Thermal Stability and Lifetime Prediction of PAG and POE Oils for a Refrigeration System

  • Park, Keun-Seo (Graduate School of Mechanical Engineering, Kookmin University) ;
  • Kang, Byung-Ha (School of Mechanical and Automotive Engineering, Kookmin University) ;
  • Park, Kyoung-Kuhn (School of Mechanical and Automotive Engineering, Kookmin University) ;
  • Kim, Suk-Hyun (School of Mechanical and Automotive Engineering, Kookmin University)
  • Published : 2007.06.30


An experimental study has been carried out to analyze the thermal stability and to estimate the lifetime of refrigerating lubricants. PAG and POE oil are considered as test oils in this study. The viscosity of PAG and POE oil was measured by the vibration type viscometer while temperature is varied periodically in the range of $0^{\circ}C{\sim}100^{\circ}C$. In order to estimate lifetime of PAG and POE oil with temperature, the viscosity was measured while the test temperature of oils was maintained continuously at $180,\;200\;and\;220^{\circ}C$. The lifetime of oils is estimated as the decrease in viscosity change by 15%. The results indicate that the reduction rates of viscosity of PAG and POE oil are less than 5% after 510 temperature variation cycles. However, when the oils are kept at high temperature, it is found that the lifetimes of PAG oil is seen to be 244, 177 and 89 hours at the test temperature of $180,\;200\;and\;220^{\circ}C$, respectively, where as the lifetimes of POE oil are estimated to be 1,744, 1,007 and 334 hours at the temperature of $180,\;200\;and\;220^{\circ}C$, respectively. Thus, the lifetime of POE oil is found to be much longer than that of PAG oil. The lifetime correlations of PAG and POE oil are also obtained by Arrhenius's equation method in this paper.



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