• Title, Summary, Keyword: E. H. Moore

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R. L. Moore's Moore Method and its meaning in Korea (Robert Lee Moore의 교수법과 한국에서의 의미)

  • Lee, Sang-Gu;Ree, Sang-Wook;Kim, Duk-Sun
    • Journal for History of Mathematics
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.79-96
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    • 2008
  • In early 21st century, universities in Korea has been asked the new roles according to the changes of educational and social environment. With Korea's NURI and Brain Korea 21 project support, some chosen research oriented universities now should produce "teacher of teachers". We look 100 years back America's mathematics and see many resemblances between the status of US mathematics at that time and the current status of Korean mathematics, and find some answer for that. E. H. Moore had produced many good research mathematicians through his laboratory teaching techniques. R. L. Moore was his third PhD students. He developed his Texas/Moore method. In this article, we analyze what R. L. Moore had done through his American School of Topology and Moore method. We consider the meaning that early University of Texas case gives us in PBL(Problem Based Learning) process.

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Ground of the revolutionary change in early 20C American Mathematics (20세기 초 미국수학계의 혁명적변화의 바탕)

  • Lee, Sang-Gu;Hwang, Suk-Geun;Cheon, Gi-Sang
    • Journal for History of Mathematics
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.127-146
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    • 2007
  • From 1876 to 1883, British mathematician James Joseph Sylvester worked as the founding head of Mathematics Department at the Johns Hopkins University which has been known as America's first school of mathematical research. Sylvester established the American Journal of Mathematics, the first sustained mathematics research journal in the United States. It is natural that we think this is the most exciting and important period in American mathematics. But we found out that the International Congress of Mathematicians held at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, August 21-26, 1893 was the real turning point in American's dedication to mathematical research. The University of Chicago was founded in 1890 by the American Baptist Education Society and John D. Rockefeller. The founding head of mathematics department Eliakim Hastings Moore was the one who produced many excellent American mathematics Ph.D's in early stage. Many of Moore's students contributed to build up real American mathematics research power in early 20 century The University also has a well-deserved reputation as the "teacher of teachers". Beginning with Sylvester, we analyze what E.H. Moore had done as a teacher and a head of the new department that produced many mathematical talents such as L.E. Dickson(1896), H. Slaught(1898), O. Veblen(1903), R.L. Moore(1905), G.D. Birkhoff(1907), T.H. Hilderbrants(1910), E.W. Chittenden(1912) who made the history of American mathematics. In this article, we study how Moore's vision, new system and new way of teaching influenced American mathematical society at early stage of the top class mathematical research. and the meaning that early University of Chicago case gave.

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The Paradox of Analysis and Some Resolutions (분석의 역설과 역설회피의 전략)

  • Park, Joonho
    • Korean Journal of Logic
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.287-322
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    • 2014
  • We put forward a scheme of the theory of analysis, and G. E. Moore's theory of analysis is reconstructed. As C. H. Langford pointed out, Moore's theory commits to the paradox of analysis which says that if a analysis is correct then it is not informative, and if it is informative it is not correct. For, according to his theory, analysing statement is necessarily true identity statement and have some information. Moorean responses which is given by Max Black, Raymond Bradley and Norman Swartz, and Wilfrid Sellars rely on the distinction between the information about concepts and linguistic entity. These approaches are deficient in dealing properly with the difference in concepts as analysandum and analysans. Also, non-Moorean resolutions asserted by Myers, King, Black, and Earl are examined.

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A Change in the Students' Understanding of Learning in the Multivariable Calculus Course Implemented by a Modified Moore Method (Modified Moore 교수법을 적용한 다변수미적분학 수업에서 학습에 대한 학생들의 인식 변화)

  • Kim, Seong-A;Kim, Sung-Ock
    • Communications of Mathematical Education
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.259-282
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    • 2010
  • In this paper, we introduce a modified Moore Method designed for the multivariable calculus course, and discuss about the effective teaching and learning method by observing the changes in the understanding of students' learning and the effects on students' learning in the class implemented by this modified Moore Method. This teaching experiment research was conducted with the 15 students who took the multivariable calculus course offered as a 3 week summer session in 2008 at H University. To guide the students' active preparation, stepwise course materials structured in the form of questions on the important mathematical notions were provided to the students in advance. We observed the process of the students' small-group collaborative learning activities and their presentations in the class, and analysed the students' class journals collected at the end of every lecture and the survey carried out at the end of the course. The analysis of these results show that the students have come to recognize that a deeper understanding of the subjects are possible through their active process of search and discovery, and the discussion among the peers and teaching each other allowed a variety of learning experiences and reflective thinking.

