• Title/Summary/Keyword: Pulse rate

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The Effect of Galvanic Vestibular Stimulation on Autonomic Nervous System Response (평류안뜰자극이 자율신경성 반응에 미치는 영향)

  • Moon, Hwa-Young;Kang, Sol;Kim, Hwa-Sung;Soon, Yu-Ri;Huh, So-Young;Lee, Jeong-Woo
    • Journal of the Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.19-24
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    • 2010
  • Purpose : This study aims to examine the influences of galvanic vestibular stimulation on autonomic reaction of normal adults. Methods : Participants in this research totaled 28 (14 men and 14 women). Galvanic vestibular stimulation was conducted with a binaural electrode configuration for 60 sec. Galvanic vestibular stimulation measurements were conducted with the subjects in a prone position. Measured items included skin conductance, blood flow, pulse rate, and respiratory rate. Measurements were repeated for a total of five times, before application, during application, after application, 5 minutes after application and 10 minutes after application. Results : Skin conductance reaction showed statistically significant differences in changes depending on time after galvanic vestibular stimulation and there were statistically differences in changes of blood flow, pulse rate and respiratory rate after galvanic vestibular stimulation. Conclusion : Blood flow, pulse rate and respiratory rate of autonomic reactions were not influenced by galvanic vestibular stimulation, but skin conductance reaction was influenced by it and it was found that it was reduced during and after stimulation rather than before stimulation. Consequently, it was considered that galvanic vestibular stimulation affected the autonomic reaction.

The Effect of Pain Relieving Intervention During Infiltration among Gamma Knife Surgery Patients for Stereotactic Frame Fixation (감마나이프 수술 환자의 정위적 틀 고정을 위한 침윤 마취 시 통증 완화 중재의 효과)

  • Jang, Young Jun;Kim, Hyeon Ok
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.48 no.2
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    • pp.221-231
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study aimed to compare the effects of three interventions on pain, blood pressure, and pulse rate during infiltration anesthesia in patients about to undergo gamma knife surgeries. Methods: The three interventions employed in a university-affiliated Hospital in J City, South Korea were as follows: EMLA cream plus Vapocoolant spray (Vapocoolant, n=30), EMLA cream plus 10.0% Lidocaine spray (Lidocaine, n=30), and EMLA cream only (EMLA, n=30). The equivalent control-group pre test - post test study design was used. Pain was assessed subjectively using the numeric rating scale (NRS) and objectively using a Galvanic Skin Response (GSR) tester. NRS scores were assessed after infiltration anesthesia and the GSR was assessed during infiltration anesthesia. Blood pressure and pulse rate were assessed twice: before and after infiltration anesthesia. Data were collected between August 3, 2016 and March 24, 2017. Results: NRS scores after infiltration anesthesia and the GSR during infiltration anesthesia were significantly lower in the Vapocoolant group than in the Lidocaine and EMLA groups (F=13.56, p<.001 and F=14.43, p<.001, respectively). The increase in systolic blood pressure (F=4.77, p=.011) and in pulse rates (F=4.78, p=.011) before and after infiltration anesthesia were significantly smaller in the Vapocoolant group than in the Lidocaine and EMLA groups; however, no significant differences were observed in diastolic blood pressures (F=1.51, p=.227). Conclusion: EMLA cream plus Vapocoolant spray was the most effective intervention to relieve pain and to lower increase in systolic blood pressure and pulse rate caused by infiltration anesthesia for stereotactic frame fixation. Thus, application of Vapocoolant spray in addition to EMLA cream is highly recommended as a nursing intervention for patients undergoing gamma knife surgeries.

The Effects of the Music Therapy on the Anxiety and Satisfaction of Clients with Cataract Surgery under Local Anesthesia (음악 요법이 백내장 수술환자의 불안과 수술 만족도에 미치는 효과)

  • You, Sun-Young;Jung, Hye-Sun;Koo, Jung-Wan
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.407-414
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    • 2003
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to discern the effects of music therapy on the patients' level of anxiety and operative satisfaction during cataract surgery under local anesthesia. Method: The subjects for this study were fifty patients. Half of the subjects were categorized as an experimental group and the other half as a control group. All of the subjects were admitted to one hospital in Seoul for cataract surgery. This study was conducted from September 7 to October 2, 2002. The level of anxiety determined by self-reporting anxiety, pulse rate, systolic blood pressure, and diastolic blood pressure, was measured before and after the music therapy. The satisfaction degree was measured after the surgery. The tools for this study were Spilberger's state anxiety inventory and Patient Care Management System. Each patient in the experimental group chose the music used in his/her surgery and it was played through an audio system in the operating room. The data analysis was performed using the SAS/pc+(version 8.0). Results: 1. The anxiety of the experimental group decreased significantly compared to the control group. 2. The pulse rate of the experimental group decreased more than the control group. 3. The blood pressure of the experimental group decreased more than the control group. 4. The operative satisfaction of the experimental group was higher than the control group. Conclusion: According to the previous results, music therapy turned out to be a very efficient way to increase the satisfaction of a cataract patient after surgery by reducing the anxiety and the pulse rate of the patient during an operation with local anesthesia.

