• 제목/요약/키워드: global-local numerical approach

검색결과 63건 처리시간 0.042초

FPSO Riser 지지 구조의 강도설계에 대한 위상최적화 응용 (An Application of Topology Optimization for Strength Design of FPSO Riser Support Structure)

  • 송창용;정준모;심천식
    • 한국해양공학회지
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    • 제24권1호
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    • pp.153-160
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    • 2010
  • This paper deals with the topology optimized design of the riser support structures for floating production storage and offloading units (FPSOs) under global and local loading conditions. For a preliminary study and validation of the numerical approach, a simplified plate under static loading is first evaluated with the representative topology optimization methods, the Homogenization Design Method (HDM) and Density Method (DM) or Simple Isotropic Material with Penalization (SIMP). In the context of the corresponding riser support structures, the design problem is formulated such that structure shapes based on design domain variables are determined by minimizing the compliance subject to a mass target, considering the stress criterion. An initial design model is generated based on an actual FPSO riser support configuration. The topology optimization results present improved design performances under various loading conditions, while staying within the allowable limit of the offshore area.

평면 뼈대구조물의 큰 변형에 대한 비선형 유한요소의 정식화 (A Finite Element Nonlinear Formulation for Large Deformations of Plane Frames)

  • 윤영묵;박문호
    • 전산구조공학
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    • 제7권4호
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    • pp.69-83
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    • 1994
  • 평면 뼈대구조물의 매우 큰 변형에 대하여 정확한 비선형 유한요소의 정식화 과정을 나타내었다. 유한요소의 구성은 변화되는 재료의 기준 물성치에 근거를 두고 형성하였으며 매우 큰 변형을 받는 재료의 성질을 명확하게 특정지어 진응력-변형율 관계식을 직접 적용할 수 있도록 하였다. 큰회전과 작은 변형율을 받는 문제들을 형성하기 위하여 Co-rotation 접근 방법을 사용하였다. 큰 변형을 일으키는 요소의 문제를 해결하기 위하여 직선보 형태의 유한요소를 사용하였으며 개개의 유한요소의 정식화는 축방향력의 영향을 고려하여 미소 처짐보이론을 바탕으로 형성하였다. 본 연구에서 형성된 큰 변형에 대한 비선형 유한요소의 타당성을 확인하기 위해 몇몇 수치해들을 해석하고 검토하였다.

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프리텐션 쏘일네일링 시스템의 안정해석 및 적용성 평가 (Stability Analysis and Application Evaluation of the Pretensioned Soil Nailing Systems)

  • 김홍택;박시삼
    • 한국지반공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • 한국지반공학회 2004년도 춘계학술발표회
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    • pp.783-790
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    • 2004
  • In this study, a newly modified soil nailing technology named as the PSN(pretensioned soil nailing) system, is developed to reduce both facing displacements and ground surface settlements in top-down excavation process as well as to increase the global stability. Up to now, the PSN system has been investigated mainly focusing on an establishment of the design procedure. In the present study, the analytical procedure and design technique are proposed to evaluate maximum pretension force and stability of the PSN system. Also proposed arc techniques to determine the required thickness of a shotcrete facing and to estimate probability of a failure against the punching shear. Based on the proposed procedure and technique, effects of the radius of a influence circle and dilatancy angle on the thickness of a shotcrete facing, bonded length and safety factors arc analyzed. In addition, effects of the reduction of deformations expected by pretensioning of the soil nails are examined in detail throughout an illustrative example and $FLAC^{2D}$ program analysis. And a numerical approach is further made to determine a postulated failure surface as well as a minimum safety factor of the proposed PSN system using the shear strength reduction technique with the $FLAC^{2D}$ program. Global minimum safety factors and local safety factors at various excavation stages computed in case of the PSN system arc analyzed throughout comparisons with the results expected in case of the general soil nailing system. The efficiency of the PSN system is also dealt with by analyzing the wall-facing deformations and the adjacent ground surface settlements.

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A simple finite element formulation for large deflection analysis of nonprismatic slender beams

  • AL-Sadder, Samir Z.;Othman, Ra'ad A.;Shatnawi, Anis S.
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • 제24권6호
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    • pp.647-664
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    • 2006
  • In this study, an improved finite element formulation with a scheme of solution for the large deflection analysis of inextensible prismatic and nonprismatic slender beams is developed. For this purpose, a three-noded Lagrangian beam-element with two dependent degrees of freedom per node (i.e., the vertical displacement, y, and the actual slope, $dy/ds=sin{\theta}$, where s is the curved coordinate along the deflected beam) is used to derive the element stiffness matrix. The element stiffness matrix in the global xy-coordinate system is achieved by means of coordinate transformation of a highly nonlinear ($6{\times}6$) element matrix in the local sy-coordinate. Because of bending with large curvature, highly nonlinear expressions are developed within the global stiffness matrix. To achieve the solution after specifying the proper loading and boundary conditions, an iterative quasi-linearization technique with successive corrections are employed considering these nonlinear expressions to remain constant during all iterations of the solution. In order to verify the validity and the accuracy of this study, the vertical and the horizontal displacements of prismatic and nonprismatic beams subjected to various cases of loading and boundary conditions are evaluated and compared with analytic solutions and numerical results by available references and the results by ADINA, and excellent agreements were achieved. The main advantage of the present technique is that the solution is directly obtained, i.e., non-incremental approach, using few iterations (3 to 6 iterations) and without the need to split the stiffness matrix into elastic and geometric matrices.

