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Application of Artificial Intelligence for the Management of Oral Diseases

  • Lee, Yeon-Hee (Department of Orofacial Pain and Oral Medicine, Kyung Hee University Dental Hospital, College and School of Dentistry Kyung Hee University)
  • Received : 2022.04.16
  • Accepted : 2022.04.25
  • Published : 2022.06.30

Abstract

Artificial intelligence (AI) refers to the use of machines to mimic intelligent human behavior. It involves interactions with humans in clinical settings, and augmented intelligence is considered as a cognitive extension of AI. The importance of AI in healthcare and medicine has been emphasized in recent studies. Machine learning models, such as genetic algorithms, artificial neural networks (ANNs), and fuzzy logic, can learn and examine data to execute various functions. Among them, ANN is the most popular model for diagnosis based on image data. AI is rapidly becoming an adjunct to healthcare professionals and is expected to be human-independent in the near future. The introduction of AI to the diagnosis and treatment of oral diseases worldwide remains in the preliminary stage. AI-based or assisted diagnosis and decision-making will increase the accuracy of the diagnosis and render treatment more precise and personalized. Therefore, dental professionals must actively initiate and lead the development of AI, even if they are unfamiliar with it.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

This study was supported by a National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korean government (MSIT) (no. NRF-2020R1F1A1070072) and Kyung Hee University in 2021 (no. KHU20211863).

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