• Title/Summary/Keyword: rice cultivar

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Influence of climate conditions on yield, chemical component, color difference and starch characteristics of colored rice cultivars

  • Shin, Jong Hee;Kim, Sang Kuk;Kim, Se Jong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Crop Science Conference
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    • 2017.06a
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    • pp.331-331
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    • 2017
  • This study was conducted to know the influence of air temperature and sunshine duration on yield, chemical component, pigment color difference and starch characteristics of two colored rice cultivars in the plain area of Yeongnam province in Korea. The $L^*$, $a^*$, and $b^*$ value of brown rice in Hongjinju and Josaengheugchal rice cultivars was significantly different at continuous cultivated years, 2015 and 2016. The $L^*$, $b^*$ value of two colored rice was significantly increased in 2016 compared to 2015. The $a^*$ value of Josengheugchal rice cultivar was also significantly higher at 2016 than at 2015. It can be noticed the $a^*$, $b^*$, $L^*$ values in Josaengheugchal varied more than those in Hongjinju. Air temperature during ripening period in 2016 was higher than 2015, especially minimum temperature was too high to proper maturation for rice quality. In Josaengheugchal rice cultivar, sunshine duration after heading was longer in 2016 than in 2015. On the contrary, Hongjinju rice cultivar was ripened under condition of insufficient sunshine duration in 2016. The short growing duration by high temperature and long shiny duration made the lack of pigment for Josaengheugchal brown rice. In Hongjinju rice cultivar, shorten sunshine duration and higher night temperature were the source of the pigment deficiency. The grain size of rice which produced in 2016 was bigger than that of 2015 in both rice cultivars. The 1,000 grain weight of rice from 2016 was also bigger than that of 2015. Head rice ratio was high in the rice cultivars produced in 2015. Protein of milled rice in 2016 was more decreased than that of 2015 in Josaengheugchal rice cultivar, it showed reverse result in Hongjinju rice cultivar. Amylose contents of milled rice in 2016 were more decreased than that of 2015 in Hongjinju rice cultivar. Branch chain length distribution of amylopectin was shown a distinct difference between Josaengheugchal and Hongjinju rice flours by each produced year. Josaengheugchal rice cultivar produced in 2015 had a higher amount of short chains than that of 2016 rice starches. In Josaengheugchal rice cultivar, the pasting temperature and peak, trough, breakdown, final viscosity increased in rice flour which produced at 2016, whereas the setback viscosity and peak time showed lower value than those of rice from 2015. The most pasting properties (except of setback viscosity) of rice starch in Hongjinju rice cultivar grown in 2015 were higher than those of rice cultivar produced in 2016.

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Differences in Nymphal Development, Adult Longevity and Fecundity of the Green Rice Leafhopper, Nepthotettix cincticeps Uhler Fed on Rice Cultivar and Water Foxtail, Alopecurus aequalis Sobol. Var. amurensis Ohwi at Various Temperatures (벼와 벼과 잡초에 따른 끝동매미충 유충의 발육 및 성충의 수명과 산란의 차이)

  • 최주수;박영도
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.121-125
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    • 2001
  • Some attempts were made to investigate the biological characterisitcs of the green rice leafhopper(GLH) , Nepthotettix cincticeps Uhler in terms of nymphal development, emergence ratio. preovipositional period, growth index, adult longevity and fecundity fed on rice cultivar, Chucheongbyeo with no resistance gene and water foxtail, Alpecurus aequalis Sobol. var. amurensis Ohwi at 20 and $25^{\circ}C$ with a 16L;8D photoperiod. Development period of nymph on rice cultivar and water foxtail at $25^{\circ}C$ was shorter than that at 2$0^{\circ}C$ by twofold. The nymphal period of female was about one day longer than that of male. The mean emergence ratio of female and male on rice cultivar and water foxtail was 40.0, 76.7, 38.3, 73.3% at 20 and $25^{\circ}C$, respectively. Preovipositional period on rice cultivar and water foxtail at $25^{\circ}C$ was shorter that at 2$0^{\circ}C$ by twofold. Growth index on rice cultivar adn water foxtail at $25^{\circ}C$was higher than that at 2$0^{\circ}C$ by fourfold. Under the 20 and $25^{\circ}C$ condition, the longevity of female and male was longer on water foxtail than on rice cultivar, but the fecundity of GLH was higher on rice cultivar than on water foxtail. In conculsion, water foxtail seems to be adequate for spring host of GLH.