Strain demand prediction of buried steel pipeline at strike-slip fault crossings: A surrogate model approach

  • Xie, Junyao;Zhang, Lu;Zheng, Qian;Liu, Xiaoben;Dubljevic, Stevan;Zhang, Hong
    • Earthquakes and Structures
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    • 제20권1호
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    • pp.109-122
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    • 2021
  • Significant progress in the oil and gas industry advances the application of pipeline into an intelligent era, which poses rigorous requirements on pipeline safety, reliability, and maintainability, especially when crossing seismic zones. In general, strike-slip faults are prone to induce large deformation leading to local buckling and global rupture eventually. To evaluate the performance and safety of pipelines in this situation, numerical simulations are proved to be a relatively accurate and reliable technique based on the built-in physical models and advanced grid technology. However, the computational cost is prohibitive, so one has to wait for a long time to attain a calculation result for complex large-scale pipelines. In this manuscript, an efficient and accurate surrogate model based on machine learning is proposed for strain demand prediction of buried X80 pipelines subjected to strike-slip faults. Specifically, the support vector regression model serves as a surrogate model to learn the high-dimensional nonlinear relationship which maps multiple input variables, including pipe geometries, internal pressures, and strike-slip displacements, to output variables (namely tensile strains and compressive strains). The effectiveness and efficiency of the proposed method are validated by numerical studies considering different effects caused by structural sizes, internal pressure, and strike-slip movements.

서포트 벡터 회귀를 이용한 블랙-박스 함수의 최적화 (Using Support Vector Regression for Optimization of Black-box Objective Functions)

  • 곽민정;윤민
    • Communications for Statistical Applications and Methods
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    • 제15권1호
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    • pp.125-136
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    • 2008
  • 많은 실제적인 공학 설계문제에 있어서, 목적함수의 형태는 설계변수들에 의하여 정확하게 주어지지 않는다. 이러한 환경 하에서, 구조해석, 유체 역학 해석, 열역학 분석과 같은 등과 같은 문제에서 설계변수들의 값이 주어졌을 때 목적함수들의 값은 실제 실험이나 계산상의 실험을 통하여 얻어지게 된다. 일반적으로, 이러한 실험들은 많은 비용이 든다. 이런 경우에는 실험의 횟수를 가능한 적게 하기위하여, 목적함수의 형태를 예측하는 것과 병행하여 최적화를 수행하게 된다. 반응표면분석(Response Surface Methodology, RSM)은 이러한 접근 방법에서 잘 알려져 있다. 본 논문에서는 목적함수의 예측을 위하여 서포트 벡터 기계(Support Vector Machines, SVM)의 방법을 적용할 것이다. 이러한 접근에서 가장 중요한 과제들 중의 하나는 가능한 실험의 횟수를 적게 하기 위하여 적절하게 표본자료들을 배치하는 것이다. 이러한 목적에 서포트 벡터의 정보들이 효과적으로 사용되어짐을 보이고 제안한 방법의 효율성은 공학 설계문제에서 잘 알려진 수치 예제를 통하여 보인다.

Surface Roughness Impact on Francis Turbine Performances and Prediction of Efficiency Step Up

  • Maruzewski, Pierre;Hasmatuchi, Vlad;Mombelli, Henri-Pascal;Burggraeve, Danny;Iosfin, Jacob;Finnegan, Peter;Avellan, Francois
    • International Journal of Fluid Machinery and Systems
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    • 제2권4호
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    • pp.353-362
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    • 2009
  • In the process of turbine modernizations, the investigation of the influences of water passage roughness on radial flow machine performance is crucial and validates the efficiency step up between reduced scale model and prototype. This study presents the specific losses per component of a Francis turbine, which are estimated by CFD simulation. Simulations are performed for different water passage surface roughness heights, which represents the equivalent sand grain roughness height. As a result, the boundary layer logarithmic velocity profile still exists for rough walls, but moves closer to the wall. Consequently, the wall friction depends not only on roughness height but also on its shape and distribution. The specific losses are determined by CFD numerical simulations for each component of the prototype, taking into account its own specific sand grain roughness height. The model efficiency step up between reduced scale model and prototype value is finally computed by the assessment of specific losses on prototype and by evaluating specific losses for a reduced scale model with smooth walls. Furthermore, surveys of rough walls of each component were performed during the geometry recovery on the prototype and comparisons are made with experimental data from the EPFL Laboratory for Hydraulic Machines reduced scale model measurements. This study underlines that if rough walls are considered, the CFD approach estimates well the local friction loss coefficient. It is clear that by considering sand grain roughness heights in CFD simulations, its forms a significant part of the global performance estimation. The availability of the efficiency field measurements provides an unique opportunity to assess the CFD method in view of a systematic approach for turbine modernization step up evaluation. Moreover, this paper states that CFD is a very promising tool for future evaluation of turbine performance transposition from the scale model to the prototype.

