• Title, Summary, Keyword: 수리생태학

Search Result 26, Processing Time 0.038 seconds

Mathematical models for population changes of two interacting species (상호작용하는 두 생물 종의 개체 수 변화에 대한 수학적 모델)

  • Shim, Seong-A
    • Journal for History of Mathematics
    • /
    • v.25 no.1
    • /
    • pp.45-56
    • /
    • 2012
  • Mathematical biology has been recognized its importance recently and widely studied in the fields of mathematics, biology, medical sciences, and immunology. Mathematical ecology is an academic field that studies how populations of biological species change as times flows at specific locations in their habitats. It was the earliest form of the research field of mathematical biology and has been providing its basis. This article deals with various form of interactions between two biological species in a common habitat. Mathematical models of predator-prey type, competitive type, and simbiotic type are investigated.

A study on mathematical models describing population changes of biological species (생물 종의 개체 수 변화를 기술하는 수학적 모델에 대한 고찰)

  • Shim, Seong-A
    • Journal for History of Mathematics
    • /
    • v.24 no.2
    • /
    • pp.47-59
    • /
    • 2011
  • Various mathematical models have been widely studied recently in both fields of mathematics and ecology since they help us understand the dynamical process of population changes in biological species living in a certain habitat and give useful predictions. The world population model proposed by Malthus, a British economist, in his work 'An Essay on the Principle of Population' published in the period of 1789~1826 is one of the early mathematical models on population changes. Malthus' models and the carrying capacity models of Verhulst in 1845 were based on exponential type functions. The independent research field of mathematical ecology has been started from Lotka's works in 1920's. Since then various different mathematical models has been proposed and examined. This article mainly deals with single species population change models expressed in terms of ordinary differential equations.

Ecohydraulics - the significance and research trends (생태수리학의 의의와 전망)

  • Woo, Hyoseop
    • Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
    • /
    • v.53 no.10
    • /
    • pp.833-843
    • /
    • 2020
  • Ecohydraulics is a newly born discipline in the early 1990s by the interdisciplinary approach combined with aquatic ecology in one discipline and geomorphology, hydrology, and fluid hydrodynamics in another. Major areas of ecohydraulics can be delineated as habitat hydraulics (including environmental flow), vegetation hydraulics, eco-corridor hydraulics, eutrophication hydraulics, and ecological restoration hydraulics. Reviews of relevant international journals and literature reveal that ecohydraulics has remained in the limited areas of fish response, hydraulic modeling, and physical habitat response. It has not reached a truly interdisciplinary stage. Literature reviews in Korea reveal that only 3% of the total number of the papers listed in the Journal of KWRA during the last 24 years is related to ecohydraulics. It is about 20% of the total listed in the Journal of Ecology and Resilient Infrastructure. Most of those related to ecohydraulics in Korea concern vegetation hydraulics, habitat hydraulics, and ecological restoration hydraulics. In contrast, dynamic flow modeling areas, including turbulence, fauna motion simulation, and eutrophication hydraulics, are not found. Areas of further research in ecohydraulics in Korea may be specified as follows: 1) environmental flows adapted to the traits of the rivers in Korea, 2) development of the dynamic floodplain vegetation models (DFVM) to assess the changes from the white river to green river, 3) development of the eutrophication hydraulic model to predict the freshwater algal blooms, and 4) development of the models to evaluate the physical, chemical, and biological impacts of the stream restoration, decommissioning and removal of old weirs or small dams.

Eurasian Eagle Owl's Behavior of Eating Dead Chick in a Nest (수리부엉이의 둥지에서 어미의 죽은 새끼 섭식 행동)

  • Shin, Dong-Man;Kim, Seung-Min;Paek, Woon-Kee
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
    • /
    • v.22 no.5
    • /
    • pp.595-597
    • /
    • 2008
  • We photographed a nest of Bubo bubo kiautschensis in Icheon, Gyeonggi-do, which had laid 3 eggs and was incubating the eggs. Although 2 chicks were hatched from the 2 eggs, one of them disappeared and the other of them died in March 8, 2007. After that, the parent bird ate the dead chick and left the nest abandoning breeding the next day.

