Structural Relationship among Children's Academic Stress, Grit, Executive Function Difficulty, and Media Device Addiction

아동의 학업스트레스, 그릿, 집행기능 곤란 및 미디어기기 과의존 간의 구조적 관계

  • Kong, Youngsook (Major in Child & Family Studies, School of Child Studies, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Lim, Jiyoung (Major in Child & Family Studies, School of Child Studies.CBA(Center for Beautiful Aging), Kyungpook National University)
  • 공영숙 (경북대학교 아동가족학전공) ;
  • 임지영 (경북대학교 아동가족학전공, 경북대학교 장수생활과학연구소)
  • Received : 2021.05.08
  • Accepted : 2021.07.27
  • Published : 2021.08.30


This study examined the structural relationship between children's academic stress, grit, executive function difficulty, and media device addiction. Data on 1,132 children and their mothers from the 11th (2018)Panel Study on Korean Children were used for the study. Data were collected by Academic Stress Scale, Grit Scale-Children, Child-Adolescent Self-reported Executive Function Difficulty Screening Questionnaire, and K-Internet Addiction Scale. Data were analyzed using SPSS 25.0 and AMOS 23.0 program with Pearson correlation, structural equation model and bootstrapping. The main results were as follows. 1) Children's academic stress had a negative influence on their grit. 2) Children's grit had a negative influence on their executive function difficulty and media device addiction. 3) Children's executive function difficulty had a positive influence on their media device addiction. 4) The relationship between children's academic stress and media device addiction was mediated by their grit and executive function difficulty. This study is significant in the sense that it found protective factors and risk factors for children's addiction to media devices. We suggest that children's grit be improved, and their academic stress and executive function difficulty be reduced to prevent and mediate children's media device addiction.



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