• Title/Summary/Keyword: Pattern Identification Questionnaire

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The Comparison of Pattern Identification Diagnosis According to Symptom Scale Based on Obesity Pattern Identification Questionnaire (한방비만병증 설문지를 바탕으로 증상 척도에 따른 변증진단 비교)

  • Kang, Kyung-Won;Moon, Jin-Seok;Kang, Byung-Gab;Kim, Bo-Young;Shin, Mi-Sook;Choi, Sun-Mi
    • Journal of Korean Medicine for Obesity Research
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.37-44
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    • 2009
  • The study was to investigate the distribution for the diagnosis of pattern identification questionnaire and agreement rate between diagnosis of pattern identification based on obesity pattern identification questionnaire and the clinical diagnosis of pattern' identification by medical specialist. The distribution for the diagnosis of pattern identification based on obesity pattern identification questionnaire was shown in order of stagnation of liver Gi, retention of undigested food, deficiency of Yang at scale of 5, 3, 2 score and the diagnosis rate of single pattern identification at scale of 5, 3, 2 score was 89.96%, 79.33%, 54.64%, respectively the agreement rate between the diagnosis of pattern identification based on obesity pattern identification questionnaire and the clinical diagnosis of pattern identification by medical specialist was 0.1013. Therefore, the complementary management in CRF questionnaires with consultation from experts and the study for score difference of pattern identification will improve the accuracy and agreement rate, which will will be helpful for pattern identification of obesity by clinical experts.

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Evaluation of Validity of Deficiency and Excess Pattern Identification Questionnaire (검진용 허실 변증 진단 설문지 타당도 평가)

  • Baek, Younghwa;Jung, Kyungsik;Kim, Yunyoung;Jang, Eunsu
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.142-148
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the validity of Deficiency and Excess Pattern Identification Questionnaire. The number of subjects enrolled in this study was 431. Pearson Correlation Coefficient analysis were conducted to reveal the correlation among Deficiency and Excess Pattern Identification Questionnaire, Grip Strength and Quality of life. ROC-curve analysis were used to suggest optimal cut off value. Cohen Kappa also used to analyze for diagnostic validity. The significant p-value was < .05. The Deficiency questionnaire had positive correlation with the score of the expert and negative correlation with Grip Strength and Quality of life (p<.001). The Excess questionnaire had positive correlation with the score of the expert and negative correlation with Quality of life (p<.001). The optimal cut off value was 56.5 to separate deficiency and non deficiency and 47.5 to separate excess and non-excess. Furthermore, AUC was .900 and .851 accordingly. Cohen Kappa value between deficiency questionnaire and the expert was .640. Cohen Kappa value between excess questionnaire and the expert was .513. This study reveals that Deficiency and Excess Pattern Identification Questionnaire is valid. However, further study considering of gender, age, and health condition and so on, is needed.

Relation between Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity Pattern Identification Questionnaire in Middle-aged Health Check-up Examinees (중년 건강검진 수진자에서 대사증후군과 한방비만변증의 관련성)

  • Yoo, Jeong-Eun;Cho, Young-Hye;Gu, Hyun-Gyung;Kim, Bo-Young;Yun, Young-Ju
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.124-134
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    • 2014
  • Objectives: Metabolic syndrome is considered a coronary heart disease risk factor and its prevalence rate is increasing in Korea. Because obesity is relevant to metabolic syndrome, we investigated the relationship between metabolic syndrome and the Obesity Pattern Identification Questionnaire in middle-aged health check-up examinees. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study with 125 patients who visited a health promotion center of university hospital from October 2012 to January 2013. We analyzed the association of Obesity Pattern Identification Questionnaire and the diagnostic criteria of metabolic syndrome. Results: Pi deficiency (脾虛), phlegm (痰飮), liver stasis (肝鬱) and food accumulation (食積) pattern showed significantly highs score in the group with hypertriglyceridemia. Also, females demonstrated significantly high scores of liver stasis (肝鬱) and food accumulation (食積) in the group with hypertriglyceridemia. The questions of Pattern Identification that showed especially significant high score in the group of hypertriglyceridemia are as follows: 'Easily get annoyed', 'Usually worried', 'Frequently overeating or bingeing', and 'Having more after getting full'. There are positive correlations between triglyceride and the score of Pi deficiency (脾虛), phlegm (痰飮) and food accumulation (食積) pattern. Conclusions: Obesity Pattern Identification Questionnaire can be used for the management of hypertriglyceridemia in an effort to prevent metabolic syndrome.

