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The Effects of Metaverse Related Self-determination on Intention to Continuous Use Through Intrinsic Motivation: Moderating Effect of Member Trust

메타버스 관련 자기결정성이 내적 동기를 통해 지속적 이용 의도에 미치는 영향: 구성원 신뢰의 조절 효과

  • Hwang, Inho (College of General Education Kookmin University)
  • Received : 2022.02.24
  • Accepted : 2022.05.02
  • Published : 2022.05.31

Abstract

COVID-19 is forcing people to minimize face-to-face networking activities between members of society, and they are increasing their use of online platforms. In particular, interest in the metaverse, a virtual community with enhanced realism, is growing. Specifically, this study suggests a mechanism to improve the intention to continuous use of metaverse users by using the self-determination theory, and confirms that trust between metaverse members moderates the relationship between self-determination and intrinsic motivation. We obtained 353 samples through a questionnaire targeting those who have used metaverse and verified the hypothesis through structural equation modeling. As a result of the analysis, individual self-determination of the metaverse formed intrinsic motivation such as identification and enjoyment, which affected the intention to continue use, and the trust of metaverse members partially moderated the relationship between self-determination and motivation. The result contributes to the sustainability of the metaverse platform by suggesting an approach to users and the environment to improve the intention of continuous use of metaverse.

코로나19는 사회 구성원 간의 대면 네트워킹 활동을 최소화하는 것을 강요하고 있으며, 구성원들은 온라인 플랫폼 사용을 높이고 있다. 특히, 현실감을 강화한 가상 커뮤니티인 메타버스에 대한 관심이 높아지고 있다. 본 연구의 목적은 사용자 관점에서 메타버스의 지속적 활용 방안을 제시하는 것이다. 이에, 연구는 자기결정성 이론을 활용하여 메타버스 사용자의 지속적 이용 의도 향상에 미치는 매커니즘을 제시하고, 메타버스 구성원 간의 신뢰가 자기결정성과 동기 간의 관계를 조절하는 것을 확인한다. 연구는 메타버스를 사용한 경험이 있는 사람들을 대상으로 설문을 통해 353개의 표본을 확보하였으며, 구조방정식모델링을 통해 가설을 검증하였다. 분석 결과, 메타버스에 대한 개인의 자기결정성이 동일시, 즐거움과 같은 내적 동기를 형성하여 지속적 이용 의도에 영향을 주었으며, 메타버스 구성원 신뢰가 부분적으로 자기결정성과 동기간의 관계를 조절하였다. 연구의 결과는 메타버스 지속적 이용 의도 향상을 위한 사용자 및 환경 차원의 접근 방향을 제시함으로써, 메타버스 플랫폼의 지속성을 위한 전략 수립에 기여 한다.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

이 논문은 2018년도 정부(교육부)의 재원으로 한국연구재단의 지원을 받아 수행된 기초연구사업임(NRF-2018R1D1A1B07050305).

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