• Title/Summary/Keyword: Species

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Weed Occurrence in Peony (Paeonia lactiflora) Fields (작약밭 잡초 발생 특성)

  • Im, Il-bin;Im, Bo-Hyeok;Park, Jea-Hyeon;Im, Min-Hyeok;Jang, Jeong-Han;Lee, In-Yong
    • Weed & Turfgrass Science
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.165-178
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    • 2017
  • This study was carried out to investigate the characteristics of weeds occurring in paeony field in June and July, 2015 in Uiseong, Cheongsong of Kyungbuk province, and Hwasun, Jangheung, Gangjin of Jeonnam province. In total paeony field, there were 35 families and 105 species, including 30 species of Asteraceae, nine species of Poaceae, eight species of Polygonaceae, and each five species of Fabaceae and Convolvulaceae, By life style, there were 49 species of annuals, 27 species of winter annuals and 24 species of perennials. In Kyeongbuk province, 30 families and 75 species were found including 20 species of Asteraceae, seven species of Poaceae, six species of Polygonaceae, each four species of Brassicaceae, Fabaceae and Convolvulaceae, three species of Euphorbiaceae. By life style, there were 35 species of annuals, 21 species of winter annuals and 19 species of perennials. In Jeonnam province, 34 families and 88 species were found including 23 species of Asteraceae, seven species of Poaceae, eight species of Polygonaceae, six species of Fabaceae and four species of Scrophulariaceae. By life style, there were 43 species of annuals, 15 species of winter annuals and 25 species of perennials. Therefore, there are various occurrences of annual, annual, and perennial weeds in peony fields, and weed control system should be set up accordingly.

Survey on Encysted Cereariae of Trematodes from Fresh-water Fishes in Mangyeong Riverside Area (만경강 유역 수계의 담수어에 기생하는 흡충류 피낭유충 조사)

  • 이재구;이호일백병걸김평길
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.187-192
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    • 1983
  • In order to clarify infestation Pattern for the encysted larvae of digenetic trematodes from fresh-water fishes, this survey was carried out from March to September, 1983. A total of 380 fishes of 32 species wore collected with netting at the three reaches, upper, middle and lower in Mangyeong riverside area. After the fishes were dissected into small scraps, they were pressed under cover glass and examined-for the presence of those of digenetic trematodes with a microscope. The resillts obtailled were as follows; Out of a total of 380 knishes inspected, 320 fishes(84%) from 31 species were found positive with, digenetic trematode metacercariae; more than 10 species of the metacercariae Ivere detected in Pseuderasbora parva; .Gnnthepegen mtajimae, Microphysogokio yaluensis, Cultriculus eigenmanni and Gnnthopogon coreanus (more than 8 species) ; Aphyocypris chinensis (8 species) and etc. respectively. Clonorchis sinensis metacercariae were found positive from 93 fishes (25%) from 12 species and detection rates in other species of digenetic trematode metacercariae from various fishes were; Exorchis oviformis, 261 fisles (57%) from 28 species; Cyathocotyle criensalis, 47 fishcs (12%) from 12 species; Metorchis orientalis, 21 fishes (6%) from 12 species; Metagonimus yokogawai, 164 fishes (43%) from 26 species; Pseudesorchis major, 71 fishes (19%) from 18 species; Metacercaria haiegawai, 77 fishes (20%) from 25 species; Centrocestus armatus, 24 fishes (6%) from 7 species; Echinochasmus japonicus, 2 fishes (0.5%) from 2 species, and unidentified species, 34 fishes (9%) from 15 species respectively. The sums of average number of the encysted larvae of all species found in fish body/gram showed 83 in P.parva, Cobitis taenia (74.2), A. chinensis (28.5), Pseudoperilampus uyekii (26.6), G. majimae (19.6) and etc. respectively and the average peak number of each metacercaria in fish body/gram showed 21.7 C. sinensis, 245. ovifcrmis, 15, 3 M, crientalis and 6.1 5. japonicus in P. parva. 42.7 C. orientalis and 25.1 M. yohogawai in C. taenia; 8.3 C. armatus and 8.3 M. hasegawai in P. uyekii. 6.3 P. major in Carassius carassius, and 2.9 unidentified species in G, niajimae respectively.

