• Title/Summary/Keyword: growth environment characteristics

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Analyzing Growth Reactions of Herbaceous Plants for Irrigation Management

  • Jeong, Myeong Il;Jeong, Na Ra;Han, Seung Won;Kim, Jae Soon
    • Journal of People, Plants, and Environment
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.255-265
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    • 2020
  • Background and objective: The purpose of this study was to provide guidelines for irrigation management by analyzing the effects of soil moisture on the growth characteristics of herbaceous plants in green infrastructure. Methods: In a rain shelter greenhouse, the growth performance of nine species of experimental plants was assessed under different soil moisture contents (20%, 15%, 10%, 5%, and 1%) for about 5 months to analyze plant growth characteristics due to soil humidity. Methods to determine plant growth conditions include surveying growth conditions of the crowns, stems, leaves, flowers and fruits on the aerial part and surveying growth conditions of the roots in the underground part. Results: The results showed that Mukdenia rossii and Astilbe rubra grew well at 15% moisture content with irrigation intervals of 10 and 13 days, respectively. Soil moisture content of 10% with irrigation intervals of 13 and 17 days was appropriate for Sedum kamtschaticum and Pachysandra terminalis. Similarly, Aquilegia japonica and Liriope platyphylla grew well at 15% moisture content with irrigation intervals of 10 and 17 days. However, Ligularia stenocephala grew well-developed stems and roots at 1% soil moisture content and an irrigation interval of 25 days, while the optimum conditions for Lythrum anceps were 5% moisture content and an irrigation interval of 8 days. Conclusion: Although a limited number of experimental plants were used in this study, this study could propose an appropriate irrigation cycle for planting on artificial soil substrates. Based on these results, it is possible to plan suitable planting designs considered irrigation cycles.

A Design of Growth Measurement System Considering the Cultivation Environment of Aquaponics (아쿠아포닉스의 생육 환경을 고려한 성장 측정 시스템의 설계)

  • Hyoun-Sup, Lee;Jin-deog, Kim
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.27-33
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    • 2023
  • Demands for eco-friendly food materials are increasing rapidly because of increased interest in well-being and health care, deterioration of air quality due to fine dust, and various soil and water pollution. Aquaponics is a system that can solve various problems such as economic activities, environmental problems, and safe food provision of the elderly population. However, techniques for deriving the optimal growth environment should be preceded. In this paper, we intend to design an intelligent plant growth measurement system that considers the characteristics of existing aquaponics. In particular, we would like to propose a module configuration plan for learning data and judgment systems when providing a uniform growth environment, focusing on designing systems suitable for production sites that do not have high-performance processing resources among intelligent aquaponics production management modules. It is believed that the proposed system can effectively perform deep learning with small analysis resources.

Photosynthetic Characteristics and Growth Performances of Containerized Seedling and Bare Root Seedling of Quercus acutissima Growing at Different Fertilizing Schemes (시비 처리에 따른 상수리나무(Quercus acutissima) 용기묘와 노지묘의 광합성 및 생장특성)

  • Kwon, Ki Won;Cho, Min Seok;Kim, Gil Nam;Lee, Soo Won;Jang, Kyung Hwan
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.98 no.3
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    • pp.331-338
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    • 2009
  • This present study was conducted to investigate photosynthetic characteristics, chlorophyll fluorescence, chlorophyll contents, and growth performances of containerized seedling and bare root seedling of Quercus acutissima growing under different fertilizing schemes. Both of containerized seedling and bare root seedling of Quercus acutissima showed good photosynthetic capacity and apparent quantum yield in the seedlings applied with one gram refining fertilizer (each of N, P, and K is 19%) diluted in one liter water. And chlorophyll contents also showed higher in the seedlings applied with the above fertilization scheme. The seedlings also showed good relative growth performances of root collar diameter, seedling height, total biomass, and leaf area in the some treatment scheme. In most of the treatments, containerized seedlings showed better photosynthetic capacity, apparent quantum yield, chlorophyll contents, and growth performances than bare root seedlings.

