• Title/Summary/Keyword: Calcium

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Chemical Forms of Ca, Mg Compounds Occuring in Perilla Leaves and Their Changes after Harvest (깻잎에 있어 Ca, Mg의 존재형태와 수확후의 변화)

  • 최영희
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.274-280
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    • 2001
  • The chemical forms of calcium compounds in perilla leaves and their changes after harvest were investigated. The four types of calcium compounds extracted were as follows: water soluble calcium(F-I: mainly water soluble organic acid salts and calcium ion), IN-sodium chloride soluble calcium(F-II: calcium-pectate and calcium-carbonate), 2%-acetic acid soluble calcium(F-III: calcium-phosphate), and 5%-hydrochloric acid soluble calcium(F-IV: calcium-oxalate). The calcium content of perilla leaves was not found to vary with their age. Relatively high levels of F-l (28.4~39.5) and F-II (34.4~47.4) were found in young and mature leaves while the F-IV constituted 15.6~21.6% of the total calcium. The F-IV calcium contents of perilla. spinach and jaso were 16.8, 42.4 and 22.3%, respectively. In contrast to calcium. magnesium existed as water soluble magnesium at the highest content of 90.6% in spinach while 62.9% and 16.8% of the total magnesium existed as water soluble magnesium in perilla and jaso, repectively. The change in vitamin C and F-IV calcium content were examined for 7 days after harvest. Vitamin C content decreased slowly at the beginning but rapidly from the 4th day after harvest. On the other hand, the F-IV calcium content increased slowly at the beginning and rapidly from the 4th day of observation. This result suggests that the increase in F-IV calcium is related to the decrease in vitamin C content. This phenomena was more distinctly observed at 2$0^{\circ}C$ than 5$^{\circ}C$.

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Development of Soil Binder Using Plant Extracts (식물추출액을 이용한 지반 고결제 개발)

  • Park, Sung-Sik;Choi, Sun-Gyu;Nam, In-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.67-75
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    • 2012
  • This paper presents an environment-friendly sand cementation method by precipitating calcium carbonate using plant extracts. The plant extracts contain urease like $Sporosarcina$ $pasteurii$, which can decompose urea into carbonate ion and ammonium ion. It can cause cementation within sand particles where carbonate ions decomposed from urea combine with calcium ions dissolved from calcium chloride or calcium hydroxide to form calcium carbonate. Plant extracts, urea and calcium chloride or calcium hydroxide were blended and then mixed with Nakdong River sand. The mixed sand was compacted into a cylindrical specimen and cured for 3 days at room temperature ($18^{\circ}C$). Unconfined compression test, SEM and XRD analyses were carried out to evaluate three levels of urea concentration and two different calcium sources. As urea concentration increased, the unconfined compressive strength increased up to 10 times those without plant extracts because calcium carbonate precipitated more, regardless of calcium source. It was also found that the strength of specimen using calcium chloride was higher than that of specimen using calcium hydroxide.

Effects of cooling water treatment with ionized calcium on calcium content and quality of fresh chicken meat in poultry slaughtering process (도계과정 중 이온화칼슘 냉침이 닭고기 신선도 및 칼슘 함량에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, D.H.;Park, B.S.;Jin, J.Y.
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.575-586
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    • 2016
  • An experiment was carried out to determine the effect of cooling water treatment with ionized calcium on calcium content, extending the shelf-life and quality of fresh chicken meat in poultry slaughtering process. The subjects were divided into four groups: control (0% without ionized calcium) and treatment groups (0.5, 0.7, 0.9% ionized calcium). The results indicated that the cooling water treatment with ionized calcium exhibited the bacterial counts of $10^5CFU/cm^2$ in surface of chicken meat, and maintained the quality of fresh chicken meat with extending the shelf-life above seven days when compared with that of control group. The results found that the cooling water treatment with ionized calcium could produce the calcium enrichment of chicken meat as nine times higher in calcium content of chicken meat when compared with that of control group. pH, water holding capacity, TBARS (MDA mg/kg) in chicken meat via the cooling water treatment with ionized calcium showed 6.4, above 50, below 0.10, respectively, with preventing the oxidation of unsaturated fatty acids. Lightness ($L^*$) as a chicken meat color, shear force indicated above 60, below $1.70kg/0.5inch^2$, respectively.