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Medicinal plant diversity in the southern and eastern Gobi Desert region, Mongolia

  • Magsar, Urgamal;Baasansuren, Erdenetuya;Tovuudorj, Munkh-Erdene;Shijirbaatar, Otgonchuluun;Chinbaatar, Zoltsetseg;Lkhagvadorj, Khureltsetseg;Kwon, Ohseok
    • Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.42 no.1
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    • pp.30-42
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    • 2018
  • Background: The southern and eastern parts of the Gobi Desert area are a unique dry ecosystem with a diverse regional desert, semi-desert, and mountain dry steppe flora. This area habitat is located at the overlap of different floristic regions; on its northeast side, Central Asian desert flora is dominating, and on the eastern side, East Asian flora is observed. The comprehensive survey was carried out to find the floral diversity of the medicinal plants on the region. Methods: All recorded species in this study were based on the collected voucher specimens between June and August in the year 2017. Results: We recorded 23 families, 57 genera, and 78 species of vascular plants. The families Asteraceae (15 species), Fabaceae (10 species), and Amaranthaceae (10 species) were represented most in the study area, while Caragana (5 species), Salsola (4 species), and Arnebia (3 species) were the most common genera found. Conclusion: Conservation status for remarkable species was also reviewed based on the literature. Around the study area, 24 species as "sub-endemic," 10 species as "very rare," 4 species as "rare," 1 species as "alien," 13 species as "relict," 10 species as "Red Book," 2 species as "endangered (EN)," 3 species as "vulnerable (VU)," 3 species as "near threatened (NT)," and 2 species as "least concern (LC)" plants are growing.

A Herbological study on the herbs in 3 Kinds of common Scrophulariaceae (상용(常用) 현삼과(玄蔘科) 한약재(韓藥材) 3종(種)의 본초학적(本草學的) 연구(硏究))

  • Yoon, In-Su;Song, Hyo-June;Kim, Se-Jeong;Kang, Dea-hun;Kim, Jong-moon;Choi, Go-Ya;Ju, Young-Sung
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology and Dermatology
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.127-137
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    • 2007
  • Objects : This study was designed to determine origin-plants of 3 kinds of Scrophulariaceae herbs reported worldwide 220 families 3000 species, domestic 21 families 55 species by researching efficacy of each herb. Furthermore the objects of study were confirmation of genuine species and substitution species standing on the results. Methods : In this studies, the origin-plants and efficacy were determined by bibliographic method. Results : The results indicate that 1. There were total 15 species of original plants of Scrophulariaceae herbs, 9 species for Radix Scrophulariae, 4 species for Radix Rehmanniae Recens, 2 species for Rhizoma Picrorrhizae. 2. In the view of authenticity of Radix Scrophulariae, there were 2 genuine species, 1 species for substitution, and study of 6 species later on. 3. In the view of authenticity of Radix Rehmanniae Recens, there were 2 genuine species, 1 species for substitution, and study of 1 species later on. 4. In the view of authenticity of Rhizoma Picrorrhizae, all the original species was genuine species. 5. The each efficacy of origin-plants were reported in the main subject. Conclusions : The 15 original plants were present among the 3 medicinal herbs in the common family scrophul ariaceae. There were 2 genuine species in Radix Scrophulariae and Rhizoma Picrorrhizae. All the original species was genuine species in Rhizoma Picrorrhizae.

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A report of 39 unrecorded bacterial species in Korea, belonging to the Betaproteobacteria and Gammaproteobacteria