J. J. Sylvester, F. Klein and American Mathematics in 19th Century (실베스터와 클라인 그리고 19세기 미국 수학)

  • Lee Sang-Gu;Ham Yoon-Mee
    • Journal for History of Mathematics
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.77-88
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    • 2006
  • In 1876, America's first Jewish math professor J. J. Sylvester took a department head position at the first research university in USA at the age of 61. He launched the America's first research journal of mathematics in 1877. We study the role and meaning of J. J. Sylvester, F. Klein and E. H. Moore in late 19th century of American mathematics from Korean's perspective.

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The Introduction of Polychaetes Hydroides elegans (Haswell), Polydora limicola Annenkova, and Pseudopotamilla occelata Moore to the Northwestern Part of the East Sea

  • Bagaveeva, E.V.;Zvyagintsev, A.Yu.
    • Ocean and Polar Research
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.25-36
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    • 2000
  • The polychaeta fauna of the benthos and fouling of the northwestern part of the East Sea was studied during the period of 1971-1998. Three introduced species of polychaetes: Hydorides elegans (Haswell), Polydora limicola Annenkova, and Pseudopotamilla occelata Moore were found. H. elegans was discovered only on the artificial surfaces in Golden Horn Inlet (port Vladivostok), where this species may occur because of hermal pollution due to the discharge of warm waters of the water cooling system of Thermal-Electric Power Station-2 (TEPS-2) in Vladivostok which has been in function since 1971. The abundant population of H. elegans exists in the bay throughout the year and is capable of reproduction. The biomass of H. elegans may reach several $kg/m^2$ in August-September. P. limicola was found at the same time in the fouling of hydrotechnical structures of Vladivostok, Nakhodka, Holmsk and Uglegorsk ports with a biomass of $1-3kg/m^2$. Slow introduction of P. limicola occurs by coastal sail ships at present. The invasion of P. occelata into Peter the Great Bay may be an example of introduction and subsequent naturalization, which produced considerable changes in the structure of benthic communities. The three species of polychaetous sessile organisms and their invasion occurred by ocean and coasters sea-going ships (unintentional transport vectors). H. elegans and P. occelata were most probably transported to the northwestern part of the East Sea from Japan, and P.

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$MoS_2$ 박막 증착을 위한 Mo 전구체 특성 평가

  • Mun, Ji-Hun;Park, Myeong-Su;Yun, Ju-Yeong;Gang, Sang-U;Sin, Jae-Su;Lee, Chang-Hui;Kim, Tae-Seong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.252-252
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    • 2013
  • 최근 그래핀, hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) 및 $MoS_2$ (molybdenum disulfide)와 같은 2차원 결정 물질들은 무어의 법칙(Moore's Law)를 뛰어넘어 계속적인 소자의 소형화를 가능케 하고 또한 대면적, 저비용 소자 개발을 가능케 하는 우수한 특성을 가진 차세대 반도체 트랜지스터 소재로 각광받고 있다. $MoS_2$는 bulk 상태일 때는 1.2 eV의 indirect 밴드갭을 가지지만 단층형태일 때는 1.8 eV의 direct 밴드갭을 가지며 dielectric screening 기법등을 통해 mobility를 향상시킬 수 있는 것으로 연구된 바 있다. 본 연구에서는 화학기상증착 (chemical vapor deposition)법을 이용하여 $MoS_2$ 박막을 형성하기 위한 기초연구인 Mo 전구체의 특성평가 및 적합한 공정조건 개발 연구를 수행하였다. 사용한 전구체는 $Mo(CO)_6$ (Molybdenum hexacarbonyl)이고, 온도 및 압력, 반응기체(H2 S, Hydrogen sulfide) 유량 등의 공정 조건 변화에 따른 거동을 Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) 시스템을 사용하여 측정하였다. 또한 $Mo(CO)_6$의 분자구조를 상용 프로그램인 Gaussian으로 시뮬레이션 하여 실제 FT-IR 측정 결과값과 비교 분석하였다.

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Contribution of Oswald Veblen to AMS and its meaning in Korea (Oswald Veblen이 미국수학계에 미친 영향과 한국에서의 의미)

