• Title/Summary/Keyword: Instructional objectives

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Specification of Instructional Objectives in High School's Earth Science I (고등학교 지구과학 수업목표 상세화 연구)

  • Lee, Kyung-Hoon;Hwang, In-Ho;Woo, Jong-Ok
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.89-104
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    • 1987
  • The purpose of this study is specificationaly construct to the instructional objectives of Earth Science I in high school. Specification of instructional objectives will be able to serve as guides for both teaching and evaluation. Some problems were discussed as follows; (1) Establishment of relevant material for instructional objectives (2) Extraction of useful contents for Earth Science I (3) Classification of behavior factor (4) Level of specification (5) Stating method of instructional objectives Based on the above, total 358 objectives (5 chapter objectives, 16 sub-chapter objectives, 47 section objectives, 290 instructional objectives) were constructed for Earth Science I in high school.

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Analysis and Standard Development of Instructional Objectives for Informatics Subject in Elementary School (초등학교 정보 교과 수업목표 분석 및 기준 개발)

  • Jin, Young-Hak;Huh, Min;Jung, Bok-Moon;Kim, Yongsik
    • The Journal of Korean Association of Computer Education
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.47-59
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    • 2009
  • Informatics textbooks for elementary school students have been developed by cities, provinces, and private publishers respectively, and instructional objectives differ depending on the textbook selected by each school. Therefore, discussion on the analysis of instructional objectives is highly needed. The purpose of this study is to develop standards of instructional objectives for Informatics textbooks in elementary school based on the analysis of instructional objectives. To do so, first, an analysis frame was made based on preceding studies for instructional objectives. Second, instructional objectives of current Informatics textbooks were analyzed. Finally, standards of instructional objectives were developed applying Delphi method. It is expected that the standards of instructional objectives suggested here will be referred to as a guideline for developing the curricula and textbooks for Informatics subject in elementary school and to contribute to the normalization of production for qualified textbooks and education in Informatics subject in the future.

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Elementary Science Instruction Analysis According to Teacher의s Understanding Toward Science (과학에 대한 초등 교사의 인식에 따른 자연과 수업 분석)

  • 김상각;김효남
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.91-101
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study was to find out how to be pursued elementary teachers' science instruction according to their understanding toward science. Sixty elementary teachers were involved in the questionnaire, investigating understanding on the nature of science and the science teaching. Two elementary teachers' science classes are observed. Their instructional objectives were analyzed. And their understanding toward science was measured. Teacher A had consistent modern philosophical views of science on the nature of science and science teaching, and teacher B had not consistency Klopfer's science educational objectives category was used to analyse instructional objective. The ideal proportions of the instructional objectives of the observed classes were established from science education specialist group. You ideality index was calculated. You ideality index indicate how far from the ideal proportions of the instructional objectives the observed instruction is. Relative proportions of instructional objectives appeared in science classes were compared with ideal instructional objectives. Instructional objectives containing the modem views appearing classes observed were compared according to teachers' understanding toward science. As results, teachers' understanding toward science showed lack of consistency, which is consisted of modern philosophical view of science on science teaching: modem and classical philosophical view of science on nature of science. Teacher A's instruction was approached more closely to the ideal proportions of the instructional objectives, showing fewer You ideality index. Instructional objectives containing the modern views are more appeared and closer to ideal proportions in teacher A's classes than in teacher B's. A teacher having modern understanding on nature of science would instruct science with modern scientific philosophical perspectives. Therefore teacher preparation programs should include more contents about modern philosophical understanding on the nature of science.

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Classifications of Instructional Objectives of Elementary Science based on Bloom's Revised Taxonomy of Educational Objectives (Bloom의 신 교육목표분류학에 기초한 초등학교 과학과 수업 목표 분석)

  • Kim, Young-Shin;Lee, Hae-Sook;Shin, Ae-Kyung
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.570-579
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    • 2007
  • Instructional objectives clearly show what teachers should teach in the class and how they lead the class, focusing on a certain activity for their students in the class. Clear instructional objectives are a prerequisite for teachers to accomplish effectively their curriculum. The revised Bloom's taxonomy table of educational objectives has been introduced in 50 years since the publication of his original taxonomy table in 1956. Bloom's revised taxonomy table of educational objectives has two-dimensions, the "cognitive process" dimension and the "knowledge" dimension, and it classifies class objectives more elaborately and clearly. This study was designed to classify instructional objectives stated in elementary science guidebooks for teachers into Bloom's revised taxonomy table, and see how the objectives of elementary science classes were categorized by grade level and areas. In addition, this study examined how the objectives of elementary science classes by study area were classified into the new taxonomy table. This study classified 618 elementary science instructional objectives of third- to sixth-grade science guidebooks for teachers into Bloom's revised taxonomy table. The results showed that the objectives of elementary science classes emphasized disproportionately some of the knowledge and cognitive process dimensions. In the area of subjects while the percentages of factual knowledge were very high, those of meta-cognitive knowledge were low.