  • Choi, Ahyoung;Bae, Jin-Woo;Cha, Chang-Jun;Chun, Jongsik;Im, Wan-Taek;Jahng, Kwang Yeop;Jeon, Che Ok;Joh, Kiseong;Kim, Seung Bum;Seong, Chi Nam;Yoon, Jung-Hoon;Cho, Jang-Cheon
    • Journal of Species Research
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.109-126
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    • 2015
  • As a subset study to discover indigenous prokaryotic species in Korea, a total of 39 bacterial strains assigned to the classes Betaproteobacteria and Gammaproteobacteria were isolated from diverse environmental samples collected from soil, tidal flat, freshwater, seawater, seaweed, wetland, plant roots, guts of insects, and fermented foods. From the high 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity (>99.1%) and formation of a robust phylogenetic clade with the closest species, it was determined that each strain belonged to each independent and predefined bacterial species. There is no official report that these 39 species have been described in Korea; therefore 4 species of 4 genera in the order Burkholderiales and 1 species in the order Neisseriales within the class Betaproteobacteria, and 10 species of 6 genera in the order Alteromonadales, 11 species of 3 genera in the order Pseudomonadales, 4 species of 4 genera in the order Enterobacteriales, 2 species of 2 genera in the order Vibrionales, 1 species in the order Aeromonadales, 3 species of 3 genera in the order Oceanospirillales, 2 species of 2 genera in the order Xanthomonadales, and 1 species in the order Chromatiales within the Gammaproteobacteia are reported for proteobacterial species found in Korea. Gram reaction, colony and cell morphology, basic biochemical characteristics, isolation source, and strain IDs are also described in the species description section.

Report of 39 unrecorded bacterial species in Korea belonging to Gammaproteobacteria

  • Kim, Min-Kyeong;Park, Jisun;Yun, Bo-Ram;Bae, Jin-Woo;Cha, Chang-Jun;Cho, Jang-Cheon;Im, Wan-Taek;Jahng, Kwang Yeop;Jeon, Che Ok;Joh, Kiseong;Kim, Wonyong;Lee, Soon Dong;Seong, Chi Nam;Yi, Hana;Kim, Seung-Bum
    • Journal of Species Research
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.24-35
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    • 2018
  • During a series of extensive surveys of prokaryotic species diversity in Korea, bacterial strains belonging to Gammaproteobacteria were isolated from various sources of aquatic and terrestrial environments. A total of 39 isolates were obtained, which represented 39 unrecorded species in Korea belonging to 20 genera in 12 families. Enterobacteriaceae was the largest family, as eight species were assigned, which was followed by Moraxellaceae (6 species) and Pseudomonadaceae (5 species). At the genus level, Marinobacter (6 species), and Pseudomonas (5 species) were the main genera, and at least two species were obtained for Acinetobacter (3 species), Psychrobacter (3 species), Shewanella (2 species), Dickeya (2 species), Salinivibrio (2 species), Vibrio (2 species) and Rhodanobacter(2 species). The detailed description of each unrecorded species is provided.

Flora of a Cool Temperate Forest Around Restoration Center for Endangered Species, Yeongyang

  • Kim, Seongjun;Lee, Chang-Woo;Park, Hwan-Joon;Lee, Byoung-Doo;Hwang, Jung Eun;An, Jiae;Park, Hyung Bin;Baek, Ju Hyeong;Kim, Pyoung Beom;Kim, Nam Young
    • Proceedings of NIE
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.70-75
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    • 2021
  • The present study aimed to clarify flora living at the area of Restoration Center for Endangered Species in Yeongyang, Gyeongbuk Province. In May, August, and September 2019 and in May and July 2020, all of vascular plants were recorded, and endangered, Korea endemic, and exotic plant species were further identified. The study site contained a total of 418 floral taxa (98 families, 261 genera, 384 species, 4 subspecies, 27 variations, and 3 formations), in which Magnoliophyta accounted for larger proportion (95.2%) than Pteridophyta (3.6%) and Pinophyta (1.2%). In addition, 1 endangered (Cypripedium macranthos Sw.) and 5 Korea endemic species (Aconitum pseudolaeve Nakai, Eleutherococcus divaricatus var. chiisanensis [Nakai] C.H. Kim & B.-Y. Sun, Lonicera subsessilis Rehder, Paulownia coreana Uyeki, and Weigela subsessilis [Nakai] L.H. Bailey) were detected. The number of exotic species was 33, consisting of 4 invasive-exotic, 4 potentially invasive-exotic, and 25 non-invasive species. Compared to a previous assessment before the establishment of the center (in 2014), there were increases in total floral taxa (from 361 to 418), endangered species (from 0 to 1), and exotic species (from 26 to 33). These results possibly reflect temporal changes in floral community, which should be confirmed through subsequent long term monitoring.