Effects of GS-386 on the calcium current in rabbit atrial myocytes (GS-386이 단일 심근 세포의 Ca2+ 전류에 미치는 효과)

  • Park, Choon-ok;Chang, Kyeong-jae;Kim, Yang-mi;Haan, Jae-hee;Hong, Seong-geun
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.37-47
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    • 1994
  • The effects of the novel compound GS-386 on the calcium current were investigated in rabbit atrial myocytes. The calcium current was recorded during various depolarizations of 200 ms duration from a holding potential of -40 mV using the whole cell patch clamp technique. The calcium current was activated from -30 mV, reached maximum amplitude at +10 mV and almost disappeared at +50 mV. Superfusion of GS-386 led to a reduction of the calcium current amplitude dose-dependently and $ED_{50}$ was $2.5{\times}10^{-7}M$. But the dependence of the calcium current on the membrane potential was not altered by GS-386. The inactivation of the calcium currents showed single exponential curves in both before and after application of GS-386. The inactivation time constants before and after application of GS-386 were almost the same(35 ms and 32.5 ms). The steady-state inactivation curve of the calcium current was not shifted by GS-386. The calcium currents both before and after application of GS-386 recovered completely in 1 sec and the recovery time constants were about 200 ms in both cases. From the above results it is concluded that the novel compound GS-386 has calcium antagonistic property decreasing the calcium current.

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Preparation of Calcium Powder from Eggshell and Use of Organic Acids for Enhancement of Calcium Ionization (난각칼슘의 제조 조건 및 유기산이 칼슘의 이온화에 미치는 영향)

  • Shin, Hyung-Soon;Kim, Kong-Hwan
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.40 no.6
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    • pp.531-535
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    • 1997
  • An efficient process for recovery of calcium from the eggshell was developed and some organic acids were used in an attempt to enhance the degree of calcium ionization. Eggshell membrane was readily separated from crushed eggshell based on the differences in specific gravities. The conditions which allowed most efficient membrane removal were found to be 30 rpm of speed, 30 min of residence time and 0.08 of volume fraction. It took 3 hours for the eggshell powder prepared at $1000^{\circ}C$ to reach L value of 90 with the Hausner ratio being 1.43. The calcium ion concentrations were 990, 3500, 3900 and 4200 ppm in pure water, acetic acid, citric acid and lactic acid$(0.05{\sim}3%)$ aqueous solution, respectively. The degrees of ionization of calcium-citrate-malate complex(CCM), calcium-citric acid complex(CC) and calcium malic acid complex(CM) increased by 4 to 5 times compared to eggshell calcium powder.

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The Effect of Hot Water Soluble Extract from Green Tea on Metabolism of Calcium and Bone Strength in rats fed Soy Protein Diet (녹차 열수 추출물이 콩단백질을 급여한 흰쥐의 칼슘대사와 골격강도에 미치는 영향)