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An Analysis of Elementary Schools' Science Test Items by Klopfer's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives: Focusing on the First Term of the 5th Grade (Klopfer의 교육 목표 분류 체계에 의한 초등학교 과학과 지필 평가 문항 분석: 5학년 1학기를 중심으로)

  • Yang, Il-Ho;Na, Jong-Cheol;Lim, Sung-Man;Lim, Jae-Keun;Choi, Hyun-Dong
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.221-232
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to compare the written tests of the science lessons at elementary schools with the instructional objectives of the teachers' guide for the first term of the 5th grade by using Klopfer's taxonomic system. In the analysis of the instructional objectives in the teachers' guide, A.0(40.0%) and $B.0{\sim}E.0$(42.4%) showed high level but the proportion of processes of F.0(5.6%), G.0(4.0%), H.0(4.0%), and I.0(4.0%) showed low level, while in the written tests A.0 was 54.8%, $B.0{\sim}E.0$ was 36.1%, F.0 was 7.3%, and G.0 was 1.8% but H.0 and 1.0 was not taken at all. In the comparison with the instructional objectives in the teachers' guide about the domain of the knowledge and the comprehension showed hish and the processes of the scientific inquiry showed relatively low. The results of this study suggested that a desirable written test should be made to consider elementary science curriculum and instructional objectives and hold up rates of each behavior category between the instructional objectives of teachers guide and assessment objectives of written tests.

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Lesson Design of Upper Secondary Home Economics education (고등학교에서의 가정과교육 -고등학교 가정과 단시수업 설계- (1990년도 제 2차 학술대회))

  • 전귀연;서영숙
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.123-142
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    • 1990
  • The aim of this study is to apply lesson design of high school home economics to model which consists of six steps of instructional procedure among various models for instructional design, Through thesis, central content of each step was written as follows; 1) At the step of establishment of terminal instructional objectives, educational objectives, terminal instructional objectives was analyzed and specific instructional objectives was extracted. 3) At the step of diagnosis of entering behavior, ability of prior learning and ability of preliminary learning were evaluated, which was used as establishing instructional strategy and doing individual guidance. 4)At the step of determining instructional strategy, instructional strategy should be extracted by considering instructional event which is adequate to content of instruction. Instructional strategy consists of five main factor, factors, those are, activity of introduction of instruction, presentation of content of instruction and information, participation of learner and learning activity, identification of learning result, and subsequent treatment after evaluation. 5)Specific activity at the step of selection and development of instructional media consists of reidentification of instructional objectives determination of learning type, drawing up instructional media analysis sheet, synthesis of selected media, and explanatory note of selected media. In order to increase efficiency of instruction at the step of determining instructional strategy, this step should be considered simultaneously. 6)The step of try-out and evaluation of instructional design should be efficient when designed instruction was inputted at class after evaluation of each step of instructional design.

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Analysis of Instructional Objectives in a Teaching-Learning Material for Gifted Elementary Students in Science by Bloom's Revised Taxonomy of Educational Objectives (Bloom의 신 교육목표 분류학에 의한 초등 과학 영재교육 자료의 수업목표 사례 분석)

  • Ha, So-Hyun;Kwack, Dae-Oh
    • Journal of Gifted/Talented Education
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.591-612
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    • 2008
  • In order to investigate the composition and characteristics of instructional objectives in a teaching-learning material for gifted elementary students in science, 217 instructional objectives across 13 themes in 4 areas of 'energy','materials', 'life' and 'earth' were analyzed by Bloom's revised taxonomy of educational objectives. Four types of factual, conceptual, procedural and meta-cognitive knowledge in knowledge dimension were all comprised in the objectives. Conceptual knowledge was primary constituent of the objectives and the proportion of factual knowledge was the least. On the other hand, all 6 categories of 'remember', 'understand', 'apply', 'analyze', 'evaluate' and 'create' in cognitive process dimension were also comprised in the objectives. The category of 'understand' was primary constituent and that of 'remember' was the least one. While conceptual knowledge in knowledge dimension was primary constituent of the objectives in 'energy', 'materials' and 'earth' areas, procedural knowledge was the most objectives in 'life' area. The least type of knowledge was factual knowledge in all 4 areas. In cognitive process dimension, the category of 'understand' was primary constituent and that of 'remember' was the least one in all 4 areas. In conclusion, it was showed that the instructional objectives in the teaching-learning material reflected the characteristics of educational objectives for gifted students in science.