Evaluation of Reliability and Validity for Deficiency and Excess Pattern Identification Questionnaire (한방 건강검진에서 허실 변증 진단 설문지 개발 -신뢰도와 구성 타당도를 중심으로-)

  • Jang, Eun Su;Yoon, Ji Hyeon;Baek, Young Hwa;Lee, Si Woo
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.171-177
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the reliability and the validity of Deficiency and Excess Pattern Identification Questionnaire. The number of subjects enrolled in this study was 248, from July 2015 to March. 2016. The surveys was conducted two times with 3 month interval. The Cronbach's ${\alpha}$ analysis for internal reliability, Pearson Correlation Coefficient analysis for test-retest reliability were conducted. Factor analysis with varimax rotation for construct validity was used. Kappa analysis for diagnostic reliability were used. The significant p-value was < .05. The Cronbach's ${\alpha}$ was .929 in Deficiency and .932 in Excess questionnaire. The reliabilities between test and retest Intra Correlation Coefficient (ICC) was .71-.762 in the Deficiency, and .58-.786 in Excess questionnaire, respectively. Deficiency was divided by five factors, and Excess four factors. The factor convergence was 72.54% in the Deficiency and 67.5% in Excess questionnaire. The test-retest agreement of four pattern was 68.5% and Kappa was .530. This study reveals that Deficiency and Excess Pattern Identification Questionnaire is a reliable and valid. However, further study to validate the questionnaire is needed.

Analysis of Oriental Obesity Pattern Identification Questionnaire on Overweight and Obese Korean Adult Women (과체중 및 비만 성인 여성의 비만변증 설문 결과 분석)

  • Hwang, Mi-Ja;Moon, Jin-Seok;Park, Kyoung-Su;Song, Mi-Yeon
    • Journal of Korean Medicine for Obesity Research
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.63-72
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    • 2008
  • Objectives We aimed to explore obesity pattern among overweight and obese Korean adult women using oriental obesity pattern identification questionnaire. Methods This survey was performed using data of 83 overweight and obese women aged from 20 to 55 yrs (BMI ${\geq}\;23\;kg/m^2$ : n=18, BMI ${\geq}\;25\;kg/m^2$ :n=65) in Seoul, from 2007 to 2008. Subjects were given written consent and this study was performed under the permission of institutional review board of Kyung-Hee East-west Neo Medical Center. Results 1. The distribution of oriental obesity pattern identification did not show any differences between obese and overweight group(p>0.05). 2. The ratio of significantly-scored oriental pattern identification was ordered by Stagnation of the liver Qi(肝欝, 21.7%) > Indigestion(食積, 18.1%) > Spleen deficiency(脾虚, 16.9%) > Yang deficiency(陽虚, 14.5%) (n=83). 3. The frequency of top-scored oriental obesity pattern was ordered by Stagnation of the liver Qi(肝欝, 36.1%) > Indigestion(食積, 24.1%) > Yang deficiency (陽虚, 15.7%) (n=83). 4. The frequency of oriental obesity pattern identification was ordered by Stagnation of the liver Qi(肝欝, 41.7%) > Indigestion(食積, 29.2%) > Yang deficiency(陽虚, 12.5%) > Stagnation of the liver Qi and Yang deficiency(肝欝兼陽虚, 8.3%) (n=24). Conclusions In Korean adult overweight and obese women, Stagnation of the liver Qi(肝欝), Indigestion(食積), and Yang deficiency (陽虚) were found to be the main pathology based on oriental obesity pattern identification questionnaire. It suggests that not only physical status but also general condition and emotional problem should be concerned in treatment of obesity. This study could play a role as a preliminary data of oriental obesity pattern identification.

