• Title/Summary/Keyword: 희토류 원소

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Separation of Rare Earth and Aluminium from the Dried Powder of Waste Cerium Polishing Slurry (세륨연마재 폐슬러리 건조분말로부터 희토류와 알루미늄의 분리)

  • Yoon Ho-Sung;Kim Chul-Joo;Kim Sung-Don;Lee Jin-Yaung;Cho Sung-Wook;Kim Joon-Soo
    • Resources Recycling
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.10-15
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    • 2003
  • In this study, the separation of rare earths and aluminium from the dried powder of waste cerium polishing slurry was investigated. Since cerium oxide, 40% of rare earths, is the most stable state in rare earth, the dissolution of cerium oxide in acid solution is not easy. Therefore the dissolution process of cerium oxide by sulfation was examined in order to increase the recovery of rare earth. The rare earths could be separated from aluminum by double salt precipitation using sodium sulfate.

Determination of Individual Lanthanide Elements by Neutron Activation Using a New Comparator Technique

  • Lee, Chul;Yim, Yung-Chang;Chung, Koo-Soon
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.83-89
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    • 1972
  • The contents of the individual lanthanide elements are determined by neutron activation using a new comparator technique, which employs the short-lived radio-isotope of 56Mn as a neutron flux monitor. The total rare earths are separated as a group from the monazite sample before irradiation. After irradiation the rare earths are separated from each other by gradient elution with ammonium alpha-hydroxyisobutyrate using a cation-exchange column. The contents of 14 individual rare earths, from lutetium to lanthanum, are deter-mined.

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Rare Earth Elements of Atmospheric Particulates (PM2.5) in Northeast Asia: Beijing and Gwangju (동북아시아 초미세먼지의 희토류 원소 특성 비교: 북경과 광주)

  • Jeong, Seok;Lee, Jiyeong;Park, Sanghee;Yang, Minjune;Chang, Hyejung;Ryu, Jong-Sik
    • Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
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    • v.38 no.5_3
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    • pp.863-872
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    • 2022
  • Rare earth elements (REEs) have been used as one of power tracers for understanding geological and environmental changes due to their similar physico-chemical properties. In this study, we investigated the characteristics of rare earth elements in atmospheric particulates(PM2.5) collected in Beijing and Gwangju during January 2018. The total concentrations of REEs in the Beijing samples were about 16X higher than those in Gwangju samples, and both samples are enriched in light REE than heavy REE, up to 8-10 times. The Post Archean Australian Shale (PAAS)-normalized pattern showed that both samples are enriched in Eu, Tb, and Er, and displayed positive Eu but negative Ce anomalies. The elemental correlations indicate that both samples originated from China desert and Loess plateau as well as cities surrounding Beijing. This study suggests that REEs in PM2.5 can be used as a powerful proxy of revealing the difference between China and Korea, and provide basic information on the source and transport of PM2.5.

Geochemical and Structural Geological Approach for clarifying Stratigraphy of Quartzite in the Paju Area: an Application of Rare Earth Element and Nd Isotope in Stratigraphy (파주지역 규암의 층서관계 규명을 위한 지구화학적-구조지질학적 연구: 층서규명을 위한 희토류원소 분포도와 Nd 동위원소의 응용)

  • Koh Hee Jae;Lee Seung-Gu;Lee Byung-Joo
    • The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea
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    • v.14 no.2 s.40
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    • pp.116-126
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    • 2005
  • The Precambrian quartzite and calc-schist layers experienced multi-1310ing events are distributed along the two kinds of U-shaped 1310 (Fold I and II) with $N10^{\circ}E-directed$ fo1d axis in Wollong-myeon, Gwangtan-myeon, Jori-myeon of Paju city, the northeastern part of Gyeonggido. Occurrence of 10 layers of quartzite and 4 layers of calc-schist is not clear whether quartzite and schist layers were deposited sequentially each other or one to two layers of quartzite and schist were distributed repeatedly by isoclinal folding and thrusting, because of lack of sedimentary structures. In this paper, we tried to clarify the correlative relationship among the quartzite beds which are distributed along the U-shaped folds using geochemical tools such as rare earth element (REE) patterns and Nd isotope ratio. Quartzites have characteristics of LREE-flattened, HREE- slightly depleted patterns. They also show Ce negative anomaly whereas there are no Eu anomalies. As a result, quartzite beds occurred along the bilateral sides of fold axis show very similar REE patterns from outer side to inner side of 1314. The Nd model age of quartzite layers shows a trend that the inner part of fold is younger than the outer part of it. Such geochemical characteristics suggest that bilateral quartzite beds occurred along the fold axis were derived from the cogenetic source materials. The REE patterns and trace element geochemistry of mica schist intercalated within quartzite indicate that the quartzite and mica schist may be derived from different source materials. Our results suggest that REE and Nd isotope geochemistries may be very useful in clarifying the relationship of sedimentary deposits which do not show stratigraphical and structural connections in the field.