Analyses of Instructional Objectives of 'Wise Life' Based on Bloom's Revised Taxonomy of Educational Objectives (Bloom의 신 교육목표분류학에 따른 슬기로운 생활 교과의 수업 목표 분석)

  • Lee, Eun-Young;Shin, Myeong-Kyeong;Choi, Chui-Im
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to explore instructional objectives of 'Wise Life' based on Bloom's Revised Taxonomy of Educational Objectives. It was to extend understanding the 7th and the revised Wise Life 2007 as well. The written objectives of two curriculum of Wise Life were divided into two, the 'knowledge' dimension and the 'cognitive process' dimension based on Bloom's Revised Taxonomy of Educational Objectives. Major activity subjects presented in the 7th and the revised Wise Life 2007 were dominantly the basic inquiry activity types. It was found from this research that the 'factual' knowledge of the 'knowledge' dimension and the 'understand' of the 'cognitive process' dimension took a large proportion of the revised Wise Life 2007 objectives. The 'meta-cognitive' knowledge was increased. 'Remember' of the 'cognitive process' dimension was decreased and the high level objectives as 'analyze' and 'create', in the 'cognitive process' dimension was increased from the 7th to the revised curriculum. The 'factual' knowledge, 'conceptual' knowledge and 'metacognitive' knowledge were engaged with 'understand' and the 'procedural' knowledge were engaged with 'apply'. The 'meta- cognitive' were engaged with 'create' is the 'procedural' knowledge in the revised Wise Life 2007. 'Remember' was decreased. 'Create' was increased in the basic inquiry activities. It was analysed in zero percent of 'Observing', 'Investigating and Presenting', and 'Making'.

An analysis of strand map for instructional objectives on the 7th curriculum in elementary and secondary biology (제 7차 교육과정의 초.중등 생물 수업 목표의 연계성 지도 분석)

  • Kim, Young-Shin;Kim, Hu-Ja;Sonn, Jong-Kyung;Jeng, Jae-Hoon
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.29 no.6
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    • pp.693-711
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    • 2009
  • One of the most important objectives in science education is to develop students' science literacy. The purpose of this study is to analyze the relevance between biology instructional objectives in the 7th curriculum taught in elementary and secondary schools. For this study, 7 major parts in each grade were analyzed including cell, the form and function of plants, the form and function of animals, genetics, diversity, evolution, ecology, and environment. The strand map of instructional objectives is completed that represents the relation between the objectives. The summary of the results from this study is as follows. First, the concept about cells is not fully covered in lower grades including elementary schools. While the concept of energy metabolism is repeatedly covered, there is no concept of energy covered in learning the concept of energy metabolism in elementary schools. Second, the textbooks in elementary and middle schools have main concepts about the form and function of plants while those in high schools don't. The concept related to the part of the form and function of animals is repeatedly involved in the curriculum throughout the elementary, middle, and high schools. Third, the concepts such as genetics and evolution are involved in higher grades since these concepts are abstract ones. The part of genetics and evolution as well as diversity has no connection between grades in schools, so the development of "notion between" is necessary to relate these concepts with each other. Fourth, the 4 parts of diversity, ecology and environment, evolution, and the form and function of plants are covered in limited grade levels. The results of the relevance of gene in lesson goals will play an important rein as the primary material in developing the connection between textbooks in which lesson goals are closely related to each other throughout all grade levels in elementary, middle and high schools.

An Analysis of the Concepts that Should be Taught to Achieve Class Objectives of Genetics Unit in Biology

  • Lim, Soo-Min;Kim, Jeong-A;Sonn, Jong-Kyung;Jeong, Jae-Hoon;Kim, Young-Shin;Song, Ha-Young
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.29 no.7
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    • pp.767-782
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    • 2009
  • The researchers who are studying biology and teachers who are teaching biology think that the genetics-related concepts are highly significant than other concepts in biology. With such background, researches on the identification of major concepts have been under way to guide in biology class. Minimal research has been carried out, however, on what concepts should be taught to achieve the specific objectives of the class in relation to the unit of genetics in middle and high school. Accordingly this study was designed to determine the concepts of genetics that should be taught to achieve the objectives of the genetics unit in secondary school. For this purpose 5 instructional objectives of the genetics unit on the 9th grade and 4 instructional objectives of Biology I were selected and the concepts that were taught to achieve class objectives. The survey was conducted among 114 science teachers from middle schools and 85 biology teachers from high schools. The results indicated that 9.1 and 10.2 concepts on average were taught in the 9th grade and in Biology I respectively. Moreover statistical difference in the number of concepts that were taught according to the teachers' teaching experiences appeared among the middle school teachers (p<.05). But such statistical difference did not appear among the high school teachers (p>.05). Furthermore the concepts for the 9th grade consist of the basic genetics concepts although Biology I concepts were integrated and advanced contents for same concepts. Thus this finding suggests that concepts of genetics units to be taught in middle and high school were in linkage.