A Review of Interventions Using Music for Physical Rehabilitation in Patients With Parkinson's Disease

국외 파킨슨병 환자 대상 음악을 활용한 신체재활 중재연구 고찰

  • Received : 2023.10.06
  • Accepted : 2023.11.09
  • Published : 2023.11.30


This study is an analysis and review of the international research on interventions using music for the rehabilitation of patients with Parkinson's disease(PD). It categorizes 24 intervention studies conducted over the last 20 years based on the level of music usage and type of music utilized. The aim of this analysis was to identify which musical elements improved timing issues related to the initiation and cessation of movement in patients with PD. The studies involved six with music-based interventions and 18 with rhythm-based interventions, depending on the level of music usage. Rhythm, a common element in music, was a suitable factor for addressing the participants' issues. Furthermore, this review suggests that the characteristics of the researchers impact the extent to which musical elements are used and the diversity of those elements, which influences the intervention's effectiveness. Therefore, this study provides information on how to specify and systematically consider intervention efforts and the use of musical elements that can be applied in rehabilitation for patients with PD.

본 연구는 국외 파킨슨병 환자의 신체 재활을 위해 음악을 사용한 중재 연구의 연구 특성을 분석 및 고찰한 연구로 최근 20년간 진행된 연구 중 24편의 중재연구를 음악사용 수준에 따라 분류하여 요약 제시하였다. 분석된 연구 내용을 통해 파킨슨병 환자의 운동 산출 시 움직임의 시작 및 종료와 관련된 타이밍 문제를 개선할 수 있는 음악 요소가 무엇인지에 대해 고찰하였다. 분석 결과, 신체 기능의 변화를 유도하기 위해 제공한 음악사용 수준의 차이에 따라 음악 기반 중재연구(music-based intervention) 6편과 리듬기반 중재연구(rhythm-based intervention) 18편으로 나타났다. 이처럼 음악 수준에 따른 연구 특성을 고찰 후 음악사용의 공통 요소인 '리듬'이 대상자의 문제 개선에 적합한 중재 요소였음을 결론 도출하였다. 또한 연구자의 특성이 음악 요소의 활용 범위 및 음악사용의 정도와 관련이 있으며, 이것이 중재 효과의 다양성과 관련이 있다고 제시하였다. 따라서 본 연구는 실제 임상 환경에서 파킨슨병 환자를 포함하여 다양한 신체기능 문제 개선을 위한 신체 재활 중재에 적용이 가능한 음악사용의 근거를 학술적으로 제시하는 것으로 사료된다.



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