Global Trend of Rare Barth Metal Production (최근 세계 희토류(REE) 광물자원의 생산 동향)

  • 오민수
    • Proceedings of the KSEEG Conference
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    • 2003.04a
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    • pp.201-208
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    • 2003
  • 지각내의 한 장소에 농집되어 나타나는 정도가 희소(稀少)한 원소 또는 금속을 총칭하여 희유금속(稀有金屬) 이라고 하며, 산업용으로만 이용되어 온 희유금속은 천연에서의 산출부족으로 뒤늦게 발견되었고, 일반 수요의 결핍, 추출과정의 어려움 등의 이유로 “희유원소” 라는 용어는 시대적으로 채택된 하나의 개념으로, 20세기초에 들어와서야 비로소 산업의 필요성이 나타나기 시작하였다. (중략)

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Geochemical Implication of Rare Earth Element Tetrad Effect from a Leucocratic Granite Gneiss in the Imweon Area, Gangwon Province, Korea (강원도 임원지역 우백질 화강편마암에 나타난 희토류원소 테트라드 효과의 지구화학적 의의)

  • Lee, Seung-Gu;Kim, Kun-Han;Song, Yong-Sun;Kim, Nam-Hoon;Park, Kye-Hun
    • The Journal of the Petrological Society of Korea
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    • v.16 no.1 s.47
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    • pp.27-37
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    • 2007
  • Here we discuss a geochemical characterisitc of rare earth element (REE) pattern of a Precambrain leucogranitic gneiss at Imweon, Gangwon Province, Korea. The outcrop includes biotite gneiss xenolith. The leucocratic granite gneiss contacting with biotite gneiss is pegmatitic. However, there is no evidence of contact metamorphism between biotite gneiss and leucocratic-pegmatitic granite gneiss. The leucocratic granite gneiss shows a specific phenomenon of M-type (convex curved) tetrad effect in chondrite-normalized REE patterns with large negative Eu anomaly. The degree of REE tetrad effect in the leucocratic-pegmatitic granitec gneiss is weak and shows partly W-type (concave curved) tetrad effect. The Eu anomaly of leucocratic granite gneiss has close relationship with the degree of tetrad effect as well as Ca/Sr ratio. Our results suggest that the REE tetrad effect from the leucocratic granite gneiss should be formed during differentiation process of granitic magma. We also confirmed that the weathering might affect Eu or Ce anomaly rather than the formation of REE tetrad effect in granitic rock.

A Study on the Determination of Rare Earth Elements by Inductively Coupled Plasma Spectrometry (Inductively Coupled Plasma 법을 이용한 희토류원소의 분석에 관한 연구)

  • Beom Suk Choi;Sun Tae Kim;Young Man Kim;Chong Wook Lee
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.382-389
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    • 1985
  • The effect of plasma operational parameters for the determination of rare earth elements(REE) by means of inductively coupled plasma(ICP) spectrometry was investigated. While the increase in the flow rate of carrier gas argon enhanced the sensitivity and lowered the detection limit, significant ionization interferences were observed. The decrease in RF power increased the signal to background ratio. The observation point showing the lowest ionization interference was slightly higher than the position where the spatial profile of the analyte reached the maximum. The detection limits of the spectral lines commonly used for the determination of REE were measured and the spectral lines relatively free from spectral interferences were chosen.

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우리나라 고온성 온천수에 함유된 희토류원소 존재도의 지구화학적 특성

  • 이승구;김통권;이진수;송윤호
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Soil and Groundwater Environment Conference
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    • 2004.09a
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    • pp.410-412
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    • 2004
  • 한반도남부에 분포하는 중생대의 화강암류는 경기육괴지역을 중심으로 분포하는 쥬라기의 대보화강암류와 옥천대 이남지역에 주로 분포하는 백악기의 불국사 화강암류로 크게 분류할 수가 있다. 우리나라의 4$0^{\circ}C$ 이상의 고온성 온천수는, 이암층으로 덮여있는 포항지역을 제외하고는 대부분이 상기의 화강암류 지역에 분포하는 특성을 지닌다. 이 논문에서는 우리나라의 고온성 온천수의 지구화학적특성, 특히 희토류원소의 분포특성을 화강암류의 분포지역과 비교하여 고찰해보고자 하였다. 화학분석에 이용된 온천수 시료는 2004년도 2월의 건기에 채취되었다. 이 연구결과에 의하면, 아산온천(구 온양온천), 덕산온천, 포천지구 및 속초지구와 같이 쥬라기 대보화강암류지역에 주로 분포하는 온천수는 PAAS(Post-Archean Australian Shale)로 규격화하였을 경우 경희토류(La-Sm)이 결핍되어 있고, 중희토류는 편평한 분포양상을 보여주었다. 그리고 Eu의 이상(anomaly)이 거의 존재하지 않으며, Ce의 경우 부(-)의 이상 (Ce netative anomaly)을 보여주기도 한다. 반면에 옥천대 이남에 분포하는 백암, 덕구, 부곡, 마금산, 동래, 해운대, 포항지구의 온천수들은 전반적으로 편평한 분포특성을 보여준다. 그리고 대체적으로 Eu 과 Ce의 강한 정(+)의 이상을 보여준다. 이와 같은 Eu과 Ce의 이상은 온천수와 대수층간의 반응에 따른 결과로서 사료된다.

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