Experimental Design for Damage and Recovery of Benthic Macroinvertebrate Communities (저서성 대형무척추동물 군집의 피해 및 회복 규명을 위한 수리실험 계획)

  • Jeong, Soon-Hyuk;Kim, Jin-Hong
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.2122-2126
    • /
    • 2009
  • 최근 나날이 강도를 더해가는 이상기후로 인하여 집중 호우의 빈발과 홍수피해가 급증함으로써 하천생태계의 서식처가 파괴되고 저서성 대형무척추동물과 같은 생태구성원의 일시적인 소멸에 의해 하천생태계의 유지가 어려워지고 있다. 본 연구에서는 흐름의 소류력에 따른 저서성 대형무척추동물 군집의 피해 및 회복 양상을 규명하기 위한 수리실험을 계획하였다. 실험수로는 400(W)${\times}$400(H)${\times}$12000(L)mm의 직사각형 단면이며, 철제틀과 투명유리로 되어있다. 실험수로는 유기물질을 제거한 cobble과 pebble로 하상을 구성하였으며, 다양한 유속의 변화에 따른 하상구성 파괴를 막기 위해 투명 플라스틱망을 이용하였다. 또한 빛에 의한 이상행동을 고려하여 직접적인 햇볕을 차단하고 자연하천과 유사한 실험 조건을 위해 인근 안성천의 원수를 이용하였다. 실험 대상종은 붙는 무리의 대표적인 동물인 두점하루살이와, 헤엄치는 무리의 두갈래하루살이를 이용하였고, 서식무리별 선호유속 및 한계유속과 피해유속을 규명하고자 계획하였다. 이와 같은 실험수로 조성의 실험 기법은 향후 인공하천 및 복원하천 조성 시 서식처 개선에 대한 생태학적 복원자료로 활용할 수 있다.

  • PDF

The Breeding Ecology and Copulation Behavior of Eurasian Eagle Owls(Bubo bubo) (수리부엉이(Bubo bubo)의 번식생태 및 교미행동에 관한 연구)

  • Shin, Dong-Man;Paek, Woon-Kee
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
    • /
    • v.22 no.1
    • /
    • pp.59-65
    • /
    • 2008
  • This study is mainly focused on the mating of 9 couples of Eagle Owl Bubo bubo habitating in Paju, Ganghwa Island, Icheon, Sihwa Lake, Chungju. For this study, from 2005 to 2007, regular filming and mornitoring for the breeding ecology and copulation behavior of 9 couples of Eagle Owl in the nest and near area had been done. Clutches ranged in size from one to four eggs but averaged 2.27 eggs(n=15), hatching success rate was 71 %(n=34) and fledgling success rate was 83%(n=23). Through the filming and mornitoring, it was found that Eagle Owl continued to copulate each other even after hatching and kept its copulation until the chicks left their nest($7\sim8$ weeks after hatching). This copulation behaviour without fertilization seems to be done for confirming, maintaining and strengthening of pair-bond by the necessity of both male and female, and to aim at stable breeding of their chicks.

Analysis of Riparian Vegetation for the Location Character-Focus on Relationship between Microtopographical Feature and Soil Character- (하반 식생의 입지 적정성 분석-미지형 토양환경을 중심으로-)

  • 안홍규
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
    • /
    • v.15 no.2
    • /
    • pp.193-200
    • /
    • 2001
  • 본 연구는 하반식생이 일정 지역에 정착할 때 밀접하게 관여하는 토양환경에 주목하였으며, 특히 하반 미지형 이라는 특수 지역에서 생각할수 있는 미지형 형성의 토양구조와 하반미지형이 식물에 미치는 토양수분, 그리고 식생과의 관계에 대하여 검토하였다. 그결과 각 미지형마다 그 퇴적상태가 다르며 이에따라 하반식생도 달리 나타났다. 또한 모두 조사구에 서 모래층 밑에는 반드시 자갈층의 단계를 반복하고 있는데 이는 반복된 과거의 홍수에 의한 것으로 판단된다. 따라서 미지형을 고려한 식생을 도입하여야 하며, 토양수분과 지라수위와 식생과의 관계는 하천마다 다르므로 현지 지형에 맞는 식생 도입이 요구된다. 앞으로 보다 지속적, 장기적 현장조사와 하천 수문, 수리학적 data의 축정에 따른 하반식생과 입지환경요인과의 관련성에 관한 연구의 축적이 필요하며, 이에 기초한 식생호안공법의 개발이 향후과제라 할 수 있다.

