• Title/Summary/Keyword: education for all

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Access to Education for the Children of Sex Workers in Bangladesh: Opportunities and Challenges

  • Shohel, M. Mahruf C.
    • Child Studies in Asia-Pacific Contexts
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.13-31
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    • 2013
  • The children of sex workers in Bangladesh are denied even the most basic human rights. This article is based on recent research focused on the children of sex workers in the context of their everyday lives. The study focused on access to education and how education could be a vehicle for them to break the vicious cycle of exploitation. This was a mixed method interpretative study which employed qualitative and quantitative approaches, but in this paper only qualitative data which was generated through in-depth interviews and focus group discussions is used. Data was collected from sex workers, their children, teachers and NGO workers who participated in the study. Information has been collected for analysing the expectation of the children of sex workers and hope for the future, and the opportunities available to them during their schooling. Thematic analysis technique was used to understand the challenges and barriers faced by the children of sex workers in fulfilling their educational aspirations. The lives of the children of sex workers are marginalised by the mainstream society. Though it is very difficult to break the vicious cycle of exploitation, this research finds that education may be a stepping stone for them to create a better future. However, it is argued that the children of sex workers need income generating vocational and technical education to enable them to earn and support their family. Policy recommendations have been made in order to achieve Education For All targets and Millennium Development Goals, and to provide a second chance for these vulnerable young people to have a better life.

When do science lessons appeal to students? - Secondary school students' views on the value of school science and the appealing aspects of science lessons to students - (학생들은 어떤 과학수업에 호응하는가?: 학교 과학에 대한 중고등학생들의 가치 인식과 호응 양상)

  • Park, Doo-Chan;Song, Jin-Woong
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.29 no.6
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    • pp.593-610
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate students' views on the value of school science lessons and the aspects of science lessons that appeal to students. For the investigation, semi-structured in-depth interviews with 16 secondary school students were conducted. The results showed that about half of the participants thought that science lessons are important, but not all students have to learn science. And they considered only intrinsic interest and career hopes as critical elements in judging the necessity of science education for all. To appeal to students: first, science lessons should have relevance to students' career hopes, interest, curiosity, abilities, real life, experiences, and test scores. Second, they should acquire students' understanding. Third, they should include more experiments. Finally, they should be related to real life, reflect students' interest and concerns, and link new things with what students already know in terms of contexts and contents. Students thought that science lessons are not suitable for students who don't desire to pursue a science-related career. This suggests that present science curriculum perceived by students doesn't match well with the idea of science education for all. To overcome this problem, students need to be included in the debate about the relevance of science curriculum.

A Case Study on Science Education for Students with Special Educational Needs and the Change of Pre-Service Science Teachers' Attitude Towards Disability and Inclusive (특수교육 대상학생을 위한 과학교육의 실천 사례와 예비과학교사들의 장애학생과 통합교육에 대한 인식 변화)

  • Im, Sungmin;Cha, Jeongho;Kim, Hak Bum
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.87-96
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    • 2018
  • In this study, the trend of research and practice of science education for students with special educational needs was discussed in consideration of the aim of science education. Since the 1980s 'science for all' has been suggested as an important goal of science education and it has been pursued in the National Curriculum of Korea with differentiated teaching and learning approach. The meaning of 'science for all' should be expanded to science education for all students including minorities. However, comparing to 'normal' students, there have been relatively little researches and practices for those who need special educational supports as to meet their special talents or as to meet their special mental or physical challenges. Especially, the efforts for handicapped students or students with special educational needs (SEN) have been deficient in comparison to that of talented or gifted students. In this study the authors introduced the history and procedures of a 'Science Fair of Hope' with SEN students as an example of practice of science education for all, and then described the change among pre-service science teachers' attitudes towards disability and inclusive education, so as to discuss the practice and significance of science education for all students including SEN students.

Research trend on the sociocultural approaches to science learning identity for the realization of 'Science Education for All' ('모두를 위한 과학교육'을 실현하기 위한 과학 학습 정체성에 대한 사회문화적 접근 연구 동향 분석)

  • Hwang, Seyoung
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.187-202
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    • 2018
  • This study posits that a more equitable science education is possible through analyzing the sociocultural mechanisms that operate in the participation and marginalization in science learning process, and therefore aims to review research trends in this area of science education. To do so, the study analyzed 85 articles that adopted a sociocultural approach to science learning identity in major international journals. The review was organized into 1) overall trends such as the number of articles by year, country, learner's sociocultural background, research context and research methods, and 2) a more in-depth analysis of the main research problems and conceptual frameworks along with concrete research examples. The study found that the current research works in this area have contributed to broadening the idea of legitimate learners in science education by considering learners' various sociocultural identities as the positive resource for learning based on the premise that science learning occurs as identity formation through participating communities of practice, and critiquing the culture or discourses that oppress such identity formation. The studies in this area also brought up the equity issue in science education in ways which embrace various learners that had been marginalized in the traditional science class and facilitate their agency. Based on these findings, the study made a case for analyzing various sociocultural mechanisms relating to the participation and marginalization in science learning to realize 'science education for all Koreans' and proposed future research direction.

Content Recommendation Techniques for Personalized Software Education (개인화된 소프트웨어 교육을 위한 콘텐츠 추천 기법)

  • Kim, Wan-Seop
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.17 no.8
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    • pp.95-104
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    • 2019
  • Recently, software education has been emphasized as a key element of the fourth industrial revolution. Many universities are strengthening the software education for all students according to the needs of the times. The use of online content is an effective way to introduce SW education for all students. However, the provision of uniform online contents has limitations in that it does not consider individual characteristics(major, sw interest, comprehension, interests, etc.) of students. In this study, we propose a recommendation method that utilizes the directional similarity between contents in the boolean view history data environment. We propose a new item-based recommendation formula that uses the confidence value of association rule analysis as the similarity level and apply it to the data of domestic paid contents site. Experimental results show that the recommendation accuracy is improved than when using the traditional collaborative recommendation using cosine or jaccard for similarity measurements.