A Study of Selecting Target Species for Rooftop Greening Construction from Urban Ecological Network Point of View (도시생태네트워크 측면에서의 옥상녹화입지를 위한 목표종 선정에 관한 연구)

  • 최희선;김귀곤;홍수영
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.18-31
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    • 2004
  • Ecological network can solve the ecological problems such as habitat cutting and fragmentation that are resulted from urbanization. Recently, rooftop biotope construction has been appeared as a usefull method for ecological networking in urban area. The objective of this study is to seek the possibility of rooftop greening introduction as well as to select target species for rooftop greening construction from the urban ecological network point of view. In order to select target species, we monitored two adjacent rooftop greening sites, where we found 22 species of birds and insects and 33 species of plants. We set criteria to select target species through documents research, and gave marks species according to the criteria with the help of specialists. We divided the target species into 5 groups on the basis of the 12 selecting criteria. In those two monitored rooftop greening sites, we did not find any species belong to group A, which is the best target species, but we found species belong to the other groups. Orthetrum albistylum, Sympetrum dawinianum belong to group B, which is the priority target species, 7 species besides Passer montanus, Coccinella axyridis, Agrionidae to group C, which is the possible target species, 6 species besides Atractomorpha lata to group D, which is the potential target species, and the others were found to be inadequate to the target species. We found Orthetrum albistylum, Sympetrum dawi-nianum to be the best appropriate target species in the two sites. According to the result of this study, the method of ecological network construction from the dra-gonfly habitat network point of view through the construction of rooftop habitat is ideal for Orthetrum albistylum, and Sympetrum dawinianum. For successful urban ecological network construction, selection criteria and construction techniqes & methods for rooftop habitat should be developed through future research.

The Occurrence of Kranz Type Species Among the Noxious Weeds on Cultivated Land of Taiwan and their Biochemical Subdivision

  • Lin, Chin Ho;Yin, Shan Tai
    • Korean Journal of Weed Science
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.133-140
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    • 1988
  • One hundred and one noxious weeds on cultivated land of Taiwan were investigated for the occurrence of "Kranz" leaf anatomy and activities of PEP carboxylase and $C_4$ acid decarboxylating enzymes : NADP-malic enzyme, NAD-malic enzyme, PEP carboxykinase. Based on the leaf anatomy and a/b chlorophyll ratio, twenty-seven species exhibit "Kranz" type leaf anatomy, and seventy-four species were found without it. Among the species investigated, Digitaria radicosa (Presl) Miq., Leptochloa chinensis (L.) Nees, and Sporobolus fertilis (Steud.) W. D. Clayton in the Gramineae were first recorded as $C_4$ plants. Twenty-sven species of "Kranz" type leaf anatomy, include those of monocotyledon ; sixteen species in Gramineae, six species in Cyperaceae. Those of dicotyledon ; two species each in Euphorbiaceae and Amaranthaceae and one species in Portulacaceae. The subtype of fourteen previously uninvestigated species among twenty-seven species were further determined. The properties of the three decarboxylating enzyme from representative species were also characterized.

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Spatial and Temporal Distribution of Macrobenthos in Intertidal Hard Bottoms in Dokdo Island

  • Kim, Jong-Chun;Park, Kang-Wook;Yoo, Kyong-Dong;Jung, Sung-Yong
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.221-227
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    • 2015
  • This study was carried out to measure seasonal changes in the community structure and species composition of marobenthos in the intertidal area of Dokdo. The macrobenthos identified during this study was comprised of 36 species: predominately 25 species of mollusks(69.4 %), 6 species of arthropods(16.7 %), 3 species of echinodermata(8.3 %) and 1 species of cnidaria (5.6 %). The number of marobenthos species ranged from 27 in Spring to 33 in Autumn. In terms of the top 10 dominant species, there were 7 species of mollusks and 3 species of arthropods in the this study. After analyzing the bray-curtis similarity, it was divided into two large groups(A, B). Such group classification matched the SIMPROF(Similarity Profile Analysis) and the one-way ANOSIM(Analysis of similarities) analysis.