. 3. The hemoglobin level of the exercise training group and the self efficacy group were significantly increased compared to that of the control group(p=.0001) and the cholesterol levels of the exercise training group and the self efficacy group were significantly decreased compared to that of the control group(p=,0001). However, the creatinine levels in all 3 groups showed no significant differences. 4. The activities of daily living scores of the exercise training group was significantly increased than that of the control group (p=.0003), and the quality of life scores of the exercise training group and the self efficacy group were significantly better than that of the control group(p=.0001). It would be expected that this self efficacy promotion and exercise training program could be applied widely as an effective nursing intervention for kidney transplant recipients.

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The Effect of Core Muscle Training Program on Balance Ability

  • Hwang, Hyun Sook;Kim, Nyeon Jun
    • Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.1175-1181
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of core muscle training on balance ability. Forty subjects in their 20s participated in a 6 week core muscle training program. Balance ability before and after the intervention were assessed and analyzed using the Romberg test, which was conducted on the floor, pedalo, and balancefit. The differences between the measurement methods of balance ability using varied platforms was also compared and analyzed. After the 6-week core exercise training program, the training group represented statistically significant increases in all 3 methods for static balance ability. In the control group, all 3 methods represented no statistically significant increases. Upon comparing the different methods of the Romberg test, there were no notable differences between conducting the test on varying platforms for both groups. This study suggests that the core muscle exercise training program increased the balance ability.

The effect of virtual exercise training program on the balance increase of women elderly (가상 운동 훈련 프로그램(Wii fit)이 여성노인들의 균형증진에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Jae-Won;Chung, Hyun-Ae;Kim, Eun-Bi;Ryu, Ae-Ri;Park, So-Young;Cho, Kyung-Mi;Oh, Mi-Hee
    • PNF and Movement
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2010
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of virtual exercise training programs on the improvement of balance in the elderly women. Methods: The subjects were fifteen female citizens, 67 years of age or older living in G city, the subjects were randomly divided into groups; Virtual exercise training group(n=9), control group (n=6). After treatment measured balance by Berg Balance scale test and One-leg stand test during virtual exercise training program at pre-intervention and post-intervention. Results : The results of this study were as follows : Virtual Exercise Training Program (Wii fit) after applying the Berg balance test scores and One-Legged Stance Test, the evaluation results showed significant results(p<05). Conclusion : Virtual exercise training programs can be used to improve the balance of the elderly, as it has been shown to increase Berg balance test and one-leg stand results conducted after virtual training programs. Virtual Exercise Programs(Wii fit) were applied to demonstrate the effecting the balance of the elderly to promote more research on the impact of the ADL survey.

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Effect of Aerobic Exercise and Gym-ball Exercise on the Liver Function Test Index, Adipokines, and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Obese Children with Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (유산소 운동과 짐볼 운동이 비알코올성 지방간 비만아의 간 기능평가 지수와 Adipokine 및 심혈관 질환 위험인자에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Sung-Soo
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.22 no.9
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    • pp.1261-1267
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    • 2012
  • The aim of the present study was to investigate effects of a 12-week aerobic exercise training program and a gym-ball exercise training program on body composition, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), adipokines, and cardiovascular risk factors in obese children with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. The subjects were separated into two groups, an aerobic exercise group (n=10), which practiced moderate aerobic exercise training for 12 weeks, and a gym-ball exercise group (n=13), which practiced resistance exercise training for 12 weeks. The results of the analyses are as follows: Weight, body mass index, and body fat were significantly lower (p<0.01, respectively), whereas the $VO_2$ max was higher in both groups (p<0.01). Fasting glucose, insulin and HOMA-IR levels were significantly decreased in the gym-ball exercise group (p<0.05), whereas adiponectin, AST, and ALT levels were significantly increased (p<0.05, p<0.001, p<0.001, respectively) in both groups after the 12-week exercise training program. In addition, our results showed that HOMA-IR, insulin, and concentrations of C-reactive protein (CRP) were significantly lower in both groups. They demonstrate that a 12-week program of regular aerobic exercise or gym-ball exercise yields beneficial effects such as an amelioration of cardiovascular risk factors, body indices, and liver function in obese children with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.

Effects of The Oldwomen's Muscular Strength Flexibility and IADL by Exercise Therapy (운동요법이 노인의 근력, 유연성 및 IADL에 미치는 영향)

  • Um, Ki-Mai
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.795-807
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of exercise therapy to oldwomen's muscle strength, flexibility and IADL. To identify the effect of exercise therapy on oldwomen's muscle strength, flexibility and IADL, this study attempted to determine grip strength, back strength, leg strength, flexibility of upper and low(flexion, extension, abduction), flexibility of trunk(flexion, extension) and IADL, using dynamometer, goniometer and Geriatric center IADL, for 34 female. Thirty-four subjects participating in this study consisted of A group(from sixty-five to sixty-nine, eleven person), B group(from seventy to seventy-four, twelve person), C group(over seventy-five years old, eleven person). Data from the findings of this experiment were computed for and standard deviation by using repeated measurement of MINI TAB. As a result, the following conclusion was drawn : 1. Subject group showed significantly higher scores on effect of exercise between three age group after regular exercise. 2. Subject group showed significantly higher scores on muscle strength(grip strength, back strength, leg strength) and there is a difference between three age group after regular exercise of muscle strength. 3. Subject group showed significantly higher scores on flexibility (upper, lower, trunk) and there is a difference between three age group after regular exercise of flexibility. 4. Subject group showed significantly higher scores on IADL(Instrumental activities of daily living) and there is a difference between three age group after regular exercise. As a result of this study, the effect of exercise training program had improved muscle strength, ROM (range of motion) of joint, IADL. Thus exercise training program could be beneficially applied for the prevention of disability and promotion of health and wellbeing in the aged easily and safely.

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The Effect of Exercise Therapy on IADL and Muscle Strength of the Elderly (운동요법이 노인의 근력과 IADL에 미치는 효과)

  • Um, Ki-Mai;Yang, Yoon-Kwon
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.135-141
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of exercise therapy to oldwomen's muscle strength and IADL. The result of this study were the following : 1. The elderly group showed significant difference(p<.000) on effect of grip strength between pre and post after regular exercise. 2. The elderly group showed significant difference(p<.000) on effect of back strength between pre and post after regular exercise. 3. The elderly group showed significant difference(p<.000) on effect of leg strength between pre and post after regular exercise. 4. The elderly group showed significant difference(p<.000) on effect of IADL between pre and post after regular exercise. As a result of this study, the effect of exercise training program had improved muscle strength and IADL.

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The Effect of Exercise Program on Flexibility of the Elderly (운동프로그램이 노인의 유연성에 미치는 영향)

  • Um, Ki-Mai;Yang, Yoon-Kwon;Jang, Soo-Kyung
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.59-65
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of exercise program to oldwomen's flexibility. The result of this study were the following : 1. The elderly group showed significant difference(p<.001) on effect of flexibility of upper between pre and post after regular stretch exercise. 2. The elderly group showed significant difference(p<.001) on effect of flexibility of lower between pre and post after regular stretch exercise. 3. The elderly group showed significant difference(p<.001) on effect of flexibility of trunk between pre and post after regular stretch exercise. As a result of this study, the effect of exercise training program had improved flexibility of the elderly.

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