Inelastic behavior of systems with flexible base

  • Fernandez-Sola, Luciano R.;Huerta-E catl, Juan E.
    • Earthquakes and Structures
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    • 제14권5호
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    • pp.411-424
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    • 2018
  • This study explores the inelastic behavior of systems with flexible base. The use of a single degree of freedom system (ESDOF) with equivalent ductility to represent the response of flexible base systems is discussed. Two different equations to compute equivalent ductility are proposed, one which includes the contribution of rigid body components, and other based on the overstrength of the structure. In order to asses the accuracy of ESDOF approach with the proposed equations, the behavior of a 10-story regular building with reinforced concrete (RC) moment resisting frames is studied. Local and global ductility capacity and demands are used to study the modifications introduced by base flexibility. Three soil types are considered with shear wave velocities of 70, 100 and 250 m/s. Soil-foundation stiffness is included with a set of springs on the base (impedance functions). Capacity curves of the building are computed with pushover analysis. In addition, non linear time history analysis are used to asses the ductility demands. Results show that ductility capacity of the soil-structure system including rigid body components is reduced. Base flexibility does not modify neither yield and maximum base shear. Equivalent ductility estimated with the proposed equations is fits better the results of the numerical model than the one considering elastoplastic behavior. Modification of beams ductility demand due to base flexibility are not constant within the structure. Some elements experience reduced ductility demands while other elements experience increments when flexible base is considered. Soil structure interaction produces changes in the relation between yield strength reduction factor and structure ductility demand. These changes are dependent on the spectral shape and the period of the system with fixed and flexible base.

입자 군집 최적화법을 이용한 소형루프 전자탐사 자료의 층서구조 전기비저항 역해석 (Layered-earth Resistivity Inversion of Small-loop Electromagnetic Survey Data using Particle Swarm Optimization)

  • 장한길로
    • 지구물리와물리탐사
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    • 제22권4호
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    • pp.186-194
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    • 2019
  • 물리탐사 자료의 역산 해를 찾는데 흔히 이용되는 결정론적 해법은 지역 최소점에 빠져 적절한 해에 수렴하지 못할 가능성이 크다는 단점이 존재한다. 이 문제를 해결하기 위한 대안 중 하나는 확률론적 접근법에 기반한 전역 최적화 방법을 이용하는 것이며, 여러 방법들 중에서 입자 군집 최적화(Particle Swarm Optimization, PSO)법의 적용사례가 많이 소개되었다. 이 논문에서는 PSO법을 이용한 소형루프 전자탐사 자료의 층서 구조 전기비저항 역해석 알고리즘을 개발하고 합성자료를 이용하여 역산실험을 수행하였다. 실험결과 기존의 Gauss-Newton 알고리즘으로는 최적의 역산해를 찾는데 어려움이 있는 소형루프 전자탐사 자료의 역산 시도에 PSO 방법을 적용하면 성공률을 높일 수 있음을 확인하였다.

프리텐션 쏘일네일링 시스템의 현장인발시험 및 안정성 평가 (Field Pullout Tests and Stability Evaluation of the Pretension Soil Nailing System)

  • 김홍택;최영근;박시삼;김범석
    • 한국지반환경공학회 논문집
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    • 제4권3호
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    • pp.27-40
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    • 2003
  • 본 연구에서는 프리텐션을 적용한 쏘일네일링 공법을 제시하고, 프리텐션 쏘일네일링 시스템에 대한 변위제어방식 현장인발시험을 총 9회 실시하여 프리텐션 쏘일네일링 구조체의 관련 설계변수인 쉬스관 길이 및 고정콘 유 무 등에 대한 영향에 대해 분석하였으며, 아울러 프리텐션 하중의 평가도 다루어 졌다. 또한 응력제어방식 현장인발시험을 총 3회 실시하여, 일반 쏘일네일 및 프리텐션 쏘일네일의 장 단기적인 인발-변형 특성 등을 비교 분석하였다. 계속해서, 프리텐션 쏘일네일링 시스템의 안정성 평가를 위해, 예상파괴면 및 최소안전율을 결정하기 위해 사면안정해석 등에 주로 적용되고 있는 전단강도감소기법을 이용한 수치해석적 접근방법의 제시 및 분석 등이 이루어졌다.

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