Net Enthalpy Transport in Pulse Tube Refrigerators

  • Published : 1999.09.01


Enthalpy transport in a pulse tube was investigated by two-dimensional analysis of mass, momentum and energy equations assuming that the axial temperature gradient in the pulse tube was constant. The time-averaged second-order conservation equations of mass, momentum and energy were used to show the existence of steady mass and enthalpy streaming. Effects of the axial temperature gradient, velocity amplitude ratio, and heat transfer between the gas and the tube wall On the steady mass and enthalpy streaming were shown. Enthalpy loss due to the steady mass streaming is zero for basic and orifice pulse tube refrigerators, but it is proportional to the axial temperature gradient and steady mass flow rate through a pulse tube for double inlet pulse tube refrigerators.