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The Effects of Sa-am Acupuncture Simpo-jeongkyeok Treatment on the Blood Pressure, Pulse Rate, and Body Temperature

  • Choi, Woo-Jin;Cho, Yoon-Young;Sun, Seung-Ho
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.33-41
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    • 2015
  • Objectives: The present study evaluated the effects of sa-am acupuncture (SAA) simpo-jeongkyeok (SPJK) treatment on the blood pressure (BP), pulse rate (PR), and body temperature (BT) of patients with hwa byung (HB). Methods: This patient assessor blind, randomized, placebo controlled trial included 50 volunteers, divided randomly into two groups. The treatment group underwent SPJK (PC9, LR1, PC3, KI10) while the control (sham) group received minimal needle insertion at non acupoints. The BP in both arms, PR, and BT at several acupoints were measured before and after treatment at the $1^{st}$, $2^{nd}$, $3^{rd}$, and $4^{th}$ visits and before treatment at the follow-up visit. We analyzed data by using the repeated measured analysis of variance (RM ANOVA), Mann-Whitney U, and wilcoxon signed rank tests; differences at P < 0.05 were considered significant. Results: No significant differences in the systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and PR between the treatment and control group were observed at each visit. However, the decrease in the SBP for the treatment group before and after each visit was significantly higher than it was in the control group. The SBP in both arms in the treatment group was decreased between visits 1 and 2, 1 and 3, 1 and 4, and 1 and follow-up. The DBP in both arms and in the right arm between visits 1 and 3 in the treatment group showed decreases. A minimal BT increase for treatment at CV06 and CV12 and a minimal BT decrease for treatment at CV17 and (Ex) Yintang were found. Patients in the treatment group who visited more frequently experienced a greater decrease in the PR, but that effect was not maintained. Conclusion: The results suggest that SAA SPJK treatment has instant positive effects on the BP, PR, and BT in patients with HB, but the effects on the BP and PR are not maintained.

A Study of Effects on Secretion of Gastric Juice, Movement of Intestine and Pulse Rate with Coptidis Rhizoma and Zingiberis Rhizoma (황연(黃連) 및 건강(乾薑)이 위액분비(胃液分泌).장관운동(腸管運動) 심장박동(心臟搏動)에 미치는 영향(影響)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Yu, Gi-Won;Park, Dong-Won;Ryu, Bong-Ha;Gwak, Gi-Hwan
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.23-32
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    • 1986
  • As a result of administration of Coptidis Rhizoma extract and Zingiberis Rhizoma extract to Rat and Rabbit, its effect to the Gastric Juice Volume, Acidity, Pepsin out put of Rat and the movement of Intestine, Pulse Rate of Rabbit was as follows; 1. In the secretion of Gastric Juice, the Juice Volume in Coptidis Rhizoma administered group in contrast to Control Group, has increased in 30mg the increasing rate 21.4%, and has decreased in 300mg the decreasing rate 113.9%. But the Juice Volume in Zingiberis Rhizoma administered group has all decreased in 12, 30, 60, 120mg, and has remarkably decreased in 60mg the decreasing rate 62.9%. 2. The Gastric Acidity in Coptidis Rhizome administered group, in contrast to Control Group, has increased in 30, and 75mg, but no significant value, and has decreased in 300mg the decreasing rate 104.7%. But the Gastric Acidity in Zingiberis Rhizoma administered group has all decreased in 12, 30, 60 120mg, and has remarkably decreased in 60mg the decreasing rate 105.6%. 3. The Pepsin out-put in Coptids Rhizoma administered group, in contrast to Control group, has increased in 30mg the increasing rate 30.3%, and has decreased in 150, 300mg, no significant value. But the Pepsin out-put in Zingiberis Rhizoma administered group has all decreased in 12, 30, 60, 120mg, and has remarkably decreased in 60mg the decreasing rate 86.4%. 4. In the movement of Intestine, the contraction Coptidis Rhizoma administered group, in contrast before the administration, has increased in 12mg, but has begun to decrease in 30mg, and has remarkably decreased in 70mg. The contraction in Zingiberis Rhizoma administered group, in contrast before the administration, has all increased in 30, 60, 120mg. 5. In Pulse Rate, the pulsation, in contrast to Control group after 60, 120 180, 240min. has decreased in Coptidis Rhizoma administered group, and has increased in Zingiberis Rhizoma administered group, but no significant value.