  • Won Hyang Rye
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.59-64
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    • 2005
  • This study is to find out effects of hot water soluble extract from green tea, one of the Korean favorites, on the calcium metabolism and bone strength in body. To do so, calcium, phosphate, creatinine concentration and ALP activity in blood and the content of calcium and ash in the organ, the length, weight, strength in bone were measured. In addition, to find the calcium metabolism, the level of calcium intake, excretion, retention were measured. Twenty male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into two groups and isoloated soy protein was provided as the source of protein and CaCO₃ was provided as the source of calcium. 0.5% hot water soluble extract from green tea was provided to the green tea groups and for the control group deionized water was provided. The results are as follows ; 1. There is no difference between the experimental groups in diet intake, weight gain, and the feed intake. 2. Feed efficiency ratio was low in the group which hot water soluble extract from green tea was provided. 3. There is no difference between groups the level of calcium, phosphorus, creatinine and ALP activity in serum. 4. There is no difference between groups weight, contents of ash and calcium in kidney and liver. 5. There is no difference between groups in calcium intake, absorption, excretion, and retention. 6. There is no difference between groups weight, length and strength in bone. In summary, when hot water soluble extract from green tea was provided with the amount of 150-200mg, which is taken when people generally drink as favorite tea, weight gain was reduced due to the decrease of feed efficiency ratio. However, it did not affect the availability of calcium in body at all. Thus, even if a big quantity of green tea powder or solid of hot green tea extract is not provided, the quantity obtained when people drink green tea lowers the feed efficiency ratio without reducing availability of calcium in body.

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The Relationship between of Calcium Intake and BMD in Middle-aged Women (중년여성의 칼슘섭취 수준과 골밀도와의 관계)

  • Lee, Jong-Eun;Rhie, In-Sook;Kim, Soon-Lae
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.77-85
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: This study was to determine the effects of calcium intake on bone mineral density (BMD) in pre and post menopause women and to provide basic data for enhancing bone health of middle aged women. Methods: A total of 700 middle-aged women living in Seoul and Geonggi Province were interviewed during the period from June 2003 through January 2004 to investigate their social. demographic and physiological characteristics, health and daily activity performance, and their dietary patterns, and bone mineral density was measured. The survey of dietary intake was 24 hour recalls, and the individual calcium intake was calculated using food frequency. Data of 618 subjects was used for the analysis. Of the calcium intake levels, BMD values of the subjects of 20% of high level. 60% of middle level and 20% of low level were analyzed and compared. Results: The level of calcium intake according to general characteristics of the subjects was significantly related to age (p=0.001), education levels (p=.003) and marital status (p=.001). The BMD of the lumbar vertebrae and femur of the subjects taking a high level of calcium showed significantly higher than that of the subjects taking a middle level and low level of calcium. Femoral T-score was also significantly higher in subjects taking a high level of calcium than that of those taking a middle level and lower levels of calcium. Lumber spine T-score was higher in the high level group than that of the middle level group. Conclusion: The study revealed that women taking a high level of calcium had better bone health. Therefore. calcium intake is extremely important in daily dietary intake so that the intake of calcium-rich foods is highly recommended.

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Role of Calcium in Function of Isolated Perfused Rabbit Kidney (적출관류 토끼 신장기능에서 칼슘의 역할)

  • Lee, Kweon-Haeng;Chun, Eun-Eui;Hong, Kyoung-Ja;Cho, Kyu-Chul
    • The Korean Journal of Pharmacology
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.135-143
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    • 1986
  • This study was designed to investigate the role of calcium in the function of an isolated perfused rabbit kidney and its effect on the diuretic action of furosemide. The administrations of hydralazine and verapamil produced remarkable diuretic actions mainly by decreasing renal resistance. The administration of furosemide in combination with hydralazine or verapamil produced remarkable diuretic action and there was no difference between the two groups. The administration of quinidine produced a diuretic action in spite of vasoconstriction and potentiated the diuretic action of furosemide. In the calcium-free perfusion medium, the administration of calcium produced a marked diuretic action in spite of vasoconstriction and potentiated significantly the diuretic action of furosemide. The administration of quinidine did not alter renal function and the diuretic action of furosemide, but the combined administration of quinidine and calcium showed antidiuretic effect due to excessive vasoconstriction in the calcium-free perfusion medium. Although the administration of verapamil produced a slight diuretic action in the calcium-free perfusion medium, verapamil did not alter the diuretic action of calcium as well as the diuretic actions of furosemide alone and in combination with calcium. The results of this experiment show that calcium, verapamil and quinidine produced diuretic actions and calcium potentiates the diuretic action of furosemide.