Growth Characteristics of Atractylodes japonica Koidz. in its Native Habitat (삽주의 자생지 환경과 생육 특성)

  • Park, Jeon-Min;Jang, Key-Hyun;Lee, Seong-Tae;Song, Gune-Woo;Kang, Jin-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.327-333
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    • 2000
  • This study was carried out to obtain the basic information for effective conservation and cultivation of Atractylodes japonica Koidz. The soil texture was sandy loam with low pH and high organic matter content compared to general cultivative land. Aerial part growth such as plant height, number of leaf, leaf length and leaf width was the highest in Tongyong indigenous species, but fresh rhizome weight was the highest in Pyongchang. Frequency of light penetration rate was high at $60{\sim}80%$ of full sun-light, but growth was better in high light penetration rate. The correlation between growth characteristics and habitat environment were investigated in 59 districts. Correation among growth characteristics in habitat, fresh rhizome weight was significant with plant height, number of leaf and stem diameter.

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A Study on the Shot Peening on the High Temperature Fatigue Crack Propagation (쇼트피이닝 가공된 스프링강의 고온 피로균열진전 평가)

  • 박경동;정찬기;하경준
    • Proceedings of the Korea Committee for Ocean Resources and Engineering Conference
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    • 2001.10a
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    • pp.264-268
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    • 2001
  • In this study, CT specimens were prepared from spring steel(SUP9) processed shot peening which was room temperature, low temperature and high temperature experiment. And we got the following characteristics from fatigue crack growth test carried out in the environment of room, and high temperature at $25^{\circ}C,\; 50^{\circ}C, \;100^{\circ}C,\; 150^{\circ}C,\; and\; 180^{\circ}C$ in the range of stress ratio of 0.05 by means of opening mode displacement. The threshold stress intensity factor range $\DeltaK_{th}$ in the early stage of fatigue crack growth (Region I ) and stress intensity factor range $\Delta$K in the stable of fatigue crack growth (Region II) was decreased in proportion to descend temperature. It assumed that the fatigue resistance characteristics and fracture strength at low temperature and high temperature is considerable higher than that of room temperature in the early stage and stable of fatigue crack growth region.

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An Effect of Temperature on the Fatigue Crack Propagation Behavior of Spring Steel for Vehicle (차량용 스프링강의 피로거동에 미치는 온도의 영향)

  • 박경동;류찬욱
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.83-90
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    • 2004
  • In this study, CT specimens were prepared from spring steel(SUP9) processed shot peening which was room temperature and low temperature experiment. And we got the following characteristics from fatigue crack growth test carried out in the environment of room temperature and low temperature at $25^{\circ}C$, $-30^{\circ}C$, $-50^{\circ}C$, $-70^{\circ}C$,$-100^{\circ}C$, and $-150^{\circ}C$, in the range of stress ratio of 0.05 by means of opening mode displacement. The threshold stress intensity factor range ΔKth in the early stage of fatigue crack growth (Region I)was increased but stress intensity factor range ΔK in the stable of fatigue crack growth (Region II) was decreased in proportion to decrease temperature. It is assumed that the fatigue resistance characteristics and fracture strength at low temperature and high temperature is considerably higher than that of room temperature in the early stage and stable of fatigue crack growth region.

An Evaluation on the Fatigue Strength Characteristics for the Shot Peening Spring Steel at Low Temperature (숏피닝 가공재의 저온 피로 강도 평가)

  • 박경동;권오헌
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2003
  • In this study, CT specimens were prepared from spring steel(SPS5) processed shot peening. The fatigue crack growth tests were carried out in the environment of the room temperature md low temperature at $25^{\circ}C$, $-30^{\circ}C$, $-50^{\circ}C$, $-70^{\circ}C$ $-100^{\circ}C$ and $-150^{\circ}C$ in the range of stress ratio of 0.05 by means of opening mode displacement. The threshold stress intensity factor range ΔKth in the early stage of fatigue crack growth (Region I) and stress intensity factor range $\Delta$K in the stable of fatigue crack growth (Region II) were decreased in proportion to descend temperature. It was shown that the fatigue resistance characteristics and fracture strength at low temperature are considerable higher than those of mom temperature in the early stage and stable of fatigue crack growth region.

Effects of Nutrient Solution Application Methods and Rhizospheric Ventilation on Vegetative Growth of Young Moth Orchids without a Potting Medium in a Closed-Type Plant Factory