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Changes in Amylopectin Structure and Pasting Properties of Starch as Affected by Different Transplanting Dates in Rice

  • Kim, Sang-Kuk;Shin, Jong-Hee;Ahn, Deuk-Jong;Kim, Se-Jong
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.61 no.4
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    • pp.235-241
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    • 2016
  • Three different transplanting dates for two rice cultivars grown in Daegu, Republic of Korea, were examined to identify the changes in growth, rice quality, and characteristics of amylopectin. An early transplanting date caused a reduction in the number of panicles in both rice cultivars compared to that in the optimal and late transplanting dates. The 1000-grain weight in the two rice cultivars was significantly increased in the late transplanting date. The rice cultivar tolerant to high temperatures, Donganbyeo, exhibited the lowest milky grain rate in the late transplanting date. The highest rate of head grain was observed in the late transplanting date in both rice cultivars. Regarding the pattern of pasting properties, peak viscosity increased with delayed transplanting dates. With respect to changes in the amylopectin branch-chain length distribution, the amylopectin structure of the translucent Dongan rice cultivar transplanted on April 25 was characterized by a significant increase in A chains with DP > 12, and a decrease in long chains $DP{\geq}37$ compared to that transplanted on June 25. In contrast, the amylopectin structure of the chalky Dongan rice cultivar transplanted on April 25 exhibited further decrease in 13 < DP < 19 than that transplanted on June 25. In the Ungwang rice cultivar, the amylopectin structure of the translucent Ungwang rice cultivar transplanted on April 25 and June 25 was characterized by a significant decrease in the lengths of total amylopectin chains. Furthermore, the amylopectin structure of the chalky Ungwangbyeo rice cultivar transplanted on April 25 was characterized by a significant increase in 7 < DP < 30, while a significant decrease was observed in that transplanted on June 25. These results indicate that the amylopectin structure is altered by different transplanting dates depending on the characteristics of the rice cultivar.

Difference of Sugar and Starch Content during Germination of the Rice Cultivar Suitable for Direct-Seeding (벼 직파적응성 품종의 발아 중 당함량 변화)

  • Park, Kwang-Ho
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.50 no.6
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    • pp.384-386
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    • 2005
  • This research was conducted to determine the contents of sugar and starch between rice cultivar, ASD1 being with high seedling establishment under direct seeding cultivation and IR72 being with poor seedling establishment. The ASD1 rice cultivar was higher in sugar and starch contents than those of IR72 during germination. This result was proven to the previous research out­put with high seedling establishment in direct seeding condition as well.

Changes of Anthocyanidin, Growth Characteristics and Brown Rice Yield of Red Colored Rice at Two Region of Eastern Coast in Gyeongsangbuk-do Province

  • Kim, Sang-Kuk;Kim, Se-Jong;Shin, Jong-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.318-322
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    • 2017
  • The study was carried out to determine the changes of growth characteristics, anthocyanidin, and brown rice yield grown at coast and inland areas apart from the east coastline of Gyeongsangbuk-do province. Number of spikelets per panicle was much more increased in inland area. Regional difference in number of spikelets per panicle was observed in Jeongjinju cultivar. Among these red rice cultivars, the highest brown rice yield was Jeongjinju rice cultivar having 702 kg in inland area and 692 ㎏ in coast area, respectively. Anthocyanidin content ranged 524 to $610{\mu}g/g$ dry weight basis. Cyanidin content was 11.4 to 14.0 times higher than that of delphinidin under coast and inland area. Anthocyanidin content was higher in rice cultivar grown at coast area. Highest head brown rice rate was only observed in Geonganghongmi to 95.2 at coast area and 95.4 inland area. In considering brown rice yield and pigment content, Hongjinju rice cultivar was recommended in optimal pigment rice cultivar in eastern coast of Gyeongsangbuk-do Province.

Influence of Harvest Time on Pasting Properties of Starch in Colored Rice

  • Kim, Sang-Kuk;Song, Young-Un;Kim, Se-Jong;Shin, Jong-Hee
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.62 no.4
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    • pp.311-316
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    • 2017
  • The relationship between mean air temperature after heading and starch characteristics of colored rice grains was investigated using three colored rice cultivars. Pasting temperature within each rice cultivar with different harvest times differed. The pasting temperatures of two rice cultivars, Hongjinju and Joseongheugchal, reached the highest at 40 days after heading and decreased during the late harvest time. Distribution of amylopectin in the Hongjinju rice cultivar at the earlier harvest time contained a greater number of very short chains with the degree of polymerization (DP) between 6 and 12 and fewer chains with a DP from 13 to 24 than that of the later harvest time. However, there was little difference in the distribution of the longer chains of $25{\leq}DP{\geq}36$ and $37{\leq}DP$ for latter harvest times compared to that of the earlier ones. It was suggested that the structure of amylopectin affected the varietal differences in patterns of chain length of amylopectin during grain filling. In addition, the control of ripening was different from that causing the pigment effects in the fine structure of amylopectin in the three colored rice cultivars. Larger starch granules were observed in the Joseongheugchal rice cultivar and smaller granules occurred in the Hongjinju rice cultivar. The present study revealed that later harvest times led to a clear increase in the mean granule size of starch in the three colored rice cultivars.

