Determining Leadership Styles to Support Civil Servant Relocation: A Case Study of Indonesia's New Capital Plan

  • IRAWANTO, Dodi Wirawan (Department of Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Brawijaya University) ;
  • NOVIANTI, Khusnul Rofida (Department of Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang) ;
  • FANANI, Lutfi (Department of Computer Science, Brawijaya University)
  • Received : 2022.10.10
  • Accepted : 2023.01.15
  • Published : 2023.01.30


This study intends to investigate the impact of leadership style on civil servants' (in 4 ministries representatives of the Indonesian government) readiness to change and relocate to the future capital of Indonesia (Ibu Kota Nusantara / IKN). The quantitative approach was used from the data survey from 62 high-level civil servant representatives using a questionnaire. The collected data was analyzed using the SPSS software and exploratory factor analysis (EFA). The findings also indicated that, out of the 12 indicators of leadership style measured in this study, persuasion and integration leadership style should be considered crucial and important factors in shaping supportive behavior in the context of readiness for change. Making the relocation process successful requires avoiding the type of initiation structure leadership style. The finding of this study reveals that to choose the best leaders, the Indonesian government is urged to use these two criteria (persuasion and integration leadership style), especially for those in charge of facilitating the relocation process to IKN. Additionally, to demonstrate their confidence and make full use of their resources, leaders who are in command must be able to anticipate that the relocation of civil servants would go smoothly with less risk.



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