  • Min, Sang Yoon;Oh, Wook
    • Journal of People, Plants, and Environment
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.545-554
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    • 2020
  • Background and objective: Moth orchids in the vegetative stage are suitable for a multi-layer growing environment in a closed-type plant factory which can be a good alternative that can reduce production costs by reducing cultivation time and energy cost per plant. This study was conducted to find out the optimal rhizospheric environment for different irrigation methods without a potting medium and rhizospheric ventilation for the vegetative growth of young Phalaenopsis hybrid 'Blanc Rouge' (P. KV600 × P. Kang 1) and Phalaenopsis Queen Beer 'Mantefon' in a closed-type plant factory system. Methods: The one-month-old clonal micropropagules with bare roots rapped with a sponges were fixed on the holes of styrofoam plates above growth beds, and were watered using the ebb-and-flow (EBB) and aeroponic (AER) methods with Ichihashi solution (0.5 strength) once a day at 06:00 (P) or 18:00 (S), and both (PS). Rhizospheric ventilation (V) was also applied to change the temperature, relative humidity, and CO2 concentration of the beds. Plants potted into sphagnum moss and watered once a week were used as the control group. Results: After 12 months of treatment, the growth characteristics of the EBB groups were the best among the treatment groups without a medium, but no effect of irrigation timing was observed. V reduced the temperature, relative humidity and CO2 concentration of the beds. Whereas, EBB+V (ebb-and-flow with ventilation) improved plant growth and reduced the occurrence of disorders and withering. Especially, EBB+V showed a similar performance to the control group. Conclusion: The results indicated that the optimal irrigation method without a potting medium for producing middle-aged potted moth orchids was the EBB system with forced rhizospheric ventilation. Therefore, further studies on the optimal ventilation method and moisture control of the crown need to be carried out to develop the irrigation system without a potting medium for vertical farming in closed-type plant factories.

Modified Cultivation Methods Improve Shelf-life and Quality of Soybean Sprouts, Effects of Treatment with Oak Charcoal and Citrus sunki Seed Extract

  • Oh, Young-Ju;Kim, Soo-Hyun
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.336-342
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    • 2003
  • The effects of cultivation methods (cultivation of curled-shaped type, M-1; conventional cultivation, M-2; growing after treatment with a growth regulator, M-3; cultivation by the combination of M-1 and treatment with oak charcoal, M-4) on the quality characteristics of soybean sprouts were studied by the measurement of growth characteristics. This study also investigated the changes in shelf-life stability of the new soybean sprouts (NSB) using M-4, which was cultivated with oak charcoal and treated with antimicrobial Citrus sunki seed extract. Among the soybean sprouts grown for six days at the high temperature and humidity environment (90$\pm$5% RH, 25$\pm$1$^{\circ}C$), M-1 revealed no significant difference in terms of quality, such as the harvest yield, the rot rate and the growth characteristics when compared with M-2. M-3 showed no significant difference in growth characteristics, of hardness, and sensory evaluation scores when compared with the soybean sprouts grown by conventional methods. NSB had a low number of total microorganisms and had a better appearance after five days of storage than did the control group (M-2). These findings demonstrate that chemical-free and clean soybean sprouts can be grown by combining oak charcoal and antimicrobial Citrus sunki seed extract, thereby meeting the consumer demand for safe, chemical free sprouts.

Inhibitory Factors of Robinia pseudoacacia Distribution in a Pinus thunbergii Forest at the Coast (해안 곰솔림 내 아까시나무의 분포확대 억제요인)

  • Jung, Sung-Cheol;Koo, Kyo-Sang;Kim, Kyong-Ha
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.717-724
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    • 2011
  • The objectives of this study were to analyze environment in the forest and growth characteristics for investigating the characteristics of Robinia pseudoacacia distribution in a Pinus thunbergii forest at the coast. As a result of analyzing inhibitory factors of Robinia pseudoacacia distribution in a Pinus thunbergii forest at the coast, it is considered that the salt level included in a sea wind is supposed to be the primary factor of the slow growth for Robinia pseudoacacia since brown leaves, wilting and early leaf fall have appeared in the 0m spot from the artificial dune which has the high salt level. However, the soil properties and light environment hardly have a effect on the growth of Robinia pseudoacacia because there is no difference among planting places. Also, the growth ring of the horizontal root in 2year individuals 0.1~0.2m away from the dune have been formed for 1 year only as a consequence of analyzing growth rings of Robinia pseudoacacia growing on the coast. It can be infered that the nourishment of the horizontal root from individuals growing on the coast have been provided for the first 1 year only. It is estimated that, in case of the nearby areas on the coast, it is not enough to provided nourishment to the horizontal root due to obstructing the growth of new individuals by a sea wind, so the growth of the horizontal root would be hampered. Therefore, it is considered that impedient Robinia pseudoacacia distribution in a Pinus thunbergii forest at the coast is caused by making no growth of new horizontal roots and newborn individuals.