  • Lee, Sang-Gu;Ham, Yoon-Mee
    • Journal for History of Mathematics
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.27-52
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    • 2009
  • This article discusses the contributions of the leader Oswald Veblen, who was the president of AMS during 1923-1924. In 2006, Korea ranked 12th in SCIE publications in mathematics, more than doubling its publications in less than 10 years, a successful model for a country with relatively short history of modern mathematical research. Now there are 192 four-year universities in Korea. Some 42 of these universities have Ph.D. granting graduate programs in mathematics and/or mathematical education in Korea. Rapid growth is observed over a broad spectrum including a phenomenal performance surge in International Mathematical Olympiad. Western mathematics was first introduced in Korea in the 17th century, but real significant mathematical contributions by Korean mathematicians in modern mathematics were not much known yet to the world. Surprisingly there is no Korean mathematician who could be found in MaC Tutor History Birthplace Map. We are at the time, to have a clear vision and leadership for the 21st century. Even with the above achievement, Korean mathematical community has had obstacles in funding. Many people thinks that mathematical research can be done without funding rather unlike other science subjects, even though they agree fundamental mathematical research is very important. We found that the experience of early American mathematical community can help us to give a vision and role model for Korean mathematical community. When we read the AMS Notice article 'The Vision, Insight, and Influence of Oswald Veblen' by Steve Batterson, it answers many of our questions on the development of American mathematics in early 20th century. We would like to share the story and analyze its meaning for the development of Korean Mathematics of 21st century.

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화학기상증착법을 이용한 $MoS_2$ 증착에 관한 연구

  • Mun, Ji-Hun;Kim, Dong-Bin;Hwang, Chan-Yong;Gang, Sang-U;Kim, Tae-Seong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.116.2-116.2
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    • 2013
  • 최근 그래핀, hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) 및 $MoS_2$ (molybdenum disulfide)와 같은 2차원 결정 물질들은 무어의 법칙 (Moore's Law)를 뛰어넘어 계속적인 소자의 소형화를 가능케 하고 또한 대면적, 저비용 소자 개발을 가능케 하는 우수한 특성을 가진 차세대 반도체 트랜지스터 소재로 각광받고 있다. $MoS_2$는 bulk 상태일 때는 1.2 eV의 indirect 밴드갭을 가지지만 단층형태일 때는 1.8 eV의 direct 밴드갭을 가지며 dielectric screening 기법 등을 통해 mobility를 향상시킬 수 있는 것으로 연구된 바 있다. 본 연구에서는 화학기상증착(chemical vapor deposition, CVD)법을 이용하여 $MoS_2$박막을 형성하기 위한 기초연구인 Mo전구체의 특성 평가 및 적합한 공정조건 개발 연구를 수행하였다. 사용한 전구체는 $Mo(CO)^6$ (Molybdenum hexacarbonyl)이고, 온도 및 압력, 반응기체($H_2S$, Hydrogen sulfide) 유량 등의 공정 조건 변화에 따른 거동을 Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) 시스템을 사용하여 측정하였다. 또한 $Mo(CO)^6$의 분자구조를 상용 프로그램인 Gaussian으로 시뮬레이션 하여 실제 FT-IR 측정 결과값과 비교 분석하였다. 화학기상증착법을 이용한 $MoS_2$ 증착조건 최적화를 위하여 다양한 온도, 유량, 압력, 및 기판 종류에 대하여 증착 실험을 수행하였으며, 증착된 샘플은 scanning electron microscope (SEM), Raman spectroscopy를 이용하여 분석하였다.

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Safety of Autologous Umbilical Cord Blood Therapy for Acquired Sensorineural Hearing Loss in Children

  • Baumgartner, Linda S.;Moore, Ernest;Shook, David;Messina, Steven;Day, Mary Clare;Green, Jennifer;Nandy, Rajesh;Seidman, Michael;Baumgartner, James E.
    • Journal of Audiology & Otology
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.209-222
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    • 2018
  • Background and Objectives: Sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) in children is associated with neurocognitive morbidity. The cause of SNHL is a loss of hair cells in the organ of Corti. There are currently no reparative treatments for SNHL. Numerous studies suggest that cord blood mononuclear cells (human umbilical cord blood, hUCB) allow at least partial restoration of SNHL by enabling repair of a damaged organ of Corti. Our objective is to determine if hUCB is a safe treatment for moderate to severe acquired SNHL in children. Subjects and Methods: Eleven children aged 6 months to 6 years with moderate to severe acquired SNHL were treated with intravenous autologous hUCB. The cell dose ranged from 8 to 30 million cells/kg body weight. Safety was assessed by measuring systemic hemodynamics during hUCB infusion. Infusion-related toxicity was evaluated by measuring neurologic, hepatic, renal and pulmonary function before and after infusion. Auditory function, auditory verbal language assessments and MRI with diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) were obtained before and after treatment. Results: All patients survived, and there were no adverse events. No infusion-related changes in hemodynamics occurred. No infusion-related toxicity was recorded. Five subjects experienced a reduction in auditory brainstem response (ABR) thresholds. Four of those 5 subjects also experienced an improvement in cochlear nerve latencies. Comparison of MRI with DTI sequences obtained before and after treatment revealed increased fractional anisotropy in the primary auditory cortex in three of five subjects with reduced ABR thresholds. Statistically significant (p<0.05) reductions in ABR thresholds were identified. Conclusions: TIntravenous hUCB is feasible and safe in children with SNHL.