Effect of particle sizes on CHF enhancement and boiling characteristics of nano-fluids

나노유체의 임계열유속 및 비등특성에 미치는 나노입자 크기의 영향

  • 조병남 (아주대학교 대학원 기계공학과) ;
  • 강준원 (아주대학교 대학원 기계공학과) ;
  • 유재석 (아주대학교 기계공학부) ;
  • 김현정 (아주대학교 기계공학부)
  • Published : 2006.12.01


The characteristics of boiling heat transfer and critical heat flux (CHF) behavior of nano-fluids were studied by using various sized silver and alumina nanoparticles. The diameter of nanoparticles was from 2 nm to 250 nm for silver and from 20nm to 40nm for alumina. Pool boiling characteristics and CHF enhancement of nano-fluids with different sized nanoparticles were compared with those of pure water and each nano-fluids. The experiment was performed at atmospheric pressure and the temperature of the pool was maintained constantly by using a flat immersed heater. The concentration of nano-fluids was uniform in all experiments as 0.01g/liter. The results showed that the measured boiling curves were shifted to the right. It demonstrated that the occurrence of nucleate boiling regime in nano-fluids retarded, compared with that of pure water. Also, in nano-fluids, the boiling curves showed that CHF of nano-fluids is significantly enhanced and represented the effect of particle size on boiling characteristics.