  • PDF

하천 복원의 이해와 국내외 사례

  • 우효섭;박재로
    • Water for future
    • /
    • v.33 no.6
    • /
    • pp.15-28
    • /
    • 2000
  • 하천복원(河川復元, stream restoration)이란 이·치수 위주의 하천 정비나 불량한 유역 관리에 의해 훼손된 하천의 생태 서식처를 되살리기 위해 하천 변을 원래의 자연 상태에 가깝게 되돌리는 것이다. 본 하천복원 특집은 사적인 연구 동호회인 '하천복원 연구회'의 회원 중 하천 기술자와 생물 전문가들에 의해 꾸며졌다. 이 특집에서는 하천 복원의 개론 성격으로 하천 복원의 이해와 국내외 사례 등을 먼저 소개하고, 다음 하천 복원의 주요 대상인 하천 식생과 물고기의 서식처 특성에 대해 소개한다. 마지막으로 하천 복원의 주요 도구인 자연형 하천공법에 대해 호안 재료와 환경변화를 중심으로 소개한다. 하천 복원은 선진 외국의 경우 하천 수리학과 생태학 등에서 이미 보편화되고 있는 분야이다. 우리도 자연 생태 복원에 대한 사회의 욕구가 점차 높아지고 있으므로 이에 관련된 지식과 기술의 이해와 관심이 요구된다.

  • PDF

Convergence and Substitutability between IPTV and Digital Cable TV on Subscribers (IPTV와 디지털 케이블 TV 간의 융합과 대체성 강화에 따른 가입자 변동)

  • Hwang, In Young;Park, J. Hun
    • Informatization Policy
    • /
    • v.22 no.2
    • /
    • pp.19-34
    • /
    • 2015
  • Due to rapid convergence trends in the digital pay TV market, differentiation among the competing medias decreases and substitutability is increasing. The current study aims to explain the effect of service substitutability among competing media on the size of domestic digital pay TV subscribers. For the analysis, the Lotka-Volterra model, an ecological competitive diffusion model, was used to obtain the basic model for a simulation study. A simulation was performed by adjusting independent variables of substitutability to estimate the size of subscriber for particular media. The relationship between the digital cable TV and the IPTV is identified as a predator-prey relationship and the digital cable TV is found to be superior to the IPTV. The simulation results showed that the increase of convergence and substitutability result in the decrease of the entire media market. Especially, the IPTV is estimated to face the greatest loss in this context.

Plant Community Structure Analysis in Gunpo Experimental Forest of Mt. Suri, Kyonggi-do (경기도 수리산 군포시험림 식물군집구조)

  • 이경재;민성환;한봉호;김호식
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
    • /
    • v.11 no.3
    • /
    • pp.290-309
    • /
    • 1997
  • To investigate the plant community structure in Gunpo Experimental Forest of Mt. Suri, Kyonggi-do, sixty-four plots were set up and surveyed. By DCA ordination technique, sixty-four plots were divided into seven groups. The dividing groups were * Pinus rigitaeda community, P. densiflora community, P. densiflora-Quercus mongolica community, Q. variabilis community, Q. aliena comunity, Q. serrata community, Carpinus laxiflora community. Though the successional trend of seven communities by DCA ordination technique and DBH class distribution analysis was not clearly inferred, * Pinus rigitaeda community and P. densiflora-Q: mongolica community seems to be trended from present state to Q. spp. community. P. densiflora community, Q. variabilis community, Q. aliena community and Q. serrata community seems to be maintained preaent state and C. laxiflora community will be maintainde stable state. Shannon's diversity was 0.7430~1.3025(unit area: 300m$^{2}$) and soil acidity was pH 4.16~5.13 in surveyed areas.

  • PDF