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Elution of calcium ion from calcium hydroxide products using various root canal irrigants (수종의 관주용액의 수산화칼슘제재에 대한 칼슘 용출효과)

  • Seo, Jung-Hwa;Park, Dong-Soo
    • Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.379-390
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    • 1998
  • In endodontic treatment, calcium hydroxide has been used as intracanal medicament. Although calcium hydroxide should be removed thoroughly before permanent root canal filling, no effective method for its removal has been reported. Because of irregularity of root canal walls, root curvatures and anatomic variations, it is insufficient to remove calcium hydroxide from the canal wall only by mechanical instrumentation Considering the chemical effects of irrigants on calcium hydroxide, $Ca^{++}$ dissolving effect from two calcium hydroxide products is investigated, using dis- tilled water, NaOCl, citric acid and EDTA. Vitapex$^{(R)}$ 0.1g and calcium hydroxide 0.03g were dissolved in distilled water, 5% NaOCl, 50% citric acid and 17% EDTA respectively, at 1, 3, 5, 10min. time interval. The solution was filtered using filter paper(pore size $5{\mu}m$) and $Ca^{++}$ concentration was determined by ion chromatography. The result were as follows : 1. Distilled water, NaOCl, citric acid and EDTA abstracted more $Ca^{++}$ from calcium hydroxide than Vitapex$^{(R)}$ except NaOCl 1, 5, 10 time interval. 2. EDTA and citric acid abstracted more $Ca^{++}$ from Vitapex$^{(R)}$ and calcium hydroxide than distilled water or NaOCl. The overall result support the view that water-based calcium hydroxide product is easily removed than oil-based calcium hydroxide product and EDTA, citric acid are more effective in $Ca^{++}$ elution than NaOCl or distilled water.

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The Effect of Dietary Calcium Level on Biochemical Variables of Bone Metabolism in Ovariectomized Female Rats (식이 칼슘량이 난소 절제한 흰쥐에서 골대사 지료에 미치는 영향)

  • 최미자
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.295-305
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    • 1996
  • This study was done to evaluate the effectiveness of dietary calcium level(a diet which met 100% or twice the calcium level in AIN-76 diet) on preventing bone loss in ovariectomized rats. Forty female Sprauge-Dawley rats(body weight 200$\pm$5g) were divided into two groups. One group were ovariectomized(Ovx) while the others received sham operation(Sham). Thereafter, each rat group was further divided into normal calcium diet(NCD, 0.52%) and high calcium diet(HCD, 1.04%) sub-groups. All rats were fed on experimental diet and deionized water ad libitum for 8 weeks. Urinary pyridinoline & creatinine and serum estradiol, luteinizing hormone, calcium, phosphate, total protein, albumin, alkaline phosphatase and osteocalcin were determined. There were no significant differences in serum calcium. total protein and albumin in the two groups(Ovx vs Sham) of rats. Ovariectomized rats had significantly lower estradiol than sham operated rats. There was a highly significant correlation between total bone mineral density(TBMD) and overall level of esteradiol(r=0.59, p<0.05). Total bone mineral density did not correlate significantly with ALP or osteocalcin, although a negative trend was evident. However, the rats fed high calcium diet had a lower crosslinks value and osteocalcine than the rats fed normal calcium diet. An increased rate of bone turnover is usually associated with a decrease in bone mass bexause bone formation at each remodeling site is never as great as resorption. Ovariectomized rats fed high calcium diet had a lower crosslink value and osteocalcin; it means high cacium diet decreased bone turnover rate. The findings from the present study demonstrated that bone loss due to ovarian hormonal deficiency can be partially prevented by a high calcium diet. Futhermore, these findings support the strategy of the use of a high calcium diet in the prevention of estrogen depletion bone loss (postmenopausal osteoporosis).

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