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The Change of Children's Blood Pressure and Factors Affecting the Level of Blood Pressure In Children (아동혈압의 시계열 변화 양상 및 평균혈압에 관련된 요인 분석)

  • Suh, Il;Kim, Il-Soon;Nam, Chung-Mo;Lee, Soon-Young;Oh, Hee-Chul;Kim, Chun-Bae;Park, Eun-Cheol
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.22 no.3 s.27
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    • pp.303-312
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    • 1989
  • To show the distribution and change of blood pressure according to age and to find factors affecting the level of blood pressure in primary school children, a follow-up study was conducted from 1986 to 1989 on 401 first grade children attending primary school in Kangwha County in 1986 and their parents. The blood pressure of the children was significantly increased according to age. The average annual increase was 1.8mmHg in systolic blood pressure and 2.5mmHg in diastolic blood pressure. The level of blood pressure did not show any significant difference in both sexes. Among children who were at or above the 80th percentile of blood pressure in the first grade, 35 and 30% of them have remained at the same level of systolic and diastolic blood pressure respectively in the fourth grade. But we could not find any significance in the tracking of blood pressure of children who were at or above the 90th percentile of blood pressure in the first grade. Weight and pulse rate were shown to be significant factors affecting systolic blood pressure in children of both sexes and mother's blood pressure and skinfold thickness were also affected systolic blood pressure in girls. The variables significantly affecting diastolic blood pressure were arm circumference and pulse rate for boys and height and pulse rate for girls.

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Association between Symptoms of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Blood Pressure in the Elderly (노인에서 외상 후 스트레스 장애의 증상과 혈압의 연관성)

  • Bang, Yu Jin;Kang, Suk Hoon;Kim, Tae Yong;Choi, Jin Hee;Chung, Hae Gyung;So, Hyung Seok;Go, Chang Min
    • Anxiety and mood
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.121-127
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    • 2013
  • Objective : Several studies have reported the association between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and hypertension (HTN). The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of PTSD symptoms on blood pressure. Methods : Korean veterans of the Vietnam War with (n=62) or without PTSD (n=87) participated in this study. The clinician administered PTSD scale (CAPS) and alcohol use disorder identification test (AUDIT) were applied. Blood pressure, pulse rate, risk factors of HTN and demographic data of the subjects were collected. Effects of potential explanatory variables on HTN were analyzed with logistic regression. Results : Diastolic blood pressure was significantly higher in PTSD group (p=0.015). However, PTSD subjects showed significantly lower pulse rate than non-PTSD subjects (p=0.004). Logistic regression analysis showed that avoidance symptom might be a predictor for hypertension (OR=1.065, p=0.030). Conclusion : These results suggest that PTSD, especially avoidance symptom, might be a risk factor on HTN in the elderly with PTSD. Further studies are needed to evaluate the change of blood pressure according to the clinical improvement of PTSD.

Articaine (4%) with epinephrine (1:100,000 or 1:200,000) in inferior alveolar nerve block: Effects on the vital signs and onset, and duration of anesthesia

  • Lasemi, Esshagh;Sezavar, Mehdi;Habibi, Leyla;Hemmat, Seyfollah;Sarkarat, Farzin;Nematollahi, Zahra
    • Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.201-205
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    • 2015
  • Background: This prospective, randomized, double-blind, clinical study was conducted to compare the effects of 4% articaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine (A100) and 4% articaine with 1:200,000 epinephrine (A200) on the vital signs and onset and duration of anesthesia in an inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB). Methods: In the first appointment, an IANB was performed by injecting A100 or A200 in 1 side of the mouth (right or left) randomly in patients referred for extraction of both their first mandibular molars. In the second appointment, the protocol was repeated and the other anesthetic solution was injected in the side that had not received the block in the previous session. Systolic and diastolic blood pressures (SBP and DBP) and pulse rate were measured during and 5 min after the injection. The onset and duration of anesthesia were also evaluated. Data were analyzed using t-test and Mann-Whitney U-test, and p-value was set at 0.05. Results: SBP and pulse rate changes were slightly more with A100; however, DBP changes were more with A200, although the differences were not significant (P > 0.05). There were no statistically significant differences in the parameters evaluated in this study. The onset and duration of anesthesia, and the changes in SBP, DBP, and pulse rate during and 5 min after the injection were the same in both the groups. Conclusions: For an IANB, A200 and A100 were equally efficient and successful in producing the block. Epinephrine concentration did not influence the effects of 4% articaine.