Effect of Daylength on the Panicle Exsertion of Panicle Enclosing 'Gamadi' Rice Cultivar (일장조건이 수도 GAMADI 품종의 이삭 추출에 미치는 영향)

  • G. L, Shrestha;M. H, Heu;S. Z, Park
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.121-124
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    • 1981
  • The panicle enclosing Gamadi rice cultivar from western Tarai of Nepal was treated with different daylengths; 8 hours, natural daylength i.e. 14 hours 30 minutes to 12 hours 30 minutes, and 24 hours throughout its life cycle. The extremely long daylength of 24 hours induced the panicle exsertion, and elongated the first internode from the top, but did not affect the second internode significantly, suggesting that the panicle exsertion was strongly correlated with the first internode elongation in the Gamadi rice cultivar.

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Different Physiological Activity of Selected Rice Cultivars to Diphenylether Herbicide, Oxyfluorfen - VI. Responses of Oxyfluorfen - Similar Herbicides (Oxyfluorfen에 대한 내성(耐性) 및 감수성(感受性) 벼품종(品種)의 생리활성(生理活性) 기구(機構) - VI. 유사제초제(類似除草劑)에 대한 반응(反應))

  • Kuk, Y.I.;Guh, J.O.
    • Korean Journal of Weed Science
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.337-345
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    • 1996
  • This study was conducted to investigate the protox activity, the PPIX accumulation and the activity of antioxidative enzymes of the oxyfluorfen-tolerant and -susceptible rice cultivars by oxyfluorfen and oxytluorfen-similar herbicides treatment. When treated with acifluorfen, bifenox or oxadiazon, the oxyfluorfen-tolerant rice cultivars showed less decreased in fresh weight than the susceptible rice cultivars. The inhibition of protox activity was in the order of acifluorfen > oxyfluorfen > bifenox > oxadiazon, and the PPIX accumulation was in the sequence of oxadiazon > acifluorfen > oxyfluorfen > bifenox. The inhibition of protox activity and the PPIX accumulation by the herbicide was greater in the susceptible rice cultivars than in the tolerant rice cultivars. The effect inhibiting the decrease of chlorophyll content resulting from the treatment of GC, tetrapyrrole biosynthesis inhibitor, was in the order of oxyfluorfen > acifluorfen > bifenox > oxadiazon, and the tolerant rice cultivar had more than the susceptible rice cultivar. In the treatment of DPE and oxadiazon, the activities of MDAR, POX and GR was higher in the tolerant rice cultivar than in the susceptible rice cultivar, and in the case of POX isozyme the activities of main D and E bands increased in the tolerant rice cultivars at tested herbicides but they didn't in the susceptible rice cultivar.

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Inheritance of Resistance to Bacterial Blight in Tongil Type Rice Cultivar 'Changseongbyeo'

  • Shin, Mun-Sik;Noh, Tae-Hwan;Lee, Jae-Kil;Shin, Hyun-Tak;Cho, Soo-Yeon
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.43 no.2
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    • pp.64-65
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    • 1998
  • The inheritance of resistance to bacterial blight in a Tongil-type rice cultivar 'Changseongbyeo' was studied using a Korean isolate HB9101. which belongs to race $K_1$. The resistance of Changseongbyeo to the HB9101 was controlled by a single dominant gene. This gene was allelic with Xa-1 gene and linked to Ig gene on chromosome 4 with the recombination value of 7.5%.

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Development of male sterile transgenic lines in rice by tapetum specific expression of barnase gene

  • Kumar, Pravin;Kaur, Kulwinder;Purty, Ram Singh;Mohan, Madan;Burma, Pradeep Kumar
    • Journal of Plant Biotechnology
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    • v.44 no.4
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    • pp.364-371
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    • 2017
  • The key to development of barnase-barstar transgene based hybrid seed technology is the availability of tightly regulated tapetum specific promoter, as any leaky expression of the barnase gene leads to several unintended effects. In the present study, we used two different tapetum specific promoters i.e. promoter of the RTS gene isolated from rice cultivar IR64 and the OsG6b promoter from japonica rice cultivar Hayayuki to express the barnase gene in rice transgenic lines. While viable male sterile transgenic lines could not be obtained with RTS promoter we could develop single copy male sterile lines when the barnase gene was expressed under the OsG6b promoter.