Newly proposed points of Teaching - learning methodology in the Historical Development of Science Education (교과교육 사조의 고찰에 따라 새로 권장되는 교수학습방법)

  • 남철우
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.75-85
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    • 1999
  • This paper describes some major trends in primary and secondary education now. It is a selective views of significant topics with important implication for the future. These trends are summarized as follows, after examining historical development of Teaching-learning Methodology in primary and secondary education. 1. Education is seen as part of interdisciplinary world; emphasis is on relating education to the students' world, which is not compartmentalized. 2. Emphasizing students' individual growth with their own goal of lives. 3. Open-education with variable contents and purposes of education. 4. Education for all from that for some. 5. Consructivist based from behavior based. 6. Cooperative learning, peer tutoring, group projects. 7. Authentic assessment; assessment integrated with instruction. 8. The teacher is a facilitator of learning and a learner as well; students are learners and teachers in some situations; networks emerge instead of one-way forms or communication. 9. Spiral curriculum from single exposure.

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Analysis of Art and Humanity Major Learners' Features in Programming Class (인문계열 학생을 위한 SW교육에서의 초보 학습자 특성 분석)

  • Sung, Jung Sook;Kim, Soo Hwan;Kim, Hyeoncheol
    • The Journal of Korean Association of Computer Education
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.25-35
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    • 2015
  • In digital era, as various fields of knowledge and industry are fused by computing, fostering computational thinking and learning computer programming are strongly emphasized. It means it is important to study how to educate computer programming for all, This study is about analysis of non computer science major learners' behavior gathered from computer programming class by means of survey, observation and interview and hope to suggest the way how to design and to perform the new computer programming curriculum for all.

An Analysis of Professional Recognition on 2015 Curriculum Revision (2015 문·이과 통합형 교육과정 개정에 관한 전문가 인식 연구)

  • PARK, So-Young;LEE, Jeong-Ryeol;KANG, Hyeon-Suk
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.1172-1183
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this research is to analyze the recognition of the curriculum experts on 2015 integrated liberal arts and natural sciences curriculum revision. Research method is a delphi survey and the subjects are curriculum experts. The research results are as follows. Firstly, experts suggested common education for all students and students' opportunities to choose subjects. Secondly, the direction of curriculum revision was different by school level. The elementary school needs to foster convergence thinking. The middle school needs to educate common basic literacy education and the high school needs both the common education and the free choice of subjects by students. Thirdly, the separation of the liberal arts and natural sciences was caused by the separate thinking of custom, tradition and study and the separate exam application on liberal arts and natural science of college scholastic ability test. The solution about separation problem of liberal arts and natural sciences have been proposed to improve mathematics education and teachers' convergence education competency. Lastly, for the establishment of an 2015, integrated curriculum the reduction of the CSAT test area and the introduction of qualifying examination for English were required.

A Study on Patients' Perception of Nurse's Behavior in Protecting Patient Privacy (간호사의 환자 프라이버시 보호행동에 대한 환자의 인식도)

  • Lee, Mi-Young;Song, Young-Shin
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.204-212
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the patient's perception of the nurse's behavior in protecting patient privacy and to make suggestions for medical facilities to increase protection of patient privacy. Method: The research was a survey study The data on protection of privacy in primary nursing, for physical privacy, of patient information and in private conversations were collected in October 2005 from 187 patients in a university hospital. Frequencies, means, t-test, ANOVA, and $x^2$-test were used to analyze the data. The SPSS 13.0 for Windows program was used. Results: The mean score for patients' perception of nurse protection of their privacy was 3.33. There were significant differences in perception of protecting patients' privacy according to gender for private conversation, according to level of education for all but physical nursing and for number of admissions for total score and for primary nursing. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest the following: a) Institutional polices and nursing guideline should be clearly stated as to the nurses' duty to protect patient privacy. b) Medical facilities should be arranged in a way that allows for the protection of patients' medical information, and should focus on patient privacy. c) It is necessary of nurses to receive periodic in-service education on protecting patient privacy.

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Effectiveness of Intervntion for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Construction Workers (건설근로자 대상 심혈관질환 예방 중재의 효과)

  • Hwang, Sun-Kyung;Lee, Yoon-Ji;Kim, Bo-Kyung
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.74-84
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: This study aimed to assess the risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD) and to evaluate the effects of intervention for CVD prevention in construction workers. Methods: A total of 497 workers participated the health status survey and finally 90 workers were analyzed for evaluation of the intervention with the one-group pretest-posttest design. The data were collected from the questionnaires and health examinations in the healthcare service for road constructor's CVD prevention as secondary analysis. The intervention of the healthcare was composed of CVD prevention education for all workers and face to face counselling for the high risk group of CVD risk during 6 months in workplace. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, $x^2$ test, Wilcoxon signed rank test, and paired t-test. Results: The moderate and high risk groups of CVD were 9.7% and 0.8%. After the intervention, the physical activity (MET-min/week) significantly increased (Z=-5.46, p<.001). But, there were no significant differences in blood pressure, fasting glucose, body mass index, and CVD risk appraisals between pre and post intervention. Conclusion: The findings imply that it is necessary to develop the health promotion program for construction workers which fully reflects the characteristics of individuals and the organization.