THE EFFECT OF MUSIC THERAPY AT SURGICAL EXTRACTION OF MANDIBULAR IMPACTED 3RD MOLARS (하악매복지치 발치 시 음악요법의 효과)

  • Jeaun, Hea-Sil;Chun, Ki-Hong;Lee, Soon-Young;Lee, Jeong-Keun;Song, Hyun-Chul
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.266-275
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: This research was intended to evaluate the sedative effect of the music by measuring the anxiety-level, the pain-level, the blood pressure, and the pulse rate in patients who were going through extraction of the mandibular impacted 3rd molar. Materials and methods: Patients were selected among those who visited St. Vincent's Hospital in Suwon for the surgical extraction of 3rd molar from April to May, 2007 and were divided into two groups : the first, experimental group consisting of 32 people was going through extraction with the music and the second, control group also consisting of 32 people was going through extraction without the music. The anxiety-level was measured by filling out Spielberger's State-Trait Anxiety questionnaire. The pain-level was measured by VAS (Visual analog Scale). The blood-pressure and the pulse rate were recorded at waiting period, preparation and anesthesia period, 5 minutes after anesthesia, beginning of extraction and every five minutes after extraction to the end of surgery. Results: The anxiety-level was significantly lower in the experimental group than in the control group during the extraction procedure (p<0.01). The pain-level was significantly lower in the experimental group than in the control group (p<0.05). The mean systolic blood pressure was significantly lower in the experimental group than in the control group at the beginnig of extraction and 10 minutes after extraction (p<0.01, p<0.05 each). The mean diastolic blood pressure was significantly lower in the experimental group than the control group at 10 minutes after extraction (p<0.01). The mean of pulse rate was significantly lower at the beginning of extraction (p<0.05). Conclusion: The music therapy could offer not only the psychological stability but also the physiological stability during the surgical extraction of impacted 3rd molar.

An Effect of Aerobic Exercise on Blood Pressure, Pulse Rate Body Fat, Body Weight, Symptoms of Stress Response -With special reference to the adult woman- (에어로빅 훈련이 체지방, 체중, 혈압, 심박수 및 스트레스 반응에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Young-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.98-113
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    • 1995
  • The purpose of this study were two fold : first, to determine the effect of aerobic exercise on BP, pulse rate, body fat, body weight, symptoms of sterss response: and secondly, to apply the aerobic exercise on nursing practice in the healthy or ill subjects. In an attempt to investigate the physiological and psychological effect of exercise, a quasi -experiment, non-equivalent control group pre-test & post-test design was planned. Experiments were carried out from July 4, through August 30, 1994 with 37 subjects conveniently sampled from K & Y sports center located in Taejon. The 37 research subjects were assigned to experimental(16 subjects) and control(21 subjects) groups. Aerobic exercise was carried out for experimental group from three times to five times a week for 6 weeks in aerobic center. Data were analyzed with t-test, mean, per centage of change using SAS program. Results were obtained as follows: 1) Systolic blood pressure (M=123.75mmHg, % of change=1.12%) and diastolic blood pressure (M=74.38mmHg, % of change=5.79%) was increased on that of experimental group after 6 weeks experiment. But there was no significant difference between experimental group and control group. 2) Body weight was decreased on that of experimental group(M=56.54Kg, % of change=-1.60%) and that of control group(M=52.05, % of change=-0.99%) after 6 weeks. But there was no significant difference between experimental group and control group. 3) Body fat was decreased on that of experimental group(M=30.53%, % of change=-3.60%) and that of control group (M=28.75%, % of change=-3.52%) after 6 weeks. There was no significant difference between experimental group and control group. 4) Pulse rate was decreased on that of experimental group(M=69.19회/min, % of change -8.43%) and that of control group(M=76.0회/min, % change -0.07%) after 6weeks. There was significant difference(t=-2.621, P<0.05) between experimental group and control group. 5) Symptoms of stress response were decreased on that of experimental group(M=0.97) and that of control group(M=1.15) after 6 weeks. There was no significant difference between experimental group and control group. Therefore, adherence to aerobic exercise for 6 week seem to be affected mainly pulse rate of subjects. A futher study is necessary to determine the difference in the effect of variety exercise, programs, to study over 6 weeks, to produce professional educational program for exercise speciality nurses.

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