• Title/Summary/Keyword: PRMS

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Development of Combination Runoff Model Applied by Genetic Algorithm (유전자 알고리즘을 적용한 혼합유출모형의 개발)

  • Shim, Seok-Ku;Koo, Bo-Young;Ahn, Tae-Jin
    • Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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    • v.42 no.3
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    • pp.201-212
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    • 2009
  • The Tank model and the PRMS(Precipitation Runoff Modeling-modular System) model have been adopted to simulate runoff data from 1981 to 2001 year in the Seomgin-dam basin. However, the simulated runoff by each single model showed some deviations compared with the observed runoff, respectively. In this study a genetic algorithm combination runoff model has been proposed to minimize deviations between simulated runoff and observed runoff that should yield from single model such as Tank model or PRMS model. The proposed combination runoff model combining the simulated respective output of the Tank model and the PRMS model is to produce the optimum combination ratio of each single model applying to the genetic algorithm which may yield the minimum deviations between simulated runoff and observed one. The proposed combination runoff model has been applied to the Seomgin-dam basin. It has also been shown that the combination model by introducing optimal combination ratio should yield less deviations than single model such as the Tank model or the PRMS model.

Long-term runoff characteristics on HRU variations of PRMS (PRMS의 HRU크기에 따른 장기유출특성)

  • Kim, Nam-Won;Kim, Hyeon-Jun;Park, Sun-Ho
    • Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.167-177
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    • 2005
  • In this study, the PRMS(Precipitation and Runoff Modeling System), developed by USGS(United States Geological Survey), was applied to the Yongdam dam watershed in the Geum River basin. The efficiency for runoff simulation and spatial characteristics of PRMS were evaluated. The runoff changes with the changes of subcatchments and HRUs were estimated. As results, the size of the subcatchment and HRV did not significantly affect the runoff at the exit of watershed. Consequently, the spatial characteristic of PRMS was shown as lumped type rather than semi-distributed. The geographical input data for Yongdam dam watershed were converted to the USGS Input type, and the parameters were calibrated using Rosenbrock optimization method, validated with the observed runoff data. The PRMS showed resonable agreements in the long-term continuous runoff simulation, if the accuracy of observed data is ensured.

Application of the Developed Pre- and Post-Processing System to Yongdamdam Watershed using PRMS Hydrological Model (수문학적 유역특성자료 자동화 추출 및 분석시스템 적용 (II) -PRMS 모형을 이용한 용담댐 유역을 대상으로-)

  • Kwon, Hyung-Joong;Hwang, Eui-Ho;Lee, Geun-Sang;Yu, Byeong-Hyeok;Koh, Deuk-Koo
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.13-22
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    • 2008
  • The objective of this study is to evaluate the applicability of extracted PRMS input parameters by KGIS-Hydrology over Yongdam-Dam watershed. KGIS-Hydrology is a system for automatic extraction and analysis of watershed characteristic data. Input parameters of PRMS were generated from GIS data (DEM, soil, forest type, etc.) using KGIS-Hydrology. Multi-temporal meteorological data from Jangsu station of KMA (Korea Meteorological Administration) were used for all simulation periods. Input parameters of PRMS were optimized using observed runoff data of Yongdam-Dam station (1966-2001) and validated using observed runoff data of Yongdam-Dam station (2002-2006, Yongdam-Dam watershed). The results showed that the simulated flows were much closed to the observed flows of Yongdam-Dam (2002-2006) and Donghyang (2001-2004) station by 0.49~0.83 and 0.57~0.75 model efficiencies, respectively.

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A Study on PRMS Applicability for Korean River Basin (국내무역에서의 PRMS 모형의 적용성에 관한 연구)

  • Jung, Il-Won;Bae, Deg-Hyo
    • Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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    • v.38 no.9
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    • pp.713-725
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    • 2005
  • The objective of this study is to evaluate the applicability and simulation capability of PRMS, developed by U.S. Geological Survey, over the seven multi-purpose dam watersheds in Korea. The basic concepts of model components and their parameters are investigated for the evaluation of model applicability and the possibility of model parameter estimation is suggested based on the data availibility. For model parameter estimation, some parameters are directly estimated from measurable basin characteristics, but the others are estimated by Rosenbrock's automatic optimization scheme. The results show that the simulated flows from the model were very close to the observed ones. Although the default values for snowmelt model parameter are used, the results from snowmelt simulation is also acceptable. The model shows that the simulation capability is not sensitive to the basin size, however, according to increasing basin area, simulation characteristics are close to those for lumped model rather than semi-distributed model.