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Pattern Identification of 97 Functional Dyspepsia Patients and the Characteristics of Each Pattern Type (기능성 소화불량 환자 97명의 변증유형별 특성)

  • Han, Ga-Jin;Kim, Jin-Sung;Park, Jae-Woo;Ryu, Bong-Ha
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.42-62
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    • 2011
  • Objective: This study was designed to identify and explore the pathological patterns of functional dyspepsia (FD) patients. We also evaluated the usefulness of the Pattern Identification Questionnaire by comparing it with other assessment tools for FD. Methods: We recruited 97 FD patients based on the Rome III criteria for FD diagnosis. The pathological patterns of the subjects were determined by the Pattern Identification Questionnaire. Their dyspepsia-related symptoms were assessed using the Gastrointestinal Symptom Questionnaire (GIS) and the Pyeongwi-san (Pingwei-san) Patternization Questionnaire. Depressive symptoms were evaluated with the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and quality of life with the Functional Dyspepsia-Related Quality of Life (FD-QoL) Questionnaire. Tongue coating was measured by the Digital Tongue Diagnosis System (DTDS). Results: The male to female ratio was 1:1.1, and the forties and fifties age groups were largest in number. The spleen deficiency and phlegm-dampness pattern was the most common pattern found among the FD patients. No significant differences in the GIS, BDI, FD-QoL, and DTDS scores were found among the five pattern types. All pattern types showed significant correlation with GIS, Pyeongwi-san Patternization Questionnaire, and FD-QoL scores. Conclusions: Pattern Identification Questionnaire can not only identify the pathological pattern types of FD patients but also evaluate the severity of their symptoms. Compared to conventional assessment tools for FD, it could enable a more dynamic evaluation of FD patients reflecting the severity of dyspeptic symptoms and the quality of life. Further studies on the Pattern Identification of FD patients are anticipated in order to improve the diagnosis and therapy for Korean FD patients.

Development of Pattern Identification Questionnaire for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Korean Medicine (주의력결핍 과잉행동장애(ADHD) 한의 변증 설문지 개발 연구)

  • An, Yunyoung;Jeong, Minjeong;Kim, Miyeon;Kim, Lakhyung
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 2019
  • Objectives: Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is characterized by a persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity impulsivity that interferes with function or development in children. In traditional Korean medicine (TKM) and traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), ADHD is classified by several patterns based on symptoms and signs. However, currently, there is no objective diagnostic tool for ADHD in traditional medicine. The objective of this study was to develop the Pattern Identification Questionnaire for ADHD (parents-survey style) to be used in Korean medicine, through a literature review and consultation with groups of experts. Methods: The types of pattern identifications of ADHD mentioned in 13 pieces of Korean and Chinese literatures and their symptoms and signs were analyzed. The advisory committee (15 Neuropsychiatrist and 11 Pediatrist in Korean Medicine) assessed the appropriateness of the literature selection and the types of pattern identification selection and their symptoms and signs, and weighed the significance of the symptoms and signs. The Pattern Identification Questionnaire for ADHD was developed using the calculated weights by evaluated significance. The translation of symptoms and signs to the Korean language was achieved through consultation with expert translators. Results: 1. Four pattern identification types and their symptoms and signs were selected according to frequency of appearance in the Korean and Chinese literatures, and were reviewed by the advisory committee: Kidney yin deficiency and liver yang ascendant hyperactivity (腎虛肝亢), Dual deficiencies in the heart and spleen (心脾兩虛), Phlegm-fire harassing the heart (痰火擾心), and Spleen weakness and liver energy preponderance (脾虛肝旺). 2. The weights of all the symptoms and signs in the four patterns were calculated using the means and standard deviations of the symptoms and signs' importance that were obtained from specialists' significance weighting. 3. The Pattern Identification Questionnaire for ADHD (parents-survey style) in Korean medicine composed of 38 questions was suggested. Conclusions: Using a review of the literature and expert advice, Pattern Identification Questionnaire for ADHD (parents-survey style) in Korean medicine was developed. Further clinical study is required to develop a final version of the questionnaire through the evaluation of reliability and validity.

Reliability Study of the Pattern Identification Questionnaire Developed by Korean Institute of Oriental Medicine (한국한의학연구원 개발 변증설문지의 신뢰도 연구)

  • Kim, Bum-Su;Lim, Jung-Hwa;Lee, Min-Hee;Yun, Young-Ju
    • The Journal of the Society of Korean Medicine Diagnostics
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.29-44
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    • 2013
  • Objectives This study is aimed at assessing the reliability of the Pattern identification questionnaire (PIQ) developed by Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine and examining the validity of the PIQ by comparing the pattern identification scores of different groups. Methods We conducted a survey of 258 participants (79 teachers and 179 graduate students at one School of Korean Medicine) using self-reported questionnaire and all the samples were retested. The test-retest reliability was assessed by Kappa coefficient(${\kappa}$) and Pearson correlation coefficient. Also we compared the differences in pattern identification scores according to sex, age and occupation. Results 1. One of 116 questions are impossible to calculate; 22 of them (18.97%) scored under 0.4 in ${\kappa}$; 90(77.59%) ranged from 0.4 to 0.8 in ${\kappa}$; and three questions (3.58%) scored 0.8 or over in ${\kappa}$. 2. Pearson correlation coefficients between test score and retest score of all pattern identification items are 0.4 or over. 3. The mean score for pattern identification in women was generally higher than that in men, particularly in patterns of blood-deficiency, blood-stasis, yang-deficiency and kidney disease. 4. The mean score for pattern identification in the graduate student group was generally higher than that in the teacher group. Conclusion In test-retest reliability, the PIQ showed relatively high reliability. The mean pattern identification score showed differences in regards to retaining knowledge about Korean medicine. Therefore, future research involving modification of questionnaire items and confirming the validity of this questionnaire is required.

The Review on the Study of Oriental Obesity Pattern Identification: Focused on Korean Research Papers (비만(肥滿) 변증 연구에 대한 고찰(국내 연구 중심으로))

  • Park, Won-Hyung;Cha, Yun-Yeop;Song, Yun-Kyung;Park, Tae-Yong;Kim, Ho-Jun;Chung, Won-Suk;Hwang, Eui-Hyoung;Shin, Seung-Woo;Jang, Bo-Hyoung;Ko, Seong-Gyu
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.83-93
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    • 2014
  • Objectives The aim of this study is to analyse research trends about oriental obesity pattern identification in Korea. Methods We searched the papers with key words of 'obesity' and 'Pattern identification', 'Syndrom differentiation' in Korean database (Korean traditional knowledge portal, KISS, NDSL, DBPIA, KMBASE, Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation, Journal of Korean Medicine for Obesity Research). We classified the papers by year and content. Results We reviewed 28 searched papers. Papers were published between 1992 and 2012. More than half of the total papers were published since 2008. There are 5 studies that focus on development and improvement of oriental obesity pattern identification questionnaire. 9 studies are research about using oriental obesity pattern identification questionnaire. 7 studies are research about Type of oriental obesity pattern identification. 4 studies are literature review of oriental obesity pattern identification. Other studies related to oriental obesity pattern identification are three. Conclusions To improve application and objectification about oriental obesity pattern identification, more clinical and oriental obesity pattern identification questionnaire studies are needed.

Analysis of Inter-Questionnaire Agreement in Determining Sasang Constitution (설문지(設問紙)에 의한 사상체질(四象體質) 판정(判定)의 일치도(一致度) 분석(分析))

  • Park, Seong-sik;Park, Eun-kyung;Choi, Jae-young
    • Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.103-117
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    • 1999
  • 1. Background and Purpose : Sasang Constitutional medicine is baon dividing individuals' constitutions into four categories. Determination of an individual's constitution, however, can be different according to who he or she consults with since it depends solely on the examiner's own perception and methods. Currently, the use of self-reporting questionnaires is accepted as a general approach in clinical settings, but the results of different questionnaires tend to be inconsistent. In this study, we investigated how different the results of the questionnaires are and what the inter-questionnaires agreement is. 2. Method : 1595 peoples who volunteered our research from 1997 to 1999 and were evaluated disease free were asked to mark out three questionnaires: Sasang Pattern Identification Questionnaire, QSCC I and QSCCII(QSCC I was completed by 348 patients only). 3. Results and Conclusions : Three questionnaires above produced different results as excepted. In Sasang Pattern Identification Questionnaire, the Soeumin accounted for 55.9%. With the modified version of Sasang Pattern Identification Questionnaire, the Taeumin was the majoriy(39.1 %) and, QSCCII also showed similar results(34.8% of Taeumin). In contrast, the QSCC I revealed the majority consisted of the Soyangin (59.1 %). In terms of analysis on inter-questionnaire agreement, Sasang Pattern Identification Questionnaire and its modified version showed the highest agreement of 66.3, followed by 55.6% of QSCCII and the modified version from Sasang Pattern Identification Questionnaire. Therefore, we concluded that the ideal choice to determine an individual's constitution, as far as questionnaires go, is to take results from both the modified version from Sasang Pattern Identification Questionnaire and QSCCII. We found the use of QSCC I can be confusing to reach a satisfactory agreement.

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