• Title/Summary/Keyword: heptaplatin

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Cell Viability and Flow Cytometry Analysis of a Novel Antitumor Agent, Heptaplatin in Human Melanoma Cell Line, SK-MEL-28 (신규항암제인 Heptaplatin의 인체 흑색종세포(SK-MEL-28)에 대한 세포생존률 및 유세포 분석)

  • 최수라;명평근
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.47 no.6
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    • pp.345-351
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    • 2003
  • Heptaplatin, cis-Malonato[(4R,5R)-4,5-bis(aminomethyl)-2-isopropyl-1,3-dioxolane]platinum(II), is a novel platinum-based antitumor agent with clinical potential against human stomach cancer and the 3rd generation of the cisplatin. This study was performed to study how cisplain, heptaplatin and sunpla which is a mixture of heptaplatin and mannitol (w: w=l : 2) affect cell viability of SK-MEL-28 human melanoma cell line. Heptaplatin ($IC_{50}$/; 95.35 $\mu$M) and sunpla ($IC_{50}$/; 10.95 11M) were less effect than cisplatin (IC $_{50}$; 10.92 $\mu$M) on the SK-MEL-28 cells. By cell cycle analysis using flow cytometry, it was identified that the cells were arrested at G2/M phase by cisplatin, heptaplatin and sunpla, and percentage of cell death group was increased according to increasing of time and concentration. These results suggest that cisplatin, heptaplatin and sunpla are a novel anticancer agent against human melanoma cell.l.

Retrospective Evaluation of Heptaplatin Toxicities in Patients with Advanced Gastric Cancer (말기 암환자에 투여한 Heptaplatin의 신독성에 대한 후향적 평가)

  • Park, Mi-Sook;Kang, Min-Hee;Lim, Sung-Cil;Choi, Soon-Ok;Lee, Byung-Koo;Lee, Myung-Koo
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.131-138
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    • 2006
  • Heptaplatin, a new platinum derivative, has several contradicting reports on the nephrotoxicity. Therefore, the aim of this study is to compare the toxicities of heptaplatin-containing regimens in the chemotherapy. This study was performed retrospectively on seventy-seven patients with advanced gastric cancer who did not receive chemotherapy within the last 1 months before taking of heptaplatin- or cisplatin-containing chemotherapy. The 38 patients among total patients was received heptaplatin-containing regimens (26 with SEF regimens: heptaplatin/epirubicin/5-FU, 12 with SF regimens: heptaplatin/5-FU) and the rest 39 patients was received cisplatin-containg regimens (11 with CEF regimens: cisplatin/epirubicin/5-FU, 28 with ELF regimens: epirubicin/leucovorin/5-FU). Before and after the chemotherapy serum creatinine (Scr) and proteinuria were measured by urine stick test in all patient groups. Also Scr was measured a day before the second cycle and did not vary significantly between groups. However Scr on cycle 3 were significantly higher in SEF and SF groups. In case of proteinuria, it was more frequent on cycle 1 in heptaplatin/5-FU group. Proteinuria before and after on cycle 2 was not different between the two cisplatin -containing groups, but was more frequent in heptaplatin-containing groups. The reason why the Scr measured was not so different could be because we excluded the patients who received only one cycle of heptaplatin and changed the regimen due to signs of nephrotoxcity. As the results nephrotoxicity such as protienuria was appeared to be more frequent with heptaplatin-treated patients. It suggests that the clinical consequences of the toxicity need to further evaluation and also the modalities to prevent or minimize nephrotoxicity of heptaplatin should be studied for future utilization of the drug.

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Induction of Apoptosis by Cisplatin, Heptaplatin and Sunpla in Human Melanoma (SK-MEL-28) Cell Line (인체 흑색종 세포(SK-MEL-28 Cell Line)에서 Cisplatin, Heptaplatin, 그리고 Sulpla에 의한 Apoptosis의 유도)

  • 최수라;명평근
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.48 no.2
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    • pp.147-152
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    • 2004
  • A wide variety of cancer chemotherapeutic agents have been shown to induce programmed cell death (PCD, APOPTOSIS) in various tumor cell lines in vitro. cis-Malonato [(4R,5R)-4,5-bis(aminomethyl)-2-isoprpopyl-1,3-dioxolane] platinum(II) (heptaplatin), which is a new drug approved by KFDA in 1999, in a novel platinum-based antitumor agent with clinical potential against stomach cancer and the 3rd generation of the cisplatin. This study was performed to know how heptaplatin and cisplatin and sunpla (mixture of heptaplatin and mannitol) affect on SK-MEL-28 cell line, and how they induce the apoptosis. At EM analysis, the morphology of the cell was changed by treatment of the cisplatin, heptaplatin and sunpla. Apoptotic body formed around plasma membrane, and chromatin condensation represented in nucleus. This phenomenon is one of the characteristic of the apoptosis. The DNA of SK-MEL-28 cell line truncated by cisplatin and sunpla treatment was identified on 2% agarose gel electrophoresis. TUNEL assay was performed to know whether SK-MEL-28 cell die as apoptosis or necrosis by cisplatin, heptaplatin and sunpla. At this result, fluorescence intensity increased according to increase of time and concentration. Therefore, it was identified that cislatin, heptaplatin and sunpla induced apoptosis. Fas expressed on SK-MEL-28 cell membrane by cisplatin, heptaplatin and sunpla was identified by using flow cytometer and the expression of bcl-2(anti-apoptotic gene) decreased according to increase of concentration of the cisplatin, heptaplatin and sunpla. Cisplatin, heptaplatin and sunpla induced apoptosis against SK-MEL-28 cell line, and the apoptotic mechanism was identified as Fas-mediated apoptosis and decreased bcl-2 expression.

Combined Effect of Heptaplatin and Ionizing Radiation on Human Squamous Carcinoma Cell Lines

  • Ryu, Mi-Ryeong;Paik, Soon-Young;Chung, Su-Mi
    • Molecules and Cells
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.143-148
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    • 2005
  • Heptaplatin, cis-malonato [(4R,5R)-4,5-bis (amino-methyl)-2-isopropyl-1,3-dioxolane] platinum(II) (SKI-2053R, Sunpla) is a new platinum derivative with antitumor activity comparable to cisplatin on various cancer cell lines. Preclinical studies suggest that it is less nephrotoxic than cisplatin. This study was undertaken to examine the combined effect of heptaplatin and ionizing radiation on two established human squamous carcinoma cell lines (NCI-H520, SQ20B). The cytotoxic activity of heptaplatin was concentration-dependent in both cell lines. When low dose heptaplatin was combined with high dose ionizing radiation, there was an additive cytotoxic effect on NCI-H520 cells (P < 0.05), while a moderate dose of heptaplatin and a low dose of ionizing radiation had an additive cytotoxic effect on the growth of SQ20B cells (P < 0.05). FACS analysis and DAPI staining showed that their additive cytotoxic effects were correlated with the induction of apoptosis. Further studies are warranted using heptaplatin and ionizing radiation in squamous cell carcinoma as a substitute for cisplatin.

Retrospective Evaluation of Heptaplatin Nephrotoxicity in Patients with Advanced Gastric Cancer

  • Park, Mi-Sook;Kang, Min-Hee;Choi, Sun-Ok;Chang, Sun-Mee;Kim, Jun-Cheol;Lee, Myung-Koo
    • Proceedings of the PSK Conference
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    • 2003.10b
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    • pp.250.2-251
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    • 2003
  • There are contradicting reports on the nephrotoxicity of heptaplatin, a new platinum derivative. A retrospective study was performed to compare the toxicities of heptaplatin-containing regimens with the ones not. Seventy-seven patients with advanced gastric cancer who did not receive any chemotherapy within the last 3 months before the treatment were evaluated. Among them 38 patients received heptaplatin-containing regimens (heptaplatin/epirubicin/5-FU: 26, heptaplatin/5-FU: 12) and 39 patients received other regimens (cisplatin/epirubicin/5-FU:11, epirubicin/leucovorin/5-FU: 28). (omitted)

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Clinical Effects of the Combination Chemotherapy of Heptaplatin and 5-Fluorouracil in Advanced Gastric Cancer (진행성 위암 환자에서 Heptaplatin과 5-Fluorouracil 복합요법의 임상효과)

  • Shin, Gashil;Oh, Jung Mi
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.61-70
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    • 2004
  • Heptaplatin is a new platinum derivative with antitumor activity against gastric cancer. Preclinical studies showed that it is less toxic than other platinum analogues. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of the combination therapy of heptaplatin and 5-fluorouracil in Korean advanced gastric cancer patients. This study was investigated retrospectively. The patients group consisted of 65 advanced gastric cancer patients with no prior radiotherapy. All patients received heptaplatin $400\;mg/m^2$ by 2-3 hour infusion on Day 1 and 5-FU $1000\;mg/m^2by 12-24 hour continuous infusion for 5 days. After the first cycle, subsequent doses were adjusted according to the toxicity. Courses were repeated every 28 days. As results, objective response occurred in 16 patients $(24.6\%)$. Two were complete and 14 were partial response. Median progression free survival was 32 weeks with $29\%$ of patients progression free at 1 year. The most common hematologic toxicity was anemia. Grade 3 or 4 anemia was seen at $2.7\%$ of treatment cycles. Grade 3 or higher leucopenia was seen at $1.2\%$ of cycles. Grade 3 or 4 neutropenia and thrombocytopenia occurred at $6.1\%\;and\;1.5\%$ of cycles, respectively. The most common nonhematologic toxicity was proteinuria. Though no patients experienced grade 3 or 4 proteinuria, proteinuria was a considerable factor for this chemotherapy. Grade 3 or higher gastrointestinal toxicities were nausea and vomiting ($4.6\%$ of patients) and diarrhea ($1.5\%$ of patients). Grade 2 renal toxicity with elevation of serum creatinine was seen in $0.3\%$ of cycles, which is less than that of other platinum analogues. This study showed that combination therapy of heptaplatin and 5-FU have modest antitumor activity against advanced gastric cancer without severe renal toxicity.

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Development of the 3rd Generation Anticancer Platinum Complex as New Drug

  • Cho, Yong-Baik;Ph. D.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Applied Pharmacology
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    • 2002.07a
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    • pp.97-102
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    • 2002
  • Life Science Research Center of SK Chemicals has developed a 3rd-generation anticancer platinum drug for the first time in the nation′s 100-year-old pharmaceutical industry. The Korea Food and Drug Administration (KFDA) approved the sale of "Sunpla" (code name SKI 2053R, general name : Heptaplatin) on July 14, 1999 for the treatment of advance, metastatic gastric cancer. Cisplatin, the 1 st-generation anticancer drug, which was developed by Bristol-Myers of the United States in 1976, is one of the most potent anticancer drugs and is a major component of combination chemotherapy for a variety of human cancers. However its clinical usefulness has frequently been limited not only by undesirable side effects such as severe renal toxicity, nausea, vomiting, ototoxicity, and neurotoxicity but also by the development of resistance. Carboplatin, the 2nd-generation anticancer platinum drug, which was also developed by Bristol-Myers in 1986, has modified the problems of the renal and gastrointestinal toxicities of cisplatin. Carboplatin, however, has no enhanced therapeutic efficacy over cisplatin and does not possess the property to overcome cross-resistance to cisplatin.

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