Sensitivity Analysis of PRMS Model Parameters (PRMS 모형의 매개변수 민감도 분석)

  • Kim, Kwang-Cheon;Jeong, Il-Won;Bae, Deg-Hyo
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.623-627
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    • 2005
  • 유역의 유출특성을 정확히 분석하기 위해서는 모형에 내재된 매개변수의 적정한 추정이 필수적이나 정확한 측정이 불가능한 변수들의 최적해를 결정하는 것은 어려운 일이다. 본 연구에서는 괴산댐유역을 적용대상 유역으로 PRMS 모형의 최적 매개변수를 평가하고, 추정난해 매개변수 9개에 대한 민감도 분석을 수행함으로서 각 매개변수에 따른 결과의 불확실성과 유출특성에 미치는 영향을 분석하여 향후 정도 높은 매개변수 추정에 활용하고자 하였다. 연구결과 지표면유출 관련인자는 지표면-지표하유출량을 변화시키므로 유출특성에 큰 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 또한 지표하유출 관련 매개변수들은 비선형계수가 작아져 유출이 선형적으로 고려될 때 수문곡선에 영향을 주는 것으로 판명되었다. 한편 지하수유출 관련 계수는 지하수유출이 발생하는 경우 영향을 미치지 않는 것으로 나타났고, 지표하저수지에서 지하수유출을 발생시키는 매개변수는 크게 민감하지 않은 것으로 판명되었다. 그리고 토양대에서 지하수저수지로의 유입 관련 매개변수는 유출을 지연시키는 효과를 보였고 증발산을 조절하는 매개변수는 유출용적에만 영향을 미치는 것으로 판명되었다.

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A Review of Baseflow Analysis Techniques of Watershed-Scale Runoff Models (유역단위 유출 모형 별 기저유출 분석 기법 검토)

  • Han, Jeong Ho;Ryu, Tae Sang;Lim, Kyoung Jae;Jung, Young Hun
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.58 no.4
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    • pp.75-83
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    • 2016
  • Streamflow is composed of baseflow and direct runoff. However, most of streamflow during dry seasons depends on baseflow. Thus, baseflow analysis is very important to simulate streamflow of dry seasons. Generally, baseflow analysis is conducted using watershed-scale runoff models due to diffilculty of measuring baseflow. However, it is needed to understand and review how the model simulates baseflow because each model uses inherent baseflow analysis techniques. In this study, SWAT, HSPF, PRMS-IV were reviewed focusing on baseflow and soil water. HSPF and PRMS-IV calculate baseflow using the variables which depends on user, so the baseflow analysis results of HSPF and PRMS-IV are not consistent. Moreover, soil structures which were assumed from HSPF and PRMS-IV, since these two models assume soil structure as two soil zones and three conceptual reservoirs, were not enough to describe real soil structure. On the other hand, baseflow in SWAT is calculated using baseflow recession constant which can consider the characteristics of aquifer and also, soil structure in SWAT is similar to real soil structures. Thus, baseflow analysis result from SWAT was concluded as the most suitable and reliable model because SWAT can reflect the characteristics and soil structure which is close to reality.

A study on flow simulation of continuous runoff models (장기유출모형의 모의능력에 관한 연구)

  • Jung, Il Won;Bae, Deg Hyo;Oh, Yeun Kun;Lee, Hwan Ki
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.1037-1041
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    • 2004
  • 지금까지 적용유역의 환경조건과 적용 목적에 따라 전세계적으로 많은 장기유출모형들이 개발되어 왔다. 이러한 모형들은 개발목적에 따라 다소 상이한 유출해석의 특성을 지니고 있으므로 신뢰성 있는 유출해석을 위해서는 우선 모형의 구조를 이해하고 적합한 모형을 선정하는 것이 필요하다. 통상 장기유출모형들의 유출 모의특성 연구방법으로는 모형을 동일유역에 적용하여 그 결과를 비교하는 방법이 가장 보편적으로 사용되어 왔다. 본 연구에서는 미국 USGS에서 개발한 PRMS 모형과 일본의 Sugawara가 개발한 Tank 모형을 한강유역의 3개 댐지점에 적용하여 수문특성의 다각적인 모의능력을 검토하였다. 분석결과 장기유출해석에서 중요한 의리를 갖는 갈수기 유출모의에서 PRMS 모형의 모의능력이 우수한 것으로 나타났다.

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Generation of High Resolution Scenarios for Climate Change Impacts on Water Resources (II): Runoff Scenarios on Each Sub-basins (수자원에 대한 기후변화 영향평가를 위한 고해상도 시나리오 생산(II): 유역별 유출시나리오 구축)

  • Jung, Il-Won;Bae, Deg-Hyo;Im, Eun-Soon
    • Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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    • v.40 no.3
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    • pp.205-214
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    • 2007
  • The objective of this study is to generate the regional scale runoff scenarios by using IPCC SRES A2 climate change scenario for analyzing the spatial variation of water resources in Korea. The PRMS model was adopted to simulate long-term stream discharge. To estimate the PRMS model parameters on each sub-basin, the streamflow data at 6 dam sites and Rosenbrock's scheme are used for model parameter calibration and those parameters are translated to ungauged catchments by regionalization method. The other 3 dam sites are selected for the verification of the adequateness of regionalized model parameters in ungagued catchments. The statistical results show that the simulated flows by using regionalized parameters well agree with observed ones. The generated runoff scenarios by climate change are compared with observed data on 4 dam sites for the reference period. The consequences show that the selection of climate station for generating climate scenario affects the reliability of climate scenario at sub-basin. The comparison results of the stream flows between the 30-year baseline period (1971-2000) and future 90-year (2001-2030, 2031-2060, 2061-2090) show that the long-term mean annual runoff in the Han River has increasing trend, while the Nakdong, the Gum, the Youngsan and the Sumjin